Final Exam - Section 2 (11/17/16) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Final Exam - Section 2 (11/17/16) Deck (48):
1

Frontal lobe lesions:
Cognitive effects-

_________ thinking (e.g., several correct answers to a question)

Divergent

2

Frontal lobe lesions:
Cognitive effects-

_________ - Lack of spontaneity including speech*
Cannot come up with words starting with a particular letter
_________ or the right number of letters

-Divergent thinking
-spontaneously

3

Frontal lobe lesions:
Cognitive effects-

Divergent thinking - _________ orbitofrontal lesion mainly

Left

4

Frontal lobe lesions:
Cognitive effects-

Divergent thinking - Left _________ lesion mainly

orbitofrontal

5

Frontal lobe lesions:
Cognitive effects-

Divergent thinking -
Also deficits in _________ spontaneously and in other behaviors
-Patients appear to be lethargic

drawing

6

Frontal lobe lesions:
Cognitive effects-

Divergent thinking -
_________ -
Deficit in developing strategies for solving _________ problems

-Strategy formation
-novel

7

Frontal lobe lesions:

_________ -
-Perseveration on tasks such as Wisconsin card sorting task and stroop test

Response inhibition

8

Frontal lobe lesions:

Response inhibition-
-Perseveration on tasks such as _________ card sorting task and _________ test

-Wisconsin
-stroop

9

Frontal lobe lesions:

Response inhibition-
-Cannot move to a new _________ as rules change
-Aware of deficit but cannot _________ behavior

-strategy
-change

10

Frontal lobe lesions:

Response inhibition-

-Frontal lobes necessary for _________ in behavior
-Mainly _________ damage

-flexibility
-left dorsolateral

11

Frontal lobe lesions:
Risk taking and rule breaking

_________ - Inability to modify responses

Risk taking

12

Frontal lobe lesions:

Risk taking - Inability to modify responses
-Persist in making _________ choices in Iowa gambling task
-Orbitofrontal damage

-poor
-

13

Frontal lobe lesions:

Risk taking - Inability to modify responses
-Persist in making poor choices in Iowa gambling task
- _________ damage

Orbitofrontal

14

Frontal lobe lesions:

Rule breaking – will persist in breaking rules despite _________

instructions

15

Frontal lobe lesions:

_________ -
-Recency memory test

Temporal memory

16

Frontal lobe lesions:

Temporal memory -

_________ -
-Series of cards with two symbols on each presented to patient
-Test card has two symbols with ? between them
Need to identify which symbol on test card patient saw most recently

-Recency memory test

17

Frontal lobe lesions:

Temporal lobe patients cannot recognize they have _________ the objects before but can identify which _________ they saw them

-seen
-order

18

Frontal lobe lesions:

Social and sexual behavior-

- _________ cues important for appropriate behavior

Contextual

19

Frontal lobe lesions:

Social and sexual behavior-

Frontal lobe damage causes _________ behavior that does not change with social context

inappropriate

20

Frontal lobe lesions:

Personality changes-

_________ – damage to left orbitofrontal lobe mostly
-A change in personality that mimics depression

Pseudodepression

21

Frontal lobe lesions:

Personality changes-

Pseudodepression – damage to left orbitofrontal lobe mostly
-A change in personality that mimics _________

depression

22

Frontal lobe lesions:
Personality changes-

Pseudodepression – damage to _________ orbitofrontal lobe mostly

left

23

Frontal lobe lesions:
Personality changes-

Pseudopsychopathy – damage to _________ orbitofrontal lobe mostly

right

24

Frontal lobe lesions:
Personality changes-

_________ – damage to right orbitofrontal lobe mostly
-Personality change with inappropriate behavior

Pseudopsychopathy

25

Frontal lobe lesions:
Personality changes-

_________-
Cognitive functions intact – can have intelligent conversations and are knowledgeable

Pseudodepression

26

Frontal lobe lesions:
Personality changes-

_________-
Quiet, do not initiate conversations, apathetic, indifferent, reduced sex drive, little emotion, little interest in family members or their current situation

Pseudodepression –

27

Frontal lobe lesions:
Personality changes-

_________-
Immature, tactless, impulsive, coarse language, promiscuous, increased motor activity

Pseudopsychopathy

28

Frontal lobe lesions:

_________ – ability to complete problem solving tasks

Fluid intelligence

29

Frontal lobe lesions:

Fluid intelligence -

-Ability to reason quickly and think _________; a combination of reasoning and abstract thought
-Medial and _________ prefrontal cortex

-abstractly
-dorsolateral

30

Frontal lobe lesions:

Fluid intelligence -

-Ability to reason quickly and think abstractly; a combination of _________ and abstract thought
-Medial and dorsolateral _________ cortex

-reasoning
-prefrontal

31

Frontal lobe lesions:

Disorders that influence frontal lobes-

_________ -
Impaired on frontal lobe function tests

Schizophrenia

32

Frontal lobe lesions:

Disorders that influence frontal lobes-

_________ -
-Lack of facial expression
-Wisconsin card sorting test
-Delayed response tasks

Parkinson’s patients

33

Frontal lobe lesions:

Disorders that influence frontal lobes-

Parkinson’s patients
-Lack of _________ expression
-Wisconsin card sorting test
-Delayed _________ tasks

-facial
-response

34

Frontal lobe lesions:

Disorders that influence frontal lobes-

_________ -
-Wisconsin card sorting test
-Spatial memory – delayed response tasks
-Alcoholics

Korsakoff’s syndrome

35

Frontal lobe lesions:

Disorders that influence frontal lobes-

Korsakoff’s syndrome-
-Wisconsin card sorting test
- _________ memory – delayed response tasks
- _________

-Spatial
-Alcoholics

36

Frontal lobe lesions:

Disorders that influence frontal lobes-

_________-
Changes in blood flow for long periods after last drug use

Drug addiction

37

Frontal lobe lesions:

Disorders that influence frontal lobes-

_________ -
-Changes in neurons in orbitofrontal and medial prefrontal lobes
--Impulsive, compulsive
--Response perseveration

Drug addiction

38

Frontal lobe lesions:

Disorders that influence frontal lobes-

Drug addiction-
-Changes in neurons in orbitofrontal and medial _________ lobes
--Impulsive, compulsive
-- _________ perseveration

-prefrontal
-Response

39

Frontal lobe lesions:

Disorders that influence frontal lobes-

_________ -
-Changes in neurons in prefrontal regions
--Temporal memory deficits
--Decreases in cognitive abilities with age due to long-term stress

Chronic stress

40

Frontal lobe lesions:

Disorders that influence frontal lobes-

Chronic stress-
-Changes in neurons in _________ regions
--Temporal memory deficits
--Decreases in cognitive abilities with age due to long-term stress

-prefrontal

41

Frontal lobe lesions:

Disorders that influence frontal lobes-

Chronic stress-
-Changes in neurons in prefrontal regions
-- _________ memory deficits
--Decreases in _________ abilities with age due to long-term stress

-Temporal
-cognitive

42

Consciousness (the state of being conscious; awareness of one’s own _________ , sensations, thoughts, surroundings etc.)

-existence

43

Attention and consciousness -

_________ directs complex actions of body and brain

Nervous system

44

_________-
-Awareness
-Aware of the world

Consciousness

45

Attention -

Can be _________ (aware) or _________ (not aware) processes

-conscious
-unconscious

46

Attention
Some behaviors performed with little attention

_________ – unconscious, involuntary
-Can be developed by training (stopping at red light) or is inherent
-- _________ processing

-Automatic processes
-Bottom-up

47

Attention-
Some behaviors performed with little attention

Automatic processes – unconscious, involuntary
-Can be developed by _________ (stopping at red light) or is _________
--Bottom-up processing

-training
-inherent

48

Attention-
-Behaviors that are not automatic require _________ attention
-- _________ processing – finding route

-focused
-Top-down