Lecture Exam 3 - Chapter 8 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Lecture Exam 3 - Chapter 8 Deck (102)
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31

_________ - Provide some extra cushioning and fill in empty spaces created when the joint moves

Fat pads

32

_________ – cross over joints

Tendons

33

_________ - Limit movement and provide support

Tendons

34

_________ – fluid filled pockets that contain synovial fluid

Bursae

35

_________ - Reduce friction and act as shock absorbers

Bursae

36

_________ - bursitis

Inflammation

37

Generally, a joint with a lot of _________ is less stable and
joints that are _________ stable allow little movement

-mobility
-very

38

- Four factors affect Stability of a Joint -

_________ – provide stability, but not very effective if they’re the only source of support

Collagen fibers and ligaments

39

- Four factors affect Stability of a Joint -

Shapes of _________ surfaces and _________
--Shoulder vs. hip – acetabulum is very deep compared to the glenoid cavity

-articulating
-menisci

40

- Four factors affect Stability of a Joint -

Presence of other _________, muscles, or _________ around the joint

-bones
-fat pads

41

- Four factors affect Stability of a Joint -

_________ surrounding the joint
– _________ in any given direction may be encouraged or discouraged

-Tendons
-movement

42

Dislocation – also called _________

luxation

43

_________ - Bones are forced out of position – can cause damage to cartilage, ligaments and the joint capsule

luxation

44

Putting a joint back in position is called _________

reduction

45

_________ – partial dislocation

Subluxation

46

_________ joints – two flat surfaces slide along each other, but very little movement occurs

Planar

47

_________ joints
Example: intercarpal joints

Planar

48

_________ joints – permit movement in one plane

Hinge

49

_________ joints –
Example: humerus and ulna

Hinge

50

_________ joints – permit rotation only

Pivot

51

_________ joints –
Example: atlas and axis

Pivot

52

_________ joints – oval articular face sits in a depression on the opposite bone

Ellipsoidal or condyloid

53

_________ joints –
Example: metacarpals and phalanges

Ellipsoidal or condyloid

54

_________ joints – two bones fit together like a rider in a saddle

Saddle

55

_________ joints –
Example: trapezium and first metacarpal

Saddle

56

_________ joints – round head of one bone sits in a depression in the other bone

Ball and socket

57

_________ joints –
-Example: shoulder and hip
--Most mobile joints

Ball and socket

58

- Types of Movement -

_________ – two flat surfaces glide along each other

Gliding

59

- Types of Movement -

_________ -
Example: Carpal bones, tarsal bones, clavicles and sternum

Gliding

60

- Types of Movement -

_________ reduces the angle between 2 bones

Flexion