Flashcards in Ethics Module 1 Deck (21)
What is rational medical ethics?
The analysis of the values at the heart of medical practice
What are values?
The attitudes and dispositions that people hold as important as a result of their upbringing, religion, profession or culture.
What is culture?
Where a group of people share similar values, beliefs and learned patterns of behaviour (also influenced other factors such as age, gender, sexual orientation and influences of family, for example)
What is stigma?
A mark of disgrace associated with a particular circumstance, quality or person
What is acculturation?
the degree to which a patient has assimilated into, or has adopted the traits, behaviours and customs of another cultural group.
What is the meaning of somatise?
the expression of emotional problems and psychosocial stress by way of physical symptomatology.
what is the meaning of a patient's explanatory model?
The patient’s system of health beliefs, in particular the meaning a patient attributes to a particular illness (or treatment).
What is coining?
part of Traditional Chinese Medicine, coining involves massage with warm oil; a coin is then repeatedly rubbed against an area of the skin in long flowing strokes, moving away from the heart. Blood begins to rise to the surface of the skin, and will leave a mark that resembles a bruise or love bite.
What is cupping?
Cups or animal horns are heated briefly and placed directly on a person’s acupuncture points or source of pain. The heated air inside the cup creates a low pressure area, drawing the skin inside and leaving circular bruises on the skin.
What is Ayurvedic medicine?
Ayurveda is a Sanskrit word meaning 'life science'. An ancient system of healing, of Indian origin (dating from 7 or 8 BC), which aims to integrate the body, mind, and spirit to prevent and treat disease. Ayurvedic practices aim to cleanse the body of substances that can cause disease, re-establishing harmony and balance using herbs, massage and yoga.
Meaning of autonomous?
the ability of a person to be self-determining and self-governing; the capacity of a person to make reasoned choices on the basis of information.
What is a paternalistic style of medicine?
a form of medical decision-making in which the doctor makes the decisions, with little consultation with the patient
What is cultural sensitivity?
an awareness that cultural differences and similarities exist, without assigning value judgments (good or bad, right or wrong) to those differences
What are moral beliefs?
Personal feelings - or societal consensus- about what constitutes right and wrong.
What is stereotyping?
where people form an opinion about others based on limited information or on assumptions about race, language, style of dress, personality, gender, sexual orientation or socioeconomic status
What does society provide doctors as part of the social contract
thee autonomy to manage the profession’s own affairs without interference from government, and
- the ability to self-regulate and to set the profession’s own standards.
5 functions of the GMC?
1. Audits the quality of education in medical schools.
2. Regulates registration of newly qualified doctors.
3. Supervises continuing professional development: ensures fitness to practice through periodic re-licensing and appraisal.
4. Provides guidance on appropriate standards of behaviour: professional "Codes of Conduct".
5. Ajudicates complaints about doctors: GMC has disciplinary powers including removal from the Medical Register.
How do medical professionals confess their medical values to thepublic
Through codes of conduct
What is an alternative to the hippocratic oath
Oath of maimonides
What is medical professionalism?
Actively demonstrating the values set forth in good medical practice