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Flashcards in gold usmle: Most Common Deck (191)
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31

CA of urinary collecting
system

Transitional cell CA (assoc. w/ benzidine; βnaphthylamine; analine dyes; long term txt w/
cyclophosphamide)

32

Cardiac 1ry Tumor – Adults

Myxoma: “Ball Valve”

33

Cardiac 1ry Tumor – Child

Rhabdomyoma – associated w/ Tuberous sclerosis

34

Cardiac Tumor – Adults

Metasteses

35

Cardiomyopathy

Dilated (Congestive) Cardiomyopathy: Alcohol, BeriBeri, Cocaine use, Coxsackie B, Doxorubicin
424. Systolic Dysfunction

36

Cause of 2ry HTN

Renal Disease

37

Cause of Addison’s

Autoimmune (2nd – infection)

38

Cause of breast lumps

CA of the breast

39

Cause of chronic
endometriosis

TB

40

Cause of Congenital Adrenal
Hyperplasia

21-Hydroxylase Deficiency: NaCl lost & Hypotension (then, 11- NaCl retention & HTN)

41

Cause of Cushings

Exogenous Steroid Therapy (then, 1ry ACTH, Adrenal Adenoma, Ectopic ACTH)

42

Cause of Death in Alzheimer
pts

Pneumonia

43

Cause of Death in Diabetics

MI

44

Cause of Death in premature

NRDS = hyaline membrane disease

45

Cause of Death in SLE pts.

Lupus Nephropathy Type IV (Diffuse Proliferative) = Renal Disease

46

Cause of Dementia

Alzheimer’s

47

Cause of Dementia (2nd most
common)

Multi-Infarct Dementia

48

Cause of Dwarfism

Achondroplasia

49

Cause of Food poisoning

Staph aureus

50

Cause of Hematosalpynga

Ectopic pregnancy

51

Cause of Hypoparathyroidism

Throidectomy

52

Cause of Hypothyroidism

Corrective surgery I31 treatment

53

Cause of Kidney infections

E. coli

54

Cause of Liver disease in US

Alcohol consumption

55

Cause of Malignancy in
children

Acute leukemia

56

Cause of Mental retardation

Down’s

57

Cause of Mental retardation
(2nd most common)

Fragile X

58

Cause of NaCl loss and
Hypotension

21 hydroxylase deficiency

59

Cause of PID

N. ghonorrhea

60

Cause of Portal cirrhosis

Alcohol