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Flashcards in Lesson 7 Deck (112)
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Translate to French:

Yesterday I found twenty euros in the living room

Hier j'ai trouvé vingt euros dans le salon

to find - trouver

Translate to French:

Today I met a cool professor

Aujourd'hui j'ai rencontré un professeur sympa

to meet, to run into - rencontrer

Translate to French:

He cannot find a good job

Il ne peut pas trouver un bon emploi

a job - un emploi, un métier. Note that métier applies more to a "career." In conversation, French speakers commonly use an informal term for "job" -- le boulot.

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I'm going to work

Je vais au bureau

(place of) work, the office - le travail, le bureau. Note that un bureau can also refer to "an office (room)" in a house, as well as "a desk."

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What do you do for a living?

Quel métier faites-vous?

What do you do for a living? - Quel métier faites-vous? An alternative would be: Que faites-vous dans la vie?

Translate to French:

How's the weather?

Quel temps fait-il?

How's the weather? - Quel temps fait-il? Literally, this translates to "What weather does it do?" Recall that temps refers to "(the) weather" as well as "time."

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My father is a doctor

Mon père est docteur

a doctor - un docteur, un médecin. Recall that when declaring someone's profession, articles can be omitted. In this case, un is not used.

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I need a lawyer

J'ai besoin d'un avocat

a lawyer - un avocat

Translate to French:

The most famous businessman is Donald Trump

L'homme d'affaires le plus connu est Donald Trump

a businessman - un homme d'affaires. A businesswoman is a femme d'affaires. Note how the past participle of connaître, connu ("known"), is used as an adjective to mean "famous." Célèbre is another way of saying "famous."

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I do not like politicians

Je n'aime pas les hommes politiques

a politician - un homme politique. Note that politique must be made plural if you are talking about more than one politician.

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Mr. Dupont is an engineer

M. Dupont est ingénieur

an engineer - un ingénieur. Note that you can also use the more general term technicien.

Translate to French:

  • me
  • you
  • him/her
  • oneself
  • us
  • you
  • them

  • moi
  • toi
  • lui/elle
  • soi
  • nous
  • vous
  • eux/elles

These are disjunctive, or stressed, pronouns. They are used for emphasis when referring to people.

Translate to French:

I don't want to leave

Moi, je ne veux pas partir

Stressed pronouns often come at either the beginning or end of sentences to emphasize pronouns or nouns. The literal translation here would be "Me, I don't want to leave."

Translate to French:

You are thinking about him. Is he thinking about you?

Tu penses à lui. Pense-t-il à toi?

Note the use of disjunctive pronouns after prepositions.

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Are you going to their house without us?

Vas-tu chez eux sans nous?

English translations of French phrases containing stressed pronouns often end up being quite different. In this case, the English does not employ "them," the counterpart of eux, because of the term chez.

Translate to French:

Who wants some sugar? Him

Qui veut du sucre? Lui

Note how disjunctive pronouns can be used to answer questions. They can also be used in asking questions: Elle veut aller. Et toi? -- "She wants to go. And you?"

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I like only him

Je n'aime que lui

The negative construction ne... que, which means "only," is commonly used with disjunctive pronouns.

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You are a lot stronger than he/him

Tu es beaucoup plus fort que lui

Note how stressed pronouns are used after que in a comparison.

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You're the one who wants to go hiking

C'est toi qui veux faire de la randonnée

Stressed pronouns can be used after c'est. Also note how the verb veux agrees with the subject; in this case, it is conjugated in the second-person singular to match toi.

Translate to French:

It's they who are eating

Ce sont eux qui mangent

All disjunctive pronouns can follow c'est, with the exception of eux and elles, which must use ce sont instead.

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You're going to make food yourself?

Tu vas faire à manger toi-même?

Note the use of the stressed pronoun with même, which is done for emphasis.

Translate to French:

  • myself
  • yourself
  • himself
  • herself
  • oneself
  • ourselves
  • yourself/yourselves
  • themselves

  • moi-même
  • toi-même
  • lui-même
  • elle-même
  • soi-même
  • nous-mêmes
  • vous-même(s)
  • eux-mêmes/elles-mêmes

Translate to French:

I will find the cat myself

Je vais trouver le chat moi-même

Translate to French:

This pencil is mine

Ce crayon est à moi

Note how possession can be conveyed by using être à with a disjunctive pronoun. An alternative would be to use the adjective propre, which can mean "own": C'est mon propre crayon -- "This is my own pencil."

Translate to French:

You and I are arriving

Toi et moi, nous arrivons

Note how disjunctive pronouns are used when there is more than one subject in a sentence. The same is true when there is more than one object.

Translate to French:

Every man/Each one for himself

Chacun pour soi

The disjunctive pronoun soi is used when the subject is general or consists of unspecified persons.

Translate to French:

When one is tired, one stays home

Quand on est fatigué, on reste chez soi

Because the indefinite pronoun on is used, the indefinite disjunctive pronoun soi is employed after the preposition chez. Here you're really saying "When people are tired, they stay home" (at their respective homes). An alternative is Quand nous sommes fatigués, nous restons chez nous, but the meaning there changes slightly: "When we're tired, we stay home" (at our single house).

Translate to French:

I want to be a fireman

Je veux être pompier

a fireman - un pompier

Translate to French:

My sister is going to be a nurse

Ma soeur va être infirmière

a nurse - un infirmier. Note the feminine form in the example.

Translate to French:

Pablo Picasso is a very well known painter

Pablo Picasso est un peintre très connu

a painter - un peintre. Note that "a painting" is une peinture.