Final - Exam (10/25) - [Exam 3 - Section 4] Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Final - Exam (10/25) - [Exam 3 - Section 4] Deck (72):
1

Areas in temporal, parietal and frontal lobes also process _________ information

visual

2

_________ gyrus in temporal lobes involved in facial recognition

fusiform

3

fusiform gyrus in temporal lobes involved in _________ recognition

facial

4

_________
Vision directs movements – grasping objects e.g., picking up bottle

Vision for action

5

Vision for action
Vision directs _________ – grasping objects e.g., picking up bottle

movements

6

_________
– grasping objects e.g., picking up bottle

Vision for action

7

_________ - Automatically arrange finger and hand position to grasp bottle

Vision for action

8

_________- Location, speed, shape of moving object

Vision for action

9

Vision for action - Location, _________ , shape of _________ object

-speed
-moving

10

_________ - Involves dorsal stream – parietal lobe

Vision for action

11

Vision for action - Involves dorsal stream – _________ lobe

parietal

12

Vision for action -
Involves dorsal stream – parietal lobe
Damage – can see _________ but cannot reach for them or _________ them

-object
-grasp

13

_________ - Scanning of objects – search for most important aspects

Action for vision

14

Action for vision - Scanning of objects – search for most _________ aspects
-Eyes and mouth of _________

-important
-face

15

Action for vision - Make similar _________ movements when in dark or when imagining _________

-eye
-objects

16

_________ -
No eye movements when eyes closed
Best to close eyes in dark and use touch – two systems compete

Action for vision

17

Action for vision -
No eye movements when eyes _________
Best to close eyes in dark and use _________ – two systems compete

-closed
-touch

18

Action for vision -
Scan _________ side of a person’s face more than _________ but not for other objects

-right
-left

19

_________ -
Scan right side of a person’s face more than left but not for other _________

-Action for vision
-objects

20

_________ -

Recognizing objects
Facial expressions
Faces

Visual recognition

21

Visual recognition -

Recognizing _________
_________ expressions
Faces

-objects
-Facial

22

Visual recognition -

-Faces
Fusiform gyrus (extends from occipital lobe into _________ temporal lobe)

ventral

23

Visual recognition -

-Faces
_________ gyrus (extends from occipital lobe into ventral temporal lobe)

Fusiform

24

_________ -

Visual information from locations outside body

Visual space

25

Visual space -

Visual information from locations _________ body

outside

26

_________ -

-Movements towards objects
-Memory for location
-Parietal and temporal regions

Visual space

27

Visual space -

-Movements _________ objects
-Memory for _________
-Parietal and _________ regions

-towards
-location
-temporal

28

_________ -

-Attend to selective aspects of a stimulus, not all aspects of stimulus – selective attention to important aspects

Visual attention

29

_________ -

-Specific neurons respond to particular movements, particular locations, orientations etc

Visual attention

30

Visual attention -

-Attend to selective aspects of a stimulus, not all aspects of stimulus – _________ attention to _________ aspects

-selective
-important

31

Visual attention -

-Specific neurons respond to particular movements, particular _________ , orientations etc

locations

32

Damage to ___: Blindsight

V1

33

Damage to V1: Blindsight

First level of processing
-Role in _________, form and _________
-Damage to V1 prevents conscious awareness of visual stimuli

-color
-motion

34

Damage to V1: Blindsight

First level of processing
-Role in color, form and motion
-Damage to V1 prevents _________ awareness of visual _________

-conscious
-stimuli

35

Damage to V1: Blindsight

Some information from _________ centers gets past V1 _________

-lower
-damage

36

Damage to V4: Loss of _________

color vision

37

Damage to _________ : Loss of color vision

V4

38

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DB - perception deficits in _________ visual field

left

39

888888888
Damage to V4: Loss of color vision

Patient JI: visual acuity _________ after damage but no _________ vision

-improved
-color

40

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Damage to V4: Loss of color vision

Patient JI:
-Could see mainly _________ even in dreams
-Mental _________ also without color

-grays
-imagery

41

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Damage to _________ : Akinetopsia

V5

42

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Damage to V5: _________

Akinetopsia

43

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Damage to V5: Akinetopsia

Patient MT: absence of perception of _________

movement

44

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Damage to V5: Akinetopsia

Patient MT: absence of perception of movement

-Cannot pour drinks
-Cross a _________
-Be in a room with multiple _________

-road
-people

45

Damage to ____ = See only shades of grey, cant even imagine what color looks like after some time

V4

46

_________ = movement agnosia

Akinetopsia

47

Akinetopsia = movement _________

agnosia

48

Two forms of _________ (visual-form) agnosia :

-Apperceptive agnosia
-Associative agnosia

Object

49

Two forms of Object (visual-form) agnosia :

- _________ agnosia
- _________ agnosia

-Apperceptive
-Associative

50

Dorsal stream – guided _________,
ventral stream – _________ recognition

-movements
-visual

51

Visuomotor guidance (_________ ):

optic ataxia

52

Visuomotor guidance (optic ataxia):

Patient VK
-Impairment in _________ for objects
-Vision not impaired but cannot correctly _________ hand to reach for objects
-Can point to objects
- _________ damage – dorsal stream

-reaching
-position
-Parietal

53

Object (visual-form) agnosias -

_________ agnosia -

-Inability to recognize drawings of objects or draw them
--Can identify some objects

Apperceptive

54

Object (visual-form) agnosias -

Apperceptive agnosia -
-Inability to recognize drawings of _________ or draw them
--Can _________ some objects

-objects
-identify

55

Object (visual-form) agnosias -

_________ agnosia -
-Simultagnosia

Apperceptive

56

Object (visual-form) agnosias -

Apperceptive agnosia -
- _________
--Can see shape of an object but not when there is more than one object, can only see one at once
--Cannot integrate different parts of visual stimuli into a whole
Act as if blind

Simultagnosia

57

Object (visual-form) agnosias -

Apperceptive agnosia -
-Simultagnosia
--Can see shape of an object but not when there is more than _________ object, can only see one at once
--Cannot integrate different parts of _________ stimuli into a whole
-Act as if _________

-one
-visual
-blind

58

Object (visual-form) agnosias -

_________ agnosia -
-Cannot identify object but can draw them

Associative

59

Object (visual-form) agnosias -

Associative agnosia -
-Cannot identify object but can _________ them

draw

60

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Patient DF: _________ agnosia
-Lateral occipital damage near junction with temporal lobes
-Problem with ventral stream

apperceptive

61

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Patient DF:
apperceptive agnosia
-Lateral _________ damage near junction with _________ lobes
-Problem with _________ stream

-occipital
-temporal
-ventral

62

_________ agnosia -

Cannot recognize or identify objects but can copy drawings

Associative

63

Associative agnosia - Issue may be with _________ of objects

memory

64

Associative agnosia - Damage to _________ stream – anterior temporal lobes

ventral

65

Alexia -
Inability to read
-Left _________ and lingual area damage
-Left hemisphere forms _________
into words

-fusiform
-letters

66

_________ -
Inability to read
-Left fusiform and lingual area damage
-Left hemisphere forms letters
into words

Alexia

67

Alexia-
Inability to read
-Left fusiform and _________ area damage
-Left _________ forms letters
into words

-lingual
-hemisphere

68

_________ agnosia -
Topographic disorientation

Visuospatial

69

_________ agnosia -

- Inability to navigate familiar neighborhoods

Visuospatial

70

_________ agnosia -

Cannot recognize landmarks

Visuospatial

71

Visuospatial agnosia -
Often comorbid with _________

prosopagnosia

72

_________ agnosia -

-Fusiform and lingual gyri
-Also a symptom of _________

-Visuospatial
-Alzheimer’s