Lower urinary tract Path Quiz 2 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Lower urinary tract Path Quiz 2 Deck (19):
1

Ureteritis follicularis appears as

fine granular appearance to the mucosal surface

2

Ureteritis cystica is the term used to describe the inflammatory state which causes the mucosa to appear as

if it has been sprinkled with small cysts

3

The majority of ureteral malignancies are

transitional cell carcinomas

4

Bladder exstrophy patients have an increased for what type of cancer? in which two locations?

adenomacarcinoma of bladder and colon

5

bladder diverticuli due to

-congenital abnormalities
-prostatic enlargement in men

6

urachal cysts (improper formation between anatomical parts) can turn into what malignancy?

Bladder adenocarcinoma
-so can bladder exstrophy!

7

Common UTI pathogens are:

E. coli, Staphylococcus saprophyticus, Proteus vulgarus, Klebsiella and Enterobacter

8

causes of cystitis in immunocompromised individuals can be due to unusual offenders such as:

candida albicans
cryptococcus

9

microscopically, chronic cystitis appears as

Inflammatory cells in the lamina propria with surrounding edema.
Lymphocytes have formed a germinal center

10

Malakoplakia means what?

it refers to changes to the bladder wall due to chronic inflammation.

11

Malakoplakia looks like what grossly? microscopically?

gross: slightly raised mucosal plaques
micro: foamy histiocytes with distinctive round basophilic inclusions, which are known as Michaelis-Gutmann bodies.

12

Michaelis-Gutmann bodies are a pathognomonic feature of which condition?

Malakoplakia (bladder wall changes as a consequence of chronic cystitis)

13

characteristic findings of IC are:

hemorrhages along the bladder wall
bladder scarring
trabeculations.

14

pathognomonic lesion of IC

Hunner’s ulcer
(a bladder wall ulceration)

15

what's the most common type of benign bladder tumor?

transitional cell papilloma (or bladder papilloma)

16

microscopically transitional cell papilloma (bladder papilloma) appears:

Individual branching papillary fronds have a central, loose
fibrovascular core covered by normal looking transitional epithelium

17

50-80% of bladder cancers in men are associated with which activity?

smoking?
skateboarding?
hockey ?
snickers ?

smoking!

18

________ urinary infection (in areas where it is endemic i.e. Egypt and Sudan) markedly increases the risk for development of bladder ca

Schistosomiasis

19

Schistosomiasis related bladder cancer cases are what type of cancer?

squamous cell carcinoma