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Flashcards in Disaster Overview Deck (27)
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1
Q

Which program had undertaken the challenge of creating and family/disaster prep course?

A

National Disaster Life Support Education Consortium

2
Q

What is the purpose of the NDLS family of courses?

A

To prepare the health community to recognize and manage the medical consequences of disasters

3
Q

What was the result of creating the NDLS family of courses?

A

A coordinated all-hazards training program

4
Q

What is a disaster?

A

When need exceeds resources available

5
Q

Define MCI.

A

Multiple/mass/major casualty incident

Present when healthcare need exceed available healthcare resources

6
Q

What is the goal of MCI management?

A

Do the greatest good for the greatest number of potential survivors

7
Q

What does MCI require?

A

Communication, key terms, triage model, organizational plan, scene eval, simple descriptive method of victim classification

8
Q

D.I.S.A.S.T.E.R.

A

Detection, Incident command, Scene Security and Safety, Asses hazards, Support, Triage and Treatment, Evacuation, Recovery

9
Q

What does “all-hazards” mean?

A

Man-made or natural events with the destructive capability of causing multiple causalities

10
Q

What does “all-hazard preparedness” mean?

A

Comprehensive preparedness required to manage the casualties resulting from all-hazards

11
Q

What some features of earthquakes?

A

Location, strength, secondary disasters, prediction and early warning

12
Q

What are some natural disasters?

A

Earthquakes, volcanoes, tornadoes, hurricanes, floods

13
Q

Which natural disaster causes the greatest amount number of US fatalities?

A

Flash floods

14
Q

Are infectious diseases, like influenza, considered natural disasters?

A

Yes

15
Q

What are some man-made disasters?

A

Structure fires, structure collapse, mass gatherings, explosive and incendiary devices, transportation incidents, industrial hazmat, terrorism

16
Q

What is the definition of terrorism?

A

Use force against persons or property;

to intimate, coerce, further political or social objective, crimial act

17
Q

What are the features of a terrorist attack?

A

Aymmetric warfare
Small event
Widespread effect

18
Q

What is a weapon of mass destruction of effect?

A

Weapons or devices that injure or kill large numbers causing widespread destruction or panic

19
Q

What are the five major categories of chemical agents?

A

Nerve (GA,GB), blood (cyanide), blister (mustard), choking (chlorine), incapacitating (GZ)

20
Q

What are biological weapons?

A

Disseminate disease-causing microorganisms or biologically-produced toxins (poisons)

21
Q

What are CDC categories of biological weapons?

A

Highest risk, high risk, and emerging pathogens

22
Q

What are some toxins used as bioterrorism agents?

A

Botulinum, Staph enterotoxin B, ricin

23
Q

What are radiological weapons?

A

Devices to disperse radioactive substances, conventional explosive devices, intentional release and less energy and radiation release than a nuke

24
Q

What are nuclear weapons?

A

Catastrophic explosions
Massive nuclear energy release through atom splitting
Traumatic injuries, burns, fallout

25
Q

Which type of ionizing radiation is the strongest?

A

Gamma and Neutron

26
Q

What is the purpose of warning systems?

A

Many natural disasters tracked before impact, possible mitigation before impact

27
Q

What is the criteria for a threat assessment?

A

Credible? Corroborated? Specific/imminent threat? Graveness of threat?