Final - Exam (10/20) - [Exam 3 - Section 3] Flashcards Preview

Neuropsychology 343 > Final - Exam (10/20) - [Exam 3 - Section 3] > Flashcards

Flashcards in Final - Exam (10/20) - [Exam 3 - Section 3] Deck (57):
1

_________ - The outline, the things that define an object

Form vision

2

the primary visual cortex = _________

(V1)

3

-Occipital Lobes -

Main function = _________

vision

4

-Occipital Lobes-

-Processing of _________ stimuli
-Some processing also in the temporal and _________ cortex

-visual
-parietal

5

_________ is the most important of our senses
-More cortex devoted to vision than any other function

Vision

6

Vision is the most important of our senses
-More _________ devoted to vision than any other function

cortex

7

_________ – how the boundaries and features of objects are perceived and recognized by the brain

Form vision

8

Brain needs to make sense of _________ visual input to recognize objects

complex

9

Different parts of the brain analyze different aspects of _________ input

visual

10

one characteristic of vision can be _________ (e.g., detecting movement of an object) while all other aspects are _________

-impaired
-normal

11

_________ Images on the retina are mapped onto the visual cortex just as they are on the retina

Form vision

12

Form vision Images on the retina are mapped onto the _________ just as they are on the retina

visual cortex

13

_________ -
-Adjacent cells in the retina activate adjacent cells in the cortex

– retinotopic map

14

– retinotopic map
-Adjacent cells in the _________ activate adjacent cells in the _________

-retina
-cortex

15

Only clear landmark for occipital lobe is the _________ sulcus on medial surface

parieto-occipital

16

_________ surrounded by most of the primary visual cortex (V1)

Calcarine sulcus

17

Calcarine sulcus surrounded by most of the _________

primary visual cortex (V1)

18

Calcarine sulcus divides upper and lower _________

visual field

19

_________ contains most of the primary visual cortex (V1)

Calcarine sulcus

20

_________ calcarine sulcus – upper visual field

Below

21

Below calcarine sulcus – _________ visual field

upper

22

_________ calcarine sulcus – lower visual field

Above

23

Above calcarine sulcus – _________ visual field

lower

24

_________ gyrus – part of V2

Lingual

25

Lingual gyrus – part of ___

V2

26

_________ gyrus – V4

Fusiform

27

Fusiform gyrus – ____

V4

28

_________ - First level of visual processing

V1

29

Damage to ___ – act as if blind

V1

30

Damage to V1 – act as if _________

blind

31

V1 - Contains different _________ types (blobs and interblobs)

cell

32

___ - Contains different cell types (blobs and _________)

-V1
-interblobs

33

V1 - _________ – color perception

Blobs

34

V1 - _________ – form and motion perception

Interblobs

35

88888888
-Occipital Lobes -

____ – striped

V2

36

88888888
-Occipital Lobes-

_________ - Second level in processing

V2

37

88888888
-Occipital Lobes-

V2 - _________ stripes – color perception

Thin

38

88888888
-Occipital Lobes-

V2 - _________ stripes – form perception

Thick

39

88888888
-Occipital Lobes-

V2 - _________ stripes – motion perception

Pale

40

-Occipital Lobes-

_________ – primary function is color processing

V4

41

-Occipital Lobes-

V4 – primary function is _________ processing

color

42

-Occipital Lobes-

V4 - Color also allows detection of _________, depth, position of _________ , object recognition

-motion
-stimuli

43

-Occipital Lobes-

V4 - Damage affects _________ vision and also recall/imagining _________

-color
-colors

44

-Occipital Lobes-

_________ – primary function is perception of movement

V5

45

-Occipital Lobes-

V5 – primary function is perception of _________

movement

46

-Occipital Lobes-

V5 - If damage, can see objects at _________ but disappear when start to _________

-rest
-move

47

V5 - _________ (movement/motion agnosia)

Akinetopsia

48

V5 - Akinetopsia (movement/motion _________ )

agnosia

49

-Occipital Lobes-

V1 – first area for processing visual information (from _________)

thalamus

50

-Occipital Lobes-

Input From V2 (some direct input from _________ ) – three pathways involved in vision:

thalamus

51

-Occipital Lobes-

Input from V1 to _________

V2

52

From V2 – three pathways streams involved in vision:

-Ventral
- _________
-STS (superior temporal sulcus)

Dorsal

53

From V2 – three pathways streams involved in vision:

- _________
-Dorsal
- _________

-Ventral
-STS (superior temporal sulcus)

54

-Occipital Lobes-

_________ stream – object perception/color

Ventral

55


-Occipital Lobes-

_________ stream – movement (vision for action)

Dorsal

56

-Occipital Lobes-

_________ stream – visuospatial/movement, information flow to and from dorsal and ventral streams

STS (superior temporal sulcus)

57

-Occipital Lobes-

STS (superior temporal sulcus) stream – visuospatial/movement, information flow to and from _________ and _________ streams

-dorsal
-ventral