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Flashcards in Disaster Overview Deck (27):
1

Which program had undertaken the challenge of creating and family/disaster prep course?

National Disaster Life Support Education Consortium

2

What is the purpose of the NDLS family of courses?

To prepare the health community to recognize and manage the medical consequences of disasters

3

What was the result of creating the NDLS family of courses?

A coordinated all-hazards training program

4

What is a disaster?

When need exceeds resources available

5

Define MCI.

Multiple/mass/major casualty incident
Present when healthcare need exceed available healthcare resources

6

What is the goal of MCI management?

Do the greatest good for the greatest number of potential survivors

7

What does MCI require?

Communication, key terms, triage model, organizational plan, scene eval, simple descriptive method of victim classification

8

D.I.S.A.S.T.E.R.

Detection, Incident command, Scene Security and Safety, Asses hazards, Support, Triage and Treatment, Evacuation, Recovery

9

What does "all-hazards" mean?

Man-made or natural events with the destructive capability of causing multiple causalities

10

What does "all-hazard preparedness" mean?

Comprehensive preparedness required to manage the casualties resulting from all-hazards

11

What some features of earthquakes?

Location, strength, secondary disasters, prediction and early warning

12

What are some natural disasters?

Earthquakes, volcanoes, tornadoes, hurricanes, floods

13

Which natural disaster causes the greatest amount number of US fatalities?

Flash floods

14

Are infectious diseases, like influenza, considered natural disasters?

Yes

15

What are some man-made disasters?

Structure fires, structure collapse, mass gatherings, explosive and incendiary devices, transportation incidents, industrial hazmat, terrorism

16

What is the definition of terrorism?

Use force against persons or property;
to intimate, coerce, further political or social objective, crimial act

17

What are the features of a terrorist attack?

Aymmetric warfare
Small event
Widespread effect

18

What is a weapon of mass destruction of effect?

Weapons or devices that injure or kill large numbers causing widespread destruction or panic

19

What are the five major categories of chemical agents?

Nerve (GA,GB), blood (cyanide), blister (mustard), choking (chlorine), incapacitating (GZ)

20

What are biological weapons?

Disseminate disease-causing microorganisms or biologically-produced toxins (poisons)

21

What are CDC categories of biological weapons?

Highest risk, high risk, and emerging pathogens

22

What are some toxins used as bioterrorism agents?

Botulinum, Staph enterotoxin B, ricin

23

What are radiological weapons?

Devices to disperse radioactive substances, conventional explosive devices, intentional release and less energy and radiation release than a nuke

24

What are nuclear weapons?

Catastrophic explosions
Massive nuclear energy release through atom splitting
Traumatic injuries, burns, fallout

25

Which type of ionizing radiation is the strongest?

Gamma and Neutron

26

What is the purpose of warning systems?

Many natural disasters tracked before impact, possible mitigation before impact

27

What is the criteria for a threat assessment?

Credible? Corroborated? Specific/imminent threat? Graveness of threat?