Final Exam - Section 5 (12/8/16) Flashcards Preview

Neuropsychology 343 > Final Exam - Section 5 (12/8/16) > Flashcards

Flashcards in Final Exam - Section 5 (12/8/16) Deck (36):
1

Cerebral vascular disorders:

Prevention-

- _________ drugs to prevent clot – low dose aspirin

Antiplatelet

2

Cerebral vascular disorders:

Prevention-

-Prevent obesity, _________, hypertension
-Exercise
-Stop _________
-Healthy diet

-diabetes
-smoking

3

Cerebral vascular disorders:

Cerebral vascular disorders:

Prevention-

- Antiplatelet drugs to prevent clot – low dose _________

aspirin

4

-Traumatic brain injury (TBI)-

More than 250,000 TBI injuries as a result of _________ in Iraq and Afghanistan

wars

5

-Traumatic brain injury (TBI)-

- Blow to head most common form of _________ in younger people (< age 40)

brain damage

6

-Traumatic brain injury (TBI)-

_________ - most common form of brain damage in younger people (< age 40)

- Blow to head

7

-Traumatic brain injury (TBI)-

_________ = 20% of TBIs

Sports

8

-Traumatic brain injury (TBI)-

TBI's are more common in _________

Males

9

-Traumatic brain injury (TBI)-

Damage from _________, increased intracranial pressure, direct damage to _________

-bleeding
-tissue

10

Long-term _________ in neural activity after _________

-decrease
-TBI

11

_________ can be almost as bad as severe TBI

Concussion

12

Migraine-like headaches for up to a _________ after concussion

year

13

-Traumatic brain injury (TBI)-

_________ head injuries
-Skull is penetrated
-Pieces of skull damage brain

Open

14

-Traumatic brain injury (TBI)-

open head injuries-
-Skull is _________
-Pieces of _________ damage brain

-penetrated
-skull

15

-Traumatic brain injury (TBI)-

_________ head injuries

-Symptoms resemble surgical removal of areas of cortex

Open

16

-Traumatic brain injury (TBI)-

Open head injuries-

-Gabrielle Giffords-
- _________ - problems speaking
-Paralysis on _________ side

-Aphasia
-right

17

-Traumatic brain injury (TBI)-

_________ head injuries-

Bruise (coup) at site of blow – skull pushed against brain

Closed

18

-Traumatic brain injury (TBI)-

Closed head injuries-

Bruise (_________) at site of blow – skull pushed against _________

-coup
-brain

19

-Traumatic brain injury (TBI)-

Closed head injuries-

_________ occurs opposite coup

Contrecoup

20

-Traumatic brain injury (TBI)-

Closed head injuries-

Shearing of neurons causes microscopic _________ throughout brain

lesions

21

-Traumatic brain injury (TBI)-

Closed head injuries-

Shearing of neurons causes microscopic lesions throughout brain

-Damage to frontal and temporal lobes, _________ callosum, anterior _________

-corpus
-commissure

22

-Traumatic brain injury (TBI)-

Closed head injuries-

Damage often to _________ and _________ lobes

-frontal
-temporal

23

-Traumatic brain injury (TBI)-

_________ head injuries-

Hematoma – blood inside skull – puts pressure on brain

Closed

24

-Traumatic brain injury (TBI)-

Closed head injuries-

_________ – blood inside skull – puts _________ on brain

-Hematoma
-pressure

25

-Traumatic brain injury (TBI)-

Closed head injuries-

_________ – swelling – puts pressure on brain

Edema

26

-Traumatic brain injury (TBI)-

_________ head injuries-

Edema – swelling – puts pressure on brain

Closed

27

-Traumatic brain injury (TBI)-

Closed head injuries-

Traffic accident injuries can result in _________ brain injury and enlarged _________, prolonged coma

-diffuse
-ventricles

28

-Traumatic brain injury (TBI)-

Closed head injuries often produce _________

coma

29

-Traumatic brain injury (TBI)-

Closed head injuries-

Diffuse and localized damage
-Localized damage often _________ and temporal lobes
--Affects personality and social _________

-frontal
-behavior

30

-Traumatic brain injury (TBI)-

Closed head injuries-

Boxers – dementia _________ (punch-drunk) – due to repeated concussions

pugilistica

31

-Traumatic brain injury (TBI)-

Closed head injuries-

dementia pugilistica (punch-drunk) – due to repeated _________

concussions

32

-Traumatic brain injury (TBI)-

Closed head injuries-

Football – ___% of those with repeated concussions show dementia with damage to frontal and temporal lobes – chronic traumatic _________

-10
-encephalopathy

33

Traumatic brain injury (TBI)-
Assessment of head injury
_________

Glasgow coma scale

34

Traumatic brain injury (TBI)-

Glasgow coma scale-

Length of _________ also indicative of extent of head injury

amnesia

35

Traumatic brain injury (TBI)-

Glasgow coma scale-

Increased duration of amnesia predicts _________ memory problems

long-term

36

Traumatic brain injury (TBI)-

Most recovery in _____ months but can take years

6 – 9