Funeral Service Counseling: Glossary Flashcards Preview

MOR 260: National Board Exam Review > Funeral Service Counseling: Glossary > Flashcards

Flashcards in Funeral Service Counseling: Glossary Deck (139):
1

Grief extending over a long period of time without resolution

* Abnormal grief
* Complicated
* Unresolved

2

The intense physical and emotional expression of grief occurring as the awareness increases of a loss of someone or something significant

Acute grief

3

The individual's ability to adjust to the psychological and emotional changes brought on by a stressful event such as the death of a significant other

Adaptation

4

Feelings and their expression

Affect

5

Those appropriate and helpful act os counseling that come after the funeral

* Aftercare
* Post-funeral counseling

6

AIDS

Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome

7

The intentional infliction of physical or psychological harm on another

Aggression

8

Fear or anxiety caused by the sudden realization of danger

Alarm

9

The state of estrangement an individual feels in social settings that are viewed as foreign, unpredictable or unacceptable

Alienation

10

A choice of services and merchandise available as families make a selection and complete funeral arrangements

Alternatives

11

Formulating different actions in adjusting to a crisis

Alternatives

12

Blame directed toward another person

Anger

13

A term to describe the experience of grief, especially in young bereaved parents, where mourning customs are unclear due to an inappropriate death and the absence of prior bereavement experience

Anomic grief

14

Typical in a society that has attempted to minimize the impact of death through medical control of disease and social control of those who deal with the dying and the dead

Anomic grief

15

A syndrome characterized by the presence of grief in anticipation of death or loss

Anticipatory grief

16

The actual death comes as a confirmation of knowledge of a life-limiting condition

Anticipatory grief

17

A state of tension, typically characterized by rapid heartbeat and shortness of breath

Anxiety

18

An emotion characterized by a vague fear of premonition that something undesirable is going to happen

Anxiety

19

A death has occurred and the funeral director is counseling with the family as they select the services and items of merchandise in completing arrangements for the funeral service of their choice

At-need counseling

20

The tendency in human beings to make strong affectional bonds with others coming from the need for security and safety

Attachment theory (Bowlby)

21

Giving undivided attention by means of verbal and non-verbal behavior

* Attending
* Listening

22

A learned tendency to respond to people, objects, or institutions in a positive or negative way

Attitude

23

The act or event of separation or loss that results in the experience of grief

Bereavement

24

Excessive in duration and never comes to satisfactory conclusion

Chronic grief

25

A phrase coined by Carl Rogers to refer to that type of counseling where one comes actively and voluntarily to gain help on a problem, but without any notion of surrendering his own responsibility for the situation

* Client-centered counseling
* Person-centered

26

A non-directive method of counseling which stresses the inherent worth of the client and the natural capacity for growth and health

* Client-centered counseling
* Person-centered

27

From the Latin word, "to know"

Cognitive

28

The study of the origins and consequences of thoughts, memories, beliefs, perceptions, explanations, and other mental processes

Cognitive

29

The rite of finality in a funeral service preceding cremation, earth burial, entombment or burial at sea

Committal service

30

general term for the exchange of information, feelings, thoughts, and acts between two or more people, including both verbal and non-verbal aspects of this interchange

Communication

31

Grief extending over a long period of time without resolve

* Complicated grief
* Unresolved
* Chronic

32

According to client-centered counseling, the necessary quality of a counselor being in touch with reality and with others' perception of one's self

Congruence

33

Characteristic ways of responding to stress

Coping

34

The individual seeking assistance or guidance

Counselee

35

Advice, especially that given as a result of consultation

Counseling (Webster)

36

Any time someone helps someone else with a problem

Counseling (Jackson)

37

Good communication within and between people

Counseling (Rogers)

38

Good (free) communication between people is always therapeutic

Counseling (Rogers)

39

A therapeutic experience for reasonably healthy persons

Counseling (Ohlsen)

40

Not to be confused with psychotherapy

Counseling (Ohlsen)

41

Treatment for emotionally disturbed persons who seek (or are referred for) assistance before they develop serious neurotic, psychotic, or character disorders

Psychotherapy

42

The individual providing assistance and guidance

Counselor

43

A highly emotional temporary state in which an individual's feelings of anxiety, grief, confusion, or pain impair his or her ability to act

Crisis

44

Interventions for a highly emotional, temporary state in which individuals overcome by feelings of anxiety, grief, confusion, or pain are unable to act in a realistic normal manner

Crisis counseling

45

Intentional response which helps an individual in a crisis situation

Crisis counseling

46

A learned emotional response to death-related phenomena which is characterized by extreme apprehension

Death anxiety

47

Inhibited, suppressed, or postponed response to a loss

Delayed grief (Worden)

48

The defense mechanism by which a person is unable or refuses to see things as they are because such facts are threatening to the self

Denial

49

Counselor takes a live speaking role, asking questions, suggesting courses of action, etc

Directive counseling

50

Treating members of various social groups differently in circumstances where their rights or treatment should be identical

Discrimination

51

A defense mechanism in which anger is redirected toward a person or object other than the one who provided the anger originally

Displaced aggression

52

Redirection of emotion to other targets

Displacement

53

Two units regarded as a pair

Dyad

54

Example: husband and wife

Dyad

55

Unconscious, irrational means used by the ego to defend against anxiety

Ego defense mechanisms

56

The outward expression or display of mood or feelings

Emotion

57

Feelings such as happiness, anger, or grief, created by brain patterns accompanied by bodily changes

Emotions

58

The ability to enter into and share the feelings of others

Empathy (Wolfelt)

59

The outward expression or display of mood or feeling states

Emotional expression

60

An act or practice of allowing the death of persons suffering from a life-limiting condition

* Euthanasia
* Right to die

61

Persons are usually conscious of the relationship of the reaction to the death, but the reaction to the current experience is excessive and disabling

Exaggerated grief (Worden)

62

To assist understanding of the circumstances of situations an individual is experiencing, and to assist that person in the selection of an alternative adjustment if necessary

Facilitate

63

Strong emotion marked by such reactions as alarm, dread, and disquiet

Fear

64

Centering a client's thinking and feelings on the situation causing a problem and assisting the person in choosing the behavior or adjustment to solve the problem

Focusing

65

The state of being prevented from attaining a purpose

Frustration

66

Thwarted

Frustration

67

The blocking of satisfaction by some kind of obstacle

Frustration

68

An organized, flexible, purposeful, group-centered, time-limited response to death which reflects reverence, dignity, and respect

Funeral rite

69

The study of human behavior as related to funeral service

Funeral service psychology

70

The ability to present one's self sincerely

Genuineness (Wolfelt)

71

Adjustment, motivational in nature, to be achieved

Goals

72

An emotion or set of emotions due to a loss

Grief

73

Helping people facilitate uncomplicated grief to a healthy completion of the tasks of grieving within a reasonable time frame

Grief counseling

74

A set of symptoms associated with loss

Grief syndrome (Lindemann)

75

Specialized techniques which are used to help people with complicated grief reactions

Grief therapy (Worden)

76

A process occurring with loss, aimed at loosening the attachment to the dead for reinvestment in the living

Griefwork (Lindemann)

77

Support or support system provided to the counselee who is seeking an alternative adjustment to problems

Guidance

78

Blame directed toward one's self based on real or unreal conditions

Guilt

79

The killing of one human being by another

Homicide

80

Historically an inn for travelers, especially one kept by a religious order

Hospice

81

Used to indicate a concept designed to treat patients with a life-limiting condition

Hospice

82

Detailed examples of adjustments, choices or alternatives available to the client or counselee from which a course of action may be selected

Illustrating

83

Counseling in which a counselor shares a body of special information with a counselee

Informational counseling

84

Social attraction to another person

Interpersonal attraction

85

A document which governs the withholding or withdrawal of lie-sustaining treatment from an individual in the event of an incurable or irreversible condition that will cause death within a relatively short time, and which such person is no longer able to make decisions regarding his/her medical treatment

Living will

86

Occurs when persons experience symptoms and behaviors which cause them difficulty, but do not see or recognize the fact that these are related to the loss

Masked grief (Worden)

87

Any event, person, or object that lessens the degree of pain in grief

Mitigation

88

The process that initiates, directs, and sustains behavior satisfying physiological or psychological needs

Motivation

89

An adjustment process that involves grief or sorrow over a period of time and helps in the reorganization of the life of an individual following a loss or death of someone loved

Mourning

90

That which is expressed by posture, facial expression, actions, or physical behavior

Non-verbal communication

91

That which is communicated by any means except verbally

Non-verbal communication

92

Choice of actions provided through counseling as a means of solving the counselee's dilemma

Option

93

A strong emotion characterized by sudden and extreme fear

Panic

94

Expressing a thought or idea in an alternate and sometimes a shortened form

Paraphrasing

95

A relatively stable system of determining tendencies within an individual

Personality

96

A phrase coined by Carl Rogers to refer to that type of counseling where one comes actively and voluntarily to gain help on a problem, but without any notion of surrendering his own responsibility for the situation

* Person centered counseling
* Client centered

97

A non-directive method of counseling which stresses the inherent worth of the client and the natural capacity for growth and health

* Person centered counseling
* Client centered

98

A deliberate attempt to change attitudes of belief with information and arguments

Persuasion

99

According to Carl Rogers, accepting the client or counselee as he or she is, without imposing judgments or stipulations

Positive regard

100

Those appropriate and helpful acts of counseling that come after the funeral

Prejudice

101

That counseling which occurs before death

Pre-need counseling

102

Attribution of one's unacceptable thoughts, feelings, or behaviors to someone else

Projection

103

A medical doctor with a specialty in the diagnosis and treatment of mental disorders

Psychiatrist

104

The study of human behavior

Psychology

105

Intervention with people whose needs are so specific that usually they can only be met by specially trained physicians or psychologists

Psychotherapy (Jackson)

106

The practitioners in this field need special training because they often work with deeper levels of consciousness

Psychotherapy (Jackson)

107

A relation of harmony, conformity, accord, or affinity established in any human interaction

Rapport

108

Supplying a logical, socially acceptable reason rather than the real reason for an action

Rationalization

109

A defense mechanism used in grief to return to more familiar and often more primitive modes of coping

Regression

110

Blocking of threatening material from consciousness

Repression

111

An adaptive maneuver characterized by an inability or unwillingness to act with the aim of asserting or sustaining individual control, autonomy or self-esteem

Resistance

112

The ability to communicate the belief that everyone possesses the capacity and right to choose alternatives and make decisions

Respect (Wolfelt)

113

According to Simos, a compelling need by which the individual attempts to restore inner psychological equilibrium, uniting past, present, and future in the cycle from loss and the fear of loss to acceptance

Restitution

114

Any act that is charged with symbolic content

Ritual

115

Preoccupied and intense thoughts about the deceased

Searching

116

The assumption of blame directed toward one's self by others

Shame

117

The reaction of the body to an event

Shock

118

Often experienced emotionally as a sudden, violent, and upsetting disturbance

Shock

119

Related to specific situations in life that may create crises and produce human pain and suffering

Situational counseling

120

Adds another dimension to the giving of information, in that it deals with significant feelings that are produced by life crises

Situational counseling

121

Making judgments about ourselves through comparison with others

Social comparison

122

A phenomenon that occurs when an individual's performance improves because of the presence of others

Social facilitation

123

Life events and minor hassles that exert pressure or strain

Stress

124

Any event capable of producing physical or emotional stress

Stressor

125

Redirection of emotion to culturally or socially useful purposes

Sublimation

126

Also known as Crib Death

Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS)

127

The sudden and unexpected death of an apparently healthy infant which remains unexplained after complete autopsy and a review of the circumstances around the death

Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS)

128

A deliberate act of killing oneself

Suicide

129

An unsuccessful attempt made by a person to end his or her own life

Suicidal gesture

130

Thoughts of ending one's life

Suicidal ideation

131

A brief review of points covered in a portion of the counseling session

Summary

132

A more or less conscious postponement of addressing anxieties and concerns

Suppression

133

Guilt felt by family and friends after a death

Survivor guilt

134

Sincere feelings for the person who is trying to adjust to a serious loss

Sympathy

135

The study of death

Thanatology

136

An irrational, exaggerated fear of death

Thanatophobia

137

A statement or action which creates anxiety in an individual's life

Threat

138

Spoken, oral communication

Verbal communication

139

the ability to be considerate and friendly as demonstrated by both verbal and non-verbal behaviors

Warmth and caring (Wolfelt)

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