Final Exam - Section 1 (11/15/16) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Final Exam - Section 1 (11/15/16) Deck (65):
1

_________ is largest part of human brain

-Prefrontal cortex

2

-Prefrontal cortex - Involved in _________ functions

higher cognitive (executive)

3

-Prefrontal cortex - involved in:

Impulse _________
Emotions
Reasoning
Planning and _________
Decision making
Responding to reward and _________
Working memory

-control
-organization
-punishment

4

Prefrontal Cortex
Control of _________ processes so behavior is _________

-cognitive
-appropriate

5

-Prefrontal Cortex-

In response to internal or external cues, (_________)

autonoetic awareness

6

-Prefrontal Cortex-

Behavior involves _________ and _________ cues

-internal
-external

7

-Prefrontal Cortex-

Temporal memory (also called _________ memory)

working

8

-Prefrontal Cortex-

_________ – memory of recent events and the order in which they occurred

Temporal memory (also called working memory)

9

-Prefrontal Cortex-

Temporal memory (also called working memory) – memory of recent events and the order in which they _________

occurred

10

-Prefrontal Cortex-

-Temporal memory
Involves _________ regions

dorsolateral

11

-Prefrontal Cortex-

-Temporal memory
Memory for _________

things or movements

12

-Prefrontal Cortex-

Behavior involves external cues
External cues present at time _________ behavior

direct

13

-Prefrontal Cortex-

Behavior-
Can compete with _________ cues

Start to do one task or say something when distracted by an _________ cue, then forget what you were planning to do or say

-internal
-external

14

-Prefrontal Cortex-

Frontal lobe lesions – deficits in _________ = behavior directed by external stimuli and lacks planning and organization

temporal memory

15

-Prefrontal Cortex-

Frontal lobe lesions – deficits in temporal memory = behavior directed by _________ stimuli and lacks planning and _________

-external
-organization

16

-Prefrontal Cortex-

Deficits in temporal memory _________ with age

increases

17

-Prefrontal Cortex-

Behavior-
Response to _________
Different behavior at work/school than at home – context-dependent behavior

context cues

18

-Prefrontal Cortex-

Behavior-
Response to context cues
Different behavior at work/school than at home – _________ behavior

context-dependent

19

-Prefrontal Cortex-

Behavior-
Response to context cues

Behavior depends on _________ and social group

situation

20

-Prefrontal Cortex-

Behavior-
Response to context cues

Errors in socially _________ behavior

appropriate

21

-Prefrontal Cortex-

Behavior-
Response to context cues

Sensory information to make informed decisions from _________ and amygdala

inferior frontal cortex

22

-Prefrontal Cortex-

Behavior-
Response to context cues

Sensory information to make informed decisions from inferior frontal cortex and _________

amygdala

23

-Prefrontal Cortex-

TBI with _________ damage – deficits in understanding social context and acting appropriately
e.g., Phineas Gage

orbitofrontal

24

-Prefrontal Cortex-

TBI with orbitofrontal damage – deficits in understanding _________ context and acting _________
e.g., Phineas Gage

-social
-appropriately

25

-Prefrontal Cortex-

TBI with orbitofrontal damage – deficits in understanding social context and acting appropriately
e.g., _________

Phineas Gage

26

-Prefrontal Cortex-

_________ -
Behavior influences by previous experiences

Autonoetic Awareness

27

-Prefrontal Cortex-

Autonoetic Awareness -
Behavior influences by _________ experiences

previous

28

-Prefrontal Cortex-

Autonoetic Awareness -
Behavior influences by previous experiences

_________ knowledge

Autobiographical

29

-Prefrontal Cortex-

Autonoetic Awareness -
Behavior influences by previous experiences

_________ (self-knowing)

autonoetic awareness

30

-Prefrontal Cortex-

Autonoetic Awareness -
Behavior influences by previous experiences

autonoetic awareness - _________

(self-knowing)

31

-Prefrontal Cortex-

The awareness of why I chose to be a psych major - _________

autonoetic awareness

32

-Prefrontal Cortex-

_________ - Knowledge of yourself through time

Autobiographical knowledge

33

-Prefrontal Cortex-

Damage to medial or ventral frontal lobes and _________ – life is difficult to interpret without past

autonoetic awareness

34

-Prefrontal Cortex-

Frontal lobe asymmetry
- _________ lobe more influential in language functions and formation of memories

Left

35

-Prefrontal Cortex-

Frontal lobe asymmetry

-Left lobe more influential in _________ functions and _________ of memories

-language
-formation

36

-Prefrontal Cortex-

Frontal lobe asymmetry

- _________ lobe more influential in nonverbal movements and retrieving memories
e.g., facial expressions

Right

37

-Prefrontal Cortex-

Frontal lobe asymmetry

-Right lobe more influential in _________ movements and _________ memories
e.g., facial expressions

-nonverbal
-retrieving

38

-Prefrontal Cortex-

Frontal lobe asymmetry

_________ lesions -
-Time orientation (reporting time of day)
-Verbal learning
-Understanding proverbs

bilateral

39

-Prefrontal Cortex-

Frontal lobe asymmetry

bilateral lesions -
-Time orientation
- _________ learning
-Understanding _________

-Verbal
-proverbs

40

Frontal lobe lesions:

-Motor deficits

-Decreased _________ and _________ of movements

-strength
-speed

41

Frontal lobe lesions:

-Motor deficits

Effects on _________ limbs

contralateral

42

Frontal lobe lesions:

-Motor deficits

Clumsy movements (_________ cortex)

primary motor

43

Frontal lobe lesions:

-Motor deficits

Deficits in movement _________ (premotor and dorsolateral cortex)

programming

44

Frontal lobe lesions:

-Motor deficits

Deficits in movement programming (_________ and _________ cortex)

-premotor
-dorsolateral

45

Frontal lobe lesions:

-Motor deficits

Deficits in movement programming (premotor and dorsolateral cortex)
Deficits in voluntary movement but recovers except for _________ movements

alternating

46

Frontal lobe lesions:
Motor deficits-
-Deficits in copying _________ movements (dorsolateral cortex)

facial

47

Frontal lobe lesions:
Motor deficits-
-Deficits in copying facial movements (_________ cortex)

dorsolateral

48

Frontal lobe lesions:
Motor deficits-

Have Little _________ facial expression

spontaneous

49

Frontal lobe lesions:
Motor deficits-

Deficits in voluntary _________ (frontal eye fields)

eye gaze

50

Frontal lobe lesions:
Motor deficits-

Deficits in voluntary eye gaze (_________ )

frontal eye fields

51

Frontal lobe lesions:
Motor deficits-

Deficits in voluntary eye gaze (frontal eye fields)

Cannot find _________ symbol

matching

52

Frontal lobe lesions:
Motor deficits-

Deficits in voluntary eye gaze (frontal eye fields)

- _________ eye movements
-Difficulty accurately moving eyes to visual field _________ to lesion

-Random
-contralateral

53

Frontal lobe lesions:
Motor deficits-
-Deficits in corollary discharge (_________ and _________ )

-premotor
-dorsolateral

54

Frontal lobe lesions:
Motor deficits-
-Deficits in corollary discharge (premotor and dorsolateral)

Also called _________

reafference

55

Frontal lobe lesions:
Motor deficits

Corollary discharge – sensory systems anticipate voluntary movement that is to occur (so world seems to stand still rather than moving e.g., when jogging)
-- _________ activity to neural activity that produces movement

Parallel neural

56

Frontal lobe lesions:
Motor deficits

_________ – sensory systems anticipate voluntary movement that is to occur (so world seems to stand still rather than moving e.g., when jogging)
--Parallel neural activity to neural activity that produces movement

Corollary discharge

57

Frontal lobe lesions:
Motor deficits

Corollary discharge – sensory systems anticipate _________ movement that is to occur (so world seems to stand still rather than _________ e.g., when jogging)
--Parallel neural activity to neural activity that produces movement

-voluntary
-moving

58

Frontal lobe lesions:
Motor deficits

_________ – effects of Pushing on the eyeball

Corollary discharge

59

Frontal lobe lesions:
Motor deficits-
_________- (Broca’s area)

Language deficits

60

Frontal lobe lesions:
Motor deficits-
-Language deficits (_________)

Broca’s area

61

Frontal lobe lesions:
Motor deficits-
-Language deficits (Broca’s area)

_________ speech (many pauses between words)
Includes nouns and verbs but not adjectives, conjunctions etc.

Non-fluent

62

Frontal lobe lesions:
Motor deficits-
-Language deficits (Broca’s area)

Non-fluent speech (many pauses between words)
Includes nouns and verbs but not _________, conjunctions etc.

-adjectives

63

Frontal lobe lesions:
Motor deficits-

-Language deficits (Broca’s area)

Problems finding correct words (_________)

anomia

64

Frontal lobe lesions:
Motor deficits-

-Language deficits (Broca’s area)

Problems with, _________ words, _________ of grammar

-mispronouncing
-comprehension

65

Frontal lobe lesions:
Motor deficits
Language deficits (Broca’s area)

_________ -

In 1861, French surgeon Paul Broca treated gangrene been mute 30 years. man died 5 days later, Broca did autopsy found lesion left frontal cortex

Expressive aphasia