Final - Exam (11/8) - [Exam 4 - Section 3] Flashcards Preview

Neuropsychology 343 > Final - Exam (11/8) - [Exam 4 - Section 3] > Flashcards

Flashcards in Final - Exam (11/8) - [Exam 4 - Section 3] Deck (76):
1

_________ – inability to make voluntary movements and make proper use of everyday objects

Apraxia

2

Apraxia – inability to make _________ movements and make proper use of everyday _________

-voluntary
-objects

3

_________ – posterior parietal cortex responsible for visual representation of the world, tactile sensation, position and movement of body – needed for use of limbs, hands, eyes etc. to guide and direct movement

Movement disorder

4

_________ responsible for visual representation of the world, tactile sensation, position and movement of body – needed for use of limbs, hands, eyes etc. to guide and direct movement

posterior parietal cortex

5

Movement disorder – posterior parietal cortex responsible for visual representation of the world, _________ sensation, position and movement of _________ – needed for use of limbs, hands, eyes etc. to guide and direct movement

-tactile
-body

6

_________- needed for use of limbs, hands, eyes etc. to guide and direct movement

posterior parietal cortex

7

_________ – inability to copy movements or make gestures

Ideomotor apraxia

8

Ideomotor apraxia – inability to copy _________ or make _________

-movements
-gestures

9

Ideomotor apraxia – _________ posterior parietal damage

Left

10

_________ – issue with spatial organization

constructional apraxia

11

constructional apraxia – issue with _________ organization

-spatial

12

_________ - Cannot copy series of facial movements

constructional apraxia

13

_________ - Solve puzzle, put together IKEA furniture

constructional apraxia

14

_________ apraxia- Can be damage to either parietal lobe

constructional

15

_________- Serial arm movement copying test

Ideomotor apraxia

16

_________- Serial face movement copying test

constructional apraxia

17

Right-left discrimination usually a deficit of _________ parietal lobe

left

18

Unilateral neglect
Dressing disability
cube counting
paper cutting
topographical loss

All usually a deficit of _________ parietal lobe

right

19

_________ -
Everything below (inferior to) lateral sulcus and anterior to occipital lobes

Temporal lobes

20

Temporal lobes-
Everything below (inferior to) _________ and anterior to occipital lobes

lateral sulcus

21

Temporal lobes-
Everything below (inferior to) lateral sulcus and _________ to occipital lobes

anterior

22

_________ – auditory and visual association areas

Superior temporal sulcus

23

Superior temporal sulcus – auditory and visual _________

association areas

24

_________ - emotion, mood regulation

limbic system

25

memory is the main function of the _________

hippocampus

26

_________ - involved in emotion, particularly fear

Amygdala

27

the _________ and _________ lie interiorly within the medial section of the lobes

-amygdala
-hippocampus

28

the amygdala and hippocampus lie interiorly within the medial section of the _________

temporal lobes

29

Main functions of the temporal lobes:

_________ -
-Amygdala
-Emotions associated with sensory stimuli and memories

Emotion (affect)

30

Main functions of the temporal lobes:

Emotion (affect)-
- _________
-Emotions associated with _________ and memories

-Amygdala
-sensory stimuli

31

Main functions of the temporal lobes:

_________ -
-Medial aspect, hippocampus and hippocampal gyri
-Long-term storage, spatial navigation (cab drivers)

Memory

32

Main functions of the temporal lobes:

Memory -
-Medial aspect, _________ and hippocampal gyri
-Long-term storage, _________ (cab drivers)

-hippocampus
-spatial navigation

33

Main functions of the temporal lobes:

_________ -
-Processes auditory input
-Wernickes area

Language

34

Main functions of the temporal lobes:

Language-
-Processes _________ input
- _________ area

-auditory
-Wernickes

35

Main functions of the temporal lobes:

_________ -
-Object recognition – ventral visual stream

Visual

36

Main functions of the temporal lobes:

Visual-
-Object recognition – _________

ventral visual stream

37

Main functions of the temporal lobes:

_________ -
-Superior temporal sulcus (STS)
-Interpreting what other people are thinking (theory of mind) – facial expressions etc.

Biological motion

38

Main functions of the temporal lobes:

Biological motion-
- _________
-Interpreting what other people are thinking (theory of mind) – facial expressions etc.

Superior temporal sulcus (STS)

39

Main functions of the temporal lobes:

Biological motion-
-Superior temporal sulcus (STS)
-Interpreting what other people are thinking (_________) – _________ expressions etc.

-theory of mind
-facial

40

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Main functions of the temporal lobes:

Personality -
-Left temporal tumor
-Problems with _________
-Shaved off hair and joined a fringe _________ group even though had previously been an atheist

-memory
-religious

41

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Main functions of the temporal lobes:

Memory-
-Case of HM
-bilateral medial temporal _________ including amygdale and hippocampus
-Reduced number of seizures
-Profound anterograde amnesia and retrograde amnesia for 11 years prior to surgery - _________ make new memories

-lobectomy
-Could not

42

_________ hemisphere is more important for recognizing faces than the _________

-Right
-left

43

-Vision and the temporal lobes-

_________ -
-Recognition of faces and objects

Ventral visual stream

44

-Vision and the temporal lobes-

Ventral visual stream-
-Recognition of _________ and _________

-faces
-objects

45

Ventral visual stream-

Selective regions of _________ response to specific types of _________

-Fusiform gyrus (FFA) for faces
-Parahippocampal place area (PPA) for scenes and objects

-temporal lobes
-stimuli

46

Ventral visual stream-

Selective regions of temporal lobes response to specific types of stimuli

-_________ for faces
-Parahippocampal place area (PPA) for _________ and objects

-Fusiform gyrus (FFA)
-scenes

47

Ventral visual stream-

Selective regions of temporal lobes response to specific types of stimuli

-Fusiform gyrus (FFA) for _________
- _________ place area (PPA) for scenes and objects

-faces
-Parahippocampal

48

Ventral visual stream-

Categorization of _________ -
-Assists with identification of stimuli

stimuli

49


Ventral visual stream-

Categorization of stimuli-
-Assists with identification of stimuli
- _________ cortex
-Categorized by size, color, texture etc.
-Due to _________

-Inferotemporal
-experience

50

-Vision and the temporal lobes-

Ventral visual stream-
-Processing of _________ very important

faces

51

-Vision and the temporal lobes-

Ventral visual stream-
-Infants very interested in _________ compared to other objects
-Faces provide _________ information

-faces
-social

52

-Vision and the temporal lobes-

Ventral visual stream-
Very sensitive to upright faces – upright faces and inverted faces processed in separate _________

pathways

53

-Vision and the temporal lobes-

_________ -
Very sensitive to upright faces – upright faces and inverted faces processed in separate pathways

Ventral visual stream

54

-Vision and the temporal lobes-

_________ -
-Split face test
-Most people have left visual field bias

Ventral visual stream

55

-Vision and the temporal lobes-

Ventral visual stream-
- _________ face test
-Most people have _________ visual field bias

-Split
-left

56

-Auditory stimuli and the temporal lobes-

Planum temporale (_________) is much larger on the left temporal lobe

-Wernickes area

57

-Auditory stimuli and the temporal lobes-

Planum temporale (Wernickes area) is much larger on the _________ temporal lobe

-left

58

-Auditory stimuli and the temporal lobes-

Primary auditory cortex (Heschl's gyri) is much larger on the _________ temporal lobe

right

59

-Auditory stimuli and the temporal lobes-

Primary auditory cortex (_________) is much larger on the right temporal lobe

-Heschl's gyri

60

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-Auditory stimuli and the temporal lobes-

Involved in _________ perception
Involved in _________ perception

-speech
-music

61

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Differences in roles of right and left temporal lobes

- _________ lobe more dominant in analyzing melody
- _________ lobe more dominant in analyzing rhythm

-Right
-Left

62

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Differences in roles of right and left temporal lobes

-Right lobe more dominant in analyzing _________
-Left lobe more dominant in analyzing _________

-melody
-rhythm

63

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Differences in roles of right and left temporal lobes

Musicians have greater _________ response to music and have bigger Heschl’s gyri and more _________ matter in this area

-neural
-gray

64

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Differences in roles of right and left temporal lobes

Musicians have greater neural response to music and have bigger _________ and more gray matter in this area

-Heschl’s gyri

65

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Temporal lobe lesions affect:

- _________ perception
- _________ perception

-Auditory
-Visual

66

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Temporal lobe lesions affect:

-Contextual problems
--Recognition of a person’s face in a new _________, interpretation of _________ in different contexts

-environment
-word

67

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Temporal lobe lesions affect:

-Long-term _________
-Personality and affect
- _________ behavior

-memory
-Sexual

68

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Temporal lobe lesions affect:

-Auditory sensation and perception
--Left temporal damage
---inability to process _________ sounds quickly

-speech

69

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Damage to _________ – receptive aphasia - difficulty understanding words

Wernicke’s area

70

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_________ - difficulty understanding words

receptive aphasia

71

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Temporal lobe lesions affect:

-Auditory sensation and perception

65% of schizophrenics have _________ hallucinations

auditory

72

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Temporal lobe lesions affect:

-Auditory sensation and perception

Broca's area is in _________

Frontal lobe

73

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Temporal lobe lesions affect:

-Auditory sensation and perception

schizophrenics -
See activity in primary auditory cortex, _________ and left posterior temporal lobe on fMRI during hallucination

Broca’s area

74

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Temporal lobe lesions affect:

-Auditory sensation and perception

Music perception-
Right _________ gyrus needed to discriminate melodies

superior temporal

75

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Temporal lobe lesions affect:
Visual perception – ventral visual stream

-Deficits in visual perception including _________ and interpreting biological _________ (e.g., glancing at watch)
-Visual recognition of objects

-faces
-motion

76

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Temporal lobe lesions affect:
Visual perception – ventral visual stream

-Deficits in visual perception including faces and interpreting biological motion (e.g., glancing at watch)
-Visual recognition of _________

-objects