Microbiology Comprehensive Exam Flashcards Preview

MOR 260: National Board Exam Review > Microbiology Comprehensive Exam > Flashcards

Flashcards in Microbiology Comprehensive Exam Deck (135):
1

The comma-shaped bacterium:

Vibrio

2

What kind of immunity is given by vaccination?

Artificial active acquired

3

Clostridium species require which condition:

Anaerobic

4

The protein components of invaders that the body recognizes as foreign:

Antigens

5

The protein that is produced by the body to combat viruses:

Interferon

6

In a dead body, clostridium perfringens causes:

Tissue gas

7

Because bacteria lack a membrane-bound nucleus, the _____ is immersed in the _____.

* Nuclear material
* Cytoplasm

8

Clostridium botulinum

Botulism

9

Variola

Smallpox

10

Vibrio cholerae

Asiatic cholera

11

Herpes simplex I

Cold sores

12

Rubella

German Measles

13

An example of a vector would be a:

Insect

14

Streptococcus pyogenes

* Scarlet Fever
* Rheumatic Fever

15

Salmonella enteritidis

Salmonellosis

16

Yersinis pestis

The plague

17

Clostridium perfringens

* Tissue gas
* Gas gangrene

18

Treponema pallidium

Syphilis

19

The study of the structure and shape and form of an organism is called:

Morphology

20

This is formed by certain bacteria such as Bacillus anthracis in adverse conditions. It is extremely durable, and it may last for centuries before germination:

* Spore
* Endospore

21

The function of a slime layer or mucoid capsule:

Protection against adverse conditions, including drying

22

An organism that prefers oxygen, but that can survive without:

Facultative anaerobe

23

A microorganism that causes a disease is a:

Pathogen

24

Pathogenic bacteria thrive at which Celsius degree?

37

25

Occurs only as an occasional case

Sporadic

26

Spreads to more than one country

Pandemic

27

Rapid onset and short course

Acute infection

28

Strength of the pathogen

Virulence

29

The smallest unit in which a living organism can survive independently is:

Cell

30

A bacterium that absolutely requires oxygen for survival:

Obligate aerobe

31

What is considered a fomite?

Door knobs

32

Molds are classified as:

Fungi

33

Bacteria usually reproduce by:

Binary fission

34

Bacteria that prefer cold:

* Psychophiles
* Cryophiles

35

The immunity possessed by a person who has had and recovered from a disease:

Natural active acquired

36

The living material that makes up a cell is called:

Protoplasm

37

The simplest animals which are mostly unicellular is:

Protozoa

38

The branch of biology that deals with the studies of viruses is called:

Virology

39

Serum hepatitis is which type of hepatitis:

Hepatitis B

40

The purpose of pili in some bacteria is for:

Reproduction

41

Bacteria that occur in pairs are called:

* Diplococci
* Diplobacilli

42

Slow onset and long duration

Chronic infection

43

An infection which occurs where another infection is already present

Secondary infection

44

The only active infection present

Primary infection

45

Caused by 2 different organisms

Mixed infection

46

The rigid, polysaccharide structure that encloses bacteria:

Cell wall

47

Mycology is the study of:

Fungus

48

The immunity given by transfer of antibodies from one person to another (example - Gamma Globulin):

Artificial passive acquired

49

An organism that prefers decaying organic matter, but that can survive as a parasite:

Facultative parasite

50

An acute viral infection of the nervous system (brain). May cause a person to fear water:

Rabies

51

One who harbors and disseminates pathogens without having had the disease is this type of carrier:

Passive

52

Most sexually transmitted diseases enter the body through the:

Genitourinary track

53

An agent which liberates gases or fumes for the specific purpose of the destruction of insects and microorganisms

Fumigant

54

What is defined as the invasion of the body by living microorganisms, which subsequent multiplication and disease production?

Infection

55

One who discharges pathogens in fecal matter is said to be this type of carrier:

Intestinal

56

What microorganisms produce disease only under especially favorable conditions?

Opportunists

57

What defines a condition in which bacteria are found in the blood, but are not multiplying there?

Bacteremia

58

Epidemic Parotitis:

Mumps

59

The causative agent of influenza is:

Virus

60

The aerobic or capnophilic organism that has killed more people than any other. It's transmitted by droplets, dust feces and milk. The focal point is the lungs:

Mycobacterium tuberculosis

61

Ticks are the transmitter of what:

Rocky Mountain spotted fever

62

The immunity we are born with is called:

Natural immunity

63

Saliva is responsible for which viral infection:

Rabies

64

A germicide is an example of:

Disinfection

65

An infection which is caused by organisms which normally reside in the body:

Endogenous

66

Cryptococciosis, which is often mistaken for a brain tumor, is caused by a:

Fungus

67

Toxins that are released only when the cell producing them is destroyed or disintegrated are called:

Endotoxins

68

The causative agent of a disease modified in such a manner that it will no longer cause the disease, but will still promote the production of antibodies

Vaccine

69

A prion causes:

Creutzfeldt Jakob

70

The organism that causes Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever:

Rickettsia rickettsii

71

What has been attributed to serum hepatitis?

Sharing of needles

72

What is a type of decomposition of fats?

Lipolysis

73

Presence of toxins in the blood produces a condition called:

Toxemia

74

Coughing, talking, sneezing are what type of transmission?

Droplet infection

75

Infections that are passed on from the mother to the baby through the placenta are called:

Congenital infection

76

A virus attacks the respiratory tract:

Pneumotrophic

77

The destruction of all microorganisms and their products is:

Sterilization

78

Coxiella burnetti causes _____, and is considered a _____:

* "Q" Fever
* Rickettsia

79

A mode of direct disease transmission is:

Droplet spray

80

Which structure contains the material of inheritance?

Nucleic acid

81

The organism that causes malaria:

Plasmodium malariae

82

An enzyme that dissolves or destroys a blood clot:

Fibrinolysin

83

An infection caused by organisms which come from outside the body:

Exogenous

84

Infections that involve the whole body, by way of the lymph system and blood stream are:

General

85

Molds, mushrooms and yeasts are:

Fungi

86

What is said to inhibit bacterial growth and reproduction without necessarily destroying the organisms?

Antisepsis

87

Physical contact would be considered:

Direct contact

88

This organism causes blindness, NGU and NSU:

Chlamydia trochomatis

89

The study of the capability of an organism to resist and overcome a disease or infection is called:

Immunology

90

A group of microorganisms that are arranged in a cluster resembling a bunch of grapes are called:

Staphylococci

91

Treponema pallidum causes an STD, and is a:

Spirochete

92

Mutually advantageous

Symbiosis

93

A mutually beneficial but necessary arrangement between bacterium

Mutualism

94

Benefitting of 1 organism without affecting the other

Commensalism

95

The presence of certain bacteria inhibiting the growth of others

Antagonism

96

Mycoplasma pneumoniae

Primary atypical pneumonia

97

Neisseria gonorrhoeae

Gonorrhea

98

Clostridium tetani

Tetanus

99

Leptospira interrogans

Leptospirosis

100

What kind of immunity is given through placental transfer of antibiotics?

Natural passive acquired

101

Sir Alexander Fleming accidentally discovered:

Penicillin

102

The long, hair-like processes that by their lashing activity cause a microorganism to move:

Flagella

103

Substance produced by body cells to combat foreign proteins:

Antibodies

104

Round bacteria that are organized into chains:

Streptococci

105

Bacillus anthracis

Anthrax

106

Salmonella typhi

Typhoid fever

107

Corynebacterium diptheria

Diptheria

108

Francisella tularensis

Tularemia (rabbit fever)

109

This disease is caused by a diplococci:

Gonorrhea

110

Lock jaw is the common name for the disease:

Tetanus

111

Yeasts and molds are destroyed by which of the following:

Fungicide

112

Smallpox is caused by:

Virus

113

A protein produced by the blood or lymph in response to an antigen is called:

Antibody

114

Malaria is caused by a:

Protozoa

115

A glycoprotein substance developed in response to, and interacting specifically with an antigen:

* Antibody
* Immunoglobulin

116

Ultraviolet rays contained in direct sunlight:

Are bacteriocidal

117

Mechanical body defenses include:

* Cilia
* Intact skin
* Mucous membranes

118

The virus that causes chickenpox and shingles:

Varicella zoster

119

What is an example of a fomite?

Towel

120

The most effective method of sterilization is:

Steam under pressure

121

What can be transmited by a mosquito?

Yellow fever

122

The association of certain species to accomplish harmful or beneficial results

Synergism

123

Rubeola

Measles

124

The rod-shaped bacterium:

Bacillus

125

Salmonella typhi

Typhus Fever

126

Rickettsia prowazekii

Epidemic (louse borne) typhus

127

This disease attacks the lining of the intestinal track:

Gastroenteritis

128

Clostridium species are:

Gram positive bacilli

129

The identification of a comma shaped bacillus under a microscope would signify:

Vibrio cholerae

130

An infection of the blood with actual growth and multiplication of pathogens in the blood:

Septicemia

131

Salmonella infections are primarily transmitted by:

Ingestion

132

The organism that causes Thrush in children and AIDS patients:

Candida albicans

133

Amebic dysentery is caused by a:

Protozoan

134

Strict (obligate) parasites are organisms that receive their nutrients from:

* Living animals
* Plants

135

If the portal of entry was the alimentary track, that means the organism has entered the body by way of:

Eating

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