Respiratory System Flashcards Preview

Medical Terminology > Respiratory System > Flashcards

Flashcards in Respiratory System Deck (223):
1

adenoiditis

inflammation of the adenoids

2

alveolitis

inflammation of the alveolus

3

atelectasis

incomplete expansion of the lung or portion of the lung

4

bronchiectasis

dilation of the bronchi

5

bronchitis

inflammation of the bronchi

6

bronchogenic carcinoma

cancerous tumor originating in a bronchus

7

bronchopneumonia

diseased state of the bronchi and lungs (normally caused by infection)

8

diaphragmatocele (di-a-frag-MAT-o-sel)

Hernia of the diaphragm

9

Epiglottitis

inflammation of the epiglottis

10

hemothorax

blood in the chest (pleural space)

11

laryngitis

inflammation of the larynx

12

laryngotracheobronchitis (LTB) *la-ring-go-tra-ke-o-bron-KI-tos*

inflammation of the larynx, trachea, and bronchi (the acute form is called croup)

13

lobar pneumonia

pertianing to the lobes, diseased state of the lung

14

nasopharyngitis

inflammation of the nose and pharynx

15

pansinusitis

inflammation of the sinus

16

pharyngitis

inflammation of the pharynx

17

pleuritis

inflammation of the pleura

18

pneumatocele

hernia of the lung

19

pneumoconiosis

abnormal condition of dust in the lungs

20

pneumonia

diseased state of the lung

21

pneumonitis

inflammation of the lung

22

pneumothorax

air in the chest (pleural space), which causes collapse of the lung

23

pulmonary neoplasm

pertaining to the lung, new growth (tumor)

24

pyothorax

pus in the chest

25

rhinitis

inflammation of the nose

26

rhinomycosis

abnormal condition of fungus in the nose

27

rhinorrhagia

rapid flow of blood from the nose

28

thoracalgia

pain in the chest

29

tonsillitis

inflammation of the tonsils

30

tracheitis

inflammation of the trachea

31

tracheostenosis

narrowing of the trachea

32

Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS)

respiratory failure as a result of disease or injury

33

asthma

respiratory disease chracterized by paroxysms of coughing, wheezing, and shortness of breath, which is caused by constriction of airways that is reversible between attacks

34

chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)

a progressive lung disease that resticts the air flow, which makes breathing difficult. Chronic bronchitis and emphysema are the two main compnents of COPD

35

coccidiodomycosis

fungal disease affecting the lungs and sometimes other organs of the body

36

cor pulmonale

serious cardiac disease associated with chronic lung disorders, such as emphysema

37

croup

condition resulting from acute obstruction of the larynx

38

cystic fibrosis

hereditary disorder of exocrine glands characterized by excess mucus production in the respiratory tract pancreatic deficiency, and other symptoms

39

deviated septum

one part of the nasal cavity is smalller because of malformation or injury of the nasal cavity

40

emphysema

stretching of the lung tissuecaused by the alveoli becoming distended and losing elasticity

41

epistaxis

nosebleed

42

influenza

highly infectious respiratory disease caused by a virus

43

legionnaire disease

a lobar pneumonia caused by the bacterium legionella pneuophila

44

Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA)

repetitive pharyngeal collapse during sleep, which leads to absenceof breathing; can produce daytime drowsiness and elevated blood pressure

45

Pertussis

Highly contagious bacterial infection of the respiratory tract characterized by an acute crowing inspiration, or whoop (also called whooping cough)

46

pleural effusion

fluid in the pleural space caused by a disease process or trauma

47

pulmonary edema

fluid accumulation in the alveoli and bronchioles

48

pulmonary embolism (PE)

matter forgein to the circulation, carried to the pulmonary artery and its branches, where it blocks circulation to the lungs and can be fatal if of sufficient size or number.

49

Tuberculosis

an infectious disease, caused by an acid-fast bacillus, most commonly spread by inhalation of small particles and usually affecting the lungs

50

upper respiratory infection (URI)

infection of the nasal cavity, pharynx, or larynx (commonly called a cold)

51

Adenoidectomy

excision of the adenoids

52

adenotome

surgical instrument used to cut the adenoids

53

bronchoplasty

surgical repair of a bronchus

54

laryngectomy

excision of the larynx

55

laryngoplasty

surgical repair of the larynx

56

laryngostomy

creation of an artifical opening into the larynx

57

laryngotracheotomy

incision of the larynx and trachea

58

lobectomy

excision of a lobe (of the lung)

59

pleuropexy

surgical fixation of the pleura

60

pneumobronchotomy

incision of lung and bronchus

61

pneumonectomy

excision of a lung

62

rhinoplasty

surgical repair of the nose

63

septoplasty

incision into the nasal septum

64

sinusotomy

incision of a sinus

65

thoracocentesis

surgical puncture to aspirate fluid from the chest cavity

66

thoracotomy

incision in the chest cavity

67

tonsillectomy

excision of the tonsils

68

tracheoplasty

surgical repair of the trachea

69

tracheostomy

creation of an artifical opening into the trachea

70

tracheotomy

incision of the trachea

71

bronchoscope

instrument used for visual examination of the bronchi

72

bronchoscopy

visual examination of the bronchi

73

endoscope

instrument used for visual examination within

74

endoscopic

pertaining to visual examination within

75

endoscopy

visual examination within

76

laryngoscope

instrument used for visual examination of the larynx

77

laryngoscopy

visual examination of the larynx

78

capnometer

instrument used to measure carbon dioxide

79

oximeter

instrument used to measure oxygen

80

spirometer

instrument used to measure breathing (or lung volume)

81

spriometry

a measurement of breathing (lung volume)

82

polysomnography (PSG)

process of recording many tests during sleep

83

chest computed tomography (CT) scan

computerized images of the chest created in sections sliced from front to back. Performed to diagnose tumors, abscesses, and pleural effusion. Computed tomography is used to visualize other body parts such as the abdomen and the brain.

84

Chest radiograph (CXR)

a radiographic image of the chest performed to evaluate the lungs and the heart (also called a chest x-ray)

85

ventilation-perfusion scanning (VPS)

a nuclear medicine precedure performed to diagnose a pulmonary embolism and other conditions

86

acid-fast bacilli (AFB) smear

a test performed on septum to determine the presence of acid-fast bacilli, which cause tuberculosis

87

arterial blood gases (ABGs)

a test performed on arterial blood to determine levels of oxygen, carbon dioxide, and other gases present

88

peak flow meter (PFM)

a portable instrument used to measure how fast air can be pushed out the lung; used to help monitor asthma and adjust medication accordingly

89

pulmonary function test (PFTs)

a group of tests performed to measure breathing and used to determing respiratory function

90

pulse oximetry

a noninvasive method of measuring oxygen in the blood by using a device that attaches to the finertip

91

auscultation

the act of listening for sounds within the body through a stethoscope.

92

percussion

the act of tapping of a body surface with the fingers to determine the density of te part beneath by the sound obtained. The dull sound indicates the presence of fluid in a body space or cavity such as in the pleural space

93

PPD (purified protein derivative) skin test

a test performed on individuals who have recently been exposed to tuberculosis.

94

stethoscope

an instrument used to hear internal body sounds; used for performing auscultation and blood pressure measurement

95

acapnia

condition of absence (less than normal level) of carbon dioxide (in the blood)

96

alveolar

pertaining to the alveolus

97

anoxia

condition of the absence (deficiency) of oxygen

98

aphonia

condition of absence of voice

99

apnea

absence of breathing

100

bronchoalveolar

pertaining to the bronchi and alveoli

101

bronchospasm

spasmodic contraction in the bronchi

102

diaphragmatic

pertaining to the diaphragm

103

dysphonia

condition of difficult speaking (voice)

104

dyspnea

difficult breathing

105

endotracheal

pertaining to within the trachea

106

eupnea

normal breathing

107

hypercapnia

condition of excess carbon dioxide (in the blood)

108

hypernea

exessive breathing

109

hypocapnia

condition of deficient carbon dioxide (in the blood)

110

hyponea

deficient breathing

111

hypoxemia

condition of deficient oxygen in the blood

112

hypoxia

condition of deficient oxyen (to the tissue)

113

intrapleural

pertaining to within the pleura (space between the two pleural membranes)

114

laryngeal

pertaining to the larynx

115

laryngospasm

spasmodic contraction of the larynx

116

mucoid

resembling mucus

117

mucous

pertaining to mucus

118

nasopharyngeal

pertaining to the nose and pharynx

119

orthopnea

able to breathe easier in a straight (upright) position

120

phrenalgia

pain in the diaphragm

121

phrenospasm

spasm of the diaphragm

122

pulmonary

pertaining to the lungs

123

pulmonologist

a physician who studies and treats diseases of the lung

124

pulmnology

study of the lung (a branch of medicine dealing with diseases of the lung)

125

rhinorrhea

discharge from the nose (as in a cold)

126

tachypnea

rapid breathing

127

thoracic

pertaining to the chest

128

airway

passageway by which air enters and leaves the lungs as well as a mechanical device used to keep the air passageway unobstructed

129

asphyxia

deprivation of oxygen for tissue usel suffocation

130

aspirate

to withdraw fluid or suction fluid; also to draw foreign material into the respiratory tract

131

bronchoconstrictor

agent causing narrowing of the bronchi

132

bronchodilator

agent causing the bronchi to widen

133

cough

sudden, noisy expulsion of air from the lungs

134

hiccup

sudden catching of breath with a spasmodic contraction of the diaphragm

135

hyperventilation

ventilation of the lungs beyond normal body needs

136

hypoventilation

ventilation of the lungs that does not fullfill the body's gas exchange needs

137

mucopurulent

containing both mucus and pus

138

mucus

slimy fluid secreted by the mucous membranes

139

nebulizer

device that creates a mist used to deliver medication for giving respiratory treatment

140

nosocomial infection

an infection acquired during hospitalization

141

paroxysm

periodic, sudden attack

142

patent

open, the opposite of closed or compromised, thus allowing passage of air, as in patent trachea and bronchi

143

sputum

muccous secretion from the lungs, bronchi, and trachea expelled through the mouth

144

ventilator

mechanical device used to assist with or substitute for breathing

145

ABGs

arterial blood gases

146

AFB

acid-fast bacilli

147

ARDS

acute respiratory distress syndrome

148

CF

cystic fibrosis

149

COPD

chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

150

CT

computed tomography

151

CXR

chest radiograph

152

flu

influenza

153

LLL

left lower lobe

154

LTB

Laryngotracheobronchitis

155

LUL

Left Upper Lobe

156

OSA

obstructive sleep disorder

157

PE

pulmonary embolism

158

PFM

peak flow meter

159

PFTs

pulmonary function test

160

PSG

polysomnography

161

RLL

Right Lower Lobe

162

RML

Right Middle Lobe

163

RUL

Right Upper Lobe

164

SOB

shortness of breath

165

TB

tuberculosis

166

URI

Upper respiratory infection

167

VPS

ventilation-perfussion scanning

168

Lungs

two spongelike organs in the thoracic cavity. The right lung consists of three lobes and the left lung has two.

169

Pleura

Double folded serous membrane covering each lung and lining the thoracic cavity with a small spave between, called the pleural cavity, which contains serous fluid.

170

Diaphragm

muscular partition that seperates the thoracic cavity from the abdominal cavity. It aids in the breathing process by contracting and pulling air in, then relaxing and pushing air out.

171

Mediastinum

space between te lungs. It contains the heart, esophagus, trachea, great blood vessels, and other structures.

172

Adenoid/o

Adenoids

173

alveol/o

alveolus

174

bronchi/o, bronch/o

bronchus

175

diaphragmat/o, phren/o

diaphragm

176

epiglott/o

epiglottis

177

laryng/o

larynx

178

lob/o

lobe

179

nas/o, rhin/o

nose

180

pharyng/o

pharynx

181

pleur/o

pleura

182

pneum/o, pneumat/o, pneumon/o

lung, air

183

pulmon/o

lung

184

sept/o

septum (wall off, fence)

185

sinus/o

sinus

186

thorac/o

thorax (chest)

187

tonsill/o

tonsil

188

atel/o

imperfect, incomplete

189

capn/o

carbon dioxide

190

hem/o, hemat/o

blood

191

muc/o

mucus

192

orth/o

straight

193

ox/i, ox/o

oxygen

194

phon/o

sound, voice

195

py/o

pus

196

somn/o

sleep

197

spir/o

breathe, breathing

198

a-, an-

absence of, without

199

endo-

within

200

eu-

normal, good

201

pan-

all, total

202

poly-

many, much

203

tachy-

fast, rapid

204

-algia

pain

205

-ar, -ary, -eal

pertaining to

206

-cele

hernia or protrusion

207

-centesis

surgical puncture to aspirate fluid (with a sterile needle)

208

-ectasis

stretching out, dilatation, expansion

209

-emia

blood condition

210

-graphy

process of recording, radiographic

211

-meter

insturment used to measure

212

-metry

measurement

213

-pexy

surgical fixation, suspension

214

-pnea

breathing

215

-rrhagia

rapid flow of blood

216

-scope

insturment used for visual examination

217

-scopic

pertianing to visual examination

218

-scopy

visual examination

219

-spasm

sudden, involuntary muscle contraction

220

-stenosis

constriction or narrowing

221

-stomy

creation of an artifical opening

222

-thorax

chest

223

-tomy

cut into or incision