Flashcards in JAALAS 2010 No. 5 KD Deck (47)
Schuler et al. Measurement of Fetal Biparietal Diameter in Owl Monkeys .What is the genus and species or the owl monkey?
Which of the following harbor cercopithicine herpesvirus 1?
a. Pan troglodytes
b. Macaca fascicularis
c. Aotus nancymaae
d. Saguinus Oedipus
b. Macaca fascicularis
What is the gestation of the owl monkey?
a. 143-146 days
b. 60-63 days
c. 132-135 days
d. 152-155 days
c. 132-135 days
Arbona et al. Treatment and Eradication of Murine Fur Mites.What is the most common genus/species of fur mite in murine colonies
Myobia musculi and Myoptes musculinus
From what class of drugs does ivermectin belong?
What route(s) can ivermectin be administered
PO, SC, topical
Bennett et al. Multidimensional Cost-Benefit Analysis to Guide Evidence-Based Environmental Enrichment.1. How can bedding promote species specific behavior in NHPs?
Bedding helps promote foraging and provides a natural substrate for animals than bare pens provide. Also, reduces aggression, over grooming, and other abnormal behaviors.
2. What are the major cost categories that should be considered when conducting a cost benefit analysis of environmental enrichment programs?
Cost categories should include: labor, materials, supplies and facilities maintenance costs.
Pavek et al. Operation of an Air Filtration Device Results in Morbidity and Mortality in Growing Chickens (Gallus gallus domesticus
Oxidative damage has been found to result from ____________ exposure to sound levels __________ in numerous species.
A. Acute, 45-85dB
B. Chronic , greater than 85dB
C. Chronic, 45-85 dB
D. None of the above
B. Chronic and greater than 85db
The hearing frequency range of chickens is:
B. 1-5 kHz
D. 0.35-3.15 kHz
Macrovibration aversion and physiologic effects have been shown to occur in fully grown chickens. True or False
Arbona et al. Treatment and Eradication of Murine Fur Mites.1. Which species of fur mites is reported to preferentially inhabit the forehead and cheeks?
2. Which species reportedly prefers the ventral abdomen and inguinal areas?
3. In this study, what percentage of animals tested positive with the pelt examination?
4. True or False: these authors implemented a 3 month post treatment testing moratorium prior to initiating follow up testing.
Tavakkol et al. Resident Bacteria Flora in the Skin of C57BL/6 Mice .Which bacterial genus was the most commonly cultured from the mice SPF C57BL/6 used in this study?
T/F: Culture techniques alone are sufficient for quantifying and identifying the microflora from skin samples.
Which of the following Staphylococcus species was not isolated from the mice in this study?
S. epidermis--the comst predominant on human skin.
Reynolds et al. Noise in a Laboratory Animal Facility .How is it that the noise of a jack hammer, which produces noise of a high decibel level, can be heard by humans but not mice?
Jackhammers prodcue noise of a high decible level but a low frequency; this frequency is low enough and out of the range where a mouse cannot accurately hear it.
What is the hearing range of a mouse in frequency?
What are the OSHA limits for decibel exposure for an employee without hearing protection averaged over an 8 hour work day?
What is the limit of decibel exposure over an 8 hour work day that then requires annual testing/training
Kanthaswamy et al. Population Genetic Statistics from Rhesus Macaques .List ways in which animal populations lose genetic diversity
Founder effect, intergenerational drift, nonrandom mating, genetic bottlenecks
T/F – Macaques of full-Chinese, full-Indian, or hybrid origin may be used interchangeably in all research studies.
False.Macaques of full-Chinese and full-Indian origins can exhibit profound phenotypic differences in physiologic and behavioral traits that are controlled by genetic mechanisms. Inclusion of macaques from different geographic regions or their hybrids in experimental research may confound interpretation of phenotypic differences due to inflation of the genetic contribution to phenotypic variances.
Adamson et al. Assessment of Carprofen and Buprenorphine on Recovery of Mice .What were the factors used to assess the pain score in the mice, and what postural movement indicative of pain was noted in all post surgical groups?
Hair coat, eyes, coordination and posture and overall condition were assessed in the scoring system. The abdominal stretch, and stretch and walk, were commonly noted in all post surgical groups.
What treatment appeared to have the most negative effect on post operative recovery?
d. Combination of buprenorphine and carprofen
What important conclusions were made by the researchers regarding pain management in laboratory animals?
Analgesic choice and the level of pain must be considered to help eliminate negative consequences on post operative recovery. Visual assessments of pain should be used carefully as some analgesics may have side effects that elevate the score. There is a need for further exploration of pain management dosing regimens and drugs in laboratory species.
Bourque et al. Comparison of Buprenorphine and Meloxicam for Postsurgical Analgesia in Rats.Which of the following is not an adverse effect reported with use of buprenorphine in rodents?
a. Rebound hyperalgesia
b. Variability in potency between sexes
c. Variability in potency between strains
d. Anorexia and/or pica
e. Renal toxicity
e. Renal toxicity
Which of the following statements is not supported in this study comparing post-operative use of buprenorphine and meloxicam in rats?
a. Meloxicam causes less reduction in body weight than buprenorphine
b. Meloxicam causes less reduction in food consumption than buprenorphine
c. Meloxicam causes less reduction in locomotor activity than buprenorphine
d. Meloxicam has less stimulatory effect on daytime heart rate measurements than buprenorphine
e. Meloxicam has less stimulatory effect on nighttime mean arterial pressure than buprenorphine
d. Melsoxicam has less stimulatory effect on daytime heart rate measurements than buprenorphine.