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Study Notes - Gastroenterology > Radiology > Flashcards

Flashcards in Radiology Deck (22)
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1

What is the workhorse of abdominal imaging?

CT

2

Where region of the body is the oesophagus in?

The thorax

3

What is the order of the oesophagus, trachea and aorta?

From posterior to anterior:
Oesophagus
trachea
Aorta

4

What out of the trachea and great vessels indents the oesophagus?

the aortic arch

5

Where does the oesophagus pass in terms of the bronchi?

It passes posterior to the left main bronchus

6

What part of the heart indents the oesophagus?

Left atrium (as it passes posterior to the heart)

7

What is the junction called were the oesophagus attaches to the stomach?

Gastro-oesophageal junction (GOJ)

8

What is the point in the diagram called that the oesophagus passes through?

Oesophageal hiatus

9

What is located within the right upper quadrant?

Liver
Gall bladder
Biliary Tree
Duodenum (1st, 2nd, 3rd parts)
Pancreatic head
Colon (hepatic flexure, AC, TC)
Right kidney/ adrenal gland

10

What forms a C-shape around the pancreatic head?

Duodenum

11

What is the duct that connects the common bile duct and pancreatic duct to the 2nd part of the duodenum?

Ampulla of vater

12

What vertebral levels does the 2nd part of the duodenum run alongside?

L2/3

13

Does the 3rd part of the duodenum run posterior or inferior to the pancreas?

Horizontally inferior

14

What are the 4 parts of the pancreas?

Uncinate process
Head
Neck Body
Tail

15

What are located within the left upper quadrant?

Spleen
Stomach
Small bowel
pancreatic tail
Colon (splenic flexure, DC, TC)
Left kidney/ adrenal gland

16

4 parts of the stomach?

Fundus
Body
Antrum
Pylorus

17

What side of the aorta is the mesentery of the jejunum attached to?

Left

18

What side of the aorta is the mesentery of the ileum attached to?

Right

19

Where are bile salts reabsorbed?

In the terminal ileum (for recycling by the liver)

20

What is located within the right iliac fossa?

Caecum/ terminal ileum
appendix
right ureter (ovary/ fallopian tube/ uterus)
bladder

21

What is located within the left iliac fossa?

Sigmoid colon
Left ureter (ovary/ fallopian tube/ uterus)
Bladder

22

Is the rectum covered by peritoneum?

Upper 2/3rds covered by peritoneum with lower 1/3rd below peritoneal reflection