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Flashcards in Lesson 12 Deck (91)
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1

What is the future tense and how do you form it in French?

The future tense is used to indicate upcoming events or actions. In English, its construction is "will + verb."

Forming the future in French is easy. For most verbs, simply add the following endings to the infinitive: -ai, -as, -a, -ons, -ez, -ont.

2
Translate to French:

You will call me tomorrow, right?

Tu me téléphoneras demain, oui?

Note the second-person singular future tense of téléphoner. Simply take the infinitive and add the appropriate future ending, -as.

3
Translate to French:

Claire will go back to France in six months

Claire retournera en France dans six mois

Note the third-person singular future tense of retourner. Take the infinitive and add the proper ending, -a.

4
Translate to French:

We will eat the eggs

Nous mangerons les oeufs

Note the first-person plural future tense of manger. Simply take the infinitive and add the proper ending, -ons.

5
Translate to French:

I will study tomorrow

J'étudierai demain

Note the first-person singular future tense of étudier. Simply take the infinitive and add the proper ending, -ai.

6
Translate to French:

They will finish their work soon

Ils finiront bientôt leur travail

Note the third-person plural future tense of finir. Simply take the infinitive and add the proper ending, -ont.

7
Translate to French:

No car will work. We need something bigger

Nulle voiture ne marchera. Il nous faut quelque chose de plus grand

not any, no - nul... ne. Note the feminine form of nul to agree with the noun. You could also say Aucune voiture ne va marcher, which is less formal.

8

When conjugating the future tense, are all verb stems derived from the infinitive?

No. Certain commonly used verbs (like avoir, être, aller, faire, pouvoir, venir) have irregular stems for the future tense.

9
Translate to French:

We will go to the park today

Aujourd'hui, on ira au parc

Aller does not use its infinitive as a stem in the future tense. Instead, it uses its irregular stem, ir-.

10
Translate to French:

I will be in France next week

Je serai en France la semaine prochaine

The irregular future stem for être is ser-. The infinitive is not used as the stem.

11
Translate to French:

(formal) You will have your chance

Vous aurez votre chance

The irregular future stem for avoir is aur-. The infinitive is not used as the stem. Also note that chance is a feminine noun.

12
Translate to French:

It will be cold tomorrow

Il fera froid demain

The irregular future stem for faire is fer-. The infinitive is not used as the stem. Recall that faire is used when talking about the weather.

13
Translate to French:

I will have a coffee and a croissant

Je prendrai un café et un croissant

The future stem for prendre is prendr-. It is slightly irregular in that the infinitive is not fully used as the stem: when a verb ends with an "e," the letter is dropped in the future to add the ending. For example, conduire becomes conduir-. All future stems should end with "r."

14
Translate to French:

I will have to sing at the concert

Je devrai chanter au concert

The future stem for devoir is irregular: devr-. The infinitive is not used as its stem.

15
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We will see them in two weeks

Nous les verrons dans deux semaines

The future stem for voir is irregular: verr-. The infinitive is not used as its stem.

16
Translate to French:

You will come with us this afternoon

Tu viendras avec nous cet après-midi

The future stem for venir is irregular: viendr-.

17
Translate to French:

I will send you a message this afternoon

Je t'enverrai un message cet après-midi

The future stem for envoyer is irregular: enverr-. Also note that message is a masculine noun.

18
Translate to French:

It will rain tomorrow

Il pleuvra demain

The future stem for pleuvoir is irregular: pleuvr-.

19
Translate to French:

Tomorrow I will see my former professor

Demain, je verrai mon ancien professeur

old, former - ancien. The feminine form is ancienne. This adjective takes on this meaning when placed before a noun. When placed after a noun, it literally means "old" or "ancient": un prof ancien means "an aged/old professor."

20
Translate to French:

He will give us his old computer

Il nous donnera son ancien ordinateur

a computer - un ordinateur

21
Translate to French:

He surfs the Internet all day

Il surfe sur Internet pendant toute la journée

to surf (the Internet) - surfer (sur). Note that Internet is a masculine noun.

22
Translate to French:

I want to take pictures of the safari with my digital camera

Je veux prendre des photos du safari avec mon appareil photo numérique

a (digital) camera - un appareil photo (numérique). Note the expression prendre des photos, "to take pictures." Also note that "a video camera" is une caméra (vidéo).

23
Translate to French:

I will show you my video camera the day after tomorrow

Je te montrerai ma caméra après-demain

the day after tomorrow - après-demain

24
Translate to French:

I will get angry if you leave

Je me fâcherai si tu pars

Note how the future tense is used with si ("if") clauses. If the condition in the clause is met, the future is employed to describe what will happen.

25
Translate to French:

If you feed them, the rabbits will grow

Si tu les nourris, les lapins se développeront

Note how the future is used to indicate what will happen if the condition in the initial si clause is met.

26
Translate to French:

When he returns, we will speak to him

Quand il rentrera, nous lui parlerons

The future tense is used after certain conjunctions (like quand) when the main verb's action will take place in the future (in other words, when the action has not yet occurred). In English, the present tense is normally used.

27
Translate to French:

You will see him when/as soon as he arrives

Tu le verras lorsqu'il arrivera

The action following the conjunction (lorsque) has not yet occurred, so the following verb is conjugated in the future. In English, the present is used.

28
Translate to French:

We will start as soon as they arrive

Nous commencerons dès qu'ils arriveront

The future is used after dès que when the action of the verb will take place in the future. The present is normally used in English.

29

What is the conditional mood and how do you form it in French?

The conditional indicates actions that are not guaranteed to happen -- they are dependent on conditions. In English, its construction is "would + verb."

The most basic form of the conditional is the present conditional. It is formed by adding the endings -ais, -ais, -ait, -ions, -iez, -aient to the future stem of the verb.

30
Translate to French:

In your position, I would leave

À ta place, je partirais

Note the first-person singular in the present conditional of partir. Simply take the future stem (in this case, the infinitive) of the verb and add the appropriate ending, -ais. Also note the use of the feminine noun place to mean "position" or "situation."