Female Reproductive System Flashcards Preview

Medical Terminology > Female Reproductive System > Flashcards

Flashcards in Female Reproductive System Deck (122):
1

ovaries

pair of almond shaped organs located in the pelvic cavity. Egg cells are formed and stored in the ovaries

2

ovum (pl. ova)

female egg cell

3

graafian follicles

100,000 microscopic sacs that make up a large portion of the ovaries. each follicle contains an immature ovum. Normally one graafian follicle develops to maturity every month between puberty and menopause. It moves to the surface of the ovary and releases the ovum, which passes into the uterine tube.

4

uterine or fallopian tubes

pair of tubes, attached to the uterus, that provide a passageway for the ovum to move from the ovary to the uterus

5

fimbria (pl fimbriae)

finger like projection at the end of the uterine tube

6

uterus

pear shaped/sized muscular organ that lies in the pelvic cavity, except during pregnancy when it is in the abdominal cavity. Its functions are menstruation, pregnancy, and labor

7

endometrium

inner lining of the uterus

8

myometrium

muscular middle layer of the uterus

9

perimetrium

outer thin layer that covers the surface of the uterus

10

corpus. or body

large central portion of the uterus

11

fundus

rounded upper portion of the uterus

12

cervix (CX)

narrow lower portion of the uterus

13

vagina

a 3 inch tube that connects the uterus to the outside of the body

14

hymen

fold of membrane found near the opening of the vagina

15

rectouterine pouch

pouch between the posterior wall of the uterus and the anterior wall of the rectum

16

Batholin glands

pair of mucus-producing glands located on each side of the vagina and just above the vaginal opening

17

mammary glands, or breasts

pair of milk producing glands of the female. Each breast consists of 15 to 20 divisions, or lobes

18

mammary papilla

breat nipple

19

areola

pigmented area around the breast nipple

20

vulva, or external genitalia

two pairs of lips that surround the vagina

21

clitoris

highly erogenous erectile body located anterior to the urethra

22

perineum

pelvic floor in both male and female. In females it usually refers to the area between the vaginal opening and the anus

23

arche/o

first, beginning

24

cervic/o

cervix

25

colp/o, vagin/o

vagina

26

culd/o

cul-de-sac

27

episi/o, vulv/o

vulva

28

gynec/o, gyn/o

woman

29

hymen/o

hymen

30

hyster/o, metr/o, metr/i

uterus

31

mamm/o, mast/o

breast

32

men/o

menstruation

33

oophor/o

ovary

34

perine/o

perineum

35

salping/o

uterine tube

36

peri-

surronding (outer)

37

-atresia

absence of a normal body opening; occlusion; closure

38

-salpinx

uterine tube

39

amenorrhea (a-men-o-RE-a)

absence of menstrual discharge

40

Bartholin adenitis (BAR-to-lin ad-e-NI-tis)

inflammation of the Bartholin gland

41

cervicitis (ser-vi-SI-tis)

inflammation of the cervix

42

colpitis, vaginitis (kol-PI-tis, vaj-i-NI-tis)

inflammation of the vagina

43

dysmenorrhea (dis-men-o-RE-a)

painful menstrual discharge

44

endocervicitis (en-do-ser-vi-SI-tis)

inflammation of the inner (linning) of the cervix

45

endometritis (en-do-me-TRI-tis)

inflammation of the inner (linning) of the uterus (endometrium)

46

hematosalpinx (hem-a-to-SAL-pinks)

blood in the uterine tubes

47

hydrosalpinx (hi-dro-SAL-pinks)

water in the uterine tube

48

hysteratresia (his-ter-a-TRE-zha)

closure of the uterus

49

mastitis (mas-TI-tis)

inflammation of the breast

50

menometrorrhagia (men-o-met-ro-RA-jea)

rapid flow of blood from the uterus at menstruation

51

menorrhagia (men-o-RA-jea)

rapid flow of blood at menstruation

52

metrorrhagia (me-tro-RA-jea)

rapid flow of blood from the uterus between menstrual cycles

53

myometritis (mi-o-me-TRI-tis)

inflammation of the uterine muscle

54

oligomenorrhea (ol-i-go-men-o-RE-a)

scanty menstrual flow

55

oophoritis (o-of-o-RI-tis)

inflammation of the ovary

56

perimetritis (per-i-me-TRI-tis)

inflammation surrounding the uterus

57

pyosalpinx (pi-o-SAL-pinks)

pus in the uterine tube

58

salpingitis (sal-pin-JI-tis)

inflammation of the uterine tube

59

salpingocele (sal-PING-go-sel)

hernia of the uterine tube

60

vulvoaginitis (vul-vo-vaj-i-NI-tis)

inflammation of the vulva and vagina

61

adenomyosis (ad-e-no-mi-O-sis)

growth of endometrium into the muscular portion of the uterus

62

breast cancer

malignant tumor of the breast

63

cervical cancer (ser-vi-kal KAN-cer)

malignant tumor of the cervix, which progresses from cellular dysplasia to carcinoma. Its cause is linked to human papilomavirus (HPV) infection

64

endometrial cancer (en-do-ME-tre-al Kan-car)

malignant tumor of the endometrium

65

endometriosis (en-do-me-tre-O-sis)

abnormal growth in which endometrial tissue grows outside of the uterus in various areas of the pelvic cavity

66

fibrocystic breast disease (fi-bro-SIS-tik di-ZEZ)

a disorder characterized by one or more benign cysts in the breast.

67

fibroid tumor (FI-broyd TU-mor)

benign fibroid tumor of the uterine muscle

68

ovarian cancer (o-VAR-e-an KAN-cer)

malignant tumor of the ovary

69

pelvic inflammatory disease (PID)

inflammation of the female pelvic organs that can be caused by many different pathogens

70

prolapsed uterus (PRO-lapsed U-ter-us)

downward displacement of the uterus into the vagina

71

toxic shock syndrome (TSS) (TOK-sik shok SIN-drom)

a severe illness characterized by high fever, rash, vomiting, diarrhea and myalagia followed by hypotension and in severe cases shock and death

72

vesicovaginal fistula (ves-i-ko-VAJ-i-nal FIS-tu-la)

abnormal opening between the bladder and vagina

73

cervicectomy (ser-vi-SEK-to-me)

excision of the cervix

74

colpoperineorrhaphy (kol-po-per-i-ne-OR-a-fe)

suture of the vagina and perineum

75

colpoplasty (KOL-po-plas-te)

surgical repair of the vagina

76

colporrhaphy (kol-POR-a-fe)

suture of the wall of the vagina

77

episioperineoplasty (e-piz-e-o-per-i-NE-o-plas-te)

surgical repair of the vulva and perineum

78

episiorrhaphy (e-piz-e-OR-a-fe)

suture of a tear in the vulva

79

hymenectomy (hi-men-EK-to-me)

excision of the hymen

80

hymenotomy (hi-men-OT-o-me)

incision of the hymen

81

hysterectomy (his-te-REK-to-me)

excision of the uterus

82

hysteropexy (HIS-ter-o-pek-se)

surgical fixation of the uterus

83

hysterosalpingo-oophorectomy (his-ter-o-sal-ping-go-o-of-o-REK-to-me)

excision of the uterus, uterine tubes, and ovaries

84

mammoplasty (MAM-o-plas-te)

surgical repair of the breast

85

mastectomy (mas-TEK-to-me)

surical removal of the breast

86

mastopexy (MAS-to-pexy)

surigcal repair of the breast

87

oophorectomy (o-of-o-REK-to-me)

excision of an ovary

88

perineorrhaphy (per-i-ne-OR-a-fe)

suture of a tear in the perineum

89

salpingectomy (sal-pin-JEK-to-me)

excision of a uterine tube

90

salpingo-oophorectomy (sal-ping-go-o-of-o-REK-to-me)

excision of the uterine tube and ovary

91

salpingostomy (sal-ping-GOS-to-me)

creation of an artifical opening in a uterine tube

92

vulvectomy (vul-VEK-to-me)

excision of the vulva

93

anterior and posterior colporrhahphy (A&P repair)

surgical repair if a weakened vaginal wall to correct a cystocele and a rectocele

94

conization (kon-i-ZA-shun)

surigcal removal of a cone-shaped area of the cervix

95

dilaition and curettage (D&C) (di-LA-shun ku-re-TAHZH)

dilation of the cervix and scraping of the endometrium with an instrument called a curette. It is performed to diagnose disese, to correct bleeding, and to empty uterine contents, such as tissue remaining after a miscarriage

96

endometrial ablation (en-do-ME-tre-al ab-LA-shun)

a procedure to destroy or remove the endometrium by use of laser or thermal energy; used to treat abnormal uterine bleeding

97

laparoscopy or laparoscopic surgery

visual examination of the abdominal cavity

98

myomectomy (mi-o-MEK-to-me)

excision of a fibroid tumor from the uterus

99

sentinel lymph node biopsy

an injection of blue dye and/or radioactive isotope used to identify the sentinel lymph nodes

100

stereotactic breast biopsy

a technique that combines mammography and computer assisted biopsy to obtain tissue from a breast lesion

101

tubal ligation

closure of the uterine tubes for sterilization by tying

102

uterine artery embolization

minimally invasive procedure used to treat fibroids of the uterus by blocking arteries that supply blood to the fibroids.

103

hysterosalpingogram (his-ter-o-sal-PING-go-gram)

radiographic image of the uterus and uterine tubes

104

mammogram (MAM-o-gram)

radiographic image of the breast

105

mammography (ma-MOG-ra-fe)

radiograhic imagining of the breast

106

sonohysterography (son-o-his-ter-OG-ra-fe)

process of recording the uterus by use of sound

107

colposcope (KOL-po-skop)

instrument used for visual examination of the vagina

108

colposcopy (kol-POS-ko-pe)

visual examination of the vagina

109

culdoscope (KUL-do-skop)

instrument used for visual examination of the douglas cul-de-sac

110

culdoscopy (kul-DOS-ko-pe)

visual examination of douglas cul-de-sac

111

hysteroscope (HIS-ter-o-skop)

instrument used for the visual examination of the uterus

112

hysteroscopy (his-ter-OS-ko-pe)

visual examination of the uterus

113

culdocentesis (kul-do-sen-TE-sis)

surgical puncture to remove fluid from Douglas cul-de-sac

114

gynecologist (gin-ek-OL-o-jist)

a physician who studies and treats diseases of women

115

gynecology

study of women

116

gynopathic

pertaining to disease of women

117

leukorrhea

white discharge from the vagina

118

mastalgia

pain in the breast

119

mastoptosis

sagging breast

120

menarche

beginning of menstruation

121

vaginal

pertaining to the vagina

122

vulvovaginal

pertaining to the vulva and vagina