Embalming Comprehensive Exam Flashcards Preview

MOR 260: National Board Exam Review > Embalming Comprehensive Exam > Flashcards

Flashcards in Embalming Comprehensive Exam Deck (150):
1

The physical evacuation of various foreign materials from any body orifice, due to a variety of pressures, is commonly referred to as:

Purge

2

Which of the following is an example of antemortem extravascular blood discoloration:

* Livor mortis
* Cyanosis
* Capillary congestion
* Hematoma
* Hypostasis

Hematoma

3

Inactive dyes are used in arterial solutions to:

Impart color to the solution

4

That method of injection and drainage in which an amount of arterial fluid is injected and then drainage allowed to flow for a period of time, each one separately, is which method:

Alternate

5

More water can be removed from tissue with:

Hypertonic solutions

6

A device that is inserted into the artery for introducing arterial fluid is called:

Cannula

7

An extrinsic variable factor in embalming is:

A time lapse between death and embalming

8

Massage cream is placed on the inside of the eyelid to hold them in place and to:

Prevent dehydration

9

This instrument could be used in place of a drain tube:

Spring forceps

10

The movement of embalming solutions from the point of injection throughout the arterial, capillary and venous portions of the blood vascular system is known as:

Fluid distribution

11

That method of injection and drainage in which injection is continued and drainage is taken at intervals is which method:

Intermittent

12

A method of generating pressure for the injection of arterial fluid into a dead human body is the use of:

Mechanical pump

13

An embalming solution may be handicapped if it is used during the peak of rigor mortis because of which reason:

The rigidity of the muscles do not allow the entrance of the solution

14

When injecting down, the arterial solution moves from the tibial artery to the:

Dorsalis pedis artery

15

Postmortem staining is an extravascular change in the color of tissue due to:

Hemolysis

16

The most positive sign of death is:

Generalized decomposition

17

The line of closure of the eye is on the:

Lower one-third of the eye socket

18

When suturing the mouth closed, the superior anchoring is the:

Septum of the nose

19

The muscular suture is also known as:

Frenulum - septal suture

20

The attempted destruction of most autolytic and bacterial enzymes present in the body, and which have protein, carbohydrate and lipid splitting abilides, is considered to be the action of, or purpose of:

Disinfection

21

What type of co-injection chemical is recommended for a dehydrated body?

Humectant

22

The amount of formaldehyde gas, measured in grams, dissolved in 100 ml, of water is called:

Index

23

How many ounces of 32 index fluid are needed to make 2 gallons of dilute solution having an index of 2%:

16

24

That process of decomposition of protein due to the specific action of an anaerobic bacteria is referred to as:

Putrefaction

25

Which of the following would have to be considered in pre-embalming analysis:

* Age
* Cause of death
* Sex
* All of the above
* None of the above

All of the above

26

If the procedure calls for a liquid sealer in the back of the eye socket, the embalmer is dealing with a:

Enucleated eye

27

The action of post-mortem stiffening of all voluntary muscles of the body is referred to specifically as:

Rigor mortis

28

Which of the following is an important factor to be considered in a case analysis:

* Sex
* Tissue moisture
* Age
* All of the above
* None of the above

All of the above

29

That classification of embalming which involves submersion of the total body into a specially formulated solution is referred to as:

Absorption embalming

30

When raising the internal jugular vein, the embalmer would expect the common carotid artery to be:

* Medial
* Deep

31

Cherry-red staining is associated with:

Carbon monoxide poisoning

32

A condition which results from the increase of fluid loss:

Dehydration

33

Father of embalming

Ruysch

34

Wrote the embalming text "History of Embalming"

Gannal

35

Discovered capillary circulation

Malpighi

36

Discovered formaldehyde

Butlerov

37

Father of American embalming

Holmes

38

The three basic media involved with Casper's Law are under the pressure of earth, water, and:

Air

39

The procedure of disinfection which is performed prior to the embalming process is referred to as:

Primary disinfection

40

Self-destruction of cells

Autolysis

41

Decomposition of proteins

Proteolysis

42

Sugar decomposition

Saccharolysis

43

Decomposition of proteins by enzymes of anaerobic bacteria

Putrefaction

44

Decomposition of proteins by enzymes of aerobic bacteria

Decay

45

That mode of death which originates with the failure of one of the vital organs of the human is referred to as:

Somatic death

46

What form of somatic death involves death beginning at the brain, and is also referred to as an insensibility which terminates in death:

Coma

47

The process of treating the body chemically so as to temporarily inhibit decomposition is:

Preservation

48

The primary purpose of embalming is:

Sanitation

49

What are methods of stimulating drainage:

* Instruments
* Massage
* Pressure

50

Purge that is liquid, has a foul odor, and resembles coffee grounds is:

Stomach purge

51

Any surface, prominence, structure, or marking used to locate a deeper structure is a(n):

Anatomical guide

52

When preparing the primary dilution for an edematous case, the solution which is prepared should be:

More astringent than usual

53

When considering the various color changes which are involved with decomposition, the initial color which is generally seen is:

Yellow-green

54

Which artery must be clamped off while injecting the cranially autopsied head via the common carotid artery:

Internal carotid artery

55

Decrease in recorded body temperature

Algonal algor

56

Coagulation

Congealing

57

Escape of blood serum from an intravascular to an extravascular location

Agonal edema

58

Increase in recorded body temperature

Agonal fever

59

Those changes occurring in the interval prior to somatic death

Antemortem

60

Speaking in general terms, the earliest visible external sign of the presence of decomposition is a green discoloration over which quadrant of the abdomen:

Lower right

61

Aspiration of the cranial cavity is indicated in cases of:

Hydrocephalus

62

The proper type of solution for embalming a dehydrated body would be:

Large volume of a mild solution

63

Which color of decomposition appears first:

Light yellow

64

Stiffening of the muscles

Rigor mortis

65

Cooling of the body to its surrounding environment

Algor mortis

66

Decomposition of fats

Lipolysis

67

Rise in body temperature after death

Post mortem caloricity

68

Reddish blue discoloration - post mortem stain

Livor mortis

69

An instrument used to clamp blood vessels is a:

Hemostat

70

A petechia is classified as what type of discoloration:

Antemortem extravascular

71

The general breakdown of all body compounds, into their basic components, is referred to as what:

Decomposition

72

The cherry-red color that is caused by carbon monoxide poisoning is classified as what type of discoloration:

Antemortem intravascular

73

Ascites may cause purge from the:

Stomach

74

The destruction or inhibition of most pathogenic bacteria and their products in or on the body is the definition of:

Disinfection

75

A device which uses water pressure to produce a vacuum for aspiration of the visceral cavities is a:

Hydroaspirator

76

A condition that speeds the onset of algor mortis is:

Low environmental temperature

77

The passage of embalming solution through the capillary walls because of positive intravascular pressure is the definition of:

Pressure filtration

78

The death of the whole organism is called:

Somatic death

79

If the embalmer directs the trocar point toward the intersection of the 5th intercostal space and the left mid-axillary line, she is preparing to aspirate which organ?

Stomach

80

A synonym for livor mortis is:

Cadaveric lividity

81

Towards the back of the body:

Posterior

82

When a dead person's finger is ligated as a test for death, there will be:

Venous congestion

83

What postmortem physical change usually occurs:

Dehydration

84

The rise in temperature of a deceased person due to continued cellular oxidation is called?

Postmortem caloricity

85

Which of the following is an extrinsic factor in regards to an embalming analysis:

* Atmospheric conditions
* Body conditions
* Medications and drugs present at death
* Nitrogenous waste products
* Cause and manner of death

Atmospheric conditions

86

Which of the following is not an expert test for death:

* Electronic life detection device (EKG)
* Stethoscope
* Injection of various dyes into the body to test for circulation
* Opthalmoscope
* Ligature test

Ligature test

87

Disinfection which occurs after the embalming procedure is called:

Terminal

88

Which of the following postmortem changes is a chemical change:

* Algor mortis
* Hypostasis
* Livor mortis
* Decomposition
* Dehydration

Decomposition

89

Which of the following areas in the preparation room is often carelessly overlooked in the terminal disinfection process:

* The embalmers hands
* The cabinets
* The base of the preparation table
* The preparation table

The base of the preparation table

90

Which of the following is not an inexpert test for death:

* Ligating a finger
* Placing the ear over the thoracic cavity to listen for heart or lung sounds
* Injection of various dyes into the body to test for circulation
* Ammonia injection test
* Feeling for the pulse at the radial artery

Injection of various dyes into the body to test for circulation

91

The post-mortem process of the self-destruction of body tissue, by substances produced within the cells themselves, is correctly termed:

Autolysis

92

Casper's Law is the ratio of the rate of:

Decomposition

93

Who discovered the circulation of the blood:

Harvey

94

What is the normal pH of the living body?

7.4

95

Which of the following is not an intrinsic factor to be considered in a case analysis:

* Pathological conditions
* Tissue moisture
* Bacterial influences within the body
* Atmospheric conditions

Atmospheric conditions

96

That person who was involved in the historical development of embalming, promoted embalming for sanitary purposes, and also translated the textbook "History of Embalming" into English, was:

Richard Harlan

97

A purge prior to embalming, where the abdomen is distended should be:

Treated by piercing the abdomen to relieve pressure

98

The appearance of post-mortem, reddish-blue, emavascular blood discolorations, which become relatively permanent are correctly termed:

Post-mortem stain

99

A condition in which the signs of life are feebly maintained is:

Apparent death

100

The place of incision for the radial artery is:

Just lateral to the tendon of the flexor carpi radialis muscle

101

The absence of metabolism and a total lack of response to stimuli is:

Catelepsy

102

A normal dilution of the already diluted fluids by the fluids of the body is known as:

Secondary dilution

103

In extreme prognathism, you may, after obtaining special permission in writing from the family:

Extract teeth

104

For dead human bodies exhibiting early decomposition, in most cases the embalmer should employ:

Multipoint injection

105

Which of the following is not predisposed to clotting:

* Carbon monoxide poisoning
* Leukemia
* Thrombosis
* Tuberculosis
* Febrile disease

Tuberculosis

106

Factors governing decomposition such as air, environmental temperature and moisture in the atmosphere are known as:

Extrinsic factors

107

The settling of the blood to dependent portions of the body is called:

Hypostasis

108

Injection of arterial fluid while maintaining an open drain tube is:

Continuous

109

This slow forming clot contains all of the blood elements, separated into layers of RBC's, WBC's, and other elements. It is called:

Chicken-fat clot

110

When arteriosclerosis is present, the artery generally best suited for injection of the artery fluid would be the:

Common carotid

111

Injection and drainage from one location

One point injection

112

Two or more complete injection sites

Multi-point injection

113

Raising both common carotids

Restricted cervical

114

Injection and drainage from separate

Split injection

115

Injection of an individual area

Regional

116

Indicated by the injector needle when the injector motor is running and the arterial tubing is clamped off

Potential pressure

117

Between potential and actual

Differential pressure

118

Tube open and fluid running

Actual pressure

119

The action of a force against an opposing force

Pressure

120

Whatever pressure is necessary to overcome an opposing force

Recommended pressure

121

When using the gravity method of obtaining pressure for injection arterial fluid, the embalmer can expect to receive approximately how many pounds of pressure per foot of elevation about the point of injection:

1/2

122

The passage of arterial solution from the capillaries into the intercellular spaces is which of the following processes:

Diffusion

123

The passage of arterial solution through the capillary wall caused by positive intravascular pressure is which of the following processes:

Pressure filtration

124

The temporary rise in the body temperature, which may occur after death, is correctly referred to as which of the following:

Post-mortem caloricity

125

Clostridium welchii produces:

Gas

126

Formaldehyde was discovered by:

Butlerov

127

A device employed for the expansion of the lumen of veins in order to make possible the insertion of the drainage tube is a:

Groove director

128

Oxidation of food products in the tissues causes:

Postmortem caloricity

129

Which of the following equipment / instruments would not be used in aspirating remains:

Aneurysm hook

130

Which artery is closes to the center of circulation:

Arch of the aorta

131

The post-mortem action of swelling and softening of tissues and organs, as a direct result of moisture absorption by the surroundings, refers specifically to:

Imbibition

132

The abdominal aorta continues as:

Iliac arteries

133

The process through which most embalming chemicals are passed from the interstitial fluids through the cell wall into the cell

Osmosis

134

A solution having a lower concentration of dissolved solute than the solution to which it is compared

Hypotonic

135

A solution having an equal concentration of dissolved solute to that of a standard reference

Isotonic

136

A solution having a greater concentration of dissolved solute than the solution to which it is compared

Hypertonic

137

This makes it possible for the penetration of embalming solvents and solutes

Osmotic pressure

138

When the human body ceases to function as an organized unit due to the death of 1 of the 3 vital organs, the type of death is:

Somatic

139

Rigor mortis:

* Never develops in a body dying from a febrile disease
* May result in a warming of the body in certain situations
* Is reduced by flexing and extending
* Is a synonym for postmortem caloricity
* Is removed by normal arterial embalming

Is reduced by flexing and extending

140

Continuous drainage during injection is called:

Concurrent

141

Which of the following is an extrinsic factor to be considered in embalming a dead human body:

* Pathological conditions
* Body moisture
* Atmospheric conditions
* Fever

Atmospheric conditions

142

The typical post-mortem blood clot is correctly referred to as:

Chicken fat clot

143

The mode of death which originates specifically with the heart is termed as:

Syncope

144

A decrease in recorded body temperature during the interval just prior to somatic death is called:

Agonal algor

145

What pathological condition would predispose a body to fluid distribution problems?

Phlebitis

146

Variable factors encountered with every dead human body are classified as:

* Intrinsic
* Extrinsic

147

In positioning the body, the face should be tilted to the right about:

15 degrees

148

A temporary condition of apparent death, in which there is a definite interruption in respiration, as well as a loss of consciousness is referred to as:

Suspended animation

149

That artist who was believed to have injected the arterial system, in an attempt to preserve the tissues long enough to dissect and study them, was:

Leonardo DaVinci

150

After death has occurred, most blood is found in:

Capillaries

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