Funeral Service Sciences: Glossary Flashcards

1
Q

Localized accumulation of pus

A

Abscess

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2
Q

This term is applied to a lesser structure that resembles a similar organ in structure and function, such as the accessory pancreatic duct

A
  • Accessory
  • Auxillary
  • Assisting
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3
Q

A substance that yields hydrogen or hydronium ions in aqueous solution

A

Acids

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4
Q

Presents itself after birth

A

Acquired

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5
Q

Hyperfunction of pituitary gland after ossification has been completed

A

Acromegaly

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6
Q

A disease with a more or less rapid onset and short duration

A

Acute

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7
Q

A wax-like material produced by saponification of body fat in a body buried in alkaline soil

A
  • Adipocere

* Gravewax

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8
Q

A protein found in blood plasma

A

Albumin

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9
Q

An organic compound containing one or more hydroxyl groups

A

Alcohols

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10
Q

Hydroxyl group

A

(-OH)

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11
Q

An organic compound containing one or more -CHO groups

A

Aldehyde

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12
Q

The digestive system tube from the mouth to the anus, including the mouth or buccal cavity, pharynx, esophagus, stomach, and small and large intestines

A

Alimentary canal

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13
Q

Having a hypersensitivity to a substance that does not normally cause a reaction

A

Allergies

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14
Q

An acquired, abnormal immune response to a substance that does not normally cause a reaction

A
  • Allergy

* Hypersensitivity

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15
Q

Substance that does not normally cause a reaction

A

Allergen

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16
Q

Congenital absence of one or more limbs

A

Amelia

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17
Q

An organic compound containing nitrogen

A

Amines

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18
Q

Any compounds formed from ammonia by replacement of one or more hydrogen atoms by organic radicals

A

Amines

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19
Q

General formula for primary amines

A

R-NH2

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20
Q

The building blocks of proteins

A

Amino acid

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21
Q

A compound containing an amino group, a carboxyl group attached to an alpha carbon and a radical

A

Amino acid

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22
Q

Amino group

A

-NH2

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23
Q

Carboxyl group

A

-COOH

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24
Q

Any compound that can act as both an acid and a base in solution

A

Amphoteric

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25
Q

Example: amino acid

A

Amphoteric

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26
Q

Generalized massive edema in subcutaneous tissue

A

Anasarca

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27
Q

The branch of science dealing with the study of the structure of the body

A

Anatomy

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28
Q

A decrease in the number of erythrocytes, hemoglobin or both

A

Anemia

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29
Q

A localized dilation of a blood vessel

A

Aneurysm

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30
Q

The study of vessels

A

Angiology

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31
Q

Mutual opposition or contrary action

A

Antagonism

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32
Q

The inhibition of one microorganism by another

A

Antagonism

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33
Q

Glycoprotein substance developed by the body in response to, and interacting specifically with, an antigen

A
  • Antibody

* Immunoglobulin

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34
Q

Chemicals used to keep the blood in the liquid state

A

Anticoagulants

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35
Q

Chemical agents that retard the tendency of the blood to become more viscous by natural post mortem processes and / or prevent other adverse reactions between the blood and the other embalming chemicals

A

Anticoagulants

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36
Q

A foreign substance that stimulates the formation of antibodies that react specifically with it

A

Antigen

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37
Q

The prevention or inhibiting of the growth of causative microorganisms

A

Antisepsis

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38
Q

Before or in front of

A
  • Anterior

* Ventral

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39
Q

Refers to the front side of the body

A
  • Anterior

* Ventral

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40
Q

Dilution or weakening of virulence of a microorganism, reducing or abolishing pathogenicity

A

Attenuation

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41
Q

Failure of a tissue or an organ to develop normally

A

Aplasia

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42
Q

The bony structure that makes up the pectoral girdle, upper extremities, pelvic girdle, and lower extremities

A

Appendicular skeleton

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43
Q

The concentrated, preservative embalming chemical that will be diluted with water (or another appropriate vehicle such as alcohol) to form the arterial solution for injection into the arterial system during vascular embalming

A
  • Arterial fluid

* Vascular fluid

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44
Q

Disease of the arteries resulting in thickening and loss of elasticity of the arterial walls

A

Arteriosclerosis

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45
Q

The place of union between two or more bones

A

Articulation

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46
Q

Joint

A

Articulation

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47
Q

Accumulation of free serous fluid in the abdominal cavity

A

Ascities

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48
Q

A form of arteriosclerosis marked by the deposition of lipids in the inner layer or arterial walls

A

Atherosclerosis

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49
Q

The smallest particle of an element that has all the properties of the element

A

Atom

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50
Q

A wasting, decrease in size of an organ or tissue

A

Atrophy

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51
Q

Self-digestion or self-destruction of the body by autolytic enzymes

A

Autolysis

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52
Q

A postmortem examination of the organs and tissues of a body to determine cause of death or pathological condition

A

Autopsy

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53
Q

Those chemicals specifically designed for use in the preparation of bodies following an autopsy

A

Autopsy chemicals

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54
Q

Self-nourishing bacteria

A

Autotrophic bacteria

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55
Q

Bones in the axial skeleton

A

80

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56
Q

Includes the skull, vertebrae, thorax and hyoid bone

A

Axial skeleton

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57
Q

Rod-shaped bacteria

A
  • Bacillus

* Bacilli

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58
Q

The presence of bacteria in the blood

A

Bacteremia

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59
Q

A prokaryotic one-celled microorganism of the Kingdom Monera, existing as free-living organisms or as parasites, multiplying by binary fission and having a large range of biochemical properties

A

Bacteria

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60
Q

A visible group of bacteria growing on a solid medium, presumably arising from a single microorganism

A

Bacterial colony

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61
Q

An agent that destroys bacteria but not necessarily their spores

A

Bactericide

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62
Q

Science that studies bacteria

A

Bacteriology

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63
Q

A substance that yields hydroxide ions in aqueous solution

A

Bases

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64
Q

Refers to the symmetry of paired organs, or to an organism whose right and left halves are similar images of each other, or in which a median section divides the organism into equivalent right and left halves

A

Bilateral symmetry

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65
Q

Pertaining to bile

A

Biliary

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66
Q

The organs and ducts that participate in the secretion, storage, and delivery of bile to the duodenum

A

Biliary tract

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67
Q

A method of asexual reproduction involving halving of the nucleus and cytoplasm of the cell followed by the development of each half into a new individual

A

Binary fission

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68
Q

That branch of chemistry dealing with compounds produced by living organisms

A

Biochemistry

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69
Q

An arthropod vector in which the disease causing organism multiplies or develops within the arthropod prior to becoming infective for a susceptible individual

A

Biological vector

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70
Q

A membranous sac or receptacle for a secretion or excretion

A

Bladder

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71
Q

The rapid passage of liquid particles to the vapor state by forming bubbles through the action of heat

A

Boiling

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72
Q

The term for the point of equilibrium between the liquid and gas states of matter and typically employed when the temperature is increasing

A

Boiling

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73
Q

Relating to the cheek or mouth

A

Buccal

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74
Q

Substances that in solution are capable of neutralizing, within limits, both acids and bases and thereby maintaining the original, or constant pH, of the solution

A

Buffers

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75
Q

A general state of ill-health, associated with emaciation

A

Cachexia

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76
Q

A sheath or continuous enclosure around an organ or structure

A

Capsule

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77
Q

The membrane that surrounds some bacterial cells

A

Capsule

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78
Q

A loose gel-like structure that in pathogenic bacteria, helps to protect against phagocytosis

A

Capsule

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79
Q

A compound of hydrogen, carbon, and oxygen that is an aldehyde or ketone derivative of polyhydroxyl alcohol

A

Carbohydrates

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80
Q

Examples: sugars, starches, and glycogen

A

Carbohydrates

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81
Q

Several communicating boils of the skin and subcutaneous tissues with the production and discharge of pus and dead tissue

A

Carbuncle

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82
Q

The study of the heart

A

Cardiology

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83
Q

A canal in the petrous portion of the temporal bone that transmits the internal carotid artery and the internal carotid plexus of sympathetic nerves

A

Carotid canal

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84
Q

Formation of cavities in an organ or tissue

A

Cavitation

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85
Q

Frequently seen in some forms of tuberculosis

A

Cavitation

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86
Q

Concentrated embalming chemicals which are injected into the cavities of the body following aspiration in cavity embalming

A

Cavity fluid

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87
Q

Can be used for surface and hypodermic embalming of the problem areas

A

Cavity fluid

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88
Q

Situated at or pertaining to a center point

A

Central

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89
Q

A large group of nonmotile, gram negative intracellular parasites

A

Chlamydia

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90
Q

A change in which a new substance or substances are produced that have entirely different properties from the original substance because the chemical composition has changed

A

Chemical changes

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91
Q

Characteristics that can be observed when a substance is interacting with other substances resulting in a change of chemical composition

A

Chemical properties

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92
Q

The branch of natural science that is concerned with the description and classification of matter, with the changes that matter undergoes, and with the energy associated with each of these changes

A

Chemistry

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93
Q

Funnel shaped openings, especially of the posterior nares

A

Choanae

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94
Q

One of the communication passageways between the nasal fossae and the pharynx

A

Choanae

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95
Q

A disease with a more or less slow onset and long duration

A

Chronic

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96
Q

Congenitally malformed palate with a fissure along the midline

A

Cleft palate

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97
Q

Study of disease by means of body secretions, excretions, and other body fluids performed in the laboratory in the diagnosis of a disease

A

Clinical pathology

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98
Q

The process of converting soluble protein to insoluble protein by heating or by contact with a chemical such as an alcohol or an aldehyde

A

Coagulation

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99
Q

The type of bacteria that is spherical or ovoid in form

A
  • Coccus

* Cocci

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100
Q

A solution-like system in which the size of the solute particle is between 1 and 100 nanometers

A

Colloid

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101
Q

Particles of solute pass through filters but not membranes

A

Colloid

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102
Q

The part of the large intestine extending from the cecum to the rectum

A

Colon

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103
Q

The rapid oxidation or burning that produces heat and light

A

Combustion

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104
Q

The symbiotic relationship of two organisms of different species in which one gains some benefit such as protection or nourishment and the other is not harmed or benefited

A

Commensalism

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105
Q

A disease that may be transmitted directly or indirectly from one individual to another

A

Communicable

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106
Q

An unfavorable condition arising during the course of disease

A

Complication

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107
Q

A substance consisting of two or more atoms combined chemically in definite proportions by mass

A

Compounds

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108
Q

A solution containing a relatively large amount of solute

A

Concentrated solution

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109
Q

The ratio of mass or volume of a solute to the mass or volume of the solution or solvent

A

Concentrations

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110
Q

One of the three nasal conchae

A

Concha

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111
Q

A scroll-like bone

A

Concha

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112
Q

The immediate and temporary disturbance of brain function

A

Concussion

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113
Q

A change of state of matter from a gas to a liquid

A

Condensation

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114
Q

A curved protuberance at the end of a bone forming an articulation

A

Condyle

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115
Q

Existing at the time of birth or shortly thereafter

A

Congenital

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116
Q

Accumulation of an excess of blood or tissue fluid in a body part

A

Congestion

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117
Q

The act of introducing disease germs or infectious material into an area or substance

A

Contamination

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118
Q

A bruise often accompanied with swelling

A

Contusion

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119
Q

The outer layer of an organ as distinguished from the inner medulla, as in the adrenal gland or kidney

A

Cortex

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120
Q

A congenital condition due to hypothyroidism resulting in mental retardation

A

Cretinism

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121
Q

Condition in which the descent of a testis into the scrotum si arrested at some point in the normal path

A
  • Cryptorchism

* Cryptorchildism

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122
Q

The process by which a substance is given definite form

A

Crystallization

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123
Q

A normal or abnormal bending away

A

Curvature

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124
Q

A curve

A

Curvature

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125
Q

Bluish discoloration of the skin or mucous membrane due to lack of oxygen

A

Cyanosis

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126
Q

A sac within or on the body surface containing air or fluid

A

Cyst

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127
Q

Of or pertaining to a sac-like structure

A

Cystic

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128
Q

Pertaining to the gallbladder

A

Cystic

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129
Q

Pertaining to the urinary bladder

A

Cystic

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130
Q

The gradual decomposition of dead organic matter by the enzymes of aerobic bacteria

A

Decay

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131
Q

Below the surface

A

Deep

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132
Q

Disease due to lack of dietary or metabolic substance

A

Deficiency

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133
Q

The deterioration of tissues with corresponding functional impairment as a result of disease or injury

A

Degeneration

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134
Q

Loss of moisture from body tissue which may occur antemortem or postmortem

A

Dehydration

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135
Q

The removal of water from a substance

A
  • Dehydration

* Desiccation

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136
Q

Generally used to indicate the natural loss of water

A

Dehydration

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137
Q

Used when a substance is intentionally caused to lose water

A

Desiccation

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138
Q

The disruption and breakdown of the secondary structure of a protein by heat or chemicals

A

Denaturation

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139
Q

Chemicals having the capability of displacing an unpleasant odor or of altering an unpleasant odor so that it is converted to a more pleasant one

A

Deodorants

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140
Q

Reduction of the toxic properties of a poisonous substance

A

Detoxification

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141
Q

The term denoting the naming of the disease or syndrome

A

Diagnosis

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142
Q

To recognize the nature of a disease

A

Diagnosis

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143
Q

An organic compound containing two aldehyde radicals

A

Dialdehyde

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144
Q

Aldehyde

A

-CHO

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145
Q

The movement of molecules or other particles in solution from an area of greater concentration to an area of lesser concentration until uniform concentration is reached

A

Diffusion

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146
Q

The condition of the heart being enlarged, occurring normally, artificially, or as a result of disease

A
  • Dilatation

* Dilation

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147
Q

A solution containing relatively small amount of solute

A

Dilute solution

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148
Q

A double bacillus, two being linked end to end

A

Diplobacilli

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149
Q

A diplobacilli causing conjunctivitis

A

Morax-Aexenfeld

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150
Q

A genus of bacteria that occur in pairs

A

Diplococcus

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151
Q

Farthest from the center, from a medial line, or from the trunk

A

Distal

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152
Q

Opposite of proximal

A

Distal

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153
Q

A chemical or physical agent that kills disease-causing microorganisms

A

Disinfectant

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154
Q

The destruction of disease-causing microorganisms by chemical or physical means

A

Disinfection

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155
Q

Toward the back

A
  • Dorsal

* Posterior

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156
Q

Opposite of anterior

A
  • Dorsal

* Posterior

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157
Q

Resistant, as in bacteria, to the action of a drug or drugs

A

Drug-fast

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158
Q

Condition that results when the body part that dies had little blood and remains aseptic and occurs when the arteries but not the veins are obstructed

A

Dry gangrene

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159
Q

Example: ischemic necrosis

A

Dry gangrene

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160
Q

A natural or synthetic compound that is used to impart color to another material

A

Dyes

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161
Q

Abnormal development of tissue

A

Dysplasia

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162
Q

Small, non-elevated hemorrhagic patch

A

Ecchymosis

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163
Q

Extravasation of blood into a tissue

A

Ecchymosis

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164
Q

The implantation of the fertilized ovum in a site other than the normal one in the uterine cavity

A

Ectopic pregnancy

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165
Q

Abnormal accumulation of fluids in tissue or body cavities

A
  • Edema

* Dropsy

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166
Q

A simple substance which cannot be decomposed by ordinary chemical means

A

Elements

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167
Q

Excessive wasting away of the body

A

Emaciation

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168
Q

The study of those types of matter and changes in matter related to the disinfection and preservation of human remains

A

Embalming chemistry

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169
Q

The fluids specifically designed for preservation and disinfection purposes

A

Embalming fluids

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170
Q

Free floating object in the blood stream

A

Embolism

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171
Q

A prominence or projection, especially of a bone

A

Eminence

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172
Q

Pus in the pleural cavity

A

Empyema

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173
Q

Disease that occurs continuously in a particular region, but has low mortality

A

Endemic

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174
Q

A disease that is continuously present in a community

A

Endemic

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175
Q

Pertaining to a ductless gland that secretes directly into the bloodstream

A

Endocrine

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176
Q

Produced or arising from within a cell or organism

A

Endogenous infection

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177
Q

A thick-walled spore within a bacterium

A

Endospores

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178
Q

Bacterial toxin confined within the cell wall of a bacterium freed only when the bacterium is broken down, found only in gram negative bacteria

A

Endotoxin

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179
Q

A protein that acts as a biological catalyst

A

Enzyme

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180
Q

Appearance of an infectious disease or condition that attacks many people at the same time in the same geographical area

A

Epidemic

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181
Q

A disease that is currently in higher than normal numbers

A

Epidemic

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182
Q

A chronic neurogenic disease marked by sudden alterations in consciousness and frequently by convulsions

A

Epilepsy

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183
Q

Bleeding from the nose

A

Epistaxis

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184
Q

A compound with the general formula RCOOR’

A

Ester

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185
Q

R in RCOOR’

A

Hydrocarbon group or a hydrogen

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186
Q

R’ in RCOOR’

A

hydrocarbon group

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187
Q

Formed from an alcohol and organic (or carboxylic) acid by removal of water (dehydration)

A

Ester

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188
Q

The study of the cause of disease

A

Etiology

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189
Q

Increase in severity of a disease

A

Exacerbation

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190
Q

Pertaining to a gland that delivers its secretion through a duct

A

Exocrine

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191
Q

Originating outside an organ or part

A

Exogenous infections

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192
Q

A toxin produced by a microorganism and excreted into its surrounding medium

A

Exotoxin

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193
Q

Loss of blood to the point where life can no longer be sustained

A

Exsanguination

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194
Q

Exterior

A

External

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195
Q

The opposite of internal

A

External

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196
Q

The lateral, outer opening of the external auditory canal

A

External auditory meatus

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197
Q

Fluid or cellular debris exuding from blood vessels and deposited in tissues or tissue surfaces

A

Exudate

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198
Q

Usually a result of inflammation

A

Exudate

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199
Q

A microorganism that prefers an environment devoid of oxygen but has adapted so that it can live and grow in the presence of oxygen

A

Facultative aerobe

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200
Q

An organism that prefers an oxygen environment but is capable of living and growing in its absence

A

Facultative anaerobe

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201
Q

Prefers live organic matter as a source of nutrition but can adapt to the use of dead organic matter under certain conditions

A

Facultative saprophyte

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202
Q

A common name for a triacylglycerol that is a semisolid or solid at room temperature and contains a high percentage of saturated fatty acids

A

Fats

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203
Q

Pertaining to or characterized by fever

A

Febrile

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204
Q

The microbial (enzymatic) decomposition of carbohydrates under anaerobic conditions

A

Fermentation

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205
Q

One in which the organisms are originally confined to one area but enter the blood or lymph vessel and spread to other parts of the body

A

Focal infection

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206
Q

Any inanimate object to which infectious material adheres and can be transmitted

A

Fomite

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207
Q

A temporarily unossified area on the surface of the cranium of an infant

A

Fontanel

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208
Q

Formaldehyde gas dissolved in water at 37% by weight and 40% by volume

A

Formalin

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209
Q

That amount of formaldehyde necessary to overcome any nitrogen residue and cause the body proteins to become coagulated

A
  • Formaldehyde demand

* Glutaraldehyde demand

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210
Q

A shallow depression

A

Fossa

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211
Q

A change of state of matter from a liquid to a solid by the loss of heat

A

Freezing

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212
Q

The term for the point of equilibrium between the solid and liquid states and typically employed when the temperature is decreasing

A

Freezing

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213
Q

Having rapid and severe onset, usually fatal

A

Fulminating

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214
Q

A condition or disease in which there is no recognizable change in anatomy

A

Functional

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215
Q

A substance that kills fungi

A

Fungicide

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216
Q

A group of diverse and widespread unicellular and multicellular organisms, lacking chlorophyll, usually bearing spores and often filamentous

A
  • Fungus

* Fungi

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217
Q

An abscess or pyogenic infection of a sweat gland or hair follicle

A

Furuncle

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218
Q

A state of matter in which the atoms or molecules move about in almost complete freedom from one another

A

Gases

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219
Q

Have no definite shape or volume and assume the shape and volume of their container by diffusing uniformly throughout the container

A

Gases

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220
Q

An infection that becomes systemic

A

General infection

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221
Q

Deals with the study of the widespread processes of disease, without reference to particular organs or organ systems

A

General pathology

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222
Q

Examples: inflammation, degeneration, necrosis or cellular death, repair, etc

A

General pathology

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223
Q

A substance that destroys microorganisms

A

Germicide

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224
Q

A secretory organ or structure

A

Gland

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225
Q

A cell or group of cells that can manufacture a secretion

A

Gland

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226
Q

Enlargement of the thyroid gland due to iodine deficiency

A

Goiter

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227
Q

Study of changes in structure of the body that are readily seen with the unaided eye as a result of disease

A

Gross pathology

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228
Q

The condition of water that results from dissolved minerals and metallic ions such as calcium and magnesium

A

Hardness of water

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229
Q

Vomiting of blood

A

Hematemesis

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230
Q

Tumor like swelling of blood

A

Hematoma

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231
Q

Discharge of red blood cells in the urine

A

Hematuria

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232
Q

An inherited hemorrhagic disease characterized by a tendency to excessive and sometime spontaneous bleeding

A

Hemophilia

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233
Q

Blood in sputum

A

Hemoptysis

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234
Q

Escape of blood from blood vascular system

A

Hemorrhage

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235
Q

Genetic characteristics transmitted from parent to offspring

A

Hereditary

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236
Q

Abnormal protrusion of part of an organ through an abnormal opening in the wall that normally contains it

A

Hernia

237
Q

A gland that has both endocrine and exocrine functions

A

Heterocrine

238
Q

Example: pancreas

A

Heterocrine

239
Q

Organisms that must obtain their nourishment from complex organic matter

A

Heterotrophic bacteria

240
Q

Chemicals that increase the capability of embalmed tissues to retain moisture

A

Humectants

241
Q

A compound in which there is a chemical union between water and certain substances when they crystallize

A

Hydrates

242
Q

Abnormal collection of fluid in any sacculated cavity in the body

A

Hydrocele

243
Q

Excessive accumulation of cerebrospinal fluid in the ventricles of the brain

A

Hydrocephalus

244
Q

A chemical reaction in which a substance is broken down or dissociated by water

A

Hydrolysis

245
Q

A reaction between a salt and water to yield an acid and a base of unequal strengths

A

Hydrolysis

246
Q

Distention of the pelvis and calyces of one or both kidneys with urine as a result of obstruction

A

Hydronephrosis

247
Q

Abnormal accumulation of fluid within the pericardial sac

A

Hydropericardium

248
Q

Abnormal accumulation of fluid in the thoracic cavity

A

Hydrothorax

249
Q

Excess of blood in an area of the body

A

Hyperemia

250
Q

The increase size of an organ or part due to the excessive but regulated increase in the number of its cells

A

Hyperplasia

251
Q

A solution having a greater concentration of dissolved solute than the solution to which it is compared

A

Hypertonic solution

252
Q

The enlargement of an organ or part due to the increase in size of cells composing it

A

Hypertrophy

253
Q

Chlorine containing compounds

A
  • Hypochlorites

* Bleaches

254
Q

Underdevelopment of a tissue, organ or the body

A

Hypoplasia

255
Q

A solution having a lesser concentration of dissolved solute than the solution to which it is compared

A

Hypotonic solution

256
Q

Results from the adverse activity of medical personnel

A

Iatrogenic

257
Q

Of uknown cause

A

Idiopathic

258
Q

Example: essential hypertension

A

Idiopathic

259
Q

The swelling and softening of tissues and organs as a result of absorbing moisture from adjacent sources

A

Imbibition

260
Q

The strength of embalming fluids indicated by the number of grams of pure formaldehyde gas dissolved in 100 ml of solution

A

Index

261
Q

Usually refers to a percentage

A

Index

262
Q

Percent of formaldehyde gas in an embalming fluid with an index of 25

A

25%

263
Q

Synonymous with “normal flora”

A

Indigenous flora

264
Q

Indicates the microbial population that lives with the host in a healthy condition

A

Indigenous flora

265
Q

The formation of an area of necrosis in a tissue caused by obstruction in the artery supplying the area

A

Infarction

266
Q

The state or condition in which the body or a part of it is invaded by a pathogenic agent that, under favorable conditions, multiplies and produces injurious effects

A

Infection

267
Q

The entry, establishment and multiplication of pathogenic organisms within a host

A

Infection

268
Q

Beneath

A

Inferior

269
Q

Lower

A

Inferior

270
Q

Used medically in reference to the undersurface of an organ or indicating a structure below another structure

A

Inferior

271
Q

The process of seepage or diffusion into tissue of substances that are not ordinarily present

A

Infiltration

272
Q

A tissue reaction to irritation, infection, or injury marked by localized heat, swelling, redness, pain and sometimes loss of function

A

Inflammation

273
Q

That branch of chemistry that studies the properties and reactions of elements, excluding organic or certain carbon-containing compounds

A

Inorganic chemistry

274
Q

A substance that kills insects

A

Insecticide

275
Q

Relating to the integument

A

Integumentary

276
Q

A covering

A

Integumentary

277
Q

Example: skin

A

Integumentary

278
Q

Within the body

A

Internal

279
Q

Within or on the inside

A

Internal

280
Q

The opposite of external

A

Internal

281
Q

State of being intoxicated

A

Intoxication

282
Q

Being poisoned by a drug or toxic substance

A

Intoxication

283
Q

Extravasation of blood within the skull

A

Intracranial hemorrhage

284
Q

A compound consisting of iodine combined with a carrier, such as polyvinylpyrrolidone

A

Iodophores

285
Q

Often used as a preoperative skin disinfectant

A

Iodophores

286
Q

An atomic or molecular species with a positive or negative electrical charge

A

Ion

287
Q

An atom of an element or a group of atoms acting as one unit that has lost or gained an electron or electrons and exhibits a charge

A

Ion

288
Q

A positive ion

A

Cation

289
Q

A negative ion

A

Anion

290
Q

Reduction in arterial blood supply

A

Ischemia

291
Q

A tiny isolated mass of one kind of tissue within another type

A

Islet

292
Q

Clusters of cells in the pancreas which produce insulin

A

Islets of Langerhans

293
Q

A solution having an equal concentration of dissolved solute as the solution to which it is compared

A

Isotonic solution

294
Q

Conditions characterized by excessive concentration of bilirubin in the skin and tissues and deposition of excessive bile pigment in the skin, cornea, body fluids, and mucous membranes with the resulting yellow appearance of the patient

A

Jaundice

295
Q

The point of juncture between two bones

A

Joint

296
Q

An articulation

A

Joint

297
Q

Any class of organic compounds containing the carbonyl group whose carbon atom is joined to two other carbon atoms

A

Ketones

298
Q

Carbonyl group

A

C=O

299
Q

The carbonyl group occurs within the carbon chain

A

Ketones

300
Q

A chemical group composed of one carbon atom double bonded to oxygen

A

Carbonyl group

301
Q

A substance that kills insect larva

A

Larvacide

302
Q

Pertaining to the side of the body

A

Lateral

303
Q

Away from the median plane

A

Lateral

304
Q

Specific pathologic structural and functional changes or both brought about by disease

A

Lesion

305
Q

The amount of poison (or radiation) that will kill 50% of the group to which it has been administered

A

Lethal dose 50% (LD50)

306
Q

Disease characterized by the appearance of great numbers of immature and abnormal white blood cells

A

Leukemia

307
Q

Increase in the number of white blood cells in the blood

A

Leucocytosis

308
Q

Abnormal reduction in the number of white blood cells in the blood

A

Leucopenia

309
Q

A substance that flows readily but does not tend to expand indefinitely

A

Liquids

310
Q

Well-defined parts of an organ separated by boundaries

A

Lobes

311
Q

Infection caused by germs lodging and multiplying at one point in a tissue and remaining there

A

Local infection

312
Q

Malignancy of lymphoid tissue

A

Lymphoma

313
Q

A defect or deformity

A
  • Malformation

* Anomaly

314
Q

The depression in the temporal bone into which the condyle of the mandible fits

A

Mandibular fossa

315
Q

A boundary such as the edge of a structure

A

Margin

316
Q

Anything that has mass and occupies space

A

Matter

317
Q

Temperature above which bacterial growth will not take place

A

Maximum temperature

318
Q

A passage or opening

A

Meatus

319
Q

A living organism capable of transmitting infections by carrying the disease agent on its external body parts or surfaces

A

Mechanical vector

320
Q

Pertaining to the middle

A

Medial

321
Q

Toward the median plane of the body

A

Medial

322
Q

Study of disease to ascertain cause and manner of death

A
  • Medicolegal pathology

* Forensic pathology

323
Q

The inner or central portion of an organ in contrast to the outer portion or cortex

A

Medulla

324
Q

Blood in stool

A

Melena

325
Q

The change in state from a solid to a liquid

A

Melting

326
Q

Bacteria that prefer moderate temperature and develop best at temperatures between 25 and 40 degrees Celsius

A

Mesophile

327
Q

An element marked by luster, malleability, ductility, and conductivity of electricity and heat

A

Metal

328
Q

Tend to form positive ions

A

Metallic elements

329
Q

Replacement of one type of tissue into a form that is not normally found there

A

Metaplasia

330
Q

Transfer of a disease from its primary site to a distant location

A

Metastasis

331
Q

A microorganism that requires very little free oxygen

A

Microaerophilic

332
Q

Scientific study of microorganisms and their effect on other loving organisms

A

Microbiology

333
Q

Study of microscopic changes that cells, tissues and organs undergo as a result of disease

A
  • Microscopic pathology

* Histopathology

334
Q

Infection caused by two or more organisms

A

Mixed infection

335
Q

A combination of two or more substances not chemically united and not in definite proportion by mass

A

Mixtures

336
Q

The smallest dose of a poison (or radiation) on record that produces death

A

Minimum lethal dose (MLD)

337
Q

Temperature below which bacterial growth will not take place

A

Minimum temperature

338
Q

Chemicals for which there may be greatly varying demands predicated upon the type of embalming, the environment and the arterial fluid to be used

A

Modifying agents

339
Q

Necrotic tissue that is wet as a result of inadequate venous drainage

A
  • Moist gangrene

* Wet gangrene

340
Q

May be accompanied by the invasion of saprophytic bacteria

A
  • Moist gangrene

* Wet gangrene

341
Q

The smallest unit of a compound which can exist alone

A

Molecule

342
Q

An aggregation of atoms, specifically a chemical of two or more atoms which for a specific chemical substance

A

Molecule

343
Q

Relative incidence of a disease in the population or number of cases in a given time at a given population

A

Morbidity rate

344
Q

Number of deaths in a given time or place or proportion of deaths to a population

A

Mortality rate

345
Q

A relationship in which organisms of two different species live in close association to the mutual benefit of each

A

Mutualism

346
Q

The branch of science concerned with the study of fungi

A

Mycology

347
Q

Bacteria of the Mycoplasma genus that are found in humans and have no cell wall

A

Mycoplasmas

348
Q

The smallest free-living organisms presently known being intermediate in size between viruses and bacteria

A

Mycoplasmas

349
Q

The study of muscles

A

Myology

350
Q

The nostrils

A

Nares

351
Q

The partition that divides the nasal cavity into two sections

A

Nasal septum

352
Q

Pathological death of a tissue still a part of the living organism

A

Necrosis

353
Q

The abnormal, excessive and uncontrolled multiplication of cells with the formation of a mass or new growth of tissue

A
  • Neoplasm

* Tumor

354
Q

The study of the nervous system

A

Neurology

355
Q

The reaction of an acid and a base to produce salt and water

A

Neutralization

356
Q

Any element that is not a metal

A

Nonmetal

357
Q

Tend to form negative ions

A

Nonmetal

358
Q

Organisms that are free living and relationships are not required for survival

A

Non-symbiotic

359
Q

Infection acquired in a hospital

A

Nosocomial

360
Q

A disease with an abnormally high rate of occurrence in members of the workforce

A

Occupational disease

361
Q

A common name for a triacylglycerol that is a liquid at room temperature and contains a high percentage of unsaturated fatty acids

A

Oils

362
Q

An organism that exists as part of the normal flora but may become pathogenic under certain conditions

A

Opportunist

363
Q

Temperature at which organisms grow best

A

Optimum temprature

364
Q

Pertaining to the mouth

A

Oral

365
Q

A condition or disease in which there is a change in anatomy

A

Organic

366
Q

That branch of chemistry that deals with certain carbon-containing compounds

A

Organic chemistry

367
Q

The mouth, entrance, or outlet of any anatomical structure

A

Orifice

368
Q

An opening

A

Orifice

369
Q

The passage of pure solvent from a solution of lesser solute concentration to one of greater solute concentration when the two solutions are separated by a semi-permeable membrane which selectively prevents the passage of solute molecules but it is permeable to the solvent

A

Osmosis

370
Q

Pressure that develops when two solutions of different concentrations are separated by a semipermeable membrane

A

Osmotic pressure

371
Q

Any small bone, especially one of the three bones of the middle ear

A

Ossicles

372
Q

A disease marked by softening of the bones due to faulty calcification in adulthood

A

Osteomalacia

373
Q

Inflammation of bone and bone marrow

A

Osteomyelitis

374
Q

Loss of bone density

A

Osteoporosis

375
Q

A compound consisting of oxygen combined with only one other element

A

Oxides

376
Q

A disease affecting the majority of the population of a large region or one that is epidemic at the same time in many different parts of the world

A

Pandemic

377
Q

Epidemic, widespread, even of worldwide event

A

Pandemic disease

378
Q

An interactive relationship between two organisms in which one is harmed and the other benefits

A

Parasitism

379
Q

Pertaining to, or forming, the wall of a cavity

A

Parietal

380
Q

Pertaining to the parietal bone

A

Parietal

381
Q

A method of expressing low concentrations

A

Parts per million (ppm)

382
Q

Equivalent to 1 milligram per liter

A

1 parts per million (ppm)

383
Q

The state of producing or being able to produce pathological changes and disease

A

Pathogenicity

384
Q

Study of structural changes in the body caused by disease

A

Pathological anatomy

385
Q

The science that deals with the study of disease

A

Pathology

386
Q

The manner in which a disease develops

A

Pathogenesis

387
Q

Pertaining to the front of the chest

A

Pectoral

388
Q

A bond formed from a dehydration reaction between the amino group on one amino acid with the carboxyl (organic acid) group on the other amino acid

A

Peptide bond

389
Q

The tabular arrangement of the elements in order of increasing atomic number

A

Periodic table

390
Q

This arrangement allows the columns of elements to represent the periodic recurrence of similar properties

A

Periodic table

391
Q

Located at, or pertaining to, the outer surface of the body or body part

A

Peripheral

392
Q

The outer surface of the body or body part

A

Periphery

393
Q

Occurring away from the center

A

Peripheral

394
Q

At right angles to another surface

A

Perpendicular

395
Q

Antemortem, pinpoint, extravascular blood discoloration visible as purplish hemorrhages of the skin

A

Petechia

396
Q

Power / potential of hydrogen

A

pH

397
Q

A number signifying the acidity or alkalinity of a chemical solution

A

pH

398
Q

The measure of hydrogen ion concentrations of a solution

A

pH

399
Q

Congenital condition in which the proximal portions of the limbs are poorly developed or absent

A

Phocomelia

400
Q

A change in the form or state of matter without any change in chemical composition

A

Physical changes

401
Q

Properties of a substance that are observed without a change in chemical composition

A

Physical properties

402
Q

Examples: color, odor, taste, solubility, density, hardness, melting point, and boiling point

A

Physical properties

403
Q

Study of changes in body functions due to disease

A

Physiological pathology

404
Q

Coloration caused by deposit, or lack, of colored material in the tissues

A

Pigmentation

405
Q

General term used to denote any prolonged inhalation of mineral dust

A

Pneumoconiosis

406
Q

Infection of the lungs

A

Pneumonia

407
Q

Any substance that imperils health or life when absorbed into the body

A

Poison

408
Q

A highly contagious infectious disease of the spinal cord caused by a filterable virus

A

Poliomyelitis

409
Q

An increase in total red blood cell mass

A

Polycythemia vera

410
Q

The linking together of monomers or basic chemical units to form a polymer

A

Polymerization

411
Q

A growth or mass of tissue that protrudes from a mucous membrane

A

Polyp

412
Q

Concerning an entrance to an organ, especially that through which the blood is carried to the liver

A

Portal

413
Q

Toward the back

A
  • Posterior

* Dorsal

414
Q

Opposite of anterior

A
  • Posterior

* Dorsal

415
Q

Fluids designed to clear the vascular system of blood and enable the arterial solution to distribute with greater facility

A
  • Pre-injection fluids
  • Primary injection
  • Capillary wash
416
Q

Components o f embalming solutions used to inactivate the active chemical groups of proteins and amino acids

A

Preservatives

417
Q

To inhibit decomposition

A

Preservatives

418
Q

To kill microorganisms

A

Preservatives

419
Q

Destroy odors and eliminate their further formation

A

Preservatives

420
Q

To inactivate enzymes

A

Preservatives

421
Q

Number of cases of disease present in a specified population at a given time

A

Prevalence

422
Q

The “first” infection that a host has after a period of health

A

Primary infection

423
Q

The first or initial injection, may or may not contain preservatives

A
  • Primary injection

* Pre-injection

424
Q

Small proteinaceous infectious agents (particles) which almost certainly do not have a nucleic acid genome and therefore resist inactivation by procedures that modify nucleic acids

A

Prion

425
Q

Often called spongiform encephalopathies because of the postmortem appearance of the brain with large vacuoles in the cortex and cerebellum

A

Prion

426
Q

Prediction of the outcome of disease

A

Prognosis

427
Q

Characteristics by which substances may be identified

A

Properties

428
Q

Inflammation of the prostate gland

A

Prostatitis

429
Q

A biological component that is a polymer of many amino acids

A

Protein

430
Q

One celled organisms of the Kingdom Protista

A

Protozoa

431
Q

Most are unicellular although some are colonist

A

Protozoa

432
Q

Science that deals with the study of protozoa

A

Protozoology

433
Q

A part that is prominent beyond a surface, like a knob

A

Protuberance

434
Q

Nearest the point of attachment, the center of the body, or a point of reference

A

Proximal

435
Q

The opposite of distal

A

Proximal

436
Q

Bacteria that prefer cold, thriving at temperatures between 0 and 25 degrees Celsius

A

Psychrophile

437
Q

Condition in which spontaneous bleeding occurs in the subcutaneous tissues, causing the appearance of purple patches on the skin

A

Purpura

438
Q

A small elevation of the skin containing pus

A

Pustule

439
Q

The decomposition of proteins by the action of enzymes from anaerobic bacteria

A

Putrefaction

440
Q

The junction of the pubic bones on the midline of the body

A

Pubic symphysis

441
Q

The smooth muscle around the opening of the stomach into the duodenum

A

Pyloric sphincter

442
Q

Surface-active agents that are generally used for disinfection of skin, oral and nasal cavities, as well as instruments

A

Quaternary ammonium compounds

443
Q

Reappearance of symptoms after a period of remission

A

Recurrent

444
Q

Remission

A

Abatement

445
Q

The replacement of damaged cells with identical cells

A

Regeneration

446
Q

Temporary cessation of symptoms of disease

A

Remission

447
Q

Kidney stones

A

Renal calculi

448
Q

Physical or mechanical restoration of damaged or diseased tissue by the growth of healthy new cells, not necessarily the same type, or by surgery

A

Repair

449
Q

Pertaining to or employed in reproduction

A

Reproductive

450
Q

The termination of the inflammatory response with the affected part returning to its normal state

A

Resoltuion

451
Q

Pertaining to respiration

A

Respiratory

452
Q

Supplemental fluids that may enhance arterial fluids by the addition of special chemicals

A

Restorative fluids

453
Q

Example: humectants

A

Restorative fluids

454
Q

A disease of infants and young children caused by deficiency of vitamin D resulting in defective bone growth

A

Rickets

455
Q

A genus of gram-negative, pathogenic, intracellular parasitic bacteria

A

Rickettsia

456
Q

Area of science that studies Rickettsia

A

Rickettsiology

457
Q

Pertaining to, producing, or formed from saliva

A

Salivary

458
Q

A gland of the oral cavity that secretes saliva

A

Salivary gland

459
Q

Any group of substances that result from the reaction between acids and bases other than water

A

Salts

460
Q

The reaction between a fat and a strong base to produce glycerol and the salt of a fatty acid

A

Saponification

461
Q

Glycerol and the salt of a fatty acid

A

Soap

462
Q

A cube-like packet of eight spherical bacteria

A

Sarcinae

463
Q

Latin for bundle

A

Sarcina

464
Q

A solution containing all of the solute the solvent is able to hold at a certain temperature and pressure

A

Saturated solution

465
Q

Infection caused by a different organism than the one causing the primary infection

A

Secondary infection

466
Q

That injection taking place after the primary injection

A

Secondary injection

467
Q

First injection; pre-injection

A

Primary injection

468
Q

Condition characterized by the multiplication of bacteria in blood

A

Septicemia

469
Q

A wall dividing two cavities

A

Septum

470
Q

The watery portion of the blood after coagulation occurs

A

Serum

471
Q

An oval nodule of bone

A

Sesamoid bone

472
Q

Objective disturbances produced by disease, observed by physician, nurse or person attending patient

A

Signs

473
Q

Examples: pulse, fever, heart rate

A

Signs

474
Q

A compound whose hydrolytic products are fatty acids and alcohols

A

Simple lipids

475
Q

A cavity within a bone

A

Sinus

476
Q

A dilated channel for venous blood

A

Sinus

477
Q

Any cavity having a relatively narrow opening

A

Sinus

478
Q

Pertaining to the skeleton

A

Skeletal

479
Q

The condensed state of matter having a definite shape and volume

A

Solids

480
Q

The conversion of a liquid or a gas into a solid form

A

Solidification

481
Q

The measure of how well two substances mix

A

Solubility

482
Q

A substance dissolved in a solvent to form a solution

A

Solute

483
Q

The component of a solution present in a lesser amount

A

Solute

484
Q

A homogeneous mixture of one or more substances dissolved in a sufficient quantity of solvent

A

Solution

485
Q

The process of dissolving

A

Solvation

486
Q

A substance that does the dissolving in a solution

A

Solvent

487
Q

The component of a solution present in a greater amount

A

Solvent

488
Q

Deals with the specific features of disease in relation to particular organs or organ systems

A

Special pathology

489
Q

A circular muscle constricting an orifice

A

Sphincter

490
Q

Congenital defect in which part of the vertebral column is absent or incomplete closure

A

Spina bifida

491
Q

A genus of spiral bacteria having a corkscrew shape with a rigid cell wall and hair-like projections called flagella that assist in movement

A
  • Spirillum

* Spirilla

492
Q

A genus of bacteria having a flexible cell wall but no flagella in the traditional sense

A

Spirochete

493
Q

Movement in these organisms occurs by contractions (undulating) of long filaments that run the length of the cell

A

Spirochete

494
Q

Long filaments

A

Endoflagella

495
Q

A disease that occurs occasionally in a random or isolated manner

A

Sporadic

496
Q

A disease which occurs occasionally or in scattered instances

A

Sporadic

497
Q

A genus of gram-positive, nonmotile, opportunistic bacteria which tend to aggregate in irregular, grape-like clusters

A

Staphylococcus

498
Q

A physical property of matter

A

State of matter

499
Q

Physical properties of matter

A
  • Solid
  • Liquid
  • Gas
500
Q

Condition of phase in the physical composition of a substance at a given temperature and pressure

A

State of matter

501
Q

Abnormal constriction of a channel or orifice

A

Stenosis

502
Q

A process of completely removing or destroying all life forms and / or their products on or in a substance

A

Sterilization

503
Q

Rod-shaped bacteria occurring in chains

A

Streptobacilli

504
Q

Spherical shaped bacteria occurring in chains

A

Streptococci

505
Q

A microbe that can only live in the presence of free oxygen

A
  • Strict aerobe

* Obligate aerobe

506
Q

A microbe that can only survive in the absence of free oxygen

A
  • Strict anaerobe

* Obligate anaerobe

507
Q

An organism that is completely dependent on its living host for survival

A
  • Strict parasite

* Obligate parasite

508
Q

An organism that can only survive on dead or decaying organic matter

A
  • Strict saprophyte

* Obligate saprophyte

509
Q

A physical change of state during which a substance changes directly from a solid to a gas

A

Sublimation

510
Q

Pertaining to or situated near the surface

A

Superficial

511
Q

Higher than

A

Superior

512
Q

Situated above something else

A

Superior

513
Q

Located above the kidney

A

Suprarenal

514
Q

Fluid injected for purposes other than preservation and disinfection

A
  • Supplemental fluids

* Accessory chemicals

515
Q

Categories of supplemental fluids

A
  • Pre-injection
  • Co-injection
  • Humectants / restorative fluids
516
Q

Additional germicides added to embalming fluids

A

Supplementary germicides

517
Q

Study of tissue specimens excised surgically in a major or minor operation

A

Surgical pathology

518
Q

Relating to a suture, or the line of union in an immovable articulation, such as between the cranial bones

A

Sutural

519
Q

The material upon which an enzyme works

A

Substrate

520
Q

The force that acts on the surface of a liquid and tends to minimize surface area

A

Surface tension

521
Q

Chemicals that will reduce the molecular cohesion of a liquid and thereby enable it to flow through smaller apertures

A
  • Surfactants
  • Surface tension reducers
  • Wetting agents
  • Penetrating agents
522
Q

A mixture of a solute and a solvent in which the size of the solute particles is greater than 100 nanometers

A

Suspension

523
Q

Particles of solute do not pass through filters or membranes

A

Suspension

524
Q

Organisms live in close nutritional relationships

A

Symbiotic

525
Q

Required by one or both members

A

Symbiotic

526
Q

A line of fusion between two bones that are separate in early development

A

Symphysis

527
Q

The harmonious action of two or more microorganisms producing an effect that neither could produce alone

A

Synergism

528
Q

Organized groupings of related structures or organs that perform certain functions together

A

Systems

529
Q

Subjective disturbances caused by disease that are felt or experienced by patient but not directly measurable

A

Symptoms

530
Q

Examples: pain, headache

A

Symptoms

531
Q

Set of signs and symptoms associated with a particular disease

A

Syndrome

532
Q

Grouping of four spherical shaped cells

A

Tetracocci

533
Q

The study of those physical and chemical changes in the human body that are caused by the process of death

A

Thanatochemistry

534
Q

Bacteria that thrive best at high temperatures, between 40 and 70 degrees Celsius

A

Thermophile

535
Q

The formation or presence of an attached blood clot

A

Thrombosis

536
Q

The presence of toxins in the blood

A

Toxemia

537
Q

A poisonous substance produced by higher plants, animals, or pathogenic bacteria that is poisonous to humans

A

Toxin

538
Q

Poisonous

A

Toxic

539
Q

A poisonous substance of plant, animal, bacterial or fungal origin

A

Toxin

540
Q

An organism that due to its own virulence is able to produce disease

A

True pathogen

541
Q

Implantation and development of the fertilized ovum in a uterine (fallopian) tube

A

Tubal pregnancy

542
Q

A covering or layer

A

Tunic

543
Q

An open sore or lesion of skin or mucous membrane accompanied by sloughing of inflamed necrotic tissue

A

Ulcer

544
Q

A solution containing less of the solute than can be held in solution by the solvent

A

Unsaturated solution

545
Q

A toxic condition caused by retention in the blood of waste products normally excreted in the urine

A

Uremia

546
Q

Pertaining to the secretion or containment of urine

A

Urinary

547
Q

Composed of the kidneys, ureters, bladder, and urethra

A

Urinary system

548
Q

The neutralization product of formaldehyde by ammonia

A
  • Urotropin

* Methenamine

549
Q

Ammonia

A

C6H12N4

550
Q

Any one of various membranous structures in a hollow organ or passage that temporarily closes to permit the flow of fluid in one direction only

A

Valve

551
Q

Failure of a heart valve to close tightly, thus allowing regurgitation of blood

A
  • Valvular insufficiency

* Valvular incompetence

552
Q

The physical change from a liquid to a gas

A

Vaporization

553
Q

Pertaining to or composed of vessels

A

Vascular

554
Q

The blood vessels, including arteries, capillaries, and veins

A

Vascular system

555
Q

Located toward the front of the body

A
  • Ventral

* Anterior

556
Q

Liquids that serve as solvents for the numerous ingredients incorporated in embalming solutions

A

Vehicles

557
Q

Examples: water, alcohol

A

Vehicles

558
Q

A narrow, worm-shaped tube connected to the cecum

A

Vermiform appendix

559
Q

Blister-like elevation of skin containing serous fluid

A

Vesicle

560
Q

To move rapidly

A

Vibrio

561
Q

Vibrate

A

Vibrio

562
Q

A genus of spiral bacteria which are curved or bent rods that resemble commas

A

Vibrio

563
Q

An agent destructive to viruses

A
  • Virucide

* Viricide

564
Q

The study of viruses and viral diseases

A

Virology

565
Q

Relative power of an organism to produce disease

A

Virulence

566
Q

One of a group of minute infectious agents, with certain exceptions not resolved in the light microscope, and characterized by a lack of independent metabolism and by the ability to replicate only within living host cells

A

Virus

567
Q

Infectious agent not resolved in the light microscope

A

Poxviruses

568
Q

Able to reproduce with genetic continuity and the possibility of mutation

A

Virus

569
Q

Range from 200-300 nm to 15 nm in size and are morphologically heterogenous, occurring as rod-shaped, spherical, or polyhedral, and tadpole-shaped forms

A

Virus

570
Q

Masses of the spherical or polyhedral forms may be made up of orderly arrays, to give a crystalline structure

A

Virus

571
Q

The individual particle consists of nucleic acid, DNA or RNA (but not both) and a protein shell, which contains and protects the nucleic acid and which may be multilayered

A

Virus

572
Q

Individual particle in a virus

A

Virion

573
Q

Nucleic acid in a virus

A

Nucleoid

574
Q

Protein shell

A

Capsid

575
Q

Separated into three subgroups on the basis of host specificity

A

Viruses

576
Q

Virus subgroups

A
  • Bacterial viruses
  • Animal viruses
  • Plant viruses
577
Q

Classified as to their origin, mode of transmission, or the manifestations they produce

A

Virus

578
Q

Reoviruses origin

A
  • Respiratory

* Enteric

579
Q

Abroviruses mode of transmission

A

Mosquitoes

580
Q