Ophthalmology Flashcards Preview

Medical Terminology > Ophthalmology > Flashcards

Flashcards in Ophthalmology Deck (127):
1

sclera

outer protective layer of the eye; the portion seen on the anterior portion of the eyeball is referred to as the white of eye

2

cornea

transparent anterior part of the sclera, which is anterior to aqueous humor and lies over the iris. It allows the light rays to enter the eye

3

choroid

middle layer of the eye, which in interlaced with many blood vessels that supple nutrient to the eyes

4

iris

the pigmented muscular structure that regulates the amount of ligh entering the eye by controlling the size of the pupil

5

pupil

opening in the center of the iris

6

lens

lies directly behind the pupil; its function is to focus and bend light

7

retina

innermost layer of the eye, which contains the vision receptors

8

aqueous humor

watery liquid found in teh anterior cavity of the eye. It providdes nourishment to nearby structures and maintains shape in the anterior part of the eye

9

vitreous humor

jellylike substance found behind the lens in the posterior cavity of the eye that maintains its shape

10

meibomian glands

oil glands found in the upper and lower edges of th eyelids that help lubricate the eye

11

lacrimal glands and ducts

produce and drain tears

12

optic nerves

carries visual impulses from the retina to the brain

13

conjunctiva

mucous membrane lining the eyelids and covering the anterior portion of the sclera

14

blephar/o

eyelid

15

cor/o, core/o, pupil/o

pupil

16

corne/o, kerat/o

cornea

17

dacry/o, lacrim/o

tear, tear duct

18

ir/o, irid/o

iris

19

ocul/o, ophthalm/o

eye

20

opt/o

vision

21

phac/o, phak/o

lens

22

retin/o

retina

23

scler/o

sclera

24

cry/o

cold

25

dipl/o

two, double

26

is/o

equal

27

phot/o

light

28

ton/o

tension, pressure

29

bi-, bin-

two

30

-opia

vision (condition)

31

-phobia

abnormal fear of or aversion to specific things

32

-plegia

paralysis

33

aphakia (a-FA-ka-a)

condition of without a lens

34

blepharitis (blef-a-RI-tis)

inflammation of the eyelid

35

blepharoptosis (blef-ar-op-TO-sis)

drooping of the eyelid

36

conjunctivits (kon-junk-ti-VI-tis)

inflammation of the conjunctiva

37

dacryocystitis (dak- re-o-sis-TI-tis)

inflammation of the tear

38

diplopia (di-PLO-pe-a)

double vision

39

endophthalmitis (en-dof-thal-MI-tis)

inflammation of the eye

40

iridoplegia (ir-i-do-PLE-ja)

paralysis of the iris

41

iritis (i-RI-tis)

inflammation of the iris

42

keratitis (ker-a-TI-tis)

inflammation for the cornea

43

keratomalacia (ker-a-to-ma-LA-sha)

softening of the cornea

44

leukocoria (lu-ko-KO-re-a)

condition of a white pupil

45

oculomycosis (ok-u-lo-mi-KO-sis)

abnormal condition of the eye caused by a fungus

46

ophthalmalgia (of-thal-MAL-ja)

pain in the eye

47

ophthalmoplegia (of-thal-mo-PLE-ja)

paralysis of the eye

48

phacomalacia (fak-o-ma-LA-sha)

softening of the lens

49

photophobia (fo-to-FO-be-a)

abnormal fear of light

50

retinoblastoma (ret-i-no-blas-TO-ma)

tumor arising from a developing retinal cell

51

retinopathy (ret-i-NOP-a-the)

disease of the retina (any noninflammatory)

52

sclerokeratitis (skler-o-ker-a-TI-tis)

inflammation of the sclera and the cornea

53

scleromalacia (skler-o-malacia)

softening of the sclera

54

xerophthalmia (zer-of-THAL-me-a)

condition of dry eye

55

amblyopia (am-ble-O-pe-a)

reduced vision in one eye caused by disuse or misuse associated with strabismus, unequal refractive errors, or otherwise impaired vision (also called lazy eye)

56

astigmatism (Ast)

defective curvature of the refractive surfaces of the eye.

57

cataract

clouding of the lens of the eye

58

chalazion (ka-LA-ze-on)

obstruction of an oil gland of the eyelid (also called meibomian cyst)

59

detached retina

separation of the retina from the choroid in back of the eye

60

glaucoma (glaw-KO-ma)

eye disorder characterized by optic nerve damage usually caused by abnormal increase of intraocular pressure (IOP). If not treated it will lead to blindness

61

hyperopia (hi-per-O-pe-a)

farsightedness

62

macular degeneration

a progressive deterioration of the portion of the retina called the macula lutea, resulting in loss of central vision

63

myopia (mi-O-pe-a)

nearsightedness

64

nyctalopia (nik-ta-LO-pe-a)

poor vision at night or in faint light (also called night blindness)

65

nystagmus (nis-TAG-mus)

involuntary, jerking movements of the eyes

66

pinguecula (ping-GWEH-ku-la)

yellowish mass on the conjunctiva that may be related to exposure to ultraviolet light, dry climates, and dust. A pinguecula that spreads onto the cornea becomes a pterygium

67

presbyopia (pres-be-O-pe-a)

impaired vision as a result of aging

68

pterygium (te-RIJ-e-um)

thin tissue growing into the cornea from the conjuctiva, usually caused from sun exposure

69

retinitis pigmentosa (ret-i-NI-tis pig-men-TO-sa)

hereditary, progressive disease marked by night blindness with atrophy and retinal pigment changes

70

strabismus (stra-BIZ-mus)

abnormal condition of squint or crossed eyes caused by the visual axes not meeting at the same point

71

sty (sti)

infection of an oil gland of the eyelid (also spelled stye and also called hordeolum)

72

blepharoplasty (BLEF-a-ro-plas-te)

surgical repair of the eyelid

73

cryoretinopexy (kri-o-RE-tin-o-pek-se)

surgical fixation of the retina by using extreme cold (carbon dioxide)

74

dacryocystorhinostomy (dak-re-o-sis-to-ri-NOS-to-me)

creation of an artificial opening between the tear (lacrimal) sac and the nose (to restore drainage into the nose when the nasolacrimal duct is obstructed or obliterated)

75

dacryocystotomy (dak-re-o-sis-TOT-o-me)

incision of the tear (lacrimal) sac

76

iridectomy (ir-i-DEK-to-me)

excision of the iris

77

iridotomy (ir-i-DOT-o-me)

incision of the iris

78

keratoplasty (KER-a-to-plas-te)

surgical repair of the cornea (corneal transplant)

79

sclerotomy (skle-ROT-o-me)

incision of the sclera

80

enucleation (e-nu-kle-A-shun)

surgical removal of the eyeball (also the removal of any organ that comes out clean and whole)

81

LASIK (laser-assisted in situ keratomileusis)

a laser procedure that reshapes the corneal tissue beneath the surface of the cornea to correct astigmatism, hyperopia, and myopia.

82

phacoemulsification (PHACO) (fa-ko-e-mul-si-fi-KA-shun)

method to remove cataracts in which an ultrasonic needle probe breaks up the lens, which is then aspirated

83

PRK (photorefractive keratectomy) (fo-to-re-FRAK-tiv ker-a-TEK-to-me)

a procedure for the treatment of nearsightedness in which an Excimer laser is used to reshape the corneal surface by removing a portion of the cornea

84

retinal photocoagulation (RET-in-al fo-to-ko-ag-u-LA-shun)

an intense beam of light from a laser condenses retinal tissue to seal leaking blood vessels, to destroy abnormal tissue or lesions, or to bond the retina to the back of the eye.

85

scleral buckling (SKLER-al BUK-ling)

a procedure to repair a detached retina. A strip of sclera is resected, or a fold is made in the slera. An exoplant is used to hold and buckle the sclera

86

trabeculectomy (tra-bek-u-LEK-to-me)

surgical creation of a drain to reduce intraocular pressure (used to treat glaucoma)

87

vitrectomy (vi-TREK-to-me)

surgical removal of all or part of the vitreous humor

88

fluorescein angiography (flo-RES-en an-je-OG-ra-fe)

digital process of recording blood vessels

89

keratometer (ker-a-TOM-e-ter)

instrument used to measure (the curvature of) the cornea (used for fitting contact lenses)

90

ophthalmoscope (of-THAL-mo-skop)

instrument used for visual examination of the interior of the eye

91

ophthalmoscopy (of-thal-MOS-ko-pe)

visual examination of the eye

92

optometry (op-TOM-e-tre)

measurement of vision

93

pupillometer (pu-pil-OM-e-ter)

instrument used to measure the diameter of the pupil

94

pupilliscope

instrument used for visual examination of the pupil

95

retinoscopy (ret-i-NOS-ko-pe)

visual examination of the retina

96

tonometer (to-NOM-e-ter)

instrument used to measure pressure within the eye (used to diagnose glaucoma)

97

tonometry (to-NOM-e-tre)

measurement of pressure within the eye

98

anisocoria (an-i-so-KOR-e-a)

condition of absence of equal pupil

99

binocular (bin-OK-u-lar)

pertaining to two or both eyes

100

corneal (KOR-ne-al)

pertaining to the cornea

101

intraocular (in-tra-OK-u-lar)

pertaining to within the eye

102

isocoria (i-so-KOR-e-a)

condition of equal pupil

103

lacrimal (LAK-ri-mal)

pertaining to tears

104

nasolacrimal (na-zo-LAK-ri-mal)

pertaining to the nose and tear ducts

105

ophthalmic (of-THAL-mik)

pertaining to the eye

106

ophthalmologist (of-thal-MOL-o-jist)

physician who studies and treats diseases of the eye

107

ophthalmology (Ophth) (of-thal-MOL-o-je)

study of the eye

108

ophthalmopathy (of-thal-MOP-a-the)

any disease of the eye

109

optic

pertaining to vision

110

pseudophakia (soo-do-FA-ke-a)

condition of false lens

111

pupillary (pu-pi-lar-e)

pertaining to the pupil

112

reinal (RET-i-nal)

pertaining to the retina

113

emmetropia (em-e-TRO-pe-a)

normal refractive condition of the eye

114

intraocular lens

an artifical lens implanted within the eye during cataract surgery

115

miotic (mi-OT-ik)

agent that constricts the pupil

116

mydriatic (mid-re-AT-ik)

agent that dilates the pupil

117

optician (op-TISH-in)

a specialist who fills prescriptions for lenses

118

optometrist (op-TOM-e-trist)

a health professional who prescribes corrective lenses

119

visual acuity

sharpness of vision for either distance or near

120

ARMD

age related macular degeneration

121

ast

astigmatism

122

Em

emmetropia (em-e-TRO-pe-a)

123

IOL

intraocular lens

124

IOP

intraocular pressure

125

Ophth

ophthalmology

126

PHACO

phacoemulsification

127

VA

visual acuity