Final - Exam (9/22, 9/27) - [Exam 2 - Section 1] Flashcards Preview

Neuropsychology 343 > Final - Exam (9/22, 9/27) - [Exam 2 - Section 1] > Flashcards

Flashcards in Final - Exam (9/22, 9/27) - [Exam 2 - Section 1] Deck (93):
1

Frontal Lobes: _________ Cortex

Prefrontal

2

_________ is largest part of human brain
-29% of cortex

Prefrontal cortex

3

Prefrontal cortex is largest part of human brain
- ___% of cortex

29

4

_________ -

Involved in higher cognitive (executive) functions:

-Impulse control
-Emotions
-Reasoning
-Planning and organization
-Decision making
-Responding to reward and punishment
-Working memory

Prefrontal Cortex

5

-Prefrontal Cortex-

Involved in higher cognitive (_________) functions:

-Impulse control
- _________
-Reasoning
-Planning and organization
- _________
-Responding to reward and punishment
-Working memory

-executive
-Emotions
-Decision making

6

-Prefrontal Cortex-

Involved in higher cognitive (executive) functions:

- _________
-Emotions
- _________
-Planning and organization
-Decision making
-Responding to reward and punishment
- _________

-Impulse control
-Reasoning
-Working memory

7

-Prefrontal Cortex-

Involved in higher cognitive (executive) functions:

-Impulse control
-Emotions
-Reasoning
- _________
-Decision making
-Responding to _________
-Working memory

-Planning and organization
-reward and punishment

8

_________ cortex is located on the precentral gyrus – back of _________ lobe

-Motor
-frontal

9

Motor cortex is located on the _________ – back of frontal lobe

precentral gyrus

10

Body parts are mapped onto the _________ cortex - stimulation of a particular part of the motor cortex causes movement of a particular body part on the _________ side of the body

-motor
-opposite

11

Body parts are mapped onto the motor cortex - _________ of a particular part of the motor cortex causes _________ of a particular body part on the opposite side of the body

-stimulation
-movement

12

The amount of cortex that represents a body part is correlated with _________ of movement needed for that body _________

-precision
-part

13

_________ : The Primary Somatosensory Cortex

Parietal Lobe

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Parietal Lobe: The Primary _________ Cortex

Somatosensory

15

Parietal Lobes:

_________ to central sulcus

Posterior

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_________ Lobes:
Posterior to central sulcus

Parietal

17

_________ Lobes:

Area that receives information from touch sensations and from receptors in muscles and joints

Parietal

18

Parietal Lobes:

Area that receives information from touch sensations and from receptors in _________ and _________

-muscles
-joints

19

_________ Lobes:

Stimulation of different points on this area causes tingling sensations

Parietal

20

Parietal Lobes:

Stimulation of different points on this area causes _________ sensations

tingling

21

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_________ Lobes:

Body areas with high level of sensitivity have greater proportion of cortex devoted to those area

Parietal

22

88888888
Parietal Lobes:

Body areas with high level of sensitivity have greater proportion of _________ devoted to those area

cortex

23

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Parietal Lobes:

Body areas with high level of _________ have greater proportion of cortex devoted to those _________

-sensitivity
-area

24

_________ lobes:
Below lateral sulcus

Temporal

25

Temporal lobes (near temples)
Below _________ sulcus

lateral

26

Left _________ lobe essential for understanding spoken _________

-temporal
-language

27

_________ temporal lobe essential for understanding spoken language

-Left

28

-temporal lobe-

_________ cortex receives information from the ears

Auditory

29

-temporal lobe-

_________ involved in understanding language

Wernicke’s area

30

-Cerebral cortex only ____ millimeters thick

1-3

31

-White matter is white because it is _________

myelinated

32

_________ cortex: stimulation on left side causes movement on the right side and vice versa

-Primary motor

33

-Primary motor cortex: stimulation on _________ side causes movement on the _________ side and vice versa

-left
-right

34

-Primary motor cortex = _________
-Primary Somatosensory cortex = _________

-output
-input

35

-Primary _________ cortex = output

motor

36

-Primary _________ cortex = input

Somatosensory

37

-Most people process speech in the left _________ lobe

temporal

38

_________ and _________ is generally processed on the right temporal lobe

-Spatial
-visual

39

-Spatial and visual is generally processed on the _________ temporal lobe

right

40

_________ = misinterpreting incoming data

Agnosia

41

-Agnosia = misinterpreting incoming _________

data

42

Temporal lobes (near temples)

Complex aspects of _________ – movement, face recognition (_________), recognition of objects

-vision
-prosopagnosia

43

_________ lobes:

Complex aspects of vision – movement, face recognition (prosopagnosia), recognition of objects

Temporal

44

Emotional and motivational behaviors-

Abnormal activity in the _________ lobes (e.g., tumor, schizophrenia) results in auditory or visual hallucinations

temporal

45

Emotional and motivational behaviors-

Abnormal activity in the temporal lobes (e.g., tumor, schizophrenia) results in _________ or _________ hallucinations

-auditory
-visual

46

_________ lobes:
Posterior end of cortex

Occipital

47

Occipital lobes:

-Involved in processing _________ information – primary _________ cortex
--Damage causes ‘cortical blindness’ – no pattern perception of visual imagery

-visual
-visual

48

_________ lobes:

-Involved in processing visual information – primary visual cortex
--Damage causes ‘cortical blindness’ – no pattern perception of visual imagery

Occipital

49

Occipital lobes:

--Damage causes ‘_________ ’ – no pattern perception of visual imagery

cortical blindness

50

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_________ -
right and left
Look like avocados

Thalami

51

The Thalamus :

Exception to sensory system information is _________ information which goes directly from olfactory _________ to cortex

-olfaction
-bulbs

52

The Thalamus:

Exception to _________ system information is olfaction information which goes directly from _________ bulbs to cortex

-sensory
-olfactory

53

The Thalamus:

Receives and then relays information from sensory systems to cortical regions, _________ cortical regions, from _________ and brainstem regions

-between
-forebrain

54

The Thalamus:

Receives and then relays information from sensory systems to cortical regions, _________ cortical regions, from _________ and brainstem regions

-between
-forebrain

55

_________ sends information back to thalamus
-Directs attention to particular stimuli

-Cortex

56

Cortex sends information back to thalamus
-Directs attention to particular _________

stimuli

57

Cortex sends information back to thalamus
-Directs attention to particular _________

stimuli

58

_________ -

Involved in regulating the internal environment

-The Hypothalamus

59

-The Hypothalamus-

Involved in regulating the internal _________

environment

60

_________ -

Receives input from all areas of the brain and body and sends signals to all areas

-The Hypothalamus

61

-The Hypothalamus-

Receives input from all areas of the _________ and _________ and sends signals to all areas

-brain
-body

62

-The Hypothalamus-

-Thirst
- _________
-body temperature,
- _________

-hunger
-sexual behavior

63

_________ -

Controls the pituitary gland – master gland that controls other glands in body

-The Hypothalamus

64

-The Hypothalamus-

Stimulation causes _________

reward

65

-The Hypothalamus-

Controls the _________ – master gland that controls other glands in body

pituitary gland

66

-The Hypothalamus-

Controls the _________ – master gland that controls other glands in body

pituitary gland

67

_________ – band of neurons that connects the 2 cerebral hemispheres

Corpus Callosum

68

Corpus Callosum – band of neurons that connects the 2 _________

cerebral hemispheres

69

_________ :

Transmits information from one hemisphere to the other – allow hemispheres to talk to each other

Corpus Callosum

70

Corpus Callosum:

Transmits _________ from one hemisphere to the other – allow hemispheres to _________ to each other

-information
-talk

71

_________ :

The 2 hemispheres do not carry out identical functions like kidneys, lungs etc

Corpus Callosum

72

Corpus Callosum:

The 2 hemispheres _________ carry out identical functions like _________, lungs etc

-do not
-kidneys

73

Cavities in the brain called _________ are filled with cerebrospinal fluid (CSF)

ventricles

74

Cavities in the brain called ventricles are filled with _________

cerebrospinal fluid (CSF)

75

Spinal cord also contains _________

cerebrospinal fluid (CSF)

76

Large lateral _________ in each hemisphere which connect to third ventricle between the left and right _________

-ventricle
-thalamus

77

Large lateral ventricle in each hemisphere which connect to _________ ventricle between the left and right thalamus

third

78

Third ventricle connects to _________ ventricle and then to spinal cord

fourth

79

_________ ventricle connects to fourth ventricle and then to _________

-Third
-spinal cord

80

-The Ventricles -

CSF also surrounds the _________ of the brain

outside

81

-The Ventricles-

CSF cushions brain against _________ shock and provides _________ and nutrients

-mechanical
-hormones

82

-The Ventricles-

Abnormality of flow of _________ through ventricles thought to cause hydrocephalus

CSF

83

-The Ventricles-

Abnormality of flow of CSF through ventricles thought to cause _________

hydrocephalus

84

-The Ventricles-

Cells called the _________ inside the ventricles produce CSF – similar to plasma

choroid plexus

85

-The Ventricles-

Cells called the choroid plexus inside the ventricles produce ____ – similar to _________

-CSF
-plasma

86

_________ -

Includes – putamen, caudate, globus pallidus

-The Basal Ganglia

87

-The Basal Ganglia-

Includes – putamen, _________, globus pallidus

-caudate

88

-The Basal Ganglia-

Includes – _________, caudate, _________ pallidus

-putamen
-globus

89

-The Basal Ganglia-

Connect to _________, substantia nigra, _________ (through caudate)

-thalamus
-cortex

90

-The Basal Ganglia-

Connect to thalamus, _________, cortex (through _________)

-substantia nigra
-caudate

91

-The Basal Ganglia-

Involved in _________ movement and _________ of movement (Huntington’s, Parkinson’s, Tourette’s)

-smooth
-control

92

_________ -

Involved in smooth movement and control of movement (Huntington’s, Parkinson’s, Tourette’s)

-The Basal Ganglia

93

_________ -
Involved in learning (habit learning, e.g., turning on light in dark room)

-The Basal Ganglia