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Flashcards in JAALAS 2010 NO 2 KD Deck (51)
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Alworth et al. Diversity in Laboratory Animal Science: Issues and Initiatives, pp. 138-146.1. Which group was established in the United States by the Civil Rights Act of 1964 to enforce the prohibition of employment discrimination upon the basis of race, color, religion, sex, or national origin?

1. The Equal Employment Opportunity Commission


2. What is the “business case” theory of diversity?

2. A. As the workforce becomes more diverse, recruiting from more diverse groups will be necessary to obtain the highest quality employees; B. an increasingly diverse population and more globalized market means a more diverse customer base. A more diverse workforce that matches the market demographics can provide “market intelligence”. C. Because of varied information, perspectives, and cognitive styles, a more diverse workforce has stronger problem-solving and creativity skills than does a less diverse one.


3. The DiVersity Matters initiative was launched by what organization in 2005, and focuses on which 4 areas

3. By the Association of American Veterinary Medical Colleges (AAVMC), focuses on: a) increasing racial and ethnic diversity among students; b) increasing racial and ethnic diversity among faculty; c) creating inclusive learning and working environments in the colleges of veterinary medicine; d) infusing the veterinary curriculum with learning opportunities for cultural competence.


4. In 2003, Supreme Court deliberations in Grutter vs. Bollinger took into consideration what three main research findings regarding diversity in academic institutions?

4. Specific benefits to a diverse learning environment: 1) Students in structurally diverse environments are less likely to self-segregate by race throughout their lifetime, 2) Students report having more positive academic, social, and personal experiences, 3) Students show “the greatest engagement in active thinking processes, growth in intellectual engagement and motivation, and growth in intellectual and academic skills”


5. True/False: One-day training sessions are all that is required for successful implementation of new communication skills and conflict resolution in diverse workplaces.



6. What are the benefits of diversity in the workplace?

6. Improved performance, highest quality employees, “market intelligence”, stronger problem-solving skills.


7. What are the challenges of diversity in the workplace?

7. Heightened level of environmental conflict with potential decrease in overall performance, decreased group cohesiveness, increased absenteeism, and employee turnover.


Patino. pp. 147-154.This statement defines the following term: Similar to trade secrets but may also be defined as closely held knowledge in a given field created by skills or experience.
a. Know-how
b. Trade Secret
c. Creative Commons

a. Know-how


T/F: The patent examination process and its rules are in a constant state of flux.



Seed Funding is defined as:
a. Grant mechanism which allows researchers employed at nonprofit research institutions to apply for grants where the institution has a formal relationship with a small company.
b. Money intended to help launch a startup company and comprise private investors, venture capital investments, or funds from friends or family pulled from savings or mortgages.
c. Money or other forms of consideration that are investments managed by a separate party that often use company growth benchmarks as a condition to receive additional investment funds.

B. Money intended to help launch a startup...


Hickman and Swan.pp. 155-1591. T/F: The modified BCS system described in this paper uses fat deposition over the ribs as an indicator of health

False; lumbar vertebra and pelvic bones are palpated.


2. Heterozygous Han:SPRD rats tend to develop polycystic kidney disease and renal failure between:
a. 4-6 months of age
b. 6-12 months of age
c. 12-18 months of age
d. 18-24 months of age
e. Only the homozygous Han:SPRD rats develop PKD

c. 12- 18 months of age


3. T/F: Female Han:SPRD rats in this study showed more severe disease than male rats.

False; females develped small cysts on the kidneys compared with males


4. T/F: In the modified rat BCS system, a score of 5 is assigned when one can still palpate the pins of the pelvis with firm pressure

False. A score of 5 is assigned when one cannot palpate the pins of the pelvis with firm pressure.


Yamashiro et alpp. 160-166/F Sperm in lactate-free extender had decreased sperm motility and oxygen consumption compared to sperm in both glucose and pyruvate mediums.



How much supplemental lactate enabled increased sperm motility?

32.37 mM lactate


How much supplemental ATP enabled sperm to have higher motility and viability?

1.85 mM ATP


T/F ATP, calcium and cAMP are thought to be important regulators of sperm motility



T/F The authors were able to produce live births from artificial insemination using frozen-thawed sperm.



T/F Ionomycin and dbcAMP concentrations had no effect on the oxygen consumption of sperm.



Kastenmayer et al.Graphiurus spp. were implicated in a 2003 outbreak of:
A. Hantavirus
B. Monkeypox
C. Leptospirosis
D. Mouse parvovirus

B. Monkeypox


Which is an appropriate non-terminal phlebotomy technique in Graphiurus spp.?
A. Mandibular
B. Cardiocentesis
C. Retroorbital
D. Tail vein

A. Mandibular


According to this article, the most palatable food item offered was:
A. Cottage cheese
B. Hard-boiled eggs
C. Wax worm larvae
D. Tofu

C. Wax worm Larva


True or false: The most common injury observed in this study was fight wounds, especially in harem breeding cages



Rosenbaum pp 177-183What is the recommended temperature range for mice and rats in the
a. 61-72°F
b. 64-79°F
c. 64-84°F
d. There is no recommended range

b. 64-79


This study showed which relationship between room and cage levels
of ammonia and temperature:
a. Ammonia levels were detectable in the cages only after 12 days; all temperatures in the room were higher than in the cages.
b. Ammonia levels were detectable in the room only after 12 days; all temperatures in the cages were higher than in the cages
c. Ammonia levels were detectable in the cages only after 12 days; all temperatures in the cages were higher than in the room.
d. Ammonia levels and temperature did not differ between the cages and the room

c. Ammonia levels were detectable in the cages only after 12 days; all temperatures in the cages were higher than in the room.


T/F: The most important risk factors for allergenic exposure to personnel are the actual levels of particle exposure and the controls in place to reduce the transfer of particles into the worker’s breathing zone



Whiteside; pp. 184-1891) Which bedding type is preferable for studies involving endotoxin?
a. Corncob
b. Corncob-paper mix
c. Hardwood
d. Paper

d. Paper--paper bedding contained significantly lower levels of coliform and significantly lower levels of of endotoxin than other bedding types.


2) Short answer – Why were (1,3)-β-D-glucans (i.e. β-1,3-glucans) blocked to perform secondary testing on endotoxin levels of the bedding?

2) When found in sufficient amounts in a sample, (1,3)-β-D-glucans (found in the cell walls of fungi, yeasts, algae, some bacteria, and plants) may act synergistically with endotoxin, falsely elevating or enhancing endotoxin levels


3) Short answer - Why was preprocessed hardwood analyzed?

3) Preprocessed samples of hardwood bedding were also analyzed due to very low coliform counts and high endotoxin content of processed bedding.