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Flashcards in Lesson 13 Deck (76)
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Translate to French:

The ocean was very beautiful

L'océan était très beau

an ocean - un océan. Recall that "the sea" is la mer.

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The sand seems whiter than usual

Le sable semble être plus blanc que d'habitude

sand - le sable. Note the construction plus... que d'habitude, which means "more... than usual."

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The Alps are the most beautiful mountains in the world

Les Alpes sont les plus belles montagnes du monde

a mountain - une montagne. Montagnes russes, or "Russian mountains," is the French term for "roller coaster."

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Julie decided to climb the hill with her friends

Julie a décidé de monter la colline avec ses amis

a hill - une colline

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The Latin Quarter is found on the Left Bank of the Seine

Le Quartier latin se trouve sur la Rive gauche de la Seine

a river bank - une rive

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We're going to the store. Do you want to go there?

Nous allons au magasin. Tu veux y aller?

The adverbial pronoun y is used to replace a location or prepositional phrase beginning with any preposition other than de. It should not, however, be used to replace a phrase that includes a person (e.g. à mon cousin). These phrases get replaced with indirect object pronouns.

Translate to French:

Paul is reflecting on his new idea. He reflects on it often

Paul réfléchit à sa nouvelle idée. Il y réfléchit souvent

Note how the pronoun y replaces a phrase containing à plus a noun: à sa nouvelle idée.

Translate to French:

Julie likes to go to the market. She goes there on Fridays

Julie aime aller au marché. Elle y va le vendredi

Note how the pronoun y replaces a prepositional phrase meaning "at/to a place": au marché.

Translate to French:

I am in the kitchen. I am there

Je suis dans la cuisine. J'y suis

Here, the pronoun y replaces a phrase beginning with the preposition dans. Recall that to use y, the object of the preposition must be a thing (places included).

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They think about the soccer match. They think about it

Ils pensent au match de foot. Ils y pensent

Here, y replaces a thing following a verb that requires à: au match de foot.

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You respond to your dad. You respond to him

Tu réponds à ton père. Tu lui réponds

Remember that when the object of the preposition is a person, you should use indirect object pronouns.

Translate to French:

He thinks about the story. He thinks about it

Il pense à l'histoire. Il pense à cela/ Il y pense

Recall that penser à does not allow preceding indirect object pronouns. Also recall that when the indirect object is a thing, you can use à + an indefinite demonstrative pronoun (Il pense à cela). Another option is to replace the preposition and indirect object with y (Il y pense).

Translate to French:

I don't want this cake anymore. Do you want some?

Je ne veux plus ce gâteau. Tu en veux?

Note how en is used here not as a preposition, but as a pronoun. The adverbial pronoun en is similar to y, except that it replaces quantities and prepositional phrases beginning with de.

Translate to French:

Did Jean speak about his book? Yes, he spoke about it

Est-ce que Jean a parlé de son livre? Oui, il en a parlé

Note how the pronoun en replaces the phrase de son livre.

Translate to French:

You come from Grenoble. You come from there

Vous venez de Grenoble. Vous en venez

Note how the pronoun en replaces a noun after the preposition de.

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She needs money. She needs it

Elle a besoin d'argent. Elle en a besoin

Note how en is used with an expression followed by de.

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He has some sugar. He has some

Il a du sucre. Il en a

Note how en is used to replace a phrase containing a partitive or indefinite article.

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I had five pencils. I had five of them

J'avais cinq crayons. J'en avais cinq

Note how en can replace phrases of quantity.

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They have too many clothes. They have too many of them

Ils ont trop de vêtements. Ils en ont trop

Note how en replaces a phrase of quantity here.

Translate to French:

I am thinking about Julie. Are you thinking about her?

Je pense à Julie. Penses-tu à elle?

Note that y cannot be used to replace à Julie because this phrase refers to a person. To avoid repetition, Julie can at least be replaced by the disjunctive pronoun elle.

Translate to French:

I see clouds beyond the mountains

Je vois des nuages au-delà des montagnes

beyond - au-delà de. This word can apply both to physical distance and time.

Translate to French:

The book is up there

Le livre est là-haut

up there - là-haut. The prefix là- can be added to adverbs of place. It means "that" or "there." Its opposite is the prefix ci-, which has more uses.

Translate to French:

It was on top of that

C'était là-dessus

on top of that - là-dessus. Note that the opposite of this phrase is là-dessous, "under that."

Translate to French:

He is going to look inside that

Il va regarder là-dedans

inside - dedans. Note how this adverb is used here with the prefix là-. Also note that the opposite of dedans is dehors, "outside."

Translate to French:

You will find the explanation below

Vous trouverez l'explication ci-dessous

The prefix ci- is usually used in the context of written documents. It can be added to adverbs (as in the example), but also to prepositions, past participles, and adjectives. (Ci-joint, for example, means "attached here.") Its opposite is the prefix là-.

Translate to French:

We are going to jump over the barrier. We are going to jump over it

Nous allons sauter par-dessus la barrière. Nous allons sauter par-dessus

over (it) - par-dessus. This construction denotes movement. Note how it does not have to be followed by a noun. Its opposite is par-dessous, "under (it)."

Translate to French:

She always behaved normally with regard to her teachers

Elle se comportait toujours normalement envers ses enseignants

toward, with regard to - envers, à l'égard de. Envers is both a preposition and a noun: as a noun, it means "back(side)" or "other side."

Translate to French:

He was wearing his shirt inside out

Il portait sa chemise à l'envers

inside out, upside down - à l'envers

Translate to French:

I am walking through the forest

Je marche à travers la forêt

through, across - à travers

Translate to French:

My sister is going to France next summer. She comes from China

Ma soeur va en France l'été prochain. Elle vient de Chine

The use of prepositions with geographical names is dependent on the gender and type of the given location. For feminine countries or continents, use en ("to/in") and de/d' ("from"). Most countries that end in "e" are feminine. All the continents are feminine.