Pathology Comprehensive Exam Flashcards Preview

MOR 260: National Board Exam Review > Pathology Comprehensive Exam > Flashcards

Flashcards in Pathology Comprehensive Exam Deck (105):
1

Which one of these is not a post-mortem condition following death from a malignant neoplasm:

* Weight gain
* Emaciation
* Deformity
* Hemorrhage
* Discoloration

Weight gain

2

Growths that project on stalks from mucous membranes:

Polyps

3

Which gland(s) secrete a hormone which regulates the calcium levels of the body:

Thyroid

4

Acute or chronic inflammation of the stomach is called:

Gastritis

5

The cardinal sign(s) of inflammation:

* Heat
* Pain
* Swelling
* Redness

6

A stroke is also known as a:

Cerebrovascular accident

7

The causes of this condition are not well known, but there is a uniform enlargement of the thyroid gland and increased secretion of thyroxine and is termed:

Grave's Disease

8

A collection of edematous fluid in the abdominal cavity is called:

Asites

9

An increased accumulation of cerebrospinal fluid in the brain:

Hydrocephalus

10

An infection of the heart valves during Rheumatic Fever is one caused:

Mitral stenosis

11

A condition in which the oxygen-carrying pigment Hemoglobin is below normal

Anemia

12

This inflammatory condition which affects the membrane that covers the CNS and is caused by a bacteria is:

Meningitis

13

Purple or reddish spots of discoloration caused by bleeding under the skin. Most common in the elderly:

Purpura

14

A malignant neoplasm of the nervous system:

Glioma

15

Increased production of red blood cells by the bone marrow:

* Erythrocytosis
* Polycythemia vera

16

Addison's Disease results from a deficiency of _____ hormones:

Adrenocortical

17

This is an area of purplish discoloration and is sometimes referred to as "black and blue":

Ecchymosis

18

This chronic disease is generally a non-killing degeneration of the brain causing severe disability:

Parkinson's Disease

19

A chronic disease of the nervous system characterized by patches of demyelination and by remission and relapse is:

Multiple sclerosis

20

Enlargement of an organ due to an increase in size of constituent cells:

Hypertrophy

21

A hyperplastic response of the thyroid tissue to a deficiency in iodine, which is an important component of thyroxine and will cause:

Goiter

22

Acquired cretinism:

Myxedema

23

This is a congenital disease which results from an inutero developmental defect, it effects the motor system of the brain:

Cerebral palsy

24

Swelling filled with blood and resembling a tumor is called:

Hematoma

25

The loss of cerebral control after a head injury without any obvious signs of an inorganic lesion is a:

Concussion

26

Inflammation of the testes is called:

Orchitis

27

A type of disease that runs a slow course, rather mild as to symptoms, and may last for weeks, months, and years is called:

Chronic

28

The prediction of the probable outcome of a disease is called the:

Prognosis

29

Inflammation of the gallbladder:

Cholecystitis

30

Masses of tortuous veins in the anorectum area:

Hemorrhoids

31

The term which means a nose bleed is:

Epistaxis

32

Failure of the testes to descend into the scrotal area is called:

Cryptorchism

33

A benign neoplasm that resembles a wart:

Papilloma

34

A disease that results from the activity of physicians:

Iatrogenic

35

A disease caused by hypoadrenalism is:

Addison's Disease

36

The manner in which a disease develops is called:

Pathogenesis

37

An inflammatory condition of the gums of the mouth is technically referred to as:

Gingivitis

38

The study of the cause of a disease is called:

Etiology

39

Inflammation of the cervix uteri:

Endocervicitis

40

Inflammation of a joint that may be caused by microorganisms or degenerative joint disease. It is often accompanied by changes in structure:

Arthritis

41

Benign tumor derived from vascular tissue:

Angioma

42

A collapsed or airless condition of the lungs:

Atelectasis

43

Hypoactivity of the anterior pituitary gland will cause:

Dwarfism

44

Interconnected, pus-filled, inflamed hair-roots:

* Furuncle
* ???

45

A malignant tumor of cartilage is:

Chondrosarcoma

46

The accumulation of serous fluid in the membrane surrounding the testes:

Hydrocele

47

An organism which is capable of causing a disease is called a(n):

Pathogen

48

This important gland is sometimes called the master gland:

Pituitary

49

Death from chilling or extreme exposure is termed:

Hypothermia

50

A congenital defect in which there are more than the usual number of fingers or toes is called:

Polydactylism

51

A free floating foreign particle in the bloodstream is known as:

Embolus

52

A disease caused by a change in the structure of a tissue is:

Functional

53

A condition in which there is a congenital absence of normal coloring is called:

Albinism

54

Localized death of tissue in a still-living body, possibly caused by infection, extreme heat or lack of blood supply:

Necrosis

55

Diabetes mellitus is a malfunction of which gland?

Pancreas

56

A benign tumor of fatty tissue:

Lipoma

57

A disease whose exact cause is unknown is called:

Idiopathic

58

What is a complication of diabetes mellitus:

* Arteriosclerosis
* Vascular obstruction
* Gangrene

59

Death of tissue caused by a lack of blood supply:

Infarction

60

The thickening of the walls, calcium deposits and narrowing of the lumen in an artery describes:

Arteriosclerosis

61

Generalized edema is known as:

Anasarca

62

Ectopic pregnancy refers to a pregnancy:

Outside the uterus

63

The spread of tumor cells from one part of the body to another by blood or lymph is called:

Metastasis

64

A condition in which a kidney becomes distended with urine:

Hydronephrosis

65

Another name for pleural effusion is:

Hydrothorax

66

Which of the following is not considered a predisposing factor regarding the cause of disease?

* Malnutrition
* Trauma
* Occupation
* Sex

Trauma

67

A nonmalignant tumor of the female reproductive system containing elements derived from the ectoderm (Hair, teeth):

* Dermoid cyst
* Teratoma

68

Hypersensitivity to particular antigens:

Allergies

69

Black, tarry feces caused by bleeding in the upper gastrointestinal tract:

Melena

70

A disease characterized by a rapid onset and course is said to be:

Acute

71

Proteins recognized as foreign by the immune system:

Antigens

72

A condition of arrested physical and mental development caused by lack of thyroxin production:

Cretinism

73

Hepatitis may be caused by:

Viral infection

74

A fulminating disease is:

Rapid onset and relatively short duration

75

What would be an exciting cause of disease:

Radiation

76

A disease marked by progressive destructive changes in the brain. It leads to personality changes and loss of intellect; death will occur in 10-15 years

Alzheimer's disease

77

CVA / TIA involves a rupture or blockage of a vessel in the:

Brain

78

Which of the following is a viral infection:

* Cruetzfeldt-Jacobs
* Multiple sclerosis
* Encephalitis
* Epilepsy

Encephalitis

79

Acute inflammation of the colon is ceded:

Colitis

80

The excessive production of white blood cells:

Leukocytosis

81

A congenital defect in which part of one or more vertebrae fails to develop:

Spina bifida

82

Meningitis may be caused by viruses, or by bacteria such as:

Neisseria meningitidis

83

Carcinoma of the prostate is a kind of:

Adenocarcinoma

84

An abnormal increase in the size of the cavities of the heart caused by hypertension is an example of:

Dilatation

85

Lips are covered with which type of tissue:

Epithelium

86

This is a condition in which excessive growth secretion occurs in the adult after normal bone ossification has set in is called:

Acromegaly

87

A collection of edematous fluid in the pleural cavity is called:

Hydrothorax

88

A group of cancers characterized by disorganized proliferation of white blood cells in the bone marrow:

Leukemia

89

Low glucose levels is referred to as:

Hypoglycemia

90

This is a hemorrhage in which blood collects between the dura mater and the skull:

Extradural hematoma

91

Vomiting blood, or hemorrhaging from the stomach is called:

Hematemesis

92

Encephalitis is an inflammation of the:

Brain

93

Lack of blood supply:

Ischemia

94

Excessive production of human growth hormone by the anterior lobe of the pituitary gland may cause:

* Giantism
* Gigantism
* Acromegaly

95

A decrease in the size of a fully developed tissue is called:

Atrophy

96

Hypersecretion of the adrenal cortex leads to a disease called _____; its symptoms include adiposity and fatigue:

Cushing's disease

97

An increase in the size of a part due to an increase in the number of cells is:

Hyperplasia

98

A disease which affects a large number of persons in a community at one time is called:

Epidemic

99

A disease that is transmitted from parent to infant by way of genetics is called:

Congenital

100

Pin point hemorrhages are also called:

Petechiae

101

Mechanical injury that causes a fracture, bruise, nerve damage, etc, is known as:

Trauma

102

A disease characterized by a high fever is called:

Febrile

103

A temporary let-up of the signs and symptoms of a disease:

Remission

104

The branch of pathology dealing with accidents, homicides and suicides:

* Medicolegal
* Forensic

105

What condition is most often associated with pneumonia?

Sinusitis

Decks in MOR 260: National Board Exam Review Class (42):