gold usmle: Diseases Flashcards Preview

neuro > gold usmle: Diseases > Flashcards

Flashcards in gold usmle: Diseases Deck (146)
Loading flashcards...
121

Vincent’s Infection

“Trench mouth” – acute necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis due to Fusobacterium

122

Von Gierke’s Disease

Type I Glycogenosis – Glycogen storage disease (G6Ptase deficiency) – Glycogen accumulaiton

123

Von Hippel-Lindau

Hemangioma (or hemangioblastoma) = cerebellum, brain stem, & retina
159. Adenomas of the viscera, especially ↑ Renal Cell Carcinoma
160. Chromosome 3p

124

Von Recklinghausen’s

Neurofibromatosis & café au lait spots & Lisch nodules (Chromosome 17)

125

Von Recklinghausen’s Disease of Bone

Osteitis fibrosa cystica (“brown tumor”) 2° to hyperparathyroidism = osteoclastic resorption w/
163. fibrous replacement

126

Von Willebrand’s Disease (AD)

Defect in platelet adhesion 2° to deficiency in vWF. ↑aPPT, ↑ Bleed time

127

Waldenstrom’s macroglobinemia

Proliferation of IgM-producing lymphoid cells in men 50-70 yoa; PAS(+) Dutcher bodies

128

Wallenberg’s Syndrome

Posterior Inferior Cerebellar Artery (PICA) thrombosis “Medullary Syndrome”
167. Ipsilateral: ataxia, facial pain & temp; Contralateral: body pain & temp

129

Waterhouse-Friderichsen

Adrenal insufficiency 2° to DIC
169. DIC 2° to meningiococcemia

130

Weber’s Syndrome

Paramedian Infarct of Midbrain
171. Ipsilateral: mydriasis; Contralateral: UMN paralysis (lower face & body)

131

Wegener’s Granulomatosis

Necrotizing granulomatous vasculitis of paranasal sinuses, lungs, kidneys, etc.

132

Weil’s Disease

173. Icteric Leptospirosis non-icteric prgresses to renal failure & myocarditis
174. Dark field microscopy for dx

133

Wermer’s Syndrome

175. MEN type I = thyroid, parathyroid, adrenal cortex, pancreatic islets, pituitary

134

Wernicke’s Aphasia

Sensory Aphasia impaired comprehension

135

Wernicke-Korsakoff Syndrome

Thiamine deficiency in alcoholics; bilateral mamillary bodies (mediodorsal nucleua) (confusion, ataxia,
ophthalmoplegia)

136

Whipple’s Disease

Malabsorption syndrome (with bacteria-laden macrophages) & polyarthritis

137

Wilson’s Disease

Hepatolenticular degeneration (copper accumulation [Txt w/ Penicillamine ] & decrease in ceruloplasmin)
180. Mallory Bodies in the Liver & also w/ alcoholic hepatitis & Hyaline change
181. Chromosome 13

138

Wiskott-Aldrich Syndrome

Immunodeficiency: combined B- &T-cell deficiency (thrombocytopenia & eczema)
183. ↓ IgM w/ ↑ IgA

139

Wolff-Chaikoff Effect

High iodine level (−)’s thyroid hormone synthesis

140

Zenker’s Diverticulum

Esophageal; cricopharyngeal muscles above UES

141

Zollinger-Ellison

Gastrin-secreting tumor of pancreas (or intestine) → ↑ acid → recurrent ulcers

142

Roger’s Disease

Interventricular septal defect

143

Barlow’s Syndrome

Floppy vale syndrome – women b/t 20-40 yoa

144

Bracht-Wachter Lesions

Minute abscesses found in subacute bacterial endocarditis

145

Lutembacher’s Syndrome

Combination of septum secundum atrial septal defect w/ mitral stenosis

146

Schmidt’s Syndrome

Autoimmnue thyroid Disease (Hashimoto’s ) & insulin-dependent diabetes