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Flashcards in gold usmle: Diseases Deck (146)
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91

Peutz-Jegher’s Syndrome (AD)

Melanin pigmentation of lips, mouth, hand, genitalia + hamartomatous polyps of small intestine

92

Peyronie’s Disease

Subcutaneous fibrosis of dorsum of penis

93

Pick’s Disease – 2 Different
Diseases -

1. Progressive dementia similar to Alzheimer’s
122. 1. Constrictive pericarditis – sequel to mediastinal tuberculosis
123. Calcium-frosting, unyielding layer – heart chambers may be unable to dilate to receive blood during diastole

94

Plummer’s Syndrome

Hyperthyroidism, nodular goiter, absence of eye signs (Plummer’s = Grave’s - eye signs)

95

Plummer-Vinson

Esophageal webs & iron-deficiency anemia, spoon-shaped nails, ↑ SCCA of esophagus

96

Pompe’s Disease

Type II Glycogenosis – Glycogen storage disease → cardiomegaly (α 1,4 Glucosidase deficiency: ↑ Glycogen)

97

Pott’s Disease

Tuberculous osteomyelitis of the vertebrae

98

Potter’s Complex

Renal agenesis → oligohydramnios → hypoplastic lungs, defects in extremities

99

Raynaud’s

Disease: recurrent vasospasm in extremities = seen in young, healthy women
130. Phenomenon: 2° to underlying disease (SLE or scleroderma)

100

Reiter’s Syndrome

Urethritis, conjunctivitis, arthritis non-infectious (but often follows infections), HLA-B27, polyarticular

101

Reye’s Syndrome

Microvesicular fatty liver change & encephalopathy
133. 2° to aspirin ingestion in children following viral illness, especially VZV

102

Riedel’s Thyroiditis

Idiopathic fibrous replacement of thyroid

103

Rotor Syndrome

Congenital hyperbilirubinemia (conjugated)
136. Similar to Dubin-Johnson, but no discoloration of the liver

104

Sezary Syndrome

Leukemic form of cutaneous T-cell lymphoma (mycosis fungoides)

105

Shaver’s Disease

Aluminum inhalation → lung fibrosis

106

Sheehan’s Syndrome

Postpartum pituitary necrosis = hemorrhage & shock usually occurred during delivery

107

Shy-Drager

Parkinsonism with autonomic dysfunction & orthostatic hypotension

108

Simmond’s Disease

Pituitary cachexia – can occur from either pituitary tumors or Sheehan’s

109

Sipple’s Syndrome

MEN type IIa = pheochromocytoma, thyroid medullary CA, hyperparathyroidism

110

Sjogren’s Syndrome

Triad: dry eyes, dry mouth, arthritis ↑ risk of B-cell lymphoma

111

Spitz Nevus

Juvenile melanoma (always benign)

112

Stein-Leventhal

Polycystic ovary: see amenorrhea; infertility; obesity; hirsutism = ↑↑LH secretion

113

Stevens-Johnson Syndrome

Erythema multiforme, fever, malaise, mucosal ulceration (often 2° to infection = mycoplasma or sulfa drugs)

114

Still’s Disease

Juvenile rheumatoid arthritis (absence of rheumatoid factor)

115

Takayasu’s arteritis

Aortic arch syndrome
149. Loss of carotid, radial or ulnar pulses = pulseless disease. Night sweats.
150. Common in young Asian females

116

Tay-Sachs (AR)

Gangliosidosis (hexosaminidase A deficiency → GM2 ganglioside) Cherry Red Spots of the Macula

117

Tetralogy of Fallot

1.VSD, 2.overriding aorta, 3.pulmonary artery stenosis, 4.right ventricular hypertrophy

118

Tourette’s Syndrome

Involuntary actions, both motor and vocal Txt w/ Pimozide

119

Turcot’s Syndrome

Colon adenomatous polyps plus CNS tumors

120

Turner’s Syndrome

45, XO = most common cause of Primary Amenorrhea. No Barr body on buccal smear.