FIREFIGHTING PROCEDURES - COLLAPSE OPERATIONS Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in FIREFIGHTING PROCEDURES - COLLAPSE OPERATIONS Deck (85):
1

FIRE FIGHTING PROCEDURES - COLLAPSE OPERATIONS
1ST ARRIVING UNITS GENERAL CONSIDERATIONS:

WHAT SHOULD 1ST ARRIVING UNITS NOTIFY THE FIRE DEPARTMENT DISPATCHER OF?

- ADDRESS

- NATURE OF INCIDENT

- NEED FOR ADDITIONAL UNITS

- 10-60 (MAJOR EMERGENCY RESPONSE)

- LOCATION OF INCIDENT COMMAND POST

- SPECIAL CALL ONE TOWER LADDER TO EVERY COLLAPSE IF NONE WAS ASSIGNED ON INITIAL ALARM

2

FIRE FIGHTING PROCEDURES - COLLAPSE OPERATIONS
1ST ARRIVING UNITS GENERAL CONSIDERATIONS: SAFETY CONSIDERATIONS

TRUE/FALSE

DO NOT ENTER ANY DANGER ZONES EXCEPT TO SAVE A LIFE.

TRUE

3

FIRE FIGHTING PROCEDURES - COLLAPSE OPERATIONS
1ST ARRIVING UNITS GENERAL CONSIDERATIONS: POTENTIAL HAZARDS

WHAT ARE THE POTENTIAL HAZARDS AT THE SCENE OF A COLLAPSE?

- SECONDARY COLLAPSE

- ELECTRICAL HAZARDS

- GAS LEAKS

- WATER MAIN BREAKS

- HAZARDOUS MATERIALS

- TERRORISM

- RESCUE FATIGUE

- ADVERSE WEATHER

4

FIRE FIGHTING PROCEDURES - COLLAPSE OPERATIONS
1ST ARRIVING UNITS GENERAL CONSIDERATIONS

VOIDS AND BELOW GRADE AREAS SHALL BE MONITORED FOR 3 THINGS PRIOR TO ANY ENTRY:

- FLAMMABLE GASES

- CARBON MONOXIDE

- OXYGEN CONTENT

5

FIRE FIGHTING PROCEDURES - COLLAPSE OPERATIONS
1ST ARRIVING UNITS GENERAL CONSIDERATIONS

TRUE/FALSE

INITIAL RESCUE ACTIONS SHOULD CONCENTRATE ON REMOVING ABLE-BODIED AND SURFACE OR LIGHTLY BURIED PERSONS FROM IMMEDIATE DANGER.

TRUE

6

FIRE FIGHTING PROCEDURES - COLLAPSE OPERATIONS
STREET COORDINATION

WHAT IS THE PROPER POSITIONING FOR 1ST AND 2ND DUE ENGINES AT THE SCENE OF A COLLAPSE?

- BOTH 1ST AND 2ND DUE ENGINE COMPANIES SHOULD TAKE SEPARATE HYDRANTS OUTSIDE THE BLOCK ON SEPARATE MAINS

- PREPARE TO SUPPLY HANDLINES/LCS

7

FIRE FIGHTING PROCEDURES - COLLAPSE OPERATIONS
STREET COORDINATION

WHAT IS THE PROPER POSITIONING OF THE 3RD AND 4TH DUE ENGINE COMPANIES AT A COLLAPSE?

- REAR OF THE STRUCTURE

- SIMILAR SET UP TO 1ST AND 2ND DUE

8

FIRE FIGHTING PROCEDURES - COLLAPSE OPERATIONS
STREET COORDINATION

TRUE/FALSE

TWO OF THE SECOND ALARM ENGINE COMPANIES SHOULD BE USED TO SEAL OFF THE ENDS OF THE STREET. THEIR CHAUFFEURS MUST REMAIN WITH THE RIG TO BE ABLE TO MOVE APPARATUS ON ORDERS OF THE I.C.

TRUE

9

FIRE FIGHTING PROCEDURES - COLLAPSE OPERATIONS
STREET COORDINATION

WHAT SHOULD BE PLACED IN FRONT OF THE COLLAPSED STRUCTURE?

TOWER LADDERS

10

FIRE FIGHTING PROCEDURES - COLLAPSE OPERATIONS
STREET COORDINATION

TRUE/FALSE

AT INCIDENTS INVOLVING TALL/LONG BUILDINGS, CONSIDER PLACING SEVERAL UNITS AROUND THE COLLAPSE OR USING AERIAL LADDERS (100' REACH) IF NEEEDED.

TRUE

11

FIRE FIGHTING PROCEDURES - COLLAPSE OPERATIONS
INCIDENT COMMAND RESPONSIBILITIES

WORKING THE DAY TOUR IN L136 YOU RESPOND TO A COLLAPSE. UPON ARRIVAL THE I.C. DESIGNATES YOU THE STAGING AREA MANAGER. DID THE I.C. OPERATE CORRECTLY?

YES

- THE I.C. ESTABLISHES A STAGING AREA. REEVALUATE THE LOCATION AND ASSIGN A COMPANY OFFICER TO BE THE STAGING MANAGER UNTIL REPLACED BY A BATTALION CHIEF

12

FIRE FIGHTING PROCEDURES - COLLAPSE OPERATIONS
DUTIES OF FIRST ALARM UNITS AT COLLAPSE

IN ORDER OF PRIORITY WHAT ARE ENGINE COMPANY RESPONSIBILITIES?
(Bob Daly Eats Cock)

(Bob Daly Eats Cock)
BUILDINGS - EXTINGUISH FIRE
DEBRIS - EXTINGUISH FIRE
EXPOSURES - PROTECT EXPOSURES
CARS - EXTINGUISH BURNING VEHICLES

NO FIRE:
STRETCH PRECAUTIONARY 2 1/2" LINE TO COVER ENTIRE OPERATION
3 1/2" LINE TO SUPPLY TOWER LADDER

13

FIRE FIGHTING PROCEDURES - COLLAPSE OPERATIONS
DUTIES OF FIRST ALARM UNITS AT COLLAPSE

AT A SUSPECTED TERRORIST EVENT, WHERE SHOULD HANDLINES BE STRETCHED?

2 1/2" HOSELINES SHOULD BE LOCATED BETWEEN TWO APPARATUS OR OTHER SUBSTANTIAL SHIELDING

14

FIRE FIGHTING PROCEDURES - COLLAPSE OPERATIONS
DUTIES OF FIRST ALARM UNITS AT COLLAPSE

THE RESPONSIBILITIES OF THE 1ST ARRIVING ENGINE OFFICER ARE:

- SUPERVISE WATER SUPPLY/RIG PLACEMENT

- COORDINATE WITH 1ST DUE TRUCK OFF.

- STRETCH 2 1/2" TO COVER ENTIRE AREA

- CONSIDER 3 1/2" FOR TL SUPPLY

15

FIRE FIGHTING PROCEDURES - COLLAPSE OPERATIONS
DUTIES OF FIRST ALARM UNITS AT COLLAPSE

THE RESPONSIBILITIES OF THE 2ND ARRIVING ENGINE OFFICER ARE:

- OBTAIN BRIEFING

- SUPERVISE APPARATUS PLACEMENT

- ENSURE TL IS SUPPLIED (3 1/2")

16

FIRE FIGHTING PROCEDURES - COLLAPSE OPERATIONS
DUTIES OF FIRST ALARM UNITS AT COLLAPSE

AT A COLLAPSE, WHO ENSURES THAT TOWER LADDER IS SUPPLIED?

2ND DUE ENGINE

17

FIRE FIGHTING PROCEDURES - COLLAPSE OPERATIONS
DUTIES OF FIRST ALARM UNITS AT COLLAPSE

THE THIRD DUE AND SUBSEQUENT ENGINES ARE UNDER THE DIRECTION OF?

I.C.

18

FIRE FIGHTING PROCEDURES - COLLAPSE OPERATIONS
DUTIES OF FIRST ALARM UNITS AT COLLAPSE

TRUE/FALSE

THE FIRST DUE LADDER COMPANY OFFICER HAS THE OPTION OF SPLITTING HIS COMPANY INTO SEPARATE TEAMS.

TRUE

19

FIRE FIGHTING PROCEDURES - COLLAPSE OPERATIONS
DUTIES OF FIRST ALARM UNITS AT COLLAPSE

WHAT ARE THE DUTIES OF THE FIRST ARRIVING LADDER?

RECONNAISSANCE

- SCENE SURVEY
- HAZARD ASSESSMENT AND CONTROL
- PROTECT FROM SECONDARY COLLAPSE MARK WITH HAZARD TAPE, TIE BACK
- KEEP NONESSENTIAL PEOPLE OUT OF COLLAPSE ZONE
- REMOVE SURFACE VICTIMS TO CASUALTY COLLECTION POIN
- QUESTION SURVIVORS AS TO NUMBER LOCATION IDENTITY OF PEOPLE PRIOR TO COLLAPSE
- PERFORM PRELIMINARY VOID SEARCH

20

FIRE FIGHTING PROCEDURES - COLLAPSE OPERATIONS
DUTIES OF FIRST ALARM UNITS AT COLLAPSE

TRUE/FALSE

DURING THE PRELIMINARY VOID SEARCH, THE 1ST DUE TRUCK MAY CUT, LIFT OR REMOVE LOAD BEARING MEMEBERS.

FALSE

- VISUALLY SEARCH ACCESS VOIDS - DO NOT CUT, LIFT OR REMOVE ANY LOAD BEARING MEMBERS. CALL AND LISTEN

21

FIRE FIGHTING PROCEDURES - COLLAPSE OPERATIONS
DUTIES OF FIRST ALARM UNITS AT COLLAPSE

WHAT IS THE 2ND DUE TRUCK RESPONSIBLE FOR AT THE SCENE OF A COLLAPSE?

CONTROLLING THE GAS. ELECTRIC AND WATER SERVICES

22

FIRE FIGHTING PROCEDURES - COLLAPSE OPERATIONS
THE MAJOR EMERGENCY RESPONSE SIGNAL 10-60

YOUR ENGINE COMPANY PULLS UP TO A SUSPECTED GAS LEAK TO FIND THAT A GAS EXPLOSION HAS LEVELED A PRIVATE DWELLING, WHAT TEN CODE DO YOU TRANSMIT?

10-60

23

FIRE FIGHTING PROCEDURES - COLLAPSE OPERATIONS
THE MAJOR EMERGENCY RESPONSE SIGNAL 10-60

IN WHAT INSTANCES WOULD YOU TRANSMIT A 10-60 CODE TWO?

- COLLAPSE OF A M.D.

- PLANE CRASH OUTSIDE OF THE MAJOR AIRPORTS

24

FIRE FIGHTING PROCEDURES - COLLAPSE OPERATIONS
THE MAJOR EMERGENCY RESPONSE SIGNAL 10-60

IN WHAT INSTANCES WOULD YOU TRANSMIT A 10-60?

- COLLAPSE OF A PRIVATE DWELLING

- TRAIN DERAILMENT

25

FIRE FIGHTING PROCEDURES - COLLAPSE OPERATIONS
THE MAJOR EMERGENCY RESPONSE SIGNAL 10-60

UPON TRANSMISSION OF 10-60 WHERE DO ALL ENGINES AND LADDERS ABOVE THE FIRST ALARM ASSIGNMENT REPORT TO?

STAGING AREA

26

FIRE FIGHTING PROCEDURES - COLLAPSE OPERATIONS
THE MAJOR EMERGENCY RESPONSE SIGNAL 10-60

WHO IS NORMALLY ASSIGNED THE VICTIM REMOVAL LEADER AT A COLLAPSE?

RESCUE COMPANY OFFICER

27

FIRE FIGHTING PROCEDURES - COLLAPSE OPERATIONS
THE MAJOR EMERGENCY RESPONSE SIGNAL 10-60

A COMPANY OFFICER WILL BE ASSIGNED AS THE STREET COORDINATION MANAGER, YOU SHOULD KNOW YOUR RESPONSIBILITIES INCLUDE:

- PREVENT NEEDLESS CONGESTION
- CONTACT PD & EMS FOR TRAFFIC FLOW
- ENSURE ACCESS/EGRESS OF ESSENTIAL VEHICLES
- POSITION APPARATUS
- COORDINATE APPARATUS STAGING AREA
- COORDINATE CCP WITH AN EMS OFF.

28

FIRE FIGHTING PROCEDURES - COLLAPSE OPERATIONS
SAFETY PRECAUTIONS DURING COLLAPSE OPS

IN WHAT TWO UNITS CAN SURVEYORS TRANSITS BE FOUND?

- TACTICAL SUPPORT UNITS

- COLLAPSE RESCUE UNITS

29

FIRE FIGHTING PROCEDURES - COLLAPSE OPERATIONS
SAFETY PRECAUTIONS DURING COLLAPSE OPS

AT THE COLLAPSE SCENE LOOKOUTS WILL BE POSTED AROUND THE PERIMETER OF THE COLLAPSE SITE, WHAT SHALL LOOKOUTS BE EQUIPPED WITH?

- HANDHELD AIR HORNS

- HANDIE TALKIES

30

FIRE FIGHTING PROCEDURES - COLLAPSE OPERATIONS
SAFETY PRECAUTIONS DURING COLLAPSE OPS

AT A COLLAPSE SCENE YOU HEAR ONE LONG BLAST OF AN AIR HORN, YOU KNOW THAT THIS MEANS?

CEASE OPERATIONS/ALL QUIET

31

FIRE FIGHTING PROCEDURES - COLLAPSE OPERATIONS
SAFETY PRECAUTIONS DURING COLLAPSE OPS

AT A COLLAPSE SCENE YOU HEAR 3 SHORT BLAST (1 SECOND EACH) OF AN AIR HORN, YOU KNOW THAT THIS MEANS?

EVACUATE THE AREA

32

FIRE FIGHTING PROCEDURES - COLLAPSE OPERATIONS
SAFETY PRECAUTIONS DURING COLLAPSE OPS

AT A COLLAPSE SCENE YOU HEAR 1 LONG AND 1 SHORT BLAST OF AN AIR HORN, YOU KNOW THAT THIS MEANS?

RESUME OPERATIONS

33

FIRE FIGHTING PROCEDURES - COLLAPSE OPERATIONS
OPERATIONAL PROCEDURES

TRUE/FALSE

ONLY TRAINED MEMBERS OF SOC IN CONJUNCTION WITH CON ED ARE ALLOWED TO OPERATE CON EDISON VACUUM TRUCKS

TRUE

34

FIRE FIGHTING PROCEDURES - COLLAPSE OPERATIONS
OPERATIONAL PROCEDURES

HOW MANY COLLAPSE PODS ARE LOCATED THROUGHOUT THE CITY AND WHAT IS INSIDE EACH POD?

10 COLLAPSE PODS

- FILLED WITH SHORING LUMBER, METAL AND CONCRETE CUTTING SAW BLADES AND A CUTTING TABLE WITH TEMPLATES

- CONTAINS NO TOOLS

35

FIRE FIGHTING PROCEDURES - COLLAPSE OPERATIONS
RESCUE OPERATIONAL PLAN

WHAT ARE THE 5 STAGES OF THE COLLAPSE RESCUE OPERATION? (RASS-G)

- RECONNAISSANCE

- ACCOUNTING FOR AND REMOVAL OF SURFACE VICTIMS

- SEARCH OF VOIDS

- SELECTED DEBRIS REMOVAL

- GENERAL DEBRIS REMOVAL

36

FIRE FIGHTING PROCEDURES - COLLAPSE OPERATIONS
RESCUE OPERATIONAL PLAN

CAN A COMPANY OFFICER BE DESIGNATED THE VICTIM ACCOUNTING MANAGER?

YES

- KEEP TRACK OF ALL PERSONS REMOVED FROM DEBRIS

- OBTAIN PERSONS NAME AND LOCATION DURING COLLAPSE

37

FIRE FIGHTING PROCEDURES - COLLAPSE OPERATIONS
RESCUE OPERATIONAL PLAN

WHAT ARE THE 4 COMMON TYPES OF VOIDS?

- LEAN-TO VOID

- V-SHAPED VOID

- PANCAKE VOID

- INDIVIDUAL VOID

38

FIRE FIGHTING PROCEDURES - COLLAPSE OPERATIONS
RESCUE OPERATIONAL PLAN

DESCRIBE LEAN-TO VOIDS:

- FAILURE OF THE SUPPORT AT ONE END OF A FLOOR OR ROOF

- EXCELLENT CHANCE OF SURVIVAL 4 PERSONS BELOW NEAR THE REMAINING WALL

- SMALLEST CHANCE OF SURVIVAL FOR PERSONS ON LOWER FLOOR IN VICINITY OF FAILED WALL

- EXTREMELY DANGEROUS AND MUST BE SECURED EARLY

39

FIRE FIGHTING PROCEDURES - COLLAPSE OPERATIONS
RESCUE OPERATIONAL PLAN


DESCRIBE V-SHAPED VOIDS:

- FLOOR FAILS IN THE MIDDLE

- TWO VOIDS ON SIDES OF DEBRIS

- VICTIMS ON COLLAPSING FLOOR NOT IN VICINITY OF COLLAPSE WILL BE TRHOWN TO CENTER

- VICTIMS DIRECTLY BELOW COLLAPSE LEAST CHANCE OF SURVIVAL, VICTIMS ON PERIMETER GREATEST CHANCE OF SURVIVAL

40

FIRE FIGHTING PROCEDURES - COLLAPSE OPERATIONS
RESCUE OPERATIONAL PLAN

DESCRIBE PANCAKE COLLAPSE:

- FLOORS OF THE STRUCTURE FALL IN LAYERS

- NUMEROUS RESCUES HAVE BEEN MADE

- OFTEN SIMPLER LOCATING VICTIMS BECAUSE FLOORS MAINTAIN PHYSICAL ASPECTS, VICTIMS NOT AS LIKELY TO BE THROWN

41

FIRE FIGHTING PROCEDURES - COLLAPSE OPERATIONS
RESCUE OPERATIONAL PLAN


DESCRIBE INDIVIDUAL VOIDS:

- MAY BE FOUND IN ANY TYPE OF COLLAPSE

- SPACES FORMED BY STRONG OBJECTS THAT PREVENT COLLAPSE INTO THAT PARTICULAR SECTION

- DIFFICULT TO LOCATE, OCCUR AT RANDOM

42

FIRE FIGHTING PROCEDURES - COLLAPSE OPERATIONS
RESCUE OPERATIONAL PLAN


WHAT CAN BE ATTACHED TO A TRAPPED VICTIM?

SEARCH ROPE ATTACHED TO PERSON TO LEAD OTHER RESCUERS DIRECTLY TO HIM

43

FIRE FIGHTING PROCEDURES - COLLAPSE OPERATIONS
RESCUE OPERATIONAL PLAN


TRUE/FALSE

TRAPPED VICTIMS SHOULD BE PROVIDED A SPARE SCBA OR THE FAST-PAK

TRUE

++FAST-PAK OTHER THAN FAST-TRUCKS++

44

FIRE FIGHTING PROCEDURES - COLLAPSE OPERATIONS
RESCUE OPERATIONAL PLAN


BEFORE ENTERING A VOID, WHAT 3 THINGS MUST BE MONITORED?

- FLAMMABLE GASES

- OXYGEN CONTENT

- CARBON MONOXIDE

45

FIRE FIGHTING PROCEDURES - COLLAPSE OPERATIONS
RESCUE OPERATIONAL PLAN

TRUE/FALSE

1ST ARRIVING UNITS MAY BE FORCED TO PERFOM SOME EMERGENCY SHORING.

TRUE

++UNITS OTHER THAN RESCUE OR SQUAD SHOULD NOT PERFORM ANY CUTTING OF LOAD BEARING ELEMENTS++

46

FIRE FIGHTING PROCEDURES - COLLAPSE OPERATIONS
RESCUE OPERATIONAL PLAN

THE FDNY WILL ONLY INSTALL SHORING IN THE FOLLOWING INSTANCES:

- HUMAN LIFE IS IN DANGER

- SHORING WILL PERMIT A BLDG TO REMAIN SAFE TO OCCUPY

- BLDG WITH NO CIVILIAN LIFE HAZARD WILL BE SHORED IF CAN BE DONE SAFELY MINIMAL RISK TO MEMBERS

- IF BUILDING IS TO BE DEMOLISHED ONLY RESTORED TO FACILITATE RESCUE OPERATIONS

47

FIRE FIGHTING PROCEDURES - COLLAPSE OPERATIONS
RESCUE OPERATIONAL PLAN

TRUE/FALSE

ONCE INSTALLED, SHORING WILL NEVER BE REMOVED.

FALSE

ONCE INSTALLED SHORING WILL ONLY BE REMOVED WHEN THE LOAD IS OTHERWISE STABILIZED OR THE SITUATION PERMITS THE SHORES TO BE REMOVED FROM A SAFE AREA

48

FIRE FIGHTING PROCEDURES - COLLAPSE OPERATIONS
RESCUE OPERATIONAL PLAN

WHEN DOES THE SELECTED DEBRIS REMOVAL AND TUNNELING PHASE BEGIN?

- WHEN ALL VOIDS HAVE BEEN SEARCHED AND PEOPLE ARE STILL UNACCOUNTED FOR

49

FIRE FIGHTING PROCEDURES - COLLAPSE OPERATIONS
RESCUE OPERATIONAL PLAN

CAN REGULAR ENGINES AND LADDERS BE DESIGNATED SUPPORT GROUPS TO ASSIST TUNNELING, TRENCHING AND CUTTING THROUGH SUPPORTING MEMBERS BY COLLAPSE TRAINED MEMBERS OF SOC UNITS.

YES

50

FIRE FIGHTING PROCEDURES - COLLAPSE OPERATIONS
RESCUE OPERATIONAL PLAN

IF A VICTIM HAS BEEN PINNED FOR MORE THAN ___ HOUR, A RESCUE PARAMEDIC MUST BE GIVEN ACCESS TO THE PATIENT AS SOON AS THERE IS ACCESS.

1 HOUR

51

FIRE FIGHTING PROCEDURES - COLLAPSE OPERATIONS
RESCUE OPERATIONAL PLAN

WHO MAINTAINS THE DEMOLITION DEBRIS REMOVAL LOG?

- OFFICER RESPONSIBLE FOR DEBRIS EXAMINATION AND REMOVAL

52

At all explosions and major collapses, which units shall ensure the immediate area is monitored for the presence of radiological/chemical agents.

SOC UNITS

53

E23 IS 1ST DUE ENGINE TO A COLLAPSE OF A BUILDING ON JUSTICE AVENUE, THE INCIDENT COMMAND SUSPECTS THIS TO BE AN ACT OF TERRORISM, AS THE OFFICER OF 23 YOU WOULD BE CORRECT IF YOU HAD YOUR MEMBERS STRETCH 2 1/2" HOSELINES IN WHCIH TWO PLACES?

BETWEEN TWO APPARATUS OR OTHER SUBSTANTIAL SHIELDING

++At a suspected terrorist event, 2½” hoselines should be located between two apparatus, or other substantial shielding, to protect personnel from secondary blasts set to injure emergency responders.++

54

E23 E24 E25 TL01 L02 B45
100-02 1st AVE
1st street - 2nd street
**COLLAPSE OF 6 STORY MD**

WHICH ENGINE COMPANY ENSURES THAT A 3 1/2 IS SUPPLIED TO TL01?

E24

Second Arriving Engine

7.3.1 Officer
•Obtain briefing from the IC and/or the first arriving engine company officer.
•Supervise apparatus placement.
•Ensure a 3½” supply line is stretched to the first tower ladder.

55

FOR FIRST DUE NGONE COMPANIES AT THE SCENE OF A COLLAPSE WHICH ENGINE COMPANY WILL NOT PERFORM CFRD DUTIES?

1ST DUE ENGINE

First Arriving Engine Company Members
•Position and operate handlines as ordered.
•Members will remain together as a unit unless otherwise ordered by the IC.

Second Arriving Engine Company Members
•Assist the first engine company with stretching initial handlines and tower ladder supply.
•Members of the second engine company will remain together as a unit unless otherwise ordered by the IC.
•If necessary, members of the second arriving engine company may perform CFR-D duties.

Third and Subsequent Arriving Engines Under the direction of the IC, the third and any subsequent arriving engines will be utilized to perform the following:
•Fire Control.
•Stretching additional lines.
•Augmenting the water supply to first alarm units.
•Perform CFR-D duties.
•Assisting in the removal of lightly buried victims.

56

AT THE SCENE OF A COLLAPSE WHICH UNIT MAY BE SPECIAL CALLED TO ASSIST THE 2ND TRUCK IN SHUTTING DOWN UTILITIES?

HAZ MAT COMPANY 1

57

AT A COLLAPSE WHO CAN REQUEST THE RESPONSE OF A COLLAPSE POD (PORTABLE ON DEMAND STORAGE)?

COMMAND CHIEF

58

AT A COLLAPSE EMERGENCY OEM CAN REQUEST THE RESPONSE OF A FEMA TASK FORCE, HOW LONG DOES IT TAKE FOR THE TASK FORCE TO MOBILIZE?

6 HOURS

59

HOW LONG DOES IT TAKE FOR CRUSH SYNDROME TO OCCUR?

USUALLY 4-6 HRS BUT POSSIBLY LESS THAN AN HOUR

Crush Syndrome is fundamentally based on three criteria:
•Compromised local circulation.
•Involvement of muscle mass.
•Prolonged compression (usually 4-6 hours but possibly less than an hour).

60

TRUE/FALSE

Heavy demolition equipment (cranes, bulldozers, etc.) are used extensively during the Selected Debris Removal stage

FALSE

++Heavy demolition equipment (cranes, bulldozers, etc.) is forbidden during the Selected Debris Removal stage++

61

AT A COLLAPSE, ONCE FDNY DUTIES ARE DONE, WHO WILL TAKE OVER THE OPERATION?

DEPT. OF BUILDINGS

NYS DEPT OF LABOR

When the rescue and removal of all persons involved in the incident, and stabilization of all threats to public safety have been accomplished, the scene becomes the jurisdiction of the Department of Buildings, and/or the New York State Department of Labor (for buildings under construction/demolition.)

62

IN WHAT PHASE OF THE COLLAPSE RESCUE PLAN IS THE VICTIM LOCATION MARKING SYSTEM USED?

RECONNAISSANCE PHASE

++ The Victim Location Marking System assists during the reconnaissance phase of an operation.++

63

TRUE/FALSE

THE VICTIM MARKING SYSTEM IS DYNAMIC & SHOULD BE UPDATED AS NEW VOIDS BECOME AVAILABLE. NEW MARKINGS SHOULD BE MADE AND OLD ONES CROSSED OUT.

TRUE

These markings are dynamic; they should be updated as new voids become accessible. New markings should be made and old markings crossed out.

64

AT A COLLAPSE THE SEARCH ASSESSMENT MARKING SYSTEM CONSISTS OF AN "X" - WHICH WILL BE HOW BIG WHEN COMPLETED?

2'X2'

Consists of a 2'x2' marking that when completed, will form the letter "X" with designated markings in each quadrant.

65

WHAT COLOR PAINT IS USED TO COMPLETE THE "X" OF THE SEARCH ASSESSMENT MARKING SYSTEM?

LIME YELLOW SPRAY PAINT

++It is made using the same lime-yellow colored reflective spray paint currently used to mark vacant buildings.++

66

HOW MANY CANS OF LIME YELLOW REFLECTIVE SPRAY PAINT ARE TO BE CARRIED ON ALL APPARATUS?

2 CANS

++Two cans of lime-yellow colored reflective spray paint are to be carried on all apparatus.++

67

L136 ENTERED A VOID TO SEARCH FOR VICTIMS, PRIOR TO ENTRY L136 USED THE LIME YELLOW REFLECTIVE SPRAY PAINT AND DREW A 2 FT X 2 FT "X" WITH L136 WRITTEN IN THE LEFT QUADRANT, DID THEY OPERATE CORRECTLY?

NO

++The "X" is constructed in two operations. One slash is drawn upon entry into the structure, or a room or hallway inside the structure. The markings are made at the point the unit/team makes entry. Make only one slash; so others realize you are still inside if they need to look for you. A second slash is drawn when the unit exits that area.++

68

WHAT IS PUT IN EACH QUADRANT OF THE SEARCH ASSESMENT MARKING SYSTEM'S "X"?

LEFT - LADDERS (UNIT)
TOP - TIME (EXIT TIME)
RIGHT - RATS (HAZARDS)
BOTTOM - BODIES (NUMBER OF LIVE/EXPIRED VICTIMS)

69

TRUE/FALSE

THE TOP QUADRANT OF THE SEARCH ASSESSMENT MARKING SYSTEM'S "X" IS RESERVED FOR THR TIME A UNIT ENTERS A VOID.

FALSE

The second, crossing slash shall be drawn when all personnel exit from that structure or area. Top Quadrant: The time and date that the company/team personnel left the structure/area.

70

HOW LARGE IS THE "V" IN THE VICTIM LOCATION MARKING SYSTEM?

2 FT IN HEIGHT

++A large "V", (for Victim) approximately 2' in height is painted near the location of a known or potential victim. An arrow may need to be added next to the "V" pointing towards the victim's location if not clearly visible or if not immediately nearby.++

71

USING THE VICTIM LOCATION MARKING SYSTEM AT THE SCENE OF A COLLAPSE, HOW WOULD UNITS KNOW THAT THERE WAS A CONFIRMED VICTIM IN AN AREA?

LARGE V WITH A CIRCLE AROUND IT

++A circle is painted around the "V" when the location of a potential victim has been confirmed, either visually, vocally or by hearing sounds that would indicate a high probability of a victim.++

72

UNITS USING THE VICTIM LOCATION MARKING SYSTEM AT A COLLAPSE CONFIRM THAT A DECEASED VICTIM IS LOCATED IN A VOID, HOW WOULD THE MARK THE OUTSIDE OF THE VOID IN REGARDS TO THE "V"?

LARGE V WITH A CIRCLE DRAWN AROUND IT AND A HORIZONTAL LINE THROUGH IT

++Paint a horizontal line through the middle of the "V" when the victim is confirmed deceased.++

73

A VERTICAL LINE THROUGH THE "V" OF THE VICTIM LOCATION MARKING SYSTEM WOULD MEAN?

VICTIM HAS BEEN REMOVED

++A vertical line is painted through the confirmed victim mark after the victim/s have been removed from the specific location identified by the marking. This marking should not be taken to mean the secondary search is complete, rather it means that all victims that have previously been located have been removed.++

74

L136 IS OPERATING AT A COLLAPSE WHEN THE UNIT COMES ACROSS A LARGE CIRCLED "V" WITH A VERTICAL LINE THROUGH IT. THE OFFICER THAT DAYS TAKES THIS AS A SIGN THAT SECONDARY SEARCHES ARE COMPLETED, DID HE OPERATE CORRECTLY?

NO

++A vertical line is painted through the confirmed victim mark after the victim/s have been removed from the specific location identified by the marking. This marking should not be taken to mean the secondary search is complete, rather it means that all victims that have previously been located have been removed.++

75

Lean-Over Collapse -

Lean-Over Collapse - A type of wood-frame building collapse indicated by the structure slowly starting to tilt or lean over to one side

76

IN WHAT TYPE OF STRUCTURES DOES A LEAN OVER COLLAPSE OCCUR?

WOOD

++Lean-Over Collapse - A type of wood-frame building collapse indicated by the structure slowly starting to tilt or lean over to one side.++

77

Inward/Outward Collapse -

Inward/Outward Collapse - The collapse of an exterior wall that breaks apart horizontally; the top collapses inward back on top of the structure and the bottom collapses outward on to the street. Wood braced-frame constructed buildings collapse this way. Timber truss roof collapse can cause a secondary collapse of a front wall in this manner

78

Curtain-Fall Wall Collapse -

Curtain-Fall Wall Collapse - Exterior masonry wall drops like a falling curtain cut loose at the top; the collapse of a brick veneer, brick cavity or masonry-backed stone wall.

79

Ninety-Degree-Angle Wall Collapse -

Ninety-Degree-Angle Wall Collapse - A type of building wall collapse; the wall falls straight out as a monolithic piece at a 90-degree angle, similar to a falling tree.

80

Pancake Floor Collapse -

Pancake Floor Collapse - The collapse of one floor section down upon the floor below in a flat, pancake-like configuration

81

Lean-To Collapse

Lean-To Collapse - A floor collapse in which one end of the floor beams remain partially supported by the bearing wall and the other end of the floor beams collapse on the floor below or collapses but remains unsupported. Classified as supported or unsupported depending on the position of the collapsed beam ends.

82

Tent Floor Collapse

Tent Floor Collapse - A floor collapse in the shape of a tent; when a floor collapses and an interior partition or wall holds up the center of the fallen floor.

83

V-Shaped Floor Collapse

V-Shaped Floor Collapse - The collapse of a floor at the center of the floor beams; the broken center of the floor section collapses down upon the floor below and both ends of the floor section remain partially supported or rest up against the outer bearing walls.

84

FOR FIRST ARRIVING UNITS AT THE SCENE OF A COLLAPSE WHAT IS THE SINGLE MOST IMPORTANT CONSIDERATION DURING THE INCIDENT?

SAFETY

85

LOOKOUTS ARE EQUIPPED WITH HANDHELD AIR HORNS AS WELL AS H.T. FOR WARNING OF IMPENDING DANGERS. WHICH UNITS CARRY HANDHELD AIR HORNS?

ALL BATTALIONS, DIVISIONS, SOC UNITS AND COLLAPSE RESCUE UNITS

Decks in Undeleted Class (130):