Restorative Art: Glossary Flashcards Preview

MOR 260: National Board Exam Review > Restorative Art: Glossary > Flashcards

Flashcards in Restorative Art: Glossary Deck (768):
1

Antemortem injuries resulting from friction of the skin against a firm object resulting in the removal of the epidermis

Abrasions

2

A localized collection of pus

Abscess

3

Process of taking in

Absorption

4

A colored object absorbs certain rays of light, which illuminates it while other rays are reflected

Absorption

5

Bluntly adjoin another structure

Abut

6

Dimethyl ketone

Acetone

7

A colorless liquid which is used to soften and remove scabs, as a solvent for wax, or as a stain remover

Acetone

8

A color not found in the visible spectrum

Achromatic color

9

A neutral color such as white, black, gray, and silver and gold (for decorative purposes)

Achromatic color

10

Those developed throughout your lifetime, as a result of repetitious use of certain muscles

Acquired facial markings

11

Process of mixing colored lights on a surface whereby the wavelengths of each are combined

Additive method

12

Adding of two or more colored lights together to create another light

Additive method

13

Sticking or adhereing closely

Adhesive

14

A substance that may be applied in order to sustain contact of two surfaces

Adhesive

15

A colloidal solution dispensed as a mist

Aerosol

16

Psychological

After-image

17

Visual impression remaining after the stimulus has been removed

After-image

18

A kind of pressured atomizer for spraying liquid paint or cosmetic upon a surface

Airbrush

19

The ridge projecting from the inferior surface of the maxilla (and the superior surface of the mandible) which contains the sockets of the teeth

Alveolar process

20

Sockets of the teeth protrude

Alveolar prognathism

21

Cut off a limb

Amputate

22

Dismember

Amputate

23

In color, two or more hues which have the same hue in common

Analogous

24

A descriptive reference for locating arteries and veins by means of anatomical structures which are known

Anatomical guide

25

The position of the body standing erect, arms to the side of the body, and the palms of the hands turned outward (forward)

Anatomical position

26

A material or technique employed to secure tissues or restorative materials in a fixed position

Anchor

27

Angulus

Angle

28

Sharp turn formed by the meeting of two borders or surfaces

Angle

29

Angle formed by junction of the posterior edge of the ramus of the mandible and the inferior surfaces of the body of the mandible

Angle of the mandible

30

The degree from vertical at which the surface(s) of a prominent feature projects

Angle of projection

31

The small convex prominence lateral to the end of the line of lip closure of the mouth

Angulus oris eminence

32

The groove at each end of the line of closure of the mouth

Angulus oris sulcus

33

Before death

Antemortem

34

Before or in front of

Anterior

35

Refers to the ventral or abdominal side of the body

Anterior

36

External nostril openings

Anterior nares

37

Inner rim of the ear

Antihelix

38

Small eminence obliquely opposite the tragus, located on the superior border of the lobe of the ear

Antitragus

39

An opening

Aperture

40

Watery

Aqueous

41

Prepared with water as a solvent

Aqueous

42

The clear, thin alkaline fluid which fills the anterior chamber of the eyeball

Aqueous humor

43

Curved, as the beak of an eagle

Aquiline

44

As viewed from the profile, a nasal profile which exhibits a "hook" or convexity in its dorsum

Aquiline

45

Any structure of a curved or bow-like outline

Arch

46

Loose, connective tissue that occupies the interspaces of the body

Areolar

47

Framework

Armature

48

A material, generally of pliable metal or wood, employed to create a frame of support for a wax restoration

Armature

49

Drawing out liquids or gases by means of suction

Aspiration

50

Lack of symmetry or proportion

Asymmetry

51

Similarity without identity

Asymmetry

52

The three this muscles in the region of the ear

Atomizer

53

Sheet-cotton, gauze, or other material used in dressing wounds or wrapping a structure

Bandage

54

The first applied cream or cosmetic

Base

55

The vehicle in the cosmetic

Base

56

Example: oil base

Base

57

One of the four hues corresponding to the pigment of the skin

Basic pigment

58

Examples: white, yellow, red, or brown

Basic pigment

59

A network of stitches employed to cross the borders of a cavity or excision, used to anchor fillers and to sustain tissues in their proper position

* Basket-weave suture
* Cross stitch

60

The area of the lips, cheeks, chin, and neck, which has hair growth

Beard area

61

Refers to two sides

Bilateral

62

Bilateral view

Bilateral silhouette

63

Referring to an inferior or superior view, which allows comparison of two sides of an object or facial feature

Bilateral silhouette

64

The color of jet in pigments

Black

65

The darkest of all colors

Black

66

Achromatic

Black

67

Absence of illumination in light

Black

68

To whiten by removing color

Blanch

69

To make pale

Blanch

70

To cause to become pale or blanched

Bleach

71

A chemical which lightens a skin discoloration

Bleach

72

The act of lightening a discoloration by chemical means

Bleach

73

The act of lightening a discoloration by hypodermic means or by surface compress

Bleaching

74

Color which escapes at the edge of a mixture

Bleed

75

To mix or intermingle a color (or colors) smoothly

Blend

76

To make a gradual change from one color to another

Blend

77

A thin vesicle on the skin containing a watery matter

Blister

78

Having relatively large patches of color somewhat different from the rest of the coloring

Blotched

79

Light yellowish color, usually describing hair color

Blonde

80

A raised support as the arched portion of the nose which is supported by the nasal bones

Bridge

81

A raised support as a structure or span connecting two parts of a mutilated bone

Bridge

82

A temporary suture consisting of individually cut and tied stitches employed to sustain the proper position of tissues

* Bridge stitch
* Interrupted suture

83

A brown or copper-like color

Bronze

84

The color of tanned leather

Brown

85

Brightness

Brilliance

86

The lightness or darkness of a color

Brilliance

87

The quality of light

Brilliance

88

Value

Brilliance

89

Dark brown or black color, usually describes hair color

Brunette

90

An injury caused by a blow without laceration

* Bruise
* Ecchymosis

91

A contusion

* Bruise
* Ecchymosis

92

The space between the lips and the gums and teeth

Buccal cavity

93

The vestibule of the oral cavity

Buccal cavity

94

The shallow concavities of the cheeks, natural on some persons, which extend obliquely downward from below either the medial or lateral margins of the cheekbones

Buccal depression

95

Compresses the cheek, retracts the angle of the mouth

Buccinator muscle

96

The vertical furrow of the cheek

Bucco-facial sulcus

97

Teeth which jut out

Buck teeth

98

May occur either with or without protrusion of the gums and may occur in either the maxilla, the mandible, or both

Buck teeth

99

To oxidize or to be oxidized by fire or equivalent means

Burn

100

The tissue reaction or injury resulting from application of heat, extreme cold, caustics, radiation, friction, or electricity

Burn

101

A compressed mass of powder

Cake

102

A benign or malignant growth

Cancer

103

Colorless crystals liquefied by water, which is an antiseptic / disinfectant and dries moist tissues and bleaches discolored tissue

* Carbolic acid
* Phenol

104

Purple-red in coloration

Carmine

105

Crimson

Carmine

106

The yellow pigment of the skin

Carotene

107

The gristle or white elastic substance attached to the ends of bones and forming parts of structures such as the septum of the nose and the framework of the ear

Cratilage

108

Casting

Cast

109

Any object that has been made from a mold, the positive reproduction obtained from a negative impression

Cast

110

Of, pertaining to, or characteristic of the white race

Caucasian

111

The division of mankind comprising the chief races of Europe, North Africa, and southwestern Asia

Caucasian

112

Named on the supposition that the people of the Caucasus were typical of the race

Caucasian

113

A chemical capable of drying tissues by searing

Caustic

114

A hollow place or part

Cavity

115

Any substance used for making two surfaces adhere to each other, such as the lips or the eyelids or the margins of an incision

Cement

116

Reduced to carbon

Charred

117

The state of tissues destroyed by burning

Charred

118

Color intensity or purity

Chroma

119

Synonym for intensity

Chroma

120

A color having a hue, as related to the visible spectrum

Chromatic color

121

Eyelashes

Cilia

122

The fringe of hair edging the eyelids

Cilia

123

A clear syrup-like liquid that evaporates to leave a contractile white film

Collodion

124

Employed as a liquid sealer

Collodion

125

A suspension of pigments in a liquid vehicle so bound together there is no separation of particles

Colloid

126

A visual sensation

Color

127

A property of material objects, including sources of light, by which they are visually distinguished as possessing the qualities of redness, brownness, greenness, grayness, etc

Color

128

The cosmetically treated surface

Colorant

129

Substance used to produce the color of objects as dyes, pigments, inks, paints, etc.

Colorant

130

Illumination of an identifiable hue

Colored light

131

Colored glass gelatin or other substance which transmits light of certain wavelengths and absorbs the others

Color filter

132

A circle in which the primary, secondary, and intermediate hues are arranged in orderly intervals

Color wheel

133

The medial partition between the nostrils

Columna nasi

134

Opposite colors on a wheel

Complements

135

Any two hues, which, by their mixture, produce gray

Complements

136

The color and texture of the skin, especially that of the face

Complexion

137

Forming a part or ingredient

Component

138

Composed of two or more of the basic pigments

Compound color

139

One where the broken end of the bone has penetrated the skin

Compound fracture

140

A pad of gauze or absorbent cotton which is saturated with water or a chemical and placed under or upon tissues in order to preserve, bleach, dry, constrict, or reduce swelling

Compress

141

Having a depressed or hollow surface

* Concave
* Concavity

142

A depressed profile form which may dip concavely from root to tip

Concave nasal profile

143

One in which the forehead protrudes from the eyebrows and the chin protrudes more than the superior mucous membrane

Concave profile

144

Concave shell of the ear

Concha

145

The deepest depression of the ear

Concha

146

A rounded eminence at the articulating end of the bone

Condyle

147

The posterior process of the ramus of the mandible

Condyle

148

Sensory nerves in the retina of the eye having to do with color detection

Cones of the eye

149

Contract or compress

Constrict

150

The outline or surface form

Contour

151

A bruise

Contusion

152

Ecchymosis

Contusion

153

One color of illumination striking an object of a completely different color, causing the color of the object to be converted or completely destroyed

Conversion

154

Curved evenly

Convex

155

Resembling a segment of the outer edge of a sphere

Convex

156

A profile variation in which the forehead recedes from the eyebrows while the chin protrudes beyond the plane of the upper lip

Convex-concave profile

157

A nasal profile which exhibits a hump in its linear form

* Convex nasal profile
* Roman
* Aquiline

158

A basic profile form in which the forehead recedes from the eyebrows while the chin recedes from the plane of the upper lip

Convex profile

159

Most common profile form

Convex profile

160

A profile variation in which the forehead recedes from the eyebrows while the chin and upper project equally to an imaginary vertical line

Convex-vertical profile

161

A color that creates the impression of coldness

Cool hue

162

Examples: blue, green, or purple

Cool hue

163

A receding color

Cool hue

164

A color of short wavelengths

Cool hue

165

Vertical prominence of the neck

Cords of the neck

166

The transparent structure which constitutes the anterior part of the external layer of the eyeball

Cornea

167

The anterior, non-articulating process of the ramus of the mandible which serves as the insertion for the temporalis muscle

Coronoid process

168

A cosmetic technique which consists of highlighting those parts of the face or individual features to enlarge or bring them forward or shadowing them to reduce the appearance of size or deepen a depression

Corrective shaping with cosmetics

169

Draws the eyebrows inferiorly and medially

Corrugator muscle

170

A preparation for beautifying the complexion, skin, etc

Cosmetic

171

The first applied cream or cosmetic

Cosmetic base

172

The person applying a cosmetic or wax

* Cosmetist
* Cosmetologist

173

The study of beautifying and improving the complexion, skin, hair, and nails

Cosmetology

174

That part of the skull which encloses the brain

Cranium

175

A semi-solid cosmetic

Cream cosmetic

176

Application of massage-cream or petroleum jelly to a surface

Creaming

177

Top of a curve (as a wave) where the direction changes

Crest

178

The horizontal plate of the ethmoid bone separating the cranial cavity from the nasal cavity

Cribriform plate

179

A deep purplish-red color

Crimson

180

The topmost part of the head

Crown

181

Bifurcation of the antihelix of the ear

Crura

182

The part of the helix of the ear which is flattened in the concha

Crus

183

A solvent commercially-prepared

Cuticle remover

184

Used to remove dead cuticle from the nails and aid in the removal of obstinate scabs

Cuticle remover

185

To cut off the head

Decapitate

186

Separation of compounds into simpler substances by the action of microbial or autolytic enzymes

Decomposition

187

A material employed to fill cavities or excisions and serve as a foundation for the superficial wax restoration

Deep filler

188

Partial loss of moisture content

Dehydration

189

Having the component parts closely compacted together, relatively opaque

Dense

190

Thickness of the applied cosmetic

Density

191

Oblique insertion of the teeth

Dental prognathism

192

A ligature of superior and inferior teeth employed to hold the mandible in position

Dental tie

193

Set of artificial teeth

Denture

194

To lower inferiorly or to reduce projection

Depress

195

A hollow or lower region

Depression

196

The lowering of a part

Depression

197

Depresses the angle of the mouth

* Depressor angulus oris
* Triangularis muscle

198

Draws the lower lip inferiorly and slightly lateral

* Depressor labii inferioris
* Quadratus muscle

199

The state or degree of being deep

Depth

200

The skin, especially the corium

* Derma
* Dermis

201

True skin

Corium

202

The separation of the epidermis from the dermis as a result of putrefaction

* Desquamation
* Skin slip

203

Rendered thoroughly dry

Desiccation

204

Exhausted of moisture

Desiccation

205

Variation from the common or established

Deviation

206

A frontal-view geometric head shape which is widest across the cheekbones, narrowing in width in both the forehead and the jaws

Diamond

207

Draws the hyoid bone anteriorly and posteriorly

Digastricus muscle

208

A substance thinned or reduced in concentration and thereby lessened in brilliance

Dilution

209

Shallow depressions located on the cheek or chin

Dimples

210

Rounded or vertical

Dimples

211

To disjoin bones

Disarticulate

212

Act of cutting apart

Dissection

213

To expand or swell

Distend

214

A state of stretching out or becoming inflated

Distention

215

State of being twisted or pushed out of natural shape or position

Distortion

216

Back

Dorsum

217

Protruding ridge of the nose

Dorsum

218

A compacted cake type of red cosmetic

Dry rouge

219

A white powder used to dry a cosmetized surface

Drying powder

220

Freedom from wetness

Dryness

221

A condition of tissues necessary for the adhesion of cement, sealer, deep filler, or wax

Dryness

222

Somewhat dark in color

Dusky

223

Synonym for "swarthy" (used regarding the complexion)

Dusky

224

The organ of hearing

* Ear
* Pinna

225

A discoloration of the skin caused by the escape of blood within the tissues and generally attended by swelling

* Ecchymosis
* Bruise

226

Abnormal accumulation of fluids in tissues or body cavities

Edema

227

An electrically-heated blade that may be used to dry moist tissues, reduce swollen tissues, and restore contour

Electric spatula

228

A raised surface or part

Elevation

229

a relatively long but slightly dipping curve

Elliptical curve

230

Excessive leanness

Emaciation

231

A wasted condition of the body

Emaciation

232

Sunken surfaces of the face

Emaciation

233

The process of chemically treating the dead human body to reduce the presence and growth of microorganisms, to temporarily inhibit organic decomposition, and to restore an acceptable physical appearance

Embalming

234

To fix or fasten in a surrounding mass

* Embed
* Imbed

235

A prominence or projection of a bone

Eminence

236

A smoothing agent

Emollient

237

Having the power of softening living tissues, such as massage cream, etc

Emollient

238

A cosmetic with this characteristic

Emollient

239

Using the same color light as the color of the object

Emphasis

240

A permanent mixture of two or more immiscible substances which are united with the aid of a binder or emulsifier

Emulsion

241

Immiscible substances

Oil and water

242

Binder

Gum

243

Emulsifier

Soap

244

The removal of an entire mass or part, especially a tumor or the eyeball, without rupture

Enucleation

245

The outermost layer of skin

Epidermis

246

The cuticle or scarf skin

Epidermis

247

A clear, volatile liquid used as a wax solvent or to remove grease, oil, and adhesive tape stains

Ether

248

Turn outward

Evert

249

To remove as by cutting out

Excision

250

The area from which something has been cut out

Excision

251

Any visible surface that is to remain uncovered or unclothed

Exposed area

252

Ear passage

External auditory meatus

253

The deep hole located in the inferior portion of the medial one-third of the ear on the anterior border

External auditory meatus

254

Weight applied to a surface

External pressure

255

Drawn or pulled out

Extraction

256

Superficial hairs covering the superciliary arches

* Eyebrows
* Supercilia

257

A cosmetic in pencil form for coloring hair

Eyebrow pencil

258

A thin, dome like shell made of hardened cloth, metal, or plastic

Eyecap

259

Used beneath the eyelids to restore the natural curvature and, in some cases, to hold the eyelids closed

Eyecap

260

One of two movable flaps of skin which cover and uncover the eyeball

Eyelid

261

A cosmetic color applied to the superior eyelid

Eyeshadow

262

The bony region containing the eyeball

* Eyesocket
* Orbit

263

The orbital cavity

* Eyesocket
* Orbit

264

Anatomically, the region from the eyes to the base of the chin

Face

265

Physiognomically, the region from the normal hairline to the base of the chin

Face

266

The "character" lines, wrinkles, grooves, cords, and dimples of the face and neck

Facial markings

267

The silhouette of the face from the side view

Facial profile

268

Mathematical relationship of the size of the features to each other and / or to the head

Facial proportions

269

To reduce gradually to an indistinguishable edge

Feather

270

Synonym for "taper"

Feather

271

Material used to fill a large cavity

Filler

272

Examples: plaster-of-Paris and cotton, liquid sealer and cotton

Filler

273

Degree of rigidity, stability

Firmness

274

A condition of the tissues necessary for the application of wax

Firmness

275

The most viscous type of wax

* Firm wax
* Wound filler

276

A putty-like material used to fill large cavities or model features

* Firm wax
* Wound filler

277

An injury caused by heat which produces redness of the skin

First degree burn

278

Hyperemia

First degree burn

279

Flushed with red, said of a complexion

Florid

280

A long, electric discharge lamp in which the radiant energy from the electric discharge is transferred by suitable materials (phosphorus) into wavelengths given higher luminosity

Fluorescent lamp

281

An elongated prominence adjoining a surface

Fold

282

Opening in the occipital bone through which the spinal cord passes from the brain, midway between the two mastoid processes

Foramen magnum

283

The quality of a color to draw attention by means of its intensity or advancing characteristics

Force

284

The part of the face above the eyes

Forehead

285

A depression

Fossa

286

Concave recess

Fossa

287

Total evacuation (absence) of tissue

Fourth degree burn

288

Broken bone

Fracture

289

The vertical restraining band of flesh on the medial aspect of the inside of each lip connecting the lip with the gum

Frenulum

290

The anterior view of the face or features

* Frontal
* Anterior

291

The anterior one-third of the cranium, forming the forehead

Frontal bone

292

A rounded prominences on the median line and a little inferior to the center of the frontal bone

Frontal eminence

293

The ascending part of the upper jaw which gradually protrudes as it rises beside the nasal bone to meet the frontal bone

Frontal process of the maxilla

294

The ascending profess of the upper jaw

Frontal process of the maxilla

295

The quality and quantity of illumination used for presentation of casketed remains

Funeral lighting

296

A crevice in the skin accompanied by adjacent elevations

* Furrow
* Sulcus
* Wrinkle

297

A light, open-mesh variety of muslin

Gauze

298

The shape of a plane figure determined by its outline

Geometrical

299

Examples: round, oval, square, etc

Geometrical

300

A single bony prominence of the frontal bone located between the superciliary arches in the inferior part of the frontal bone above the root of the nose

Glabella

301

A syrupy, colorless liquid obtained from fats or oils as a by-product of the manufacturing of soaps and fatty acids and used as a vehicle for some cosmetics

Glycerin

302

Color resulting from the mixture of black and white pigments

Gray

303

Achromatic

Gray

304

A neutral color

Gray

305

A color resulting from the mixture of complementary hues (chromatic)

Gray

306

A nasal profile form in which the dorsum exhibits a straight line from the root to the tip

* Grecian
* Straight nasal profile

307

The hue resulting from the mixture of yellow and blue pigments

Green

308

One of the three secondary colors of pigments

Green

309

An elongated depression in a relatively level plane or surface

Groove

310

The outline of the growth of hair on the head or face

Hairline

311

The lowest centrally located part of the hair of the cranium

Hairline

312

A number of hairs grouped for use as a replacement

Hair patch

313

The anterior portion of the roof of the mouth

Hard palate

314

The outline of the exterior margins of the head

Head shape

315

The distance above the base

Height

316

The vertical measurement of part of a feature

Height

317

Outer rim of the ear

Helix

318

Red pigment

Hemoglobin

319

The protein coloring matter of the red blood corpuscles which serves to convey oxygen to the tissues

Hemoglobin

320

Oxyhemoglobin

Hemoglobin

321

Surface lying at right angles to the source of illumination which reflects the maximum amount of light

Highlight

322

The brighter or whiter part

Highlight

323

Application of a color that is lighter or brighter than the complexion color

Highlighting with cosmetics

324

Roughly U-shaped with the front being narrower than the sweep of the curve

Horseshoe curve

325

The property of a color by which it is distinguished from others

Hue

326

Any liquid or semi-liquid of the body

Humor

327

Example: the aqueous or vitreous of the eyeball

Humor

328

Shaped as a bent wood weapon with a central belly

Hunting bow

329

Resembling a "Cupid" bow

Hunting bow

330

Applied or administered beneath the skin

Hypodermic

331

The injection of special creams or liquids into the tissues through the use of a syringe and needle to restore natural contour

Hypodermic tissue building

332

Giving or casting of light

Illumination

333

A filament lamp rendered luminous by electric current

Incadescent light

334

White light

Incadescent light

335

A clean cut into tissue or skin

Incision

336

The area between the mental eminence and the inferior incisor teeth

Incisive fossa

337

The four front cutting teeth of each jaw

Incisor teeth

338

A line which is neither horizontal or vertical

Inclination

339

A blue dye obtained from certain plants or made synthetically, usually from aniline dyes

Indigo

340

A deep violet blue

Indigo

341

Designated by Newton as one of the seven primary colors

Indigo

342

Babyish, childlike, in regard to much adipose tissue

Infantine

343

Beneath

Inferior

344

Lower

Inferior

345

The undersurface of an organ or indicating a structure below another structure

Inferior

346

Towards the feet

Inferior

347

The part between the inferior margin of the inferior mucous membrane and the mental eminence

Inferior integumentary lip

348

The lowermost scroll-shaped bones on the sidewalls of the nasal cavity

Inferior nasal conchae

349

The furrow of the inferior border of the inferior eyelid

Inferior palpebral sulcus

350

The reaction of the tissues to injurious agents, usually characterized by heat, redness, swelling, and pain

Inflammation

351

A form of prognathism in which the base of the nasal cavity protrudes abnormally

Infranasal prognathism

352

The part of the invisible spectrum adjacent to the red end of the visible spectrum

Infrared

353

To restrain, hinder, or retard

Inhibit

354

To introduce forcibly

Inject

355

Small elevation extending medially and obliquely from the medial corner of the eye

Inner canthus

356

Superiorly, the skin portion of the upper lip from the attached margin of the upper mucous membrane to the base of the nose

Integumentary lips

357

Inferiorly, the skin portion of the lower lip from the attached margin of the lower mucous membrane to the labiomental sulcus

Integumentary lips

358

Existing in a high degree of brilliance

Intense

359

Vivid

Intense

360

To become more brilliant or more vivid in color

Intensify

361

The strength of a color, due especially to its degree of freedom from mixture with its complementary color or gray

Intensity

362

Equivalent to its brightness or dullness

Intensity

363

The vertical or transverse furrows between the eyebrows

Interciliary sulci

364

A classification of color produced by mixing a primary and a secondary color which are adjacent on the color wheel

Intermediate hue

365

Examples: red-orange, yellow-green, blue-purple, etc

Intermediate hue

366

Notch between the tragus and the antitragus of the ear

Intertragic notch

367

A type of suture used to close incisions so that the suture thread remains entirely under the epidermis

* Intradermal suture
* Hidden suture

368

Tissues turned in an opposite direction or folded inward

Inversion

369

A three-sided figure whose base is superior to its apex

Inverted triangle

370

Lower border of the chin and jaw

Jawline

371

Simultaneous contrast

Juxtaposition

372

Any two colors seen together modify each other in the direction of their complements

Juxtaposition

373

If they are complements, they enrich each other

Juxtaposition

374

If they are not complements, they dull each other

Juxtaposition

375

Lips

Labia

376

The vertical furrows of each lip extending from within the mucous membranes into the integumentary lips

Labial sulci

377

The junction of the inferior lip and the chin, which may appear as a furrow

Labiomental sulcus

378

To tear, as into irregular segments

Lacerate

379

A wound or irregular tear of the flesh

Laceration

380

Oil from sheep wool

Lanolin

381

"Downy hair," thin fuzzy growths of hair

Lanugo

382

Peach fuzz

Lanugo

383

Toward the side

Lateral

384

Escape of blood or fluid

Leak

385

A vertical dimension

Length

386

A classification given to a nose which is long, narrow, and high-bridged

Leptorrhine

387

Elevates the angle of the mouth

Levator anguli oris muscle

388

Elevates the superior lip, dilates the nostrils

Levator labii superioris alaeque nasi muscle

389

A muscle of facial expression which elevates and extends the upper lip

Levator labii superioris muscle

390

To tie or bind

Ligate

391

A thread, cord, or wire used for tying vessels, tissues, or bones

Ligature

392

To shine

Light

393

A form of electromagnetic radiation that acts upon the retina of the eye to make sight possible

Light

394

The line that forms between two structures, such as the lips or the eyelids, when they are in a closed position, which marks their place of contact with each other

Line of closure

395

Eyelid furrows which are short and broken, which run horizontally on the palpebrae themselves and may fan from both the medial and lateral corners of the eyes

Linear sulci

396

A small, flat brush having soft hairs of uniform length

Lip brush

397

A soft restorative wax, usually tinted, used to cover or replace the external mucous membranes of the mouth

Lip wax

398

A fluid, facial colorant in which pigments are dissolved or suspended

Liquid cosmetic

399

A quick-drying fluid adhesive

Liquid sealer

400

An aqueous mixture of powder with a suspending agent

Liquid suspension

401

Inferior third of the ear

Lobe

402

A single, noose-like suture for anchoring restorative materials

Loop stitch

403

A very reddish, red-purple as of a colored illumination

Magenta

404

A purplish-red color

Magenta

405

One requiring a long period of time, are extensive, or require technical skill

Major restoration

406

The cosmetic material

Makeup

407

The way in which one is painted

Makeup

408

The process of application of a cosmetic

Makeup

409

A horseshoe-shaped bone forming the inferior jaw

Mandible

410

The small oval depression on the zygomatic process of the temporal bone into which the condyle of the mandible articulates, just anterior to the external auditory meatus

* Mandibular fossa
* Glenoid fossae

411

Protrusion of the inferior jaw

Mandibular prognathism

412

The furrow beneath the jawline which rises vertically on the cheek

Mandibular sulcus

413

A stitch used to hold the mouth closed

Mandibular suture

414

Placed behind the lips, one part is passed around the inferior jaw at the median plane (while the other part extends through either the nasal septum or the superior frenulum)

Mandibular suture

415

The boundary or edge

Margin

416

A preparation used to darken the eyelashes

Mascara

417

Anything that hides or conceals, as cosmetics

Mask

418

A facemask

Mask

419

A soft, white, oily preparation resembling cream and used as a protective coating for external tissues

Massage cream

420

A base for cream cosmetics and a wax softener, an emollient

Massage cream

421

Muscle for mastication

Masseter muscle

422

The rounded projection on the inferior portion of the temporal bones just posterior to the lobe of the ear

Mastoid process

423

Having a dull finish

Matte

424

As afforded by the application of loose powder, lack of sheen

Matte

425

A paired bone with several processes that form the skeletal base of most of the superior face, roof of the mouth, sides of the nasal cavity, and floor of the orbit

Maxilla

426

Protrusion of the superior jaw

Maxillary prognathism

427

Middle

Medial

428

Nears the medial plan

Medial

429

Tiny prominence on the midline of the superior mucous membrane

Medial lobe

430

Situated or placed in the middle of the body dividing it into the right and left halves

Medial plane

431

The brown to black-brown pigment in the epidermis and hair

Melanin

432

A triangular projection on the inferior portion of the anterior mandible

Mental eminence

433

Elevates and protrudes the inferior lip, wrinkles the skin over the chin

Mentalis muscle

434

A classification given to a nose which is medium-broad and medium-low bridged

Mesorrhine

435

One requiring minimum effort, skill, or time to complete

Minor restoration

436

A composition of two or more substances that are not chemically bound to each other

Mixture

437

Constructing a form with a apliable material such as wax or clay

Modeling

438

Variations of one color (hue)

Monochromatic

439

Tints, tones, and shades of one hue

Monochromatic

440

To diversify with spots or blotches of a different color (or shade)

Mottle

441

A device used in the mouth for shaping the contour of the lips

Mouth former

442

The visible red surfaces of the lips

Mucous membranes

443

The lining membrane of body cavities which communicate with the exterior

Mucous membranes

444

A stitch used to hold the mouth closed

Musculature suture

445

Placed behind the lips

Musculature suture

446

Part is passed through the muscles tangent to the inferior jaw and the other part extends through either the nasal septum or the superior frenulum

Musculature suture

447

To reduce the intensity of a color by the addition of another color

Mute

448

Disfigured by loss of a natural part through force

Mutilated

449

Directly inferior to the glabella and forming a dome over the superior portion of the nasal cavity

Nasal bones

450

Triangular form

Nasal bones

451

The orifice in the bony face bounded by the margins of the nasal bones and the maxilla

Nasal cavity

452

The sharp, bony projection located medially at the inferior margin of the nasal cavity

Nasal spine of the maxilla

453

The angular area between the posterior margin of the wing of the nose and the nasolabial fold

Nasal sulcus

454

The eminence of the cheek adjacent to the mouth

Nasolabial fold

455

Extending from the superior part of the posterior margin of the wing of the nose to the side of the mouth

Nasolabial fold

456

The furrow originating at the superior border of the wing of the nose and extending to the side of the mouth

Nasolabial sulcus

457

Depression superior to the medial portion of the superior palpebrae

Naso-orbital fossa

458

Those that are present from birth

Natural facial markings

459

Hereditary

Natural facial markings

460

Areas of color in the tissues normally darker than the adjacent area

Natural shadows

461

A mechanical device used to impel specially designed metal pins into bone

Needle injector

462

The image created and obtained from the body

Negative mold

463

Impression mold

Negative mold

464

A new and abnormal formation of tissue

Neoplasm

465

Examples: tumor, growth

Neoplasm

466

Achromatic

Neutral colors

467

Examples: white, black, or gray

Neutral colors

468

A birthmark

Nevus

469

A congenital skin blemish

Nevus

470

Any congenital anomaly, including various types of birthmarks and all types of moles

Nevus

471

The most common characteristics of each feature

Norm

472

Typical, common, average

Norm

473

A relatively deep indentation, usually between two projections

Notch

474

Slanting or inclined, neither perpendicular nor horizontal

Oblique

475

The shallow, curving groove below the medial corner of the eyelids

Oblique palpebral sulcus

476

A frontal head form in which the head is long and narrow throughout

Oblong

477

Lowest part of the back and base of the cranium, forming a cradle for the brain

Occipital bone

478

The prominence at the center of the external surface of the occipital bone

Occipital protuberance

479

Draws the scalp posteriorly and anteriorly and raises the eyebrows

* Occipitofrontalis muscle
* Epicranius

480

A coloring medium in which the pigments are combined with a petroleum product

Oil-based cosmetic

481

A yellow-tan of medium value with a greenish tinge

Olive

482

The state of being opaque

Opacity

483

Not transparent or translucent

Opaque

484

Not allowing light to pass through a concealing cosmetic

Opaque

485

The furrows radiating from the lateral corner of the eye

* Optic facial sulci
* Crow's feet

486

The orifice containing the teeth and tongue

* Oral cavity
* Mouth

487

The hue obtained from the mixture of red and yellow

Orange

488

A secondary color of pigments

Orange

489

Closes the eyelid

Orbicularis oculi muscle

490

Compresses the lacrimal sac

Orbicularis oculi muscle

491

Closes the lips

Orbicularis oris muscle

492

The eyesocket

Orbit

493

The orbital cavity

Orbit

494

Bags under the eyes, the fullness between the inferior palpebrae and the oblique palpebral sulcus

Orbital pouch

495

The entrance or outlet of any body cavity

Orifice

496

An opening

Orifice

497

The attachment of a muscle which moves least when the muscle contracts

Origin

498

The beginning

Origin

499

An adornment or embellishment

Ornamental

500

A cosmetic material manufactured for street wear

Ornamental

501

The technique of cosmetic application to beautify the face of a female

Ornamental

502

Egg-shaped

Oval

503

A coloring modified by an overlying color

Overtone

504

A color which visibly predominates more than general coloring

Overtone

505

A wash

Overtone

506

The bone which forms part of the hard palate of the mouth, part of the nasal cavity, and part of the orbital cavities

Palatine bone

507

The eyelid

Palpebra

508

A face powder cosmetic pressed into a flat cake

Pancake

509

Superior portion of the sides and back of the cranium, as well as the posterior two-thirds of the roof of the cranium

Parietal bones

510

The marked convexity on the outer surface of the parietal bones

Parietal eminence

511

A soft, moist, opaque cosmetic with the consistency of dough and bound together with the aid of gum, starch, and water

Paste

512

If oils and fats are present, water is absent

Paste

513

A group of hairs of uniform length applied simultaneously as a method of hair replacement

Patch of hair

514

Diseased

Pathological condition

515

Due to a disease

Pathological condition

516

Superior portion of the bony nasal septum

Perpendicular plate of the ethmoid bone

517

A semi-solid, yellow mixture of hydrocarbons

Petroleum jelly

518

An antiseptic / disinfectant employed to dry moist tissues and to bleach discolored tissues

* Phenol
* Carbolic acid

519

The vertical groove located medially on the superior lip

Philtrum

520

The study of the structures and surface markings of the face and features

Physiognomy

521

A coloring matter that can be applied to an object when combined with some type of vehicle

Pigment

522

Usually composed of dry, pulverized coloring agents and talcum

Pigment powder

523

Employed to impart color to the skin

Pigment powder

524

The Prang system

Pigment theory

525

The auricle or projected part of the exterior ear

Pinna

526

A surface having very little curve (convexity)

Plane

527

A level

Plane

528

A white powdery substance, which, with water, forms a quick-setting paste

Plaster of Paris

529

A classification given to a nose which is short and broad and has the minimum of projection

Platyrrhine

530

Wrinkles the skin of the neck and chest, depresses the mandible and inferior lip

Platysma muscle

531

The transverse, dipping furrow of the neck

Platysmal sulci

532

A small ball, cylinder, or tuft, as of cotton

Pledget

533

Any device, as cotton, cloth, wood, etc, used to fill or close an opening

Plug

534

A place (usually invisible) at which access to inner positions may be had

Point of entry

535

A place at which a hypodermic needle may be inserted to pass into the same or another area

Point of entry

536

Minute depressions in the surface of the skin, as the openings of the sweat glands

Pores

537

Treatments of a restorative nature performed after the embalming operation

Post-embalming

538

The image made from the negative mold

Positive cast

539

Toward the rear or caudal end

Posterior

540

Toward the back

Posterior

541

Dorsal

Posterior

542

After death

Postmortem

543

Any solid substance in the state of fine, loose particles as produced by crushing or grinding

Powder

544

A device to blow powder onto a surface

Powder atomizer

545

A device of hairs or bristles set in a handle

Powder brush

546

Used to apply and remove powder

Powder brush

547

A soft, circular pad for applying powder

Powder puff

548

Treatments of a restorative nature performed before the embalming operation

Pre-embalming

549

One of the three hues that can be combined to make all other hues

Primary hue

550

Primary hues:

* Red
* Yellow
* Blue

551

Draws the skin of the forehead inferiorly

Procerus muscle

552

A photograph or painting in which the subject has been posed and lighted in a flattering way by a professional photographer or artist

Professional portrait

553

An outline of the side view of an object, specifically the human head

Profile

554

Projection of the jaw or jaws

Prognathism

555

The act of throwing forward

Projection

556

A part extending beyond the level of surroundings

Projection

557

The relationship of the size of one feature as compared with another feature or with the width or length of the face

Proportion

558

An artificial device used to replace a limb, appendage, or other body part

Prosthetic device

559

State or condition of being thrust forward or projecting

Protrusion

560

The rounded, anterior projection of the tip of the nose

Protruding lobe

561

A hole or slight wound resulting from piercing

Puncture

562

A color between blue and red

Purple

563

A secondary hue of pigments

Purple

564

A suture made around the circumference of a circular opening or puncture to close it or to hold the margins in position

Purse string suture

565

A secretion from inflamed tissues

Pus

566

Usually an opaque, cream-colored matter

Pus

567

A small elevation of the skin with an inflamed base, contains pus

Pustule

568

A solid structure having a square base and four triangular sides that meet at a point

Pyramid

569

Raises the wings of the nose, deepens the nasolabial sulcus

Quadratus labii superior muscle

570

Energy traveling through space in the form of electromagnetic waves of various lengths

Radiant energy

571

To spread out from a common point

Radiate

572

The vertical portion of the mandible

Ramus

573

A dark, purplish-red color

Raspberry

574

A comb with a long, thin handle employed in curling hair

Rat-tail comb

575

A darkened, air-dried area on the skin resulting from removal of the epidermis while shaving

Razor burn

576

To redistribute of massage cream to insure a uniform density

Reblend

577

A type of surface formed by the withdrawal of a part from its normal position

Recession

578

A four-sided figure having four right angles

Rectangular

579

To diminish in size, mass, or projection

Reduce

580

The return of light waves form surfaces

Reflection

581

The bending or folding back of a part upon itself

Reflection

582

To lay at rest

Repose

583

The care of the deceased to recreate natural form and color

Restorative art

584

Surgery wax

Restorative wax

585

A nose which is turned up at the end

Retrousse

586

The border, edge, or margin of a thing, usually of a circular or curving form

Rim

587

Example: the border of the eye socket

Rim

588

Draws the angle of the mouth anteriorly

Risorius muscle

589

The long, rod-shaped sensory bodies of the retina of the eye responsive to light but not to color

Rod of the eye

590

The aquiline profile of the nose

Roman

591

The apex of the pyramidal mass of the nose which lies directly inferior to the forehead

Root of the nose

592

Top

Apex

593

The concave dip inferior to the forehead (profile view)

Root of the nose

594

A frontal head form in which the head exhibits maximum curvature

* Round
* Infantine

595

An acronym for the spectrum of light

ROYGBIV

596

Red complexion

Ruddy

597

Having a healthy reddish color

Ruddy

598

A yellowish, sickly color of the complexion

Sallow

599

A visual aspect indicating the vividness of the hue in the degree of difference from a gray of the same lightness

Saturation

600

A crust over a sore or wound

Scab

601

A crusted sore or wound that is exuding moisture, serum, or pus

Scab oozing

602

Fossa between the inner and outer rims of the ear

Scapha

603

The shallowest depression of the ear

Scapha

604

A bright red color inclining toward orange

Scarlet

605

A quick-drying liquid that leaves a hard, thin transparent coat or layer through which moisture cannot pass

Sealer

606

To cauterize tissues by heat or chemical in order to provide a dry foundation

* Sear
* Searing

607

Those resulting in acute inflammation of the skin and blisters

Second degree burn

608

Equal mixture of two primary hues

Secondary hue

609

Secondary hues

* Orange
* Green
* Purple

610

Almost opaque

Semi-opaque

611

Not transparent or translucent

Semi-opaque

612

Vertical cartilage dividing nasal cavity into two chambers, responsible for asymmetry of the nose

Septum

613

Slightly larger chamber of the nose

Right

614

Notched on the edge like a saw

Serrated

615

To cut or break open or apart

Sever

616

Disjoin

Sever

617

A hue into which various quantities of black are mixed

Shade

618

The darkened hue, as contrasted with a whitened hue

Shade

619

Surfaces that do not lie at right angles to the source of illumination or are obscured by other surfaces and which reflect little or no light

Shadow

620

A preparation to be used for cleansing the hair

Shampoo

621

The act of cleansing hair

Shampoo

622

Shine

Sheen

623

As of the reflection of natural oils of the skin

Sheen

624

The growth of hair located anterior of the ears

Sideburns

625

Lateral walls of the nose

Sides of nose

626

One in which the broken bone which does not pierce the skin

Simple fracture

627

To burn superficially, as the hair that shows partial destruction from scorching heat

Singe

628

Surface restorer

Soft wax

629

A substance (usually liquid) capable of, or used in, dissolving something

Solvent

630

A flat, blunt, knife-like instrument used for mixing cosmetics and modeling

Spatula

631

A palette knife

Spatula

632

Visible band

Spectrum

633

The original standard of color

Spectrum

634

The progressive arrangement of colors seen when a beam of white light is broken down into its component colors

Spectrum

635

An appliance as of wood, metal, etc, used to keep in place or protect a displaced or movable part

Splint

636

A liquid cosmetic compounded so that it can be atomized to provide a rapid means of application to a surface

Spray cosmetic

637

An elastic, porous mass of interlacing horny fibers that are permanently attached

Sponge

638

Remarkable for its power of absorbing water and becoming soft when wet without losing its toughness

Sponge

639

A recession in the temporal cavity

Squama

640

A frontal head form in which the head is broad and exhibits very little curvature

Square

641

The forehead is wide and the angles of the mandible are usually low as well as wide

Square

642

To discolor with foreign matter

Stain

643

An area so discolored

Stain

644

Any substance or agent that will cause an external discoloration to be removed or lessened

Stain remover

645

Used as a dusting powder and an absorbent

* Starch
* Cornstarch

646

Used to firm wax

* Starch
* Cornstarch

647

Rotates and depresses the head

* Sternocleidomastoid
* SCM muscle

648

A small, rounded, stiff brush, all bristles the same length, used to simulate pores on wax

Stipple brush

649

A stencil brush

Stipple brush

650

A nasal profile in which the dorsum exhibits a straight line from the root to the tip

* Straight nasal profile
* Grecian

651

The most common nasal profile

* Straight nasal profile
* Grecian

652

Situated or occurring beneath the skin

Subcutaneous

653

Lowered in intensity or strength

Subdued

654

Reduced in fullness or color

Subdued

655

Muted

Subdued

656

Describing those portions which lie immediately inferior to the mandible

Submandibular

657

The junction of the base of the chin and the submandibular area, which may appear as a furrow

Submental sulcus

658

Method of diminishing the wave lengths of light by superimposing two or more color transparencies over the same light source

Subtractive method

659

The light is gradually reduced by absorption of colors in the light

Subtractive method

660

A furrow, wrinkle or groove

Sulcus

661

Situated as a depression

Sunken

662

Concave

Sunken

663

The inferior part of the forehead just superior to the median ends of the eyebrows

Superciliary arches

664

Eyebrow

* Supercilium
* Superalea

665

Anatomically, towards the head

Superior

666

The portion between the base of the nose and the superior margin of the superior mucous membrane

Superior integumentary lip

667

The furrow of the superior border of the upper eyelid

Superior palpebral sulcus

668

Region between the supercilium and the superior palpebrae

Supraorbital area

669

The superior rim of the eye sockets

Supraorbital margins

670

A material used to fill shallow depressions

Surface filler

671

A wax which is softer and more pliable than wound filler

Surface filler

672

A wax used to fill shallow depressions

* Surface restorer
* Surface filler

673

Softer and more pliable than wound filler

* Surface restorer
* Surface filler

674

A treatment for swellings by which sub-surface tissues are removed, either in whole or in part, by excision

Surgical reduction

675

A substance in which particles of ground pigments are mixed with a fluid but are undissolved

Suspension

676

To provide support for

Sustain

677

To hold in a fixed position

Sustain

678

Act of sewing

Suture

679

The completed stitch

Suture

680

A bit of cotton or cloth used for removing moisture or discharges from mucous membranes as well as for applying bleaches or liquid disinfectants

Swab

681

Dark-colored complexion

Swarthy

682

Example: A face darkened by the tropical sun

Swarthy

683

Correspondence in size, shape, and relative position of parts that are on opposite sides of the face

Symmetry

684

A form which recedes away from a given point

Taper

685

A form which becomes gradually smaller toward one end

Taper

686

To reduce gradually from the center

Taper

687

Inferior portion of the sides and base of the cranium, inferior to the parietal bones and anterior to the occipital bone

Temporal bones

688

The concave surface of the head overlying the temporal bone

Temporal cavity

689

Closes the mandible

Temporalis muscle

690

Controls mastication and is the strongest chewing muscle

Temporalis muscle

691

Property of holding fast

Tenacity

692

Adhesiveness

Tenacity

693

Limit

Termination

694

End

Termination

695

The color from the mixture of two secondary colors or an unbalanced portion of complements with the warm hue predominating, and being in the range of browns

Tertiary hue

696

Grayed hues

Tertiary hue

697

A brush with a relatively large tuft of good quality, fine bristles, such as black sable or finch

Texturizing brush

698

Used to blend and stipple cosmetics or powder into the applied (cream) cosmetic and to clean out deposits impacted in pores

Texturizing brush

699

Destruction of cutaneous and subcutaneous tissues

Third degree burn

700

Seared, charred, or roasted tissue

Third degree burn

701

In reference to a photograph, a view which reveals the fullness of the cheeks

Three quarter view

702

A hue into which various quantities of white are mixed

Tints

703

A powder that is lightly colored with non-moisture-absorbing pigments

Tinted powders

704

The termination of the forward projection of the nose

Tip

705

Any substance used to elevate sunken (emaciated) tissues to a normal level either by hypodermic injection or as a liquid modifier incorporated with the embalming fluid and injected arterially

Tissue builder

706

A hue mixed with either a small quantity of gray or the complement of the hue, resulting in dulling the hue

Tones

707

A small wig or patch of false hair covering a bald spot

Toupee

708

A hairpiece

Toupee

709

Elevation protecting the ear passage

Tragus

710

Ear passage

External auditory meatus

711

Transmitting light but causing sufficient diffusion to eliminate perception of distinct images

Translucent

712

Somewhat transparent

Translucent

713

Having the property of transmitting rays of light through its substance so that bodies situated beyond or behind can be distinctly seen

Transparent

714

The horizontal furrows of the forehead

Transverse frontal sulci

715

A physical injury or wound caused by external force or violence

Trauma

716

A figure formed by three lines and having three angles

Triangle

717

Depression between the crura of the ear

Triangular fossa

718

The second deepest depression of the ear

Triangular fossa

719

A spontaneous new growth of tissue forming an abnormal mass

Tumor

720

In liquids, muddy with particles of extraneous matter, not clear or transparent

Turbid

721

Invisible rays of the spectrum lying outside the violet end of the visible spectrum

Ultraviolet

722

A coloring (opaque) applied to an area which, when dry, will be covered with wax or another colorant

Undercoat

723

The angled cut of the borders of an excision, made so that the skin surface will overhang the deeper tissues

Undercut

724

A part that is, or will be, hidden from view

Unexposed area

725

The lightness or darkness of a hue

Value

726

Changes in form, extent, etc

Variations

727

Things somewhat different from another of the same kind

Variations

728

A material which binds pigments together as creams, liquids, or powders so they may be applied to a surface

Vehicle

729

Perpendicular to the plan of the horizon, balanced

Vertical

730

One in which the forehead and the eyebrows project equally to a vertical line and the chin recedes from the projection of the upper lip

Vertical-convex profile

731

The semi-fluid, transparent substance which lies between the retina and lens of the eyeball

Vitreous

732

Brilliance

Vivid

733

Intensely bright color(s)

Vivid

734

The degree of brilliance

Vividity

735

Bone of the nasal cavity situated between the nasal passages on the median plane

Vomer bone

736

Forms the inferior and posterior portion of the septum of the nose

Vomer bone

737

One of the areas of the skin surface which, during life, is naturally reddened

Warm color area

738

A place where cosmetics will be applied to restore the warmth that red will give

Warm color area

739

A color which appears in the spectral band, characterized by long wave-lengths

Warm hue

740

A color which makes an object appear closer and larger

Warm hue

741

A color which reflects warmth

Warm hue

742

Examples: Red, orange, yellow, and other colors in which they predominate

Warm hue

743

A restorative modeling or surfacing material composed of beeswax, spermaceti, paraffin, starch, etc. and a coloring pigment which will soften at body temperature and will reflect light in a manner similar to normal skin

Wax

744

The line of color change at the junction of the wet and dry portions of the mucous membranes

Weather line

745

The aspect of physical heaviness associated with different colors

Weight

746

Examples: warm, light, or grayed hues do not appear as heavy as cold, dark, or pure hues respectively

Weight

747

The size of the colored object will create the illusion of greater or lesser

Weight

748

The color of pure snow

White

749

The color reflecting to the eye all of the rays of the spectrum combined

White

750

The opposite of black

White

751

An achromatic color

White

752

A neutral color

White

753

A ray of light which contains all the hues of the visible spectrum in such proportion that the light appears colorless or "natural," as daylight or sunlight

White light

754

The dimension of an object measured across from side to side

Width

755

Lateral lobes of the nose

Wings of the nose

756

The length of wire employed to connect two structures that are undamaged, such as remaining parts of a bone

Wire bridging

757

A wire mesh placed within an aperture to hold other restorative fillers

Wire bridging

758

A method of sewing an incision along the edges without entering the opening whereby the suture becomes invisible and the line of suture becomes depressed, which lends it ease of concealment by waxing

* Worm suture
* Inversion
* Draw stitch

759

The firmest type of restorative wax

Wound filler

760

A putty-like material used to fill large cavities or to model features

Wound filler

761

The processes on the temporal and zygomatic bones

Zygomatic arch

762

Determines the widest part of the face

Zygomatic arch

763

One of the lesser concavities of the face located on the lateral portion of the cheek inferior to the zygomatic arch

Zygomatic arch depression

764

Diamond-shaped surfaces

Zygomatic bones

765

Forms the cheekbones

Zygomatic bones

766

The lateral rim of the eye socket formed by a process of the frontal bone and a process of the zygomatic bone

Zygomaticofrontal process

767

Draws the superior lip posteriorly, superiorly, and anteriorly

Zygomaticus major muscle

768

Draws the superior lip superiorly and anteriorly

Zygomaticus minor muscle

Decks in MOR 260: National Board Exam Review Class (42):