JAALAS 2012 No. 3 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in JAALAS 2012 No. 3 Deck (34)
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1

The 2011 Guide recommends that rabbit cages be a minimum of ____ inches in height.
a. 12
b. 14
c. 16
d. 24

C

2

Phase in period for significant equipment replacement is until__
a. September 2014
b. July 2014
c. September 2015
d. July 2015

A

3

According to the 2011 Guide, performance based standards need to be reviewed at minimum how frequently by the oversight body?
a. Every 6 months or during the program review
b. At minimum every year
c. At minimum every 3 years
d. No set monitoring time frame is stated.

D

4

All animals owned by the accreditable unit are to be reported in the Program Description. T or F

True

5

The Guide, Ag Guide, and ETS 123 differ significantly in their recommendations for cage and pen space. T or F

True

6

Which is the current adopted edition of the Ag Guide?
a. Second edition
b. Sixth edition
c. Ninth edition
d. First edition
e. Third edition

E

7

True or False? The full name of the current “Ag Guide” is, Guide for the care and Use of Agricultural Animals in Research and Training?.

False. Guide for the care and Use of Animals in Research and Training.

8

True or False? The Ag Guide should be used solely by institutions with agricultural animals in caring for and using these animals in ways judged to be scientifically, technically and humanely appropriate.

False. It should be used in concert with other primary standard guides.

9

The Inspection Requirements Handbook includes 2 additional sections. True or false

True

10

The inspections of research facilities are conducted by the Veterinary Medical Officer (VMO) working under one of the Animal Care Regional Supervisors. True or false

True

11

The 2008 amendment to the AWA increased the maximal fine for violations of the AWA from $2500 to $8,000.

False

12

What is the Freedom of Information Act’s intent?

The FOIA’s intent is to promote open government and allow for holding government officials accountable for decisions which are made

13

When was the FOIA enacted?

1966

14

How many exemptions does the FOIA have, and which are most pertinent to the protection of sensitive personal information in biomedical research?

9 exemptions. Exemption #4, #6, #7 are the exemptions used most frequently to prevent personal/sensitive information from being disclosed

15

A few abbreviations are used in this article. Define: FELASA, ECLAM, ESLAV

Federation of European Laboratory Animal Science Associations; European College of Laboratory Animal Medicine; European Society of Laboratory Animal Veterinarians

16

Where can you find FELASA guidelines and reports?

Most are submitted for publication in the FELASA journal Laboratory Animals Limited; when the report cannot be published, they are made available on the FELASA and Laboratory Animals Limited websites

17

True or False: FELASA represents government organizations, therefore the reports produced by FELASA are regulatory in nature.

False

18

1. What is an adequate ethical justification for which the Guide would waive prohibition on multiple major surgeries on the same animal?
a. Cost of multiple animals
b. Conserving members of a rare species
c. Research budget restrictions

B

19

2. The difference between a performance standard and an engineering standard is that the former will state requirements in terms of results but will not sate which methods need to be used to achieve the goal, when instead the latter will set also the methods to achieve it.
a. True
b. False

A

20

3. In the Guide the jurisdictional standard for veterinarians is clearly defined in the case of emergency veterinary care. Chose the more appropriate statement that defines such standard:
a. The veterinarian must have the authority delegated by senior administration to treat an animal in need even when the investigator is not available
b. The veterinarian should have authority to treat animals in need only when the investigator has been consulted by the IACUC
c. The Institutional Official must have the authority to treat animals without consultation of the attending veterinarian

A

21

Why should sick aquatic animals be moved to different housing for antibiotic treatment?

Antibiotics in the system are detrimental to nitrifying bacteria and can have negative effects on water quality and colony health.

22

What is the first thing to assess when abnormalities are noted in aquatic/semiaquatic species:
a. Photoperiod length
b. Contamination of the commercial feed
c. Sentinels
d. Water quality

D

23

1. The primary point of contact for the entity with the CDC and APHIS is called the:
a. Institutional Official
b. Responsible Official
c. Accountable Official
d. Executive Official

B

24

2. The Security Risk Assessment to ensure that restricted persons do not gain access to the agents and toxins is conducted via the:
a. CIA
b. USDA
c. CDC
d. FBI

D

25

1. T/F Nonsocial enrichment programs reduce physiologic indicators of stress in female Sprague- Dawley rats.

False

26

2. Environmental enrichment has been shown to enhance special memory performance following traumatic brain injury in which of the following groups:
a. Female rats
b. Male rats

B

27

3. In Sprague-Dawley female rats, enrichment significantly increased systolic blood pressure responses to:
a. One hour restraint and cage change
b. Handling and odors of male
c. Subcutaneous injection and removal of casemates
d. Transport and subcutaneous injection

C

28

Blood samples collected from the lateral tail vein had ____, in comparison to the jugular vein drawn samples.
a. Higher levels of plasma thrombin-antithrombin complexes
b. Greater hemolysis of erythrocytes
c. Higher levels of plasma hemoglobin
d. All of the above

D

29

C reactive protein is elevated in blood due to inflammation-associated tissue injury, and was found to be ____ in tail samples, indicating ___, than was found in jugular collected samples.
a. Lower, less inflammation of tissue.
b. Higher, potentially more inflammation of tissue
c. The same, no difference in inflammation of tissue

B

30

What 4 criteria did authors state the technique fulfilled, making it a useful refinement of experimental technique?

Anesthesia was not required, able to use the technique for serial collections, ability to acquire a large-volume, high quality sample, and supported the preservation of the health and well being of the animal