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Flashcards in JAALAS Vol 50 No 3 KD Deck (43)
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1. What is the genus/species of the Syrian hamster?

1. Mesocricetus auratus


2. How does the Siberian hamster differ from the Syrian hamster physiologically

Siberian is half the size, has furred feet, has coat color change to white in the winter/dark in the summer and has large litters year round


3. What is one non-renal cause of the elevated BUN in the males that the authors listed as possible, but did not find any evidence of?

Gastrointestinal bleeding


Pelosi et al. Cardiac Tissue Doppler and Tissue Velocity Imaging in Anesthetized New Zealand White Rabbits.Can the values from this study be used as reference values to improve characterization of cardiac disease in New Zealand rabbits?



What do the acronyms TDI and TV stand for?

TDI = Tissue Doppler Imaging
TV+ Tissue Velocity Imaging


T/F. Echocardiographic parameters are not affected by body weight

This paper suggest that M-mode measurements may be dependent on body size.


Hamir. Spontaneous Lesions in Aged Captive RaccoonsThe most frequent lesions in the Raccoons examined in this study were present in
a. Brain, Heart, Liver
b. Brain, Heart, Uterus
c. Heart, Uterus, Liver
d. Uterus, Spleen, Liver

b. Brain, Heart, Uterus


What stain is used for detection of Iron in tissues?
a. Congo Red
b. H & E
c. Pearl Prussian Blue
d. Masson Trichrome

c. Pearl Prussian Blue


Which of the following lesions reported in this study has never been previously documented in Raccoons?
a. Inflammatory cell infiltrates in choroid plexus
b. Lymphocytic gastritis with bacteria
c. Lafora bodies in brain
d. All the above
e. None of the above

d. All of the above


True or False. Lafora bodies have been previously documented in dogs and few other domestic animals.



True or False. Islet cell amyloidosis previously documented in aged captive Raccoons animals was a common finding in this study also.



True or False. Life expectancy of free ranging raccoons can exceed 10 years



Dauchy et al. Eliminating Animal Facility Light-at-Night Contamination and Its Effect on Circadian Regulation of Rodent Physiology, etc.

There were no questions provided with this summary


Metcalfe Pate et al. Effect of Sampling Strategy on the Detection of Fur Mites within a Naturally Infested Colony of Mice1. True or False. The sensitivity of the fur pluck technique for detecting Mycoptes sp. is decreased when the mouse cage density is low



2. True or False. The fur pluck technique is superior to the sticky paper technique for the detection of Mycoptes musculinus in the mouse.



3. What is the length of the life cycle for Mycoptes musculinus and Myobia musculi?

3. Mycoptes musculinus 8-14 days; Myobia musculi 23 days


Struck et al. Effect of a Short-term Fast on Ketamine-Xylazine Anesthesia in Rats,1. Select the following true statement about a drug’s hepatic extraction ratio:
a. A drug with a hepatic extraction ratio of close to 1 means that hepatic blood flow has little to no effect on clearance of the drug
b. A drug with a hepatic extraction ratio of close to 1 means that drug clearance is related to and highly dependent on hepatic blood flow
c. Hepatic extraction ratio has nothing to do with hepatic drug clearance.
d. None of the above

b. A drug with a hepatic extraction of close to 1 means that drug clearance is related to and highly dependent on hepatic blood flow.


Sloan et al. High Doses of Ketamine-Xylazine Anesthesia Reduce Cardiac Ischemia-Reperfusion Injury in Guinea Pigs1. Why are volatile gas anesthetics contra-indicated for ischemia-reperfusion studies?

Volatile anesthestics can protect tissues from ischemia reperfusion injury


Analgesic Effects of Meloxicam, Morphine Sulfate, Flunixin Meglumine, and Xylazine Hydrochloride in African-Clawed FrogsFor the acetic acid test, what substance provided the most increase in nocioceptive threshold in Xenopus laevis

Flunixin meglumine at 25 mg/kg


The AAT and Hargreaves tests both measure response to what type of stimuli?
a. Visceral pain
b. Cutaneous stimulation of afferent fibers

b. Cutaneous stimulation of afferent fibers


Describe the Hargreaves apparatus.

The Hargreaves apparatus is used to measure thermal nociceptive threshold. It consists of a glass chamber though which a radiant heat source is focused on an area. In this case, frogs were placed in the chamber, and an infrared intensity was focused on the inner thigh. The time from activation of the thermal stimulus to withdrawal response was recorded as the thermal nociceptive threshold


Intestinal Resection and Anastomosis in Neonatal Gnotobiotic PigletsSurgical intestinal resection may be a useful tool for studies in?
a. Metabolism
b. Intestinal microbiology
c. Immunity
d. All of the above

d. All of the above


Which of these would be considered artiodactyl species?
a. Sheep
b. Pig
c. Horse
d. a and b

d. Sheep and Pig are artiodactyl


What portion of the small intestine in swine contains continuous Peyer patches?
a. Ileum
b. Jejunum
c. Duodenum
d. b and c

a. ileum


What is the normal gestation of a pig?
a. 90-91 days
b. 110-111 days
c. 114-115 days
d. 120-122 days

c. 114-115 days


. Performance and Longevity of a Novel Intraosseous Device in a GoatWhat is the common name for a female goat?
a. Buck
b. Doe
c. Jill
d. Kid
e. Ki

b. Doe is a female goat


True or False. The intraosseous device may be placed without local anesthetic.



Effects of Aging and Blood Contamination on the Urinary Protein-Creatinine Ratio in Captive ChimpanzeesIn human medicine, collection of urine for urine:protein creatinine clearance is traditionally done over a period of how many hours

24 hours


Name the genus and species of the chimpanzee?

Pan troglodytes


What 2 factors impacted the UPC ratio?
a. Age and gender
b. Age and blood contamination
c. Blood contamination and gender
d. Hepatitis infection status and gender

b. Age and blood contamination