Final Exam - (9/6/16, 9/8/16) Flashcards Preview

Neuropsychology 343 > Final Exam - (9/6/16, 9/8/16) > Flashcards

Flashcards in Final Exam - (9/6/16, 9/8/16) Deck (74)
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1

_________ – the study of the nervous system

Neuroscience

2

_________ - the study of the relationship between behavior and brain function

Neuropsychology

3

Neuropsychology -
-The study of _________ human behavior (emotion, cognition etc.) based on the function of the _________
-Assessment of changes in _________ and neural function due to disease or traumatic brain injury
-Involves physiology, biopsychology, anatomy, biochemistry, pharmacology etc

-normal
-brain
-behavior

4

Neuropsychology -
-The study of normal human behavior (emotion, cognition etc.) based on the function of the brain
-Assessment of changes in behavior and _________ function due to disease or _________ brain injury
-Involves physiology, _________, anatomy, _________, pharmacology etc

-neural
-traumatic
-biopsychology
-biochemistry

5

All psychological processes are based on _________ processes, many of which occur in the _________

-biological
-brain

6

_________ is a description of the things the brain does
mind = brain _________

-Mind
-activity

7

Damage to one brain _________ may affect one aspect of a _________

-region
-behavior

8

Example of distributed _________ organization of function – the case of HM
Treatment for epilepsy – bilateral surgical removal of medial aspects of _________ lobe Surgery caused specific memory problems – could not form new memories
Old memories were retained

-hierarchical
-temporal

9

-Distributed hierarchical organization of function-
If unique aspects of a behavior reside in different areas of the brain, why don’t we perceive the different aspects of the behavior? _________ problem

Binding

10

_________ -
Multiple brain regions involved in forming
and interpreting images but we perceive a _________ image

-Vision
-single

11

Vision:

-Conscious and unconscious _________ streams
--Damage to conscious stream
(ventral stream) – cannot see or _________ an object
--No damage to unconscious stream
(dorsal) stream – can reach for an object but
cannot see it

-neural
-recognize

12

Vision:

-Conscious and unconscious _________ streams
--Damage to conscious stream
(_________ stream) – cannot see or recognize an object
--No damage to unconscious stream
(_________) stream – can reach for an object but
cannot see it

-ventral
-dorsal

13

-Neurons and Neural Transmission -

Premise - All _________ processes are due to biological processes, particularly the biological processes in the _________ system and the brain

-psychological
-nervous

14

-Neurons and Neural Transmission-

The building blocks of the nervous system –_________

NEURONS

15

-Neurons and Neural Transmission-

The brain has been estimated to consist of _________ billion neurons

85 - 120

16

-Neurons and Neural Transmission-

Neurons = ___% of the brain’s cells, _________ cells 2 – 10 times the number of neurons

-10
-glial

17

-Neurons and Neural Transmission-

Neurons receive, _________, and pass on _________ in the brain

-integrate
-information

18

-Neurons -

Signals travel from the _________ to the terminal branches of the _________

-dendrites
-axon

19

-Neurons-

-Signals are called _________ and consist of a brief change in the electrical _________ of the neuron
-Travel at 2 – 200 miles/h

-ACTION POTENTIALS
-polarization

20

-Neurons-

-Signals are called ACTION POTENTIALS and consist of a brief change in the electrical polarization of the neuron
-Travel at _________ miles/h

2 – 200

21

-Neurons-

_________ - bushy, branching extensions that receive messages and conduct them toward the _________
--The greater the surface area of dendrites the more information they can receive – dendritic spines increase surface area

-DENDRITES
-cell body

22

-Neurons-

DENDRITES - bushy, branching extensions that receive messages and conduct them toward the cell body
--The greater the _________ of dendrites the more information they can receive
– _________ increase surface area

-surface area
-dendritic spines

23

-Neurons-

CELL BODY (_________) – contains the nucleus with _________
--Conducts metabolic processes to support the survival of the neuron (energy, waste removal etc)

-Soma
-DNA

24

-Neurons-

CELL BODY (Soma) – contains the nucleus with DNA
--Conducts _________ processes to support the survival of the neuron (energy, _________ removal etc)

-metabolic
-waste

25

-Neurons-

_________ - extension of the neuron through which signals are passed – can be very long or very short
- _________ (start of axon)
-Axon terminals (teleodendria)

-AXON
-Axon hillock

26

-Neurons-

_________ – glial cells filled with fatty tissue (myelin) that surround the axons of many neurons allowing signals to be rapidly passed down the axon
- _________ - gaps in myelin sheath through which action potentials are transmitted

MYELIN SHEATH
-NODES of RANVIER

27

-Neurons-

MYELIN SHEATH – glial cells filled with _________ (myelin) that surround the axons of many _________ allowing signals to be rapidly passed down the axon
-NODES of RANVIER - gaps in myelin sheath through which action potentials are transmitted

-fatty tissue
-neurons

28

-Neurons-

MYELIN SHEATH – glial cells filled with fatty tissue (myelin) that surround the axons of many neurons allowing signals to be rapidly passed down the axon
-NODES of RANVIER - gaps in _________ through which action potentials are _________

-myelin sheath
-transmitted

29

3 main types of neurons :

- _________
-Interneurons
- _________

-Sensory neurons
-Motor neurons

30

3 main types of neurons :

-Sensory neurons
- _________
-Motor neurons

Interneurons