Flashcards in Lower urinary tract Path Quiz 2 Deck (19):
Ureteritis follicularis appears as
fine granular appearance to the mucosal surface
Ureteritis cystica is the term used to describe the inflammatory state which causes the mucosa to appear as
if it has been sprinkled with small cysts
The majority of ureteral malignancies are
transitional cell carcinomas
Bladder exstrophy patients have an increased for what type of cancer? in which two locations?
adenomacarcinoma of bladder and colon
bladder diverticuli due to
-prostatic enlargement in men
urachal cysts (improper formation between anatomical parts) can turn into what malignancy?
-so can bladder exstrophy!
Common UTI pathogens are:
E. coli, Staphylococcus saprophyticus, Proteus vulgarus, Klebsiella and Enterobacter
causes of cystitis in immunocompromised individuals can be due to unusual offenders such as:
microscopically, chronic cystitis appears as
Inflammatory cells in the lamina propria with surrounding edema.
Lymphocytes have formed a germinal center
Malakoplakia means what?
it refers to changes to the bladder wall due to chronic inflammation.
Malakoplakia looks like what grossly? microscopically?
gross: slightly raised mucosal plaques
micro: foamy histiocytes with distinctive round basophilic inclusions, which are known as Michaelis-Gutmann bodies.
Michaelis-Gutmann bodies are a pathognomonic feature of which condition?
Malakoplakia (bladder wall changes as a consequence of chronic cystitis)
characteristic findings of IC are:
hemorrhages along the bladder wall
pathognomonic lesion of IC
(a bladder wall ulceration)
what's the most common type of benign bladder tumor?
transitional cell papilloma (or bladder papilloma)
microscopically transitional cell papilloma (bladder papilloma) appears:
Individual branching papillary fronds have a central, loose
fibrovascular core covered by normal looking transitional epithelium
50-80% of bladder cancers in men are associated with which activity?
________ urinary infection (in areas where it is endemic i.e. Egypt and Sudan) markedly increases the risk for development of bladder ca