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Flashcards in gold usmle: Hallmark Findings Deck (154)
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61

Lisch Nodules

Neurofibromatosis (von Recklinhausen’s disease) = pigmented iris hamartomas

NF I

62

Lumpy-Bumpy IF Glomeruli

Poststreptococcal glomerulonephritis – prototype of nephritic syndrome

63

Mallory Bodies

Alcoholic hepatitis

64

McBurney’s Sign

Appendicitis (McBurney’s Point is 2/3 of the way from the umbilicus to anterior superior iliac spine)

65

Michealis-Gutmann Bodies

Malakoplakia lesion on bladder due to macros & calcospherites (M-G Bodies): usually due to E. Coli

66

Monoclonal Antibody Spike

Multiple myeloma this is called the M protein (usually IgG or IgA)
268. MGUS

67

Myxedema

Hypothyroidism

68

Negri Bodies

Rabies

Intracytoplasmic

69

Neuritic Plaques

Alzheimer’s

70

Neurofibrillary Tangles

Alzheimer’s

Hyper phosphorylated Tau

71

Non-pitting Edema

Myxedema
274. Anthrax Toxin

72

Notching of Ribs

Coarctation of Aorta

73

Nutmeg Liver

CHF = causing congested liver

74

Owls Eye Cells

CMV
278. Reed Sternburg Cells (Hodkins Lymphoma)
279. Aschoff cells seen w/ Rheumatic Fever

75

Painless Jaundice

Pancreatic CA (head)

76

Pannus

Rheumatoid arthritis, also see morning stiffnes that ↓ w/ joint use, HLA-DR4

77

Pautrier’s Microabscesses

Mycosis fungoides (cutaneous T-cell lymphoma), Sezary

78

Philadelphia Chromosome

CML

9:22?

79

Pick Bodies

Pick’s Disease

Frontotemporal "Knife-edge" degeneration

80

2 types of COPD

Pink Puffer – Type A: Emphysema
286. Blue Bloater – Type B: Bronchitis
287. Emphysema Centroacinar – smoking Panacinar - α1-antitrypsin deficiency

81

Podagra

Gout (MP joint of hallux)

82

Port-Wine Stain

Hemangioma

83

Posterior Anterior Drawer Sign

Tearing of the ACL

84

Psammoma Bodies

291. Papillary adenocarcinoma of the thyroid
292. Serous papillary cystadenocarcinoma of the ovary
293. Meningioma
294. Mesothelioma

85

Pseudohypertrophy

Seen w/ Duchenne muscular dystrophy @ the claf muscles, due to ↑ fat

86

Punched-Out Bone Lesions

Multiple myeloma

87

Rash on Palms & Soles

2° Syphilis
298. RMSF
299. Coxsackie virus infection: Hand-Foot-Mouth Disease

88

Red Morning Urine

Paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria. You would use Ham’s test to confirm.

89

Reed-Sternberg Cells

Hodgkin’s Disease

90

Reid Index Increased

Chronic bronchitis = ↑d ratio of bronchial gland to bronchial wall thickness