Final - Exam (10/06) - [Exam 3 - Section 1 ] Flashcards Preview

Neuropsychology 343 > Final - Exam (10/06) - [Exam 3 - Section 1 ] > Flashcards

Flashcards in Final - Exam (10/06) - [Exam 3 - Section 1 ] Deck (63):
1

_________- Oldest brain structure (survival)

Hindbrain

2

_________- Located at the top of the spinal cord

Hindbrain

3

_________- Includes the medulla, pons (bridge), and cerebellum

Hindbrain

4

_________- Medulla regulates automatic functions such as heart rate, vomiting, swallowing, and breathing

Hindbrain

5

Hindbrain - Oldest brain structure (_________)

survival

6

Hindbrain - Located at the top of the _________

spinal cord

7

Hindbrain - Includes the medulla, _________ (bridge), and _________

-pons
-cerebellum

8

Hindbrain - Medulla regulates automatic functions such as _________, vomiting, _________, and breathing

-heart rate
-swallowing

9

The reticular formation is located in _________

The Hindbrain

10

- Hindbrain -

_________ -
-A network of neurons from spinal cord to midbrain
-Arousal

The reticular formation

11

- Hindbrain -

The reticular formation
-A network of neurons from _________ to _________
-Arousal

-spinal cord
-midbrain

12

- Hindbrain -

The reticular formation
-A network of neurons from spinal cord to midbrain
- _________

Arousal

13

The Medulla is located in _________

The Hindbrain

14

- Hindbrain -

_________ - point where neurons cross from one side of the brain to the other side of the spinal cord

Medulla

15

- Hindbrain -

Medulla - point where _________ cross from one side of the brain to the other side of the _________

-neurons
-spinal cord

16

- Hindbrain -

Medulla - point where neurons cross from one side of the _________ to the other side of the spinal cord

brain

17

The CEREBELLUM is located in _________

The Hindbrain

18

- Hindbrain -

The _________ (little brain)

CEREBELLUM

19

- Hindbrain -

_________ -Located at the back of the brainstem

CEREBELLUM

20

- Hindbrain -

CEREBELLUM - Located at the back of the _________

brainstem

21

- Hindbrain -

_________- Involved in coordinating movement and balance, as well as learning and memory

CEREBELLUM

22

- Hindbrain -

CEREBELLUM - Involved in coordinating movement and _________, as well as learning and _________

-balance
-memory

23

- Hindbrain -

CEREBELLUM - Involved in coordinating _________ and balance, as well as _________ and memory

-movement
-learning

24

- Hindbrain -

_________- Damage causes head tilt, balance problems, impairs compensation of eye position relative to head movement, ability to walk, and limb coordination – input from vestibular systems

CEREBELLUM

25

- Hindbrain -

CEREBELLUM - Damage causes head tilt, _________ problems, impairs _________ of eye position relative to head movement, ability to walk, and limb coordination – input from vestibular systems

-balance
-compensation

26

- Hindbrain -

CEREBELLUM - Damage causes head tilt, balance problems, impairs compensation of _________ position relative to head movement, ability to _________, and limb coordination – input from vestibular systems

-eye
-walk

27

- Hindbrain -

CEREBELLUM - Damage causes head tilt, balance problems, impairs compensation of eye position relative to _________ movement, ability to walk, and limb coordination – input from _________ systems

-head
-vestibular

28

-Structural Asymmetry-

Consistent evidence suggests some structural asymmetry in _________ function

cortical

29

-Structural Asymmetry-

_________ - not all or none, one side dominant but both play a role

Functional

30

-Structural Asymmetry-

Functional -

_________ - (left hemisphere controls right side of body, right hemisphere controls left side of body) most asymmetrical

Motor systems

31

-Structural Asymmetry-

Functional -
--Motor systems (left hemisphere controls _________ side of body, right hemisphere controls left side of body) most _________

-right
-asymmetrical

32

_________ hemisphere – language

Left

33

_________ hemisphere – nonverbal information processing (e.g., faces, music)

right

34

Right hemisphere – nonverbal information processing (e.g., _________, music)

faces

35

_________-handed people tend to have less asymmetry compared to _________-handed people

-Left
-right

36

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-Anatomical Asymmetry-

Consistent evidence that Wernicke’s area in left hemisphere is _________ than right hemisphere in majority of people

larger

37

888888888
(planum temporale = part of _________ )

Wernicke’s area

38

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Wernicke’s area involved in _________ comprehension

language

39

888888888
Primary auditory cortex (_________) larger in right hemisphere – 2 gyri rather than one

Heschl’s gyri

40

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_________- larger in right hemisphere – 2 gyri rather than one

Primary auditory cortex (Heschl’s gyri)

41

888888888
Primary auditory cortex (Heschl’s gyri) larger in right hemisphere – 2 _________ in right rather than _________ in left

-gyri
-one

42

888888888
Anatomical Asymmetry-

Although studies find numerous anatomical _________, reliable evidence for relatively _________

-asymmetries
-few

43

888888888
Consistent anatomical asymmetry in temporal lobes – related to speech function in _________,
music etc. in _________

-left
-right

44

888888888
Asymmetry in thalamus – left = _________

language

45

888888888
Right hemisphere _________ than left, more cell bodies and _________ in left

-larger
-neurons

46

888888888
Asymmetry in lateral fissure – right = _________

steeper angle

47

888888888
Broca's area is in _________ lobe, not in _________

-Frontal
-temporal

48

Broca's area - language _________

expression

49

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_________ - language expression

Broca's area

50

Expressive aphasia - _________

Broca's area

51

language reception (comprehension) - _________

Wernicke’s area

52

_________ - Motor coordination and balance

Cerebellum

53

_________ = network of neurons, comes up through the medulla

Reticular formation

54

Reticular formation = network of neurons, comes up through the _________

medulla

55

Receptive aphasia - _________

Wernicke’s area

56

Asymmetries in Distribution of _________ in cortex and
subcortical regions

neurotransmitters

57

Asymmetries -
Right hemisphere more _________,
left hemisphere more _________

-anterior
-posterior

58

Functional asymmetry - Inferences from _________ with lesions

patients

59

lesion in left _________ area results in difficulty producing language (aphasia),
lesion in right, no _________ deficits

-Broca’s
-language

60

lesion in left Broca’s area results in difficulty producing language (_________), lesion in right, no language deficits

aphasia

61

“split brain” patients – full or partial section of _________

corpus callosum

62

_________ temporal lobectomy - loss in memory quotient - _________ recall

-left
-verbal

63

_________ temporal lobectomy - Performance IQ

Right