Anatomy Comprehensive Exam Flashcards Preview

MOR 260: National Board Exam Review > Anatomy Comprehensive Exam > Flashcards

Flashcards in Anatomy Comprehensive Exam Deck (73):
1

Which of the following bones is not a cranial bone:

* Spenoid
* Frontal
* Mandible
* Temporal
* Occipital

Mandible

2

Which is the "Master gland":

Pituitary gland

3

Freshly re-oxygenated blood is returned from the lungs by way of the:

Pulmonary veins

4

Which of the following body parts would be considered the most medial:

* Nose
* Eyes
* Feet
* Hands
* Ears

Nose

5

A shallow depression in a bone is called:

Fossa

6

Towards the back of the body, and synonymous with distal is:

Posterior

7

The trunk of the body is referred to as the:

Torso

8

The bone on the thumb side of the forearm is called the:

Radius

9

Bile travels from the liver to the gall bladder by way of the:

Cystic duct

10

Which vessels have valves:

Veins

11

Away from the mid-line of the body, or on the outside is called:

Lateral

12

Arteries terminate all over the body as:

Arterioles

13

Contractions that produce a circular, wave-like movement that propels food down the digestive tract is called:

Peristalsis

14

There are how many pairs of true ribs:

7

15

The spine, acromion and coracoid process is found on which bone:

Scapula

16

These are the smallest of the vertebrae and are located in the neck region:

Cervical

17

Glands that have no ducts:

Endocrine

18

The red blood cells are called:

Erythrocytes

19

The pharynx is part of which system(s):

* Digestive
* Respiratory

20

How many bones are there in the human skeleton:

206

21

The eye is which direction to the bridge of the nose:

Lateral

22

The largest gland of the body:

Liver

23

This bone is actually formed by the fusion of 5 separate bones and is called the:

Sacrum

24

The membrane that lines the abdominal cavity is called the:

Peritoneum

25

The gall bladder is attached to the:

Liver

26

A location close to the surface of the body:

Superficial

27

The oval prominence of the radius is called the:

Tuberosity

28

The internal carotid artery is the main blood supply to the:

Brain

29

Glands which have ducts:

Exocrine

30

The digestive organs are lubricated by the:

Chyme

31

A vertical plane which cuts through the body to divide it into two symmetrical halves is called:

Medial plane

32

A term that identifies one of the two divisions of the skeleton is:

* Axial
* Appendicular

33

Veins are continuations of:

Venules

34

The Olecranon forms the:

Elbow

35

A term that suggests a location close to the surface of the body or a body part is:

Superficial

36

The cranial vault contains the:

Brain

37

The reticular layer of the dermis:

Consists of collagen and elastic fibers and is responsible for most of the structural strength of the skin

38

The basilic vein terminates by becoming the:

Brachiocephalic vein

39

This organ mixes food with saliva:

Tongue

40

The direction toward the foot end of the body is:

Inferior

41

The 5 bones of the hand are called:

Metacarpals

42

When an artery separates into two branches, what anatomical situation has taken place:

Bifurcation

43

The white blood cells are called:

Leukocytes

44

The small intestines are a division of which of the following:

Duodenum

45

The portion of the alimentary canal between the pharynx and the stomach is the:

Esophagus

46

The appendix is attached to which part of the colon:

Cecum

47

Coronary arteries may become blocked

* and cause atherosclerotic lesions
* and cause an infarct in the heart
* and produce angina pectoris
* by a thrombus, producing a thrombosis

48

One of the body systems:

* Pathology
* Reproductive
* Visceral
* Mediastinal
* Metatarsal

Reproductive

49

The first part of the small intestine is:

Duodenum

50

The external iliac vein is a continuation of the:

Femoral vein

51

The upper portion of the stomach is called the:

Fundus

52

What bone contains the olecranon process:

Ulna

53

The fundus is one of the divisions of what organ:

Stomach

54

This plane is a lengthwise cut which is exactly in the mid-line:

Midsagittal plan

55

Bile assists with the digestion of and emulsifies:

Fats

56

An artery that supplies blood to the hand is the:

Ulnar artery

57

Carpals are found in the:

Wrist

58

The walls of this organ are re-enforced by additional muscular layers:

Stomach

59

The small intestines are responsible for which part of digestion:

Absorption

60

The pancreatic duct enters the small intestine at the:

Duodenum

61

The valve located in the orifice between the stomach and small intestines is:

Pyloric sphincter

62

Toward the upper part of a structure of the body is called:

Superior

63

The plane that runs horizontally across and at a right angle to the long axis, which divides the body into superior and inferior parts is called the:

Transverse plane

64

The phalanges articulate with the:

Metacarpals

65

Villi are found in the small intestine and their purpose is for:

Absorption

66

What are functions of the lymphatic system

* Part of the body's defense system
* Helps to maintain tissue fluid balance
* Absorbs fat and other substances form the digestive tract

67

Respiration refers to:

* Gas exchange between the tissues and the blood
* Gas exchange between the air in the lungs and blood
* Gas exchange between blood and tissue
* Ventilation, the movement of air into and out of the lungs

68

The contents of the small intestine enters the large intestine through the:

Ileocecal valve

69

The upper portion of the esophagus is called the:

Pharynx

70

An artery involved in the make-up of the circle of willis:

Common carotid

71

The rectum begins at the end of the:

Descending colon

72

Which of the following bones is not part of the axial skeleton:

* Sternum
* Hyoid
* Skull
* Clavicle
* Ribs

Clavicle

73

A bone of the upper jaw:

Maxilla

Decks in MOR 260: National Board Exam Review Class (42):