Flashcards in *Public Health (dental public health + ...) Deck (21)
What is disability-adjusted life-years?
The disability-adjusted life year (DALY) is a measure of overall disease burden, expressed as the number of years lost due to ill-health, disability or early death.
What are the main risk factors for dental carries, periodontal disease and trauma to the teeth?
Smoking (periodontal disease)
Alcohol (teeth trauma)
What are the 3 things required for the formation of dental caries?
What scoring system is used to measure dental caries?
Number decayed, missing or filled added together
This scoring has problems as not all teeth are lost through caries for example
What is def?
A count of all primary teeth that are decayed. extracted or filled due to caries
What is DMFS?
A count of all decayed or missing or filled tooth surfaces
What is the national dental inspection programme?
Has 2 levels
Basic examination is given to all P1 and P7 children
Detailed exam is given to representative samples of either P1 or P7 children inspected in alternate years
What is a caries trend
The distribution of caries in a population through time
Is there any factor involved in the unequal distribution of dental caries?
Where in the mouth is dental caries most likely seen
The upper teeth
What is periodontal disease
A group of related conditions, both acute and chronic, characterised by inflammation of the periodontal tissues in response to the presence of dental plaque e.g. gingivitis, chronic periodontitis, aggressive periodontitis, necrotising ulcerative gingivitis, periodontal abscess, period-endo lesion, gingival enlargement
What are examples of medical conditions that periodontal disease has been associated with?
Atherosclerosis, stroke, MI, adverse pregnancy outcomes, diabetes, respiratory infections, rheumatoid arthritis, osteoporosis, obesity
Stages of periodontal disease? (4)
Gingivitis + mild periodontitis
Gingivitis + moderate periodontitis
Gingivitis + severe periodontitis and recession
How are periodontal diseases treated?
Scaling and root planing
Long term maintenance
What is a dental public health intervention in scotland that is designed to improve the oral health of children in Scotland and reduce inequalities both in dental health and access to dental services?
How does physical activity help with GI conditions
Mortality from Colin cancer
What does dietary fibre reduce your risk of? (6)
Types of dietary fibre
Soluble - beans, lentils, fruits, oats
insoluble - whole grain, vegetables, beans, lentils
U.S. Dietary whole grain guidelines?
3 X 16g of whole grain a day
UK guidelines for red and proceeded meat?
70g a day (no more)