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Flashcards in Lesson 9 Deck (129)
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Translate to French:

I won't go to Marc's if you don't want to come with me

Je ne vais pas aller chez Marc si tu ne veux pas venir avec moi

if - si. Si is a common word that is used both as an adverb and a conjunction. It can take on other meanings like "so": elle est si intelligente means "she is so smart." You can also use si as an affirmative response to a negative question.

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He isn't coming? Yes (he is)

Il ne vient pas? Si (il vient)

yes - si. Note how si is used here as an affirmative response to a negative question.

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Can you check if the service is included?

Peux-tu vérifier si le service est compris?

to check - vérifier

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I forgot to buy a new jacket

J'ai oublié d'acheter une nouvelle veste

to forget - oublier. Note how de follows oublier when preceding another verb.

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Maurice's baby hit me!

Le bébé de Maurice m'a frappé!

to hit - frapper

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It hit me straight in the face

Ça m'a frappé en pleine figure

right/straight in the face - en pleine figure


What are impersonal verbs?

Impersonal verbs do not change based on grammatical person. Instead, they are conjugated only in the third-person singular, with the indefinite il. Pleuvoir (to rain) and neiger (to snow) are examples of impersonal verbs. (e.g. A person cannot rain.)

Translate to French:

I sometimes forget to eat

Il m'arrive d'oublier de manger

to be possible, to happen - arriver (impersonal). Note the impersonal use of arriver here: il m'arrive, where the speaker (m') is the indirect object, essentially means "it happens (on occasion) to me."

Translate to French:

One (we) must make dinner / Dinner has to be made

Il faut faire à manger

must, have to, need to - falloir (with infinitive). This is an impersonal verb; it is only conjugated with il. Note the construction il faut + infinitive, which is common. You could also say On doit faire à manger.

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I have to go to school

Il me faut aller à l'école

Note how object pronouns can be used with the impersonal il faut. This construction is rare compared to alternatives like Je dois aller à l'école.

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New York is a huge city

New York est une ville immense

a city - une ville. Note the use of immense to mean "huge." Énorme could also work.

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We have to be at the airport in two hours

Nous devons être à l'aéroport en deux heures

an airport - un aéroport

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I'm late because I just got back from the airport

Je suis en retard car je viens de revenir de l'aéroport

to have just (done something) - venir de + infinitive. This construction is very common and serves to describe a recently completed action.

Translate to French:

Julie just bought an apartment in New York

Julie vient d'acheter un appartement à New York

an apartment - un appartement

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This building has been here for 100 years

Cet immeuble est ici depuis 100 ans

a building - un bâtiment, un immeuble. The former typically applies to buildings of all kinds, while the latter applies to multi-story buildings.

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This skyscraper has 100 floors

Ce gratte-ciel a 100 étages

a skyscraper - un gratte-ciel. This is an invariable noun, which means its plural form doesn't take an "s."

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Is the Paris subway well known?

Le métro parisien est-il bien connu?

the subway - le métro. Note that "to take the subway" is prendre le métro, while "a subway station" is une station de métro.

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He is getting off at the next stop

Il descend au prochain arrêt

a bus/train/subway stop - un arrêt

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We need to buy three tickets

Nous devons acheter trois billets

a ticket (for transportation) - un billet, un ticket. The former is more general -- it also applies to tickets for a show -- but is likely to apply to planes and trains. The latter frequently applies to trams or subways.

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You must keep your ticket until the end of the trip

Il faut garder ton billet jusqu'à la fin du voyage

to keep - garder

Translate to French:

Paul just missed the train

Paul vient de rater le train

to miss - rater. This verb applies typically to modes of transportation. A different verb (manquer) is used more generally: it can mean "to miss" other things (like meetings), "to fail to meet," and "to miss/long for" people.

Translate to French:

She failed her exams

Elle a raté ses examens

to fail (to not pass) - rater. This verb can mean both "to fail" and "to miss." Another verb, échouer, means "to fail" in a broader sense -- "to not succeed." For example, le plan a échoué means "the plan failed."

Translate to French:

There are a lot of cars on the street

Il y a beaucoup de voitures dans la rue

a street - une rue. Note that dans is used to say "on" or "in" the street.

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I don't see the store on this boulevard

Je ne vois pas le magasin sur ce boulevard

a boulevard - un boulevard. Note that sur is used to say "on" or "in" the boulevard.

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They will see us on the avenue in 15 minutes

Ils vont nous voir sur l'avenue dans 15 minutes

an avenue - une avenue. Note that sur is used to say "on" or "in" the avenue.

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Did he already cross the street?

A-t-il déjà traversé la rue?

to cross - traverser, croiser

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This bridge crosses the Seine

Ce pont traverse la Seine

a bridge - un pont

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It will take at least 5 minutes to cross the bridge

Ça va prendre au moins 5 minutes pour traverser le pont

at least - au moins, au minimum. Another possible translation is Le pont met 5 minutes à traverser.

Translate to French:

The park is close to the Hudson River

Le parc est près du fleuve Hudson

a river - une rivière, un fleuve

Translate to French:

I decided to take a taxi

J'ai décidé de prendre un taxi

a cab, a taxi - un taxi. Recall that décider takes the preposition de.