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Study Notes - Gastroenterology > *Alcohol Problems > Flashcards

Flashcards in *Alcohol Problems Deck (10)
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1

What is the current UK alcohol guidance?

Men and women should not regularly drink more than 14 units of alcohol a week
Ideally, this should be spread evenly over 3 days or more

2

What are the acute effects of excess alcohol consumption?

CNS = accidents, violence
GI = oesophagitis, gastritis/ ulceration, acute pancreatitis
Respiratory = overdose, aspiration

3

What are the GI chronic effects of excess alcohol consumption?

GI (stomach, liver, pancreas)

4

What are the CV effects of chronic alcohol consumption?

CV (hypertension, cardiomyopathy, MI, stroke)

5

What are the CNS effects of chronic alcohol consumption?

CNS (neuropathies, cerebellar degeneration, dementia, wernicke-korsakoff's syndrome (due to a thiamine deficinecy)

6

What are the haematological effects of chronic alcohol consumption?

Anaemia
Bone marrow depression

7

What are the Musculoskeletal effects of chronic alcohol consumption?

proximal myopathy
Oestoporesis

8

Apart from GI, CV, CNS, MSK, and haematological effects of chronic alcohol consumption, what other systems are affected?

Endocrine
Dermatologic
Reproductive

9

How many drinks can lead to foetal alcohol syndrome?

7-14 drinks/ week

10

What are the symptoms/ signs of foetal alcohol syndrome?

Growth deficiency
Mental retardation/ intellectual impairment
Additional learning disabilities
Behavioural problems