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Flashcards in Lesson 14 Deck (60)
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1

What is the imperative?

The imperative mood (or l'impératif) is primarily used to express commands. It is used for requests, directions, advice, and suggestions.

2

How do you conjugate the imperative?

Each verb has only three conjugations in the imperative. Conjugations are formed by taking the tu, nous, or vous forms of the present tense. Subject pronouns are not used in the imperative.

3
Translate to French:

Let's go to the concert!

Allons au concert!

Note the first-person plural conjugation of aller in the imperative. The subject pronoun nous is not used, and the verb is conjugated just as it is in the present tense.

4
Translate to French:

Do your homework

Fais tes devoirs

Note the second-person singular form of faire in the imperative, which is the same as its second-person singular form in the present.

5
Translate to French:

(to multiple people) Drink some water!

Buvez de l'eau!

Note the second-person plural form of boire in the imperative, which is the same as the second-person plural form in the present tense.

6
Translate to French:

Let's finish our work

Finissons notre travail

Note the first-person plural conjugation of finir in the imperative, which is the same as the first-person plural form in the present tense.

7
Translate to French:

Give the chair to Marie

Donne la chaise à Marie

For -ER verbs in the imperative, the "s" is dropped from the second-person singular form of the present.

8
Translate to French:

Speak!

Parle!

The tu forms of -ER verbs do not take the "s" from their tu forms in the present tense.

9
Translate to French:

Open the box, please

Ouvre la boîte, s'il te plaît

For all verbs that are conjugated like -ER verbs (like ouvrir), the tu form in the present ends in -es, so in the imperative the "s" is deleted.

10
Translate to French:

Talk about it

Parles-en

Before the pronouns en and y, the second-person singular imperative of -ER verbs takes an "s." In other words, the present tense tu form is used.

11
Translate to French:

Go there!

Vas-y!

The tu form of aller in the imperative usually does not have an "s," but it does here before the pronoun y.

12
Translate to French:

Know the truth

Sache la vérité

Note the irregular imperative of savoir. The nous form is sachons, while the vous form is sachez.

13
Translate to French:

(to kids) Be good/well-behaved

Soyez sages

Note the irregular imperative of être. The tu form is sois, while the nous form is soyons.

14
Translate to French:

Have some patience

Aie de la patience

Note the irregular imperative of avoir. The nous form is ayons, while the vous form is ayez.

15
Translate to French:

(formal) Please excuse me

Veuillez m'excuser

The irregular imperative vous form of vouloir, veuillez, is commonly used to politely request something. It can thus be translated as "if you would be so kind (to)," "please," and "would you."

16
Translate to French:

If you would be so kind to sit down

Veuillez vous asseoir

The imperative vous form of vouloir can be either voulez or the irregular veuillez. The tu form can be either veux or veuille. The nous form, voulons, is almost never used. The literal translation here would be "Want to excuse me."

17
Translate to French:

Get up! Let's get up!

Lève-toi! Levons-nous!

For reflexive verbs in the imperative, the reflexive pronoun comes after the verb, joined by a hyphen. The reflexive pronoun te becomes toi in the imperative.

18
Translate to French:

Don't listen!

N'écoute pas!

Note how the basic negative construction ne... pas surrounds the verb in the imperative.

19
Translate to French:

Never talk like that!

Ne parle jamais comme ça!

Note the use of the negative construction ne... jamais with the imperative.

20
Translate to French:

Let's wash ourselves. Let's not wash ourselves

Lavons-nous. Ne nous lavons pas

In the negative imperative of reflexive verbs, the reflexive pronoun (nous in this case) comes before the verb.

21
Translate to French:

You haven't finished your potatoes? Finish them!

Tu n'as pas fini tes pommes de terre? Finis-les!

Object pronouns are placed after affirmative commands, linked to the verb with a hyphen. The affirmative imperative is the only tense for which object pronouns go after the verb.

22
Translate to French:

Give the book to Jean. Give it to Jean

Donne le livre à Jean. Donne-le à Jean

Note how the object pronoun comes after the affirmative command, linked to it by a hyphen.

23
Translate to French:

Adore me!

Adorez-moi!

The object pronouns me and te change to moi and toi after an affirmative command.

24
Translate to French:

Tell me

Dis-moi

Note how the object pronoun me is changed to moi, and comes after the verb, joined to it by a hyphen.

25
Translate to French:

Pass him the fork

Passez-lui la fourchette

Note how the object pronoun lui comes after the verb in the (affirmative) imperative.

26
Translate to French:

(formal) Don't call me when I'm at work

Ne m'appelez pas quand je suis au travail

Recall that the affirmative imperative is the only tense for which object pronouns come after the verb. For negative commands, object pronouns are placed before the verb. Here, m' precedes the verb.

27
Translate to French:

The apple? Don't give it to the baby!

La pomme? Ne la donne pas au bébé!

Note how the object pronoun (la) is placed before the verb, which is in the negative imperative.

28
Translate to French:

Never talk to me like that!

Ne me parle jamais comme ça!

Because the verb is in the negative imperative, the object pronoun comes before the verb.

29
Translate to French:

(formal) Pass me the stapler, please

Passez-moi l'agrafeuse, s'il vous plaît

Note how the imperative is used here to make a request.

30
Translate to French:

Then, turn to the left

Ensuite, tournez sur la gauche

Notice how sur is used with the imperative of tourner to mean "to." Another option would be tournez à gauche -- "turn left."