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Flashcards in gold usmle: Most Common Deck (191)
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61

Cause of Preventable
Blindness

Chlamydia (serotypes A,B,Ba,C)

62

Cause of Pulmonary HTN

COPD

63

Cause of Secondary
Hypertension

Renal disease

64

Cause of SIADH

Small Cell Carcinoma of the Lung

65

Cause of UT Obstruction in
men

BPHyperplasia

66

Cause Pernicious Anemia

Chronic atrophic gastritis = no production of intrinsic factor

67

Chromosomal Disorder

Down’s

68

Common Tumor of the
Appendix

Carcinoid tumor: flushing; diarrhea; bronchospasm; RHeart valvular lesions
458. Txt: Methysergide (5HT antagonist)

69

Congenital Cardiac Anomaly

VSD (membranous > muscular)

70

Congenital Early Cyanosis

Tetralogy of Fallot =right to left shunt

71

Coronary Artery Thrombosis

LAD artery: MI

72

Demyelinating Disease

Multiple Sclerosis: (Charcot Triad = nystagmus, intention tremor, scanning speech)
463. Periventricular plaques w/ ↓ Oligodenrocytes
464. ↑ IgG in CSF, Optic Neuritis, MLF Syndorme = Internuclear Ophthalmoplegia, bladder incontinence

73

Dental Tumor

Odontoma

74

Dietary Deficiency

Iron

75

Disease of the Breast

Fibrocystic disease

76

Disseminated Opportunistic
Infection in AIDS

CMV (Pneumocystis carinii is most common overall)

77

Esophageal Cancer

SCCA

78

Fallopian Tube Malignancy

AdenoCA

79

Fatal Genetic Defect in
Caucasians

Cystic Fibrosis (chromosome 7q)

80

Female Tumor

Leimyoma

81

Form of Amyloidosis

Immunologic (Bence Jones protein in multiple myeloma is also called the Amyloid Light Chain)

82

Form of Tularemia

Ulceroglandular

83

Germ Cell Tumor of Testes

Seminoma (analogous to dysgerminoma of ovaries)

84

Gynecological Malignancy

Endometrial Carcinoma

85

Gynecological Finding

Endometrial CA

86

Heart Murmur

Mitral Valve Prolapse

87

Heart Valve in Bacterial
Endocarditis

Mitral

88

Heart Valve in Bacterial
Endocarditis in IV drug users

Tricuspid

89

Heart Valve involved in
Rheumatic Fever

Mitral then Aortic

90

Hereditary Bleeding Disorder

Von Willebrand’s Disease