Body Position - Direction Flashcards Preview

Medical Terminology > Body Position - Direction > Flashcards

Flashcards in Body Position - Direction Deck (77):
1

anter/o

front

2

caudo/o

tail (downward)

3

cephal/0

head (upward)

4

dist/o

away (from the point of attachment of a body part)

5

dors/o

back

6

infer/o

below

7

later/o

side

8

medi/o

middle

9

poster/o

back, behind

10

proxim/o

near (the point of attachment of a body part)

11

super/o

above

12

ventr/o

belly (front)

13

bi-

two

14

uni-

one

15

ad

toward

16

ior

pertaining to

17

caudad

toward the tail (downward)

18

cephalad

toward the head (upward)

19

lateral (lat)

pertaining to the side

20

medial (med)

pertaining to the middle

21

unilateral

pertaining to one side (only)

22

bilateral

pertaining to two sides

23

mediolateral

pertaining to the middle and to the side

24

distal

pertaining to away (from the point of attachment of a body part)

25

proximal

pertaining to near (to the point of attachment of a body part)

26

inferior (inf)

pertaining to below

27

superior (sup)

pertaining to above

28

caudal

pertaining to the tail (similar to inferior in most instances related to human anatomy)

29

cephalic

pertaining to the head

30

anterior (ant)

pertaining to the front

31

posterior

pertaining to the back

32

dorsal

pertaining to the back

33

ventral

pertaining to the belly (front)

34

anteroposterior (AP)

pertaining to the front and to the back

35

posteroanterior (PA)

pertaining to the back and to the front

36

frontal or coronal

vertical field passing through the body from side to side, dividing the body into anterior and posterior portions

37

midsagittal

vertical field running through the body from front to back at the midline, dividin the body equally into right and left halves

38

parasagittal

vertical field running through the body from front to back, dividing the body into right and left sides (any plane parallel to the midsagittal plane)

39

transverse

horizontal field dividing the body into superior and inferior portions

40

midline

an imaginary line that seperates the body, or body parts, into halves. In medical language, midline is used as a common reference point.

41

Fowler position

semi-sitting position with slight elevation of the knees

42

lithotomy position

lying on back with legs raised and feet in stirrups

43

orthopnea position

sitting erect in a chair or sitting upright in bed supported by pillows behind the head and chest (also called orthopneic position)

44

prone position

lying on abdomen, facing downward (head may be turned to one side)

45

recumbent position

lying down in any position

46

Sims position

lying on left side with right knee drawn up and with left arm drawn begind parallel to the back

47

supine position

lying on back, facing upward

48

Trendelenburg position

lying on back with body tilted so that the head is lower than the feet

49

high Fowler

upright position at approximately 90 degrees

50

Fowler

indicating an angle between 45 degrees and 60 degrees

51

semi-Fowler

30 degrees to 45 degrees

52

low Fowler

where the head is slightly elevated

53

umbilical region

around the navel (umbilicus)

54

lumbar regions

to the right and left of the umbilical region, near the waist

55

epigastric region

superior to the umbilical region, generally above the stomach

56

hypochondriac regions

to the right and left of the epigastric region

57

hypogastric region

inferior to the umbilical region

58

iliac regions

to the right and left of the hypogastric region, near the groin (also called inguinal regions)

59

umbilicus

derived from the Latin umbro (protuberant part of a shield) raised or depressed spot in the middle of anything

60

Hypochodriac

derived from the Greek hypo (under) and chondros (cartilage) Hippocrates referred to the region just below the cartilages of the ribs. People who experienced discomfort in this area but had no organic findings. Now, a person who falsely believes he or she has an illness is regerred to as a hypochodriac

61

Cyberchondria

emerged in 2000 as a term describing a pattern of using internet research to self diagnose symptoms, fueling health anxiety and worry

62

right upper quadrant (RUQ)

refers to the area encompassing the right lobe of the liver, the gallblader, part of the pancreas, and portions of the small and large intestines

63

left upper quadrant (LUQ)

referes to the area encompassing the left lobe of the liver, the stomach, the spleen, part of the pancreas, and portions of the small and large intestines

64

right lower quadrant (RLQ)

refers to the area encompassing portions of the small and large intestines, the appendix, the right ureter, and the right ovary and uterine tube in women or the right spermatic duct in men

65

left lower quadrant (LLQ)

refers to the area encompassing portions of the small and large intestines, the left ureter, and the left ovary and uterine tube in women or the left spermatic duct in men

66

Temporal palpating

palpate over the temporal bone on each side of the head lateral to each eyebrow

67

Carotid palpating

palpate the anterior edge of the sternocleidomastoid muscle, just medial and inferior to the angle of the jaw. To avoid reduction of blood flow, do not palpate right and left carotid pulses simultaneously

68

Brachial palpating

palpate in the groove between the biceps and tricept, just medial to the biceps tendon

69

Radial palpating

palpate lateral and anterior side of wrist, proximal to the first metacarpal phalangeal joint

70

Femoral palpating

This pulse is inferior to the inquinal ligament; if the patient is obese, the pulse is found midway between anterior superior iliac spine and pubic tubercle

71

Dorsalis pedis palpating

Lightly palpate the dorsal surface of the foot, with the foot slightly dorsiflexed

72

Posterior tibial palpating

This pulse is found posterior and slightly inferior to the medial malleolus of the ankle

73

LLL

left lower lobe

74

LUL

Left Upper Lobe

75

RLL

Right Lower Lobe

76

RML

Right Middle Lobe

77

RUL

Right Upper Lobe