MedTerm Overview - Prefix, Suffix, Combining Words Flashcards Preview

Medical Terminology > MedTerm Overview - Prefix, Suffix, Combining Words > Flashcards

Flashcards in MedTerm Overview - Prefix, Suffix, Combining Words Deck (163):
1

Four word parts

1. Word root 2. Prefix 3. Suffix 4. Combining form

2

Word root

the word part that is the core of the word. eg. play/er, play is the word root; arthr/itis, arthr (which means joint) is the word root hepat/itis, hepat (which means liver) is the word Root

3

Suffix

word part attached to the end of the word rot to modify its meaning eg. play/er, -er is the suffix hepat/ic, -ic (which means pertaining to) is the suffix Hepat/itis, -itis (which mean inflammation) is the suffix

4

Prefix

word part attached to the beginning of a word to modify its meaning eg. re/play, re- is the prefix sub/hepat/ic, sub- (which means under) is the prefix intra/ven/ous, intra- (which means within) is the prefix, ven (which means vein) is the word root, -ous (which means pertaining to) is the suffix

5

Combining Form

a word root with the combining vowel attached, separated by a vertical slash eg. arthr/o oste/o

6

Combining Vowel

the word part, usually an O, used to ease pronunciation eg. oste/o/arthr/itis

7

Four guidelines for using combining vowels

1. When combining a word root and a suffix , a combining vowel is used if the suffix does not begin with a vowel 2. When connecting a word and a suffix, a combining vowel is usually not used if the suffix begins with a vowel 3. When connecting two word roots, a combining vowel is usually used even if the vowels are present at the junction 4. When connecting a prefix and a word root, a combining vowel is not used

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Cell

basic unit of all living things

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cell membrane

forms the boundary of the cell

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cytoplasm

gel-like fluid inside the cell

11

nucleus

largest structure within the cell, it contains chromosomes fro the cellular reproduction and is the control center of the cell

12

chromosomes

located in the nucleus of the cell.

13

genes

regions within the chromosome that determine hereditary characteristics

14

DNA (deoxyribonuleic acid)

comprises each gene; is a genetic material that regulates the activities of the cell

15

Tissue

group of similar cells that preforms a specific function

16

muscle tissue

composed of cells that have a special ability to contract, usually producing movement

17

nervous tissue

found in the nerves, spinal cord, and brain, It is responsible for coordinating and controlling body activities

18

connective tissue

connects, supports, penetrates, and encases various body structures. Adipose (fat), osseous (bone) tissues and blood are types of connective tissue.

19

epithelial tissue

the major covering of the external surface of the body; forms membranes that line body cavities and organs and is the major tissue in glands

20

Organ

Two or more kinds of tissue that work together to preform complex body functions. eg skin

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system

group of organs that work together to preform complex body functions. eg the cardiovascular system

22

Integumentary System

composed of skin, nails, glans. Forms a protective covering for the body, regulates body temperature, and helps manufacture vitamin D.

23

Respiratory System

Composed of nose, pharynx (throat), larynx (voice box), trachea (windpipe), bronchial tubes, and lungs. Performs respiration which provides for the exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide within the body

24

Urinary System

Composed of kidneys, ureters, bladder, and urethra. Removes waste material (urine) from the body, regulates fluid volume, and maintains electrolyte concentration

25

Reproductive System

Female reproductive system is composed of ovaries, uterine tubes, uterus, vagina, and mammary glands. Male reproductive system is composed of testes, urethra, penis, prostate gland, and associated tubes. Responsible for heredity and reproduction.

26

Cardiovascular System

Composed of the heart and blood vessels. Pumps and transports blood throughout the body.

27

Lymphatic System

Composed of a network of vessels, ducts, nodes, and organs. Provides defense against infection.

28

Digestive System

Composed of the gastrointestinal tract which includes the esophagus, stomach, large and small intestine plus accessory organs, liver, gallbladder, and pancreas. Prepares food for use by the body cells and eliminates waste.

29

Musculoskeletal System

Composed of muscle, bones, and joints. Provides movement and framework for the body, protects vital organs such as the brain, stores calcium, and produces red blood cells.

30

Nervous System

Composed of the brain, spinal cord, and nerves. Regulates body activities by sending and receiving messages.

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Endocrine System

Composed of glands that secrete hormones. Hormones regulate many body activities.

32

Cranial Cavity

Space inside the skull (cranium) containing the brain

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Spinal Cavity

Space inside the spinal column containing the spinal cord

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Thoracic, or chest, cavity

Space containing the heart, aorta, lungs, esophagus, trachea, and bronchi

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Abdominal cavity

space containing the stomach, intestines, kidneys, liver, gallbladder, pancreas, spleen, and ureters

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Pelvic Cavity

space containing the urinary bladder, certain reproductive organs, parts of the small and large intestine, and the recrum

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Abdominopelvic cavity

both the pelvic and abdominal cavities

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aden/o

gland

39

cyt/o

cell

40

epitheli/o

epithelium

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fibr/o

fiber

42

hist/o

tissue

43

kary/o

nucleus

44

lip/o

fat

45

my/o

muscle

46

neur/o

nerve

47

organ/o

organ

48

sarc/o

flesh, connective tissue

49

system/o

system

50

viscer/o

internal organs

51

Cancer/o

Cancer

52

eti/o

Cause (of disease)

53

gno/o

Knowledge

54

iatr/o

physician, medicine

55

lei/o

smooth

56

onc/o

tumor, mass

57

path/o

disease

58

rhabd/o

rod-shaped, striated

59

somat/o

body

60

-al, -ic, - ous

pertaining to

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-cyte

cell

62

-gen

substance or agent that produces or causes

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-genic

producing, originating, causing

64

-logist

one who studies and treats (specialist, physician)

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-logy

study of

66

-oid

resembeling

67

-oma

tumor or swelling

68

-osis

abnormal condition (means increasing when used with blood word roots)

69

-pathy

disease

70

-plasia

condition of formation, development, growth

71

-plasm

growth, substance, formation

72

-sarcoma

malignant tumor

73

-sis

state of

74

-stasis

control, stop, standing

75

adenocarcinoma (ad-e-no-kar-si-NO-ma)

cancerous tumor of the glandular tissue

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adenoma (ad-e-NO-ma)

tumor composed of glandular tissue (benign)

77

Carcinoma (kar-si-NO-ma)

Cancerous tumor (malignant)

78

Chloroma (klo-RO-ma)

tumor of green color

79

Epithilioma (ep-i-the-le-O-ma)

tumor composed of epithelium (may be benign or malignant)

80

fibroma

Tumor composed of fiber (fibirous tissue, benign)

81

fibrosarcoma (fi-bro-sar-KO-ma)

malignant tumor composed of fiber (fiberous tissue)

82

leiomyoma (li-o-mi-O-ma)

Tumor composed of smooth muscle (benign)

83

leiomyosarcoma (li-o-mi-o-sar-KO-ma)

Malignant tumor of smooth muscle

84

Lipoma (li-PO-ma)

Benign tumor of fat

85

Liposarcoma (Li-PO-sar-KO-ma)

Malignant tumor of fat

86

Melanocarcinoma (mel-a-no-kar-si-NO-ma

cancerous black tumor

87

melanoma

Black tumor (primarily of the skin)

88

myoma (mi-o-ma)

Tumor composed of muscle

89

neoplasm (NE-o-plazm)

new growth or abnormal tissue or tumor)

90

neuroma (nu-RO-ma)

Tumor composed of nerver (benign)

91

rhabdomyoma (rab-do-mi-o-sar-KO-ma)

Benign tumor composed of striated muscle

92

rhabdomyosarcoma (rab-do-mi-o-sar-KO-ma)

malignant tumor of striated muscle

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sarcoma

highly malignant tumor of connective tissue (such as bone or cartilage)

94

cytogenic (si-to-Jen-ik)

producing cells

95

cytoid (SI-toid)

resembling a cell

96

cytology (si-TOL-o-je)

study of cells

97

cytoplasm (si-to-plazm)

cell substance

98

dysplasia (dis-PLA-zha)

abnormal development

99

epithelial

pertaining to the epithelium

100

erythrocyte (e-RITH-ro-sit)

red (blood) cell

101

erythrocytosis

incease in the red blood cells

102

histology

study of tissue

103

hyperplasia

(excessive development

104

hypoplasia (hi-po-PLA-zha)

incomplete development of an organ or tissue

105

karyocyte (Kar-e-o-sit)

cell with nucleus

106

karyoplasm (KAR-e-o-plasm)

substance of the nucleus

107

leukocyte (LU-ko-sit)

white (blood) cell

108

leukocytosis (lu-ko-si-TO-sis)

increase in the number of white blood cells

109

lipoid (LIP-oid)

Resembeling fat

110

myopathy (mi-OP-a-the)

disease of the muscle

111

neuroid (NU-royd)

resembeling nerve

112

somatic

pertaining to the body

113

somatogenic

origintain in the body (organic as opposed to psychologic)

114

somatopathy

disease of the body

115

somatoplasm

body substance

116

systemic

pertaining to a body system or the body as a whole)

117

visceral (VIS-er-al)

pertaining to the internal organs

118

diagnosis (Dx)

state of complete knowledge (indetifying a disease)

119

etiology

study of the cause of disease

120

iatrogenic (i-at-ro-JEN-ik)

produced by a physician

121

iatrology (i-at-TROL-o-je)

study of medicine

122

metastasis

beyond control (spread of disease from one organ to another, as in the transfer of malignant tumors)

123

neopathy

new disease

124

oncongenic (ong-ko-JEN-ik)

causing tumors

125

oncologist

a physican who studies and treat tumors

126

oncology

study of tumors

127

organic

pertaining to an organ

128

organoid

resembeling an organ

129

pathogenic

producing disease

130

pathologist

a physician who studies diseases

131

pathology

study of disease

132

prognosis

state of before knowledge

133

xanthochromic (zan-tho-KRO-mik)

pertaining to yellow color

134

xanthosis (zan-THO-sis)

abnormal condition of yellow (discoloration)

135

-a

singular ending

136

-ax

singular ending

137

-is

singular ending

138

-ix

singular ending

139

-ma

singular ending

140

-on

singular ending

141

-sis

singular ending

142

-um

singular ending

143

-us

singular ending

144

-nx

singular ending

145

-y

singular ending

146

-ae

Plural ending

147

-aces

Plural ending

148

-es

Plural ending

149

-ices

Plural ending

150

-mata

Plural ending

151

-a

Plural ending

152

-ses

Plural ending

153

-i

Plural ending

154

-nges

Plural ending

155

-ies

Plural ending

156

CA

carcinoma

157

Chemo

Chemotherapy

158

DX

diagnosis

159

mets

metastasis

160

Px

prognosis

161

RBC

Red Blood Cell

162

XRT

radiation Therapy

163

WBC

white blood cell count