gold usmle: Hallmark Findings Flashcards Preview

neuro > gold usmle: Hallmark Findings > Flashcards

Flashcards in gold usmle: Hallmark Findings Deck (154)
Loading flashcards...
121

“Signet Ring” Cells

Cells that replace the ovaries, due to Krukenberg’s tumor that has metastasized from the
stomach

122

Ground Glass Appearance (Hyaline)

Seen w/ Progressive Multifocal Leukoencephalopathy oligodendrocytes
349. Nuclei seen in Papillary CA of the thyroid (malignant)

123

Congo Red

Shows amyloid deposition in plaques & vascular walls

124

Meningiomas & Progesterone

Some meningiomas have Progesterone receptors = rapid growth in pregnancy can occur

125

Tuberous Sclerosis Triad

Seizures; Mental retardation; Leukoderma (congenital facial white spots or macules):
angiofibromas

126

Cowdry A Inclusions

Seen w/ Herpes Simplex Encephalitis – in oligodendroglia

Intranuclear

127

Devic’s Syndrome

“Neuromyelitis Optica”
355. A variant of multiple sclerosis: rapid demyelination of the optic nerve & spinal cord w/ paraplegia

128

c-erb B2

Breast Cancer association

129

Foster-Kennedy Syndrome

A tumor causing blindness & loss of smell w/ papilloedema

130

Hoffman’s Sign

Flicking of the middle finger’s nail

131

Red Nucleus Destruction

Intention tremors of the arm

132

Ventral Spinocerebellar tr.

Unconscious proprioception of lower extremities

133

Dorsal Spinocerebellar tr.

Unconscious prorpioception & fine motor movements

134

Cuneocerebellar tr.

Unconscious proprioception & fine motor movements of upper extremities

135

Dorsal Column

Conscious proprioception of the body

136

Lateral Spinothalamic tr.

Pain & Temperature sensation

137

Ventral Spinothalamic tr.

Light touch perception

138

SVA

Taste & Smell

139

GSE

Muscles of the eye & of the tongue

140

SSA

Vision; Hearing; Equilibrium

141

GVA

Sensation of tongue; soft palate. Carotid Body & Sinus innervation

142

GVE

Edinger Westphal = parasympathetic eye innervation
371. Gland innervation = secretions
Page 9
372. Viscera

143

GSA

Pain & temperature of face
374. Sensation of external ear

144

SVE

Innervation of muscles of masticaiton, facial expressions, larynx & pharynx

145

LMN Lesion

Werndig Hoffman (progressive infantile muscular atrophy)
377. Poliomyelitis

146

Sensory Pathway Lesion

Subacute Combined Degeneration = Friedrich’s Ataxia = B12 deficiency
379. Tabes Dorsalis (Neurosyphilis)

147

Both UMN & LMN Lesion

ALS = Lou Gherig’s Disease

148

Both Sensory & Motor Lesion

Brown Sequard
382. Anterior Spinal artery Occlusion

149

Suprachiasmatic Nucleus

Controls circadian rhythm

150

Ventromedial Nucleus

Satiety center. Savage behavior & obesity when lesioned