Restorative Art: Glossary Flashcards

1
Q

Antemortem injuries resulting from friction of the skin against a firm object resulting in the removal of the epidermis

A

Abrasions

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2
Q

A localized collection of pus

A

Abscess

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3
Q

Process of taking in

A

Absorption

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4
Q

A colored object absorbs certain rays of light, which illuminates it while other rays are reflected

A

Absorption

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5
Q

Bluntly adjoin another structure

A

Abut

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6
Q

Dimethyl ketone

A

Acetone

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7
Q

A colorless liquid which is used to soften and remove scabs, as a solvent for wax, or as a stain remover

A

Acetone

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8
Q

A color not found in the visible spectrum

A

Achromatic color

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9
Q

A neutral color such as white, black, gray, and silver and gold (for decorative purposes)

A

Achromatic color

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10
Q

Those developed throughout your lifetime, as a result of repetitious use of certain muscles

A

Acquired facial markings

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11
Q

Process of mixing colored lights on a surface whereby the wavelengths of each are combined

A

Additive method

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12
Q

Adding of two or more colored lights together to create another light

A

Additive method

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13
Q

Sticking or adhereing closely

A

Adhesive

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14
Q

A substance that may be applied in order to sustain contact of two surfaces

A

Adhesive

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15
Q

A colloidal solution dispensed as a mist

A

Aerosol

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16
Q

Psychological

A

After-image

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17
Q

Visual impression remaining after the stimulus has been removed

A

After-image

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18
Q

A kind of pressured atomizer for spraying liquid paint or cosmetic upon a surface

A

Airbrush

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19
Q

The ridge projecting from the inferior surface of the maxilla (and the superior surface of the mandible) which contains the sockets of the teeth

A

Alveolar process

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20
Q

Sockets of the teeth protrude

A

Alveolar prognathism

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21
Q

Cut off a limb

A

Amputate

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22
Q

Dismember

A

Amputate

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23
Q

In color, two or more hues which have the same hue in common

A

Analogous

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24
Q

A descriptive reference for locating arteries and veins by means of anatomical structures which are known

A

Anatomical guide

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25
Q

The position of the body standing erect, arms to the side of the body, and the palms of the hands turned outward (forward)

A

Anatomical position

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26
Q

A material or technique employed to secure tissues or restorative materials in a fixed position

A

Anchor

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27
Q

Angulus

A

Angle

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28
Q

Sharp turn formed by the meeting of two borders or surfaces

A

Angle

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29
Q

Angle formed by junction of the posterior edge of the ramus of the mandible and the inferior surfaces of the body of the mandible

A

Angle of the mandible

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30
Q

The degree from vertical at which the surface(s) of a prominent feature projects

A

Angle of projection

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31
Q

The small convex prominence lateral to the end of the line of lip closure of the mouth

A

Angulus oris eminence

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32
Q

The groove at each end of the line of closure of the mouth

A

Angulus oris sulcus

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33
Q

Before death

A

Antemortem

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34
Q

Before or in front of

A

Anterior

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35
Q

Refers to the ventral or abdominal side of the body

A

Anterior

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36
Q

External nostril openings

A

Anterior nares

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37
Q

Inner rim of the ear

A

Antihelix

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38
Q

Small eminence obliquely opposite the tragus, located on the superior border of the lobe of the ear

A

Antitragus

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39
Q

An opening

A

Aperture

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40
Q

Watery

A

Aqueous

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41
Q

Prepared with water as a solvent

A

Aqueous

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42
Q

The clear, thin alkaline fluid which fills the anterior chamber of the eyeball

A

Aqueous humor

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43
Q

Curved, as the beak of an eagle

A

Aquiline

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44
Q

As viewed from the profile, a nasal profile which exhibits a “hook” or convexity in its dorsum

A

Aquiline

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45
Q

Any structure of a curved or bow-like outline

A

Arch

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46
Q

Loose, connective tissue that occupies the interspaces of the body

A

Areolar

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47
Q

Framework

A

Armature

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48
Q

A material, generally of pliable metal or wood, employed to create a frame of support for a wax restoration

A

Armature

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49
Q

Drawing out liquids or gases by means of suction

A

Aspiration

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50
Q

Lack of symmetry or proportion

A

Asymmetry

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51
Q

Similarity without identity

A

Asymmetry

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52
Q

The three this muscles in the region of the ear

A

Atomizer

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53
Q

Sheet-cotton, gauze, or other material used in dressing wounds or wrapping a structure

A

Bandage

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54
Q

The first applied cream or cosmetic

A

Base

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55
Q

The vehicle in the cosmetic

A

Base

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56
Q

Example: oil base

A

Base

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57
Q

One of the four hues corresponding to the pigment of the skin

A

Basic pigment

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58
Q

Examples: white, yellow, red, or brown

A

Basic pigment

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59
Q

A network of stitches employed to cross the borders of a cavity or excision, used to anchor fillers and to sustain tissues in their proper position

A
  • Basket-weave suture

* Cross stitch

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60
Q

The area of the lips, cheeks, chin, and neck, which has hair growth

A

Beard area

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61
Q

Refers to two sides

A

Bilateral

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62
Q

Bilateral view

A

Bilateral silhouette

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63
Q

Referring to an inferior or superior view, which allows comparison of two sides of an object or facial feature

A

Bilateral silhouette

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64
Q

The color of jet in pigments

A

Black

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65
Q

The darkest of all colors

A

Black

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66
Q

Achromatic

A

Black

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67
Q

Absence of illumination in light

A

Black

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68
Q

To whiten by removing color

A

Blanch

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69
Q

To make pale

A

Blanch

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70
Q

To cause to become pale or blanched

A

Bleach

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71
Q

A chemical which lightens a skin discoloration

A

Bleach

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72
Q

The act of lightening a discoloration by chemical means

A

Bleach

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73
Q

The act of lightening a discoloration by hypodermic means or by surface compress

A

Bleaching

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74
Q

Color which escapes at the edge of a mixture

A

Bleed

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75
Q

To mix or intermingle a color (or colors) smoothly

A

Blend

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76
Q

To make a gradual change from one color to another

A

Blend

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77
Q

A thin vesicle on the skin containing a watery matter

A

Blister

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78
Q

Having relatively large patches of color somewhat different from the rest of the coloring

A

Blotched

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79
Q

Light yellowish color, usually describing hair color

A

Blonde

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80
Q

A raised support as the arched portion of the nose which is supported by the nasal bones

A

Bridge

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81
Q

A raised support as a structure or span connecting two parts of a mutilated bone

A

Bridge

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82
Q

A temporary suture consisting of individually cut and tied stitches employed to sustain the proper position of tissues

A
  • Bridge stitch

* Interrupted suture

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83
Q

A brown or copper-like color

A

Bronze

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84
Q

The color of tanned leather

A

Brown

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85
Q

Brightness

A

Brilliance

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86
Q

The lightness or darkness of a color

A

Brilliance

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87
Q

The quality of light

A

Brilliance

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88
Q

Value

A

Brilliance

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89
Q

Dark brown or black color, usually describes hair color

A

Brunette

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90
Q

An injury caused by a blow without laceration

A
  • Bruise

* Ecchymosis

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91
Q

A contusion

A
  • Bruise

* Ecchymosis

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92
Q

The space between the lips and the gums and teeth

A

Buccal cavity

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93
Q

The vestibule of the oral cavity

A

Buccal cavity

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94
Q

The shallow concavities of the cheeks, natural on some persons, which extend obliquely downward from below either the medial or lateral margins of the cheekbones

A

Buccal depression

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95
Q

Compresses the cheek, retracts the angle of the mouth

A

Buccinator muscle

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96
Q

The vertical furrow of the cheek

A

Bucco-facial sulcus

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97
Q

Teeth which jut out

A

Buck teeth

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98
Q

May occur either with or without protrusion of the gums and may occur in either the maxilla, the mandible, or both

A

Buck teeth

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99
Q

To oxidize or to be oxidized by fire or equivalent means

A

Burn

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100
Q

The tissue reaction or injury resulting from application of heat, extreme cold, caustics, radiation, friction, or electricity

A

Burn

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101
Q

A compressed mass of powder

A

Cake

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102
Q

A benign or malignant growth

A

Cancer

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103
Q

Colorless crystals liquefied by water, which is an antiseptic / disinfectant and dries moist tissues and bleaches discolored tissue

A
  • Carbolic acid

* Phenol

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104
Q

Purple-red in coloration

A

Carmine

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105
Q

Crimson

A

Carmine

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106
Q

The yellow pigment of the skin

A

Carotene

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107
Q

The gristle or white elastic substance attached to the ends of bones and forming parts of structures such as the septum of the nose and the framework of the ear

A

Cratilage

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108
Q

Casting

A

Cast

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109
Q

Any object that has been made from a mold, the positive reproduction obtained from a negative impression

A

Cast

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110
Q

Of, pertaining to, or characteristic of the white race

A

Caucasian

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111
Q

The division of mankind comprising the chief races of Europe, North Africa, and southwestern Asia

A

Caucasian

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112
Q

Named on the supposition that the people of the Caucasus were typical of the race

A

Caucasian

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113
Q

A chemical capable of drying tissues by searing

A

Caustic

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114
Q

A hollow place or part

A

Cavity

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115
Q

Any substance used for making two surfaces adhere to each other, such as the lips or the eyelids or the margins of an incision

A

Cement

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116
Q

Reduced to carbon

A

Charred

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117
Q

The state of tissues destroyed by burning

A

Charred

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118
Q

Color intensity or purity

A

Chroma

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119
Q

Synonym for intensity

A

Chroma

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120
Q

A color having a hue, as related to the visible spectrum

A

Chromatic color

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121
Q

Eyelashes

A

Cilia

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122
Q

The fringe of hair edging the eyelids

A

Cilia

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123
Q

A clear syrup-like liquid that evaporates to leave a contractile white film

A

Collodion

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124
Q

Employed as a liquid sealer

A

Collodion

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125
Q

A suspension of pigments in a liquid vehicle so bound together there is no separation of particles

A

Colloid

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126
Q

A visual sensation

A

Color

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127
Q

A property of material objects, including sources of light, by which they are visually distinguished as possessing the qualities of redness, brownness, greenness, grayness, etc

A

Color

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128
Q

The cosmetically treated surface

A

Colorant

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129
Q

Substance used to produce the color of objects as dyes, pigments, inks, paints, etc.

A

Colorant

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130
Q

Illumination of an identifiable hue

A

Colored light

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131
Q

Colored glass gelatin or other substance which transmits light of certain wavelengths and absorbs the others

A

Color filter

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132
Q

A circle in which the primary, secondary, and intermediate hues are arranged in orderly intervals

A

Color wheel

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133
Q

The medial partition between the nostrils

A

Columna nasi

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134
Q

Opposite colors on a wheel

A

Complements

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135
Q

Any two hues, which, by their mixture, produce gray

A

Complements

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136
Q

The color and texture of the skin, especially that of the face

A

Complexion

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137
Q

Forming a part or ingredient

A

Component

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138
Q

Composed of two or more of the basic pigments

A

Compound color

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139
Q

One where the broken end of the bone has penetrated the skin

A

Compound fracture

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140
Q

A pad of gauze or absorbent cotton which is saturated with water or a chemical and placed under or upon tissues in order to preserve, bleach, dry, constrict, or reduce swelling

A

Compress

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141
Q

Having a depressed or hollow surface

A
  • Concave

* Concavity

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142
Q

A depressed profile form which may dip concavely from root to tip

A

Concave nasal profile

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143
Q

One in which the forehead protrudes from the eyebrows and the chin protrudes more than the superior mucous membrane

A

Concave profile

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144
Q

Concave shell of the ear

A

Concha

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145
Q

The deepest depression of the ear

A

Concha

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146
Q

A rounded eminence at the articulating end of the bone

A

Condyle

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147
Q

The posterior process of the ramus of the mandible

A

Condyle

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148
Q

Sensory nerves in the retina of the eye having to do with color detection

A

Cones of the eye

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149
Q

Contract or compress

A

Constrict

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150
Q

The outline or surface form

A

Contour

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151
Q

A bruise

A

Contusion

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152
Q

Ecchymosis

A

Contusion

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153
Q

One color of illumination striking an object of a completely different color, causing the color of the object to be converted or completely destroyed

A

Conversion

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154
Q

Curved evenly

A

Convex

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155
Q

Resembling a segment of the outer edge of a sphere

A

Convex

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156
Q

A profile variation in which the forehead recedes from the eyebrows while the chin protrudes beyond the plane of the upper lip

A

Convex-concave profile

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157
Q

A nasal profile which exhibits a hump in its linear form

A
  • Convex nasal profile
  • Roman
  • Aquiline
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158
Q

A basic profile form in which the forehead recedes from the eyebrows while the chin recedes from the plane of the upper lip

A

Convex profile

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159
Q

Most common profile form

A

Convex profile

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160
Q

A profile variation in which the forehead recedes from the eyebrows while the chin and upper project equally to an imaginary vertical line

A

Convex-vertical profile

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161
Q

A color that creates the impression of coldness

A

Cool hue

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162
Q

Examples: blue, green, or purple

A

Cool hue

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163
Q

A receding color

A

Cool hue

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164
Q

A color of short wavelengths

A

Cool hue

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165
Q

Vertical prominence of the neck

A

Cords of the neck

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166
Q

The transparent structure which constitutes the anterior part of the external layer of the eyeball

A

Cornea

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167
Q

The anterior, non-articulating process of the ramus of the mandible which serves as the insertion for the temporalis muscle

A

Coronoid process

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168
Q

A cosmetic technique which consists of highlighting those parts of the face or individual features to enlarge or bring them forward or shadowing them to reduce the appearance of size or deepen a depression

A

Corrective shaping with cosmetics

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169
Q

Draws the eyebrows inferiorly and medially

A

Corrugator muscle

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170
Q

A preparation for beautifying the complexion, skin, etc

A

Cosmetic

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171
Q

The first applied cream or cosmetic

A

Cosmetic base

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172
Q

The person applying a cosmetic or wax

A
  • Cosmetist

* Cosmetologist

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173
Q

The study of beautifying and improving the complexion, skin, hair, and nails

A

Cosmetology

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174
Q

That part of the skull which encloses the brain

A

Cranium

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175
Q

A semi-solid cosmetic

A

Cream cosmetic

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176
Q

Application of massage-cream or petroleum jelly to a surface

A

Creaming

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177
Q

Top of a curve (as a wave) where the direction changes

A

Crest

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178
Q

The horizontal plate of the ethmoid bone separating the cranial cavity from the nasal cavity

A

Cribriform plate

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179
Q

A deep purplish-red color

A

Crimson

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180
Q

The topmost part of the head

A

Crown

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181
Q

Bifurcation of the antihelix of the ear

A

Crura

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182
Q

The part of the helix of the ear which is flattened in the concha

A

Crus

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183
Q

A solvent commercially-prepared

A

Cuticle remover

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184
Q

Used to remove dead cuticle from the nails and aid in the removal of obstinate scabs

A

Cuticle remover

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185
Q

To cut off the head

A

Decapitate

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186
Q

Separation of compounds into simpler substances by the action of microbial or autolytic enzymes

A

Decomposition

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187
Q

A material employed to fill cavities or excisions and serve as a foundation for the superficial wax restoration

A

Deep filler

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188
Q

Partial loss of moisture content

A

Dehydration

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189
Q

Having the component parts closely compacted together, relatively opaque

A

Dense

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190
Q

Thickness of the applied cosmetic

A

Density

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191
Q

Oblique insertion of the teeth

A

Dental prognathism

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192
Q

A ligature of superior and inferior teeth employed to hold the mandible in position

A

Dental tie

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193
Q

Set of artificial teeth

A

Denture

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194
Q

To lower inferiorly or to reduce projection

A

Depress

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195
Q

A hollow or lower region

A

Depression

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196
Q

The lowering of a part

A

Depression

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197
Q

Depresses the angle of the mouth

A
  • Depressor angulus oris

* Triangularis muscle

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198
Q

Draws the lower lip inferiorly and slightly lateral

A
  • Depressor labii inferioris

* Quadratus muscle

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199
Q

The state or degree of being deep

A

Depth

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200
Q

The skin, especially the corium

A
  • Derma

* Dermis

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201
Q

True skin

A

Corium

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202
Q

The separation of the epidermis from the dermis as a result of putrefaction

A
  • Desquamation

* Skin slip

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203
Q

Rendered thoroughly dry

A

Desiccation

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204
Q

Exhausted of moisture

A

Desiccation

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205
Q

Variation from the common or established

A

Deviation

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206
Q

A frontal-view geometric head shape which is widest across the cheekbones, narrowing in width in both the forehead and the jaws

A

Diamond

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207
Q

Draws the hyoid bone anteriorly and posteriorly

A

Digastricus muscle

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208
Q

A substance thinned or reduced in concentration and thereby lessened in brilliance

A

Dilution

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209
Q

Shallow depressions located on the cheek or chin

A

Dimples

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210
Q

Rounded or vertical

A

Dimples

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211
Q

To disjoin bones

A

Disarticulate

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212
Q

Act of cutting apart

A

Dissection

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213
Q

To expand or swell

A

Distend

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214
Q

A state of stretching out or becoming inflated

A

Distention

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215
Q

State of being twisted or pushed out of natural shape or position

A

Distortion

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216
Q

Back

A

Dorsum

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217
Q

Protruding ridge of the nose

A

Dorsum

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218
Q

A compacted cake type of red cosmetic

A

Dry rouge

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219
Q

A white powder used to dry a cosmetized surface

A

Drying powder

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220
Q

Freedom from wetness

A

Dryness

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221
Q

A condition of tissues necessary for the adhesion of cement, sealer, deep filler, or wax

A

Dryness

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222
Q

Somewhat dark in color

A

Dusky

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223
Q

Synonym for “swarthy” (used regarding the complexion)

A

Dusky

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224
Q

The organ of hearing

A
  • Ear

* Pinna

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225
Q

A discoloration of the skin caused by the escape of blood within the tissues and generally attended by swelling

A
  • Ecchymosis

* Bruise

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226
Q

Abnormal accumulation of fluids in tissues or body cavities

A

Edema

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227
Q

An electrically-heated blade that may be used to dry moist tissues, reduce swollen tissues, and restore contour

A

Electric spatula

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228
Q

A raised surface or part

A

Elevation

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229
Q

a relatively long but slightly dipping curve

A

Elliptical curve

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230
Q

Excessive leanness

A

Emaciation

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231
Q

A wasted condition of the body

A

Emaciation

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232
Q

Sunken surfaces of the face

A

Emaciation

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233
Q

The process of chemically treating the dead human body to reduce the presence and growth of microorganisms, to temporarily inhibit organic decomposition, and to restore an acceptable physical appearance

A

Embalming

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234
Q

To fix or fasten in a surrounding mass

A
  • Embed

* Imbed

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235
Q

A prominence or projection of a bone

A

Eminence

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236
Q

A smoothing agent

A

Emollient

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237
Q

Having the power of softening living tissues, such as massage cream, etc

A

Emollient

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238
Q

A cosmetic with this characteristic

A

Emollient

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239
Q

Using the same color light as the color of the object

A

Emphasis

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240
Q

A permanent mixture of two or more immiscible substances which are united with the aid of a binder or emulsifier

A

Emulsion

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241
Q

Immiscible substances

A

Oil and water

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242
Q

Binder

A

Gum

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243
Q

Emulsifier

A

Soap

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244
Q

The removal of an entire mass or part, especially a tumor or the eyeball, without rupture

A

Enucleation

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245
Q

The outermost layer of skin

A

Epidermis

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246
Q

The cuticle or scarf skin

A

Epidermis

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247
Q

A clear, volatile liquid used as a wax solvent or to remove grease, oil, and adhesive tape stains

A

Ether

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248
Q

Turn outward

A

Evert

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249
Q

To remove as by cutting out

A

Excision

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250
Q

The area from which something has been cut out

A

Excision

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251
Q

Any visible surface that is to remain uncovered or unclothed

A

Exposed area

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252
Q

Ear passage

A

External auditory meatus

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253
Q

The deep hole located in the inferior portion of the medial one-third of the ear on the anterior border

A

External auditory meatus

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254
Q

Weight applied to a surface

A

External pressure

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255
Q

Drawn or pulled out

A

Extraction

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256
Q

Superficial hairs covering the superciliary arches

A
  • Eyebrows

* Supercilia

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257
Q

A cosmetic in pencil form for coloring hair

A

Eyebrow pencil

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258
Q

A thin, dome like shell made of hardened cloth, metal, or plastic

A

Eyecap

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259
Q

Used beneath the eyelids to restore the natural curvature and, in some cases, to hold the eyelids closed

A

Eyecap

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260
Q

One of two movable flaps of skin which cover and uncover the eyeball

A

Eyelid

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261
Q

A cosmetic color applied to the superior eyelid

A

Eyeshadow

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262
Q

The bony region containing the eyeball

A
  • Eyesocket

* Orbit

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263
Q

The orbital cavity

A
  • Eyesocket

* Orbit

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264
Q

Anatomically, the region from the eyes to the base of the chin

A

Face

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265
Q

Physiognomically, the region from the normal hairline to the base of the chin

A

Face

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266
Q

The “character” lines, wrinkles, grooves, cords, and dimples of the face and neck

A

Facial markings

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267
Q

The silhouette of the face from the side view

A

Facial profile

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268
Q

Mathematical relationship of the size of the features to each other and / or to the head

A

Facial proportions

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269
Q

To reduce gradually to an indistinguishable edge

A

Feather

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270
Q

Synonym for “taper”

A

Feather

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271
Q

Material used to fill a large cavity

A

Filler

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272
Q

Examples: plaster-of-Paris and cotton, liquid sealer and cotton

A

Filler

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273
Q

Degree of rigidity, stability

A

Firmness

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274
Q

A condition of the tissues necessary for the application of wax

A

Firmness

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275
Q

The most viscous type of wax

A
  • Firm wax

* Wound filler

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276
Q

A putty-like material used to fill large cavities or model features

A
  • Firm wax

* Wound filler

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277
Q

An injury caused by heat which produces redness of the skin

A

First degree burn

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278
Q

Hyperemia

A

First degree burn

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279
Q

Flushed with red, said of a complexion

A

Florid

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280
Q

A long, electric discharge lamp in which the radiant energy from the electric discharge is transferred by suitable materials (phosphorus) into wavelengths given higher luminosity

A

Fluorescent lamp

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281
Q

An elongated prominence adjoining a surface

A

Fold

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282
Q

Opening in the occipital bone through which the spinal cord passes from the brain, midway between the two mastoid processes

A

Foramen magnum

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283
Q

The quality of a color to draw attention by means of its intensity or advancing characteristics

A

Force

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284
Q

The part of the face above the eyes

A

Forehead

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285
Q

A depression

A

Fossa

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286
Q

Concave recess

A

Fossa

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287
Q

Total evacuation (absence) of tissue

A

Fourth degree burn

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288
Q

Broken bone

A

Fracture

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289
Q

The vertical restraining band of flesh on the medial aspect of the inside of each lip connecting the lip with the gum

A

Frenulum

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290
Q

The anterior view of the face or features

A
  • Frontal

* Anterior

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291
Q

The anterior one-third of the cranium, forming the forehead

A

Frontal bone

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292
Q

A rounded prominences on the median line and a little inferior to the center of the frontal bone

A

Frontal eminence

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293
Q

The ascending part of the upper jaw which gradually protrudes as it rises beside the nasal bone to meet the frontal bone

A

Frontal process of the maxilla

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294
Q

The ascending profess of the upper jaw

A

Frontal process of the maxilla

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295
Q

The quality and quantity of illumination used for presentation of casketed remains

A

Funeral lighting

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296
Q

A crevice in the skin accompanied by adjacent elevations

A
  • Furrow
  • Sulcus
  • Wrinkle
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297
Q

A light, open-mesh variety of muslin

A

Gauze

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298
Q

The shape of a plane figure determined by its outline

A

Geometrical

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299
Q

Examples: round, oval, square, etc

A

Geometrical

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300
Q

A single bony prominence of the frontal bone located between the superciliary arches in the inferior part of the frontal bone above the root of the nose

A

Glabella

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301
Q

A syrupy, colorless liquid obtained from fats or oils as a by-product of the manufacturing of soaps and fatty acids and used as a vehicle for some cosmetics

A

Glycerin

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302
Q

Color resulting from the mixture of black and white pigments

A

Gray

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303
Q

Achromatic

A

Gray

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304
Q

A neutral color

A

Gray

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305
Q

A color resulting from the mixture of complementary hues (chromatic)

A

Gray

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306
Q

A nasal profile form in which the dorsum exhibits a straight line from the root to the tip

A
  • Grecian

* Straight nasal profile

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307
Q

The hue resulting from the mixture of yellow and blue pigments

A

Green

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308
Q

One of the three secondary colors of pigments

A

Green

309
Q

An elongated depression in a relatively level plane or surface

A

Groove

310
Q

The outline of the growth of hair on the head or face

A

Hairline

311
Q

The lowest centrally located part of the hair of the cranium

A

Hairline

312
Q

A number of hairs grouped for use as a replacement

A

Hair patch

313
Q

The anterior portion of the roof of the mouth

A

Hard palate

314
Q

The outline of the exterior margins of the head

A

Head shape

315
Q

The distance above the base

A

Height

316
Q

The vertical measurement of part of a feature

A

Height

317
Q

Outer rim of the ear

A

Helix

318
Q

Red pigment

A

Hemoglobin

319
Q

The protein coloring matter of the red blood corpuscles which serves to convey oxygen to the tissues

A

Hemoglobin

320
Q

Oxyhemoglobin

A

Hemoglobin

321
Q

Surface lying at right angles to the source of illumination which reflects the maximum amount of light

A

Highlight

322
Q

The brighter or whiter part

A

Highlight

323
Q

Application of a color that is lighter or brighter than the complexion color

A

Highlighting with cosmetics

324
Q

Roughly U-shaped with the front being narrower than the sweep of the curve

A

Horseshoe curve

325
Q

The property of a color by which it is distinguished from others

A

Hue

326
Q

Any liquid or semi-liquid of the body

A

Humor

327
Q

Example: the aqueous or vitreous of the eyeball

A

Humor

328
Q

Shaped as a bent wood weapon with a central belly

A

Hunting bow

329
Q

Resembling a “Cupid” bow

A

Hunting bow

330
Q

Applied or administered beneath the skin

A

Hypodermic

331
Q

The injection of special creams or liquids into the tissues through the use of a syringe and needle to restore natural contour

A

Hypodermic tissue building

332
Q

Giving or casting of light

A

Illumination

333
Q

A filament lamp rendered luminous by electric current

A

Incadescent light

334
Q

White light

A

Incadescent light

335
Q

A clean cut into tissue or skin

A

Incision

336
Q

The area between the mental eminence and the inferior incisor teeth

A

Incisive fossa

337
Q

The four front cutting teeth of each jaw

A

Incisor teeth

338
Q

A line which is neither horizontal or vertical

A

Inclination

339
Q

A blue dye obtained from certain plants or made synthetically, usually from aniline dyes

A

Indigo

340
Q

A deep violet blue

A

Indigo

341
Q

Designated by Newton as one of the seven primary colors

A

Indigo

342
Q

Babyish, childlike, in regard to much adipose tissue

A

Infantine

343
Q

Beneath

A

Inferior

344
Q

Lower

A

Inferior

345
Q

The undersurface of an organ or indicating a structure below another structure

A

Inferior

346
Q

Towards the feet

A

Inferior

347
Q

The part between the inferior margin of the inferior mucous membrane and the mental eminence

A

Inferior integumentary lip

348
Q

The lowermost scroll-shaped bones on the sidewalls of the nasal cavity

A

Inferior nasal conchae

349
Q

The furrow of the inferior border of the inferior eyelid

A

Inferior palpebral sulcus

350
Q

The reaction of the tissues to injurious agents, usually characterized by heat, redness, swelling, and pain

A

Inflammation

351
Q

A form of prognathism in which the base of the nasal cavity protrudes abnormally

A

Infranasal prognathism

352
Q

The part of the invisible spectrum adjacent to the red end of the visible spectrum

A

Infrared

353
Q

To restrain, hinder, or retard

A

Inhibit

354
Q

To introduce forcibly

A

Inject

355
Q

Small elevation extending medially and obliquely from the medial corner of the eye

A

Inner canthus

356
Q

Superiorly, the skin portion of the upper lip from the attached margin of the upper mucous membrane to the base of the nose

A

Integumentary lips

357
Q

Inferiorly, the skin portion of the lower lip from the attached margin of the lower mucous membrane to the labiomental sulcus

A

Integumentary lips

358
Q

Existing in a high degree of brilliance

A

Intense

359
Q

Vivid

A

Intense

360
Q

To become more brilliant or more vivid in color

A

Intensify

361
Q

The strength of a color, due especially to its degree of freedom from mixture with its complementary color or gray

A

Intensity

362
Q

Equivalent to its brightness or dullness

A

Intensity

363
Q

The vertical or transverse furrows between the eyebrows

A

Interciliary sulci

364
Q

A classification of color produced by mixing a primary and a secondary color which are adjacent on the color wheel

A

Intermediate hue

365
Q

Examples: red-orange, yellow-green, blue-purple, etc

A

Intermediate hue

366
Q

Notch between the tragus and the antitragus of the ear

A

Intertragic notch

367
Q

A type of suture used to close incisions so that the suture thread remains entirely under the epidermis

A
  • Intradermal suture

* Hidden suture

368
Q

Tissues turned in an opposite direction or folded inward

A

Inversion

369
Q

A three-sided figure whose base is superior to its apex

A

Inverted triangle

370
Q

Lower border of the chin and jaw

A

Jawline

371
Q

Simultaneous contrast

A

Juxtaposition

372
Q

Any two colors seen together modify each other in the direction of their complements

A

Juxtaposition

373
Q

If they are complements, they enrich each other

A

Juxtaposition

374
Q

If they are not complements, they dull each other

A

Juxtaposition

375
Q

Lips

A

Labia

376
Q

The vertical furrows of each lip extending from within the mucous membranes into the integumentary lips

A

Labial sulci

377
Q

The junction of the inferior lip and the chin, which may appear as a furrow

A

Labiomental sulcus

378
Q

To tear, as into irregular segments

A

Lacerate

379
Q

A wound or irregular tear of the flesh

A

Laceration

380
Q

Oil from sheep wool

A

Lanolin

381
Q

“Downy hair,” thin fuzzy growths of hair

A

Lanugo

382
Q

Peach fuzz

A

Lanugo

383
Q

Toward the side

A

Lateral

384
Q

Escape of blood or fluid

A

Leak

385
Q

A vertical dimension

A

Length

386
Q

A classification given to a nose which is long, narrow, and high-bridged

A

Leptorrhine

387
Q

Elevates the angle of the mouth

A

Levator anguli oris muscle

388
Q

Elevates the superior lip, dilates the nostrils

A

Levator labii superioris alaeque nasi muscle

389
Q

A muscle of facial expression which elevates and extends the upper lip

A

Levator labii superioris muscle

390
Q

To tie or bind

A

Ligate

391
Q

A thread, cord, or wire used for tying vessels, tissues, or bones

A

Ligature

392
Q

To shine

A

Light

393
Q

A form of electromagnetic radiation that acts upon the retina of the eye to make sight possible

A

Light

394
Q

The line that forms between two structures, such as the lips or the eyelids, when they are in a closed position, which marks their place of contact with each other

A

Line of closure

395
Q

Eyelid furrows which are short and broken, which run horizontally on the palpebrae themselves and may fan from both the medial and lateral corners of the eyes

A

Linear sulci

396
Q

A small, flat brush having soft hairs of uniform length

A

Lip brush

397
Q

A soft restorative wax, usually tinted, used to cover or replace the external mucous membranes of the mouth

A

Lip wax

398
Q

A fluid, facial colorant in which pigments are dissolved or suspended

A

Liquid cosmetic

399
Q

A quick-drying fluid adhesive

A

Liquid sealer

400
Q

An aqueous mixture of powder with a suspending agent

A

Liquid suspension

401
Q

Inferior third of the ear

A

Lobe

402
Q

A single, noose-like suture for anchoring restorative materials

A

Loop stitch

403
Q

A very reddish, red-purple as of a colored illumination

A

Magenta

404
Q

A purplish-red color

A

Magenta

405
Q

One requiring a long period of time, are extensive, or require technical skill

A

Major restoration

406
Q

The cosmetic material

A

Makeup

407
Q

The way in which one is painted

A

Makeup

408
Q

The process of application of a cosmetic

A

Makeup

409
Q

A horseshoe-shaped bone forming the inferior jaw

A

Mandible

410
Q

The small oval depression on the zygomatic process of the temporal bone into which the condyle of the mandible articulates, just anterior to the external auditory meatus

A
  • Mandibular fossa

* Glenoid fossae

411
Q

Protrusion of the inferior jaw

A

Mandibular prognathism

412
Q

The furrow beneath the jawline which rises vertically on the cheek

A

Mandibular sulcus

413
Q

A stitch used to hold the mouth closed

A

Mandibular suture

414
Q

Placed behind the lips, one part is passed around the inferior jaw at the median plane (while the other part extends through either the nasal septum or the superior frenulum)

A

Mandibular suture

415
Q

The boundary or edge

A

Margin

416
Q

A preparation used to darken the eyelashes

A

Mascara

417
Q

Anything that hides or conceals, as cosmetics

A

Mask

418
Q

A facemask

A

Mask

419
Q

A soft, white, oily preparation resembling cream and used as a protective coating for external tissues

A

Massage cream

420
Q

A base for cream cosmetics and a wax softener, an emollient

A

Massage cream

421
Q

Muscle for mastication

A

Masseter muscle

422
Q

The rounded projection on the inferior portion of the temporal bones just posterior to the lobe of the ear

A

Mastoid process

423
Q

Having a dull finish

A

Matte

424
Q

As afforded by the application of loose powder, lack of sheen

A

Matte

425
Q

A paired bone with several processes that form the skeletal base of most of the superior face, roof of the mouth, sides of the nasal cavity, and floor of the orbit

A

Maxilla

426
Q

Protrusion of the superior jaw

A

Maxillary prognathism

427
Q

Middle

A

Medial

428
Q

Nears the medial plan

A

Medial

429
Q

Tiny prominence on the midline of the superior mucous membrane

A

Medial lobe

430
Q

Situated or placed in the middle of the body dividing it into the right and left halves

A

Medial plane

431
Q

The brown to black-brown pigment in the epidermis and hair

A

Melanin

432
Q

A triangular projection on the inferior portion of the anterior mandible

A

Mental eminence

433
Q

Elevates and protrudes the inferior lip, wrinkles the skin over the chin

A

Mentalis muscle

434
Q

A classification given to a nose which is medium-broad and medium-low bridged

A

Mesorrhine

435
Q

One requiring minimum effort, skill, or time to complete

A

Minor restoration

436
Q

A composition of two or more substances that are not chemically bound to each other

A

Mixture

437
Q

Constructing a form with a apliable material such as wax or clay

A

Modeling

438
Q

Variations of one color (hue)

A

Monochromatic

439
Q

Tints, tones, and shades of one hue

A

Monochromatic

440
Q

To diversify with spots or blotches of a different color (or shade)

A

Mottle

441
Q

A device used in the mouth for shaping the contour of the lips

A

Mouth former

442
Q

The visible red surfaces of the lips

A

Mucous membranes

443
Q

The lining membrane of body cavities which communicate with the exterior

A

Mucous membranes

444
Q

A stitch used to hold the mouth closed

A

Musculature suture

445
Q

Placed behind the lips

A

Musculature suture

446
Q

Part is passed through the muscles tangent to the inferior jaw and the other part extends through either the nasal septum or the superior frenulum

A

Musculature suture

447
Q

To reduce the intensity of a color by the addition of another color

A

Mute

448
Q

Disfigured by loss of a natural part through force

A

Mutilated

449
Q

Directly inferior to the glabella and forming a dome over the superior portion of the nasal cavity

A

Nasal bones

450
Q

Triangular form

A

Nasal bones

451
Q

The orifice in the bony face bounded by the margins of the nasal bones and the maxilla

A

Nasal cavity

452
Q

The sharp, bony projection located medially at the inferior margin of the nasal cavity

A

Nasal spine of the maxilla

453
Q

The angular area between the posterior margin of the wing of the nose and the nasolabial fold

A

Nasal sulcus

454
Q

The eminence of the cheek adjacent to the mouth

A

Nasolabial fold

455
Q

Extending from the superior part of the posterior margin of the wing of the nose to the side of the mouth

A

Nasolabial fold

456
Q

The furrow originating at the superior border of the wing of the nose and extending to the side of the mouth

A

Nasolabial sulcus

457
Q

Depression superior to the medial portion of the superior palpebrae

A

Naso-orbital fossa

458
Q

Those that are present from birth

A

Natural facial markings

459
Q

Hereditary

A

Natural facial markings

460
Q

Areas of color in the tissues normally darker than the adjacent area

A

Natural shadows

461
Q

A mechanical device used to impel specially designed metal pins into bone

A

Needle injector

462
Q

The image created and obtained from the body

A

Negative mold

463
Q

Impression mold

A

Negative mold

464
Q

A new and abnormal formation of tissue

A

Neoplasm

465
Q

Examples: tumor, growth

A

Neoplasm

466
Q

Achromatic

A

Neutral colors

467
Q

Examples: white, black, or gray

A

Neutral colors

468
Q

A birthmark

A

Nevus

469
Q

A congenital skin blemish

A

Nevus

470
Q

Any congenital anomaly, including various types of birthmarks and all types of moles

A

Nevus

471
Q

The most common characteristics of each feature

A

Norm

472
Q

Typical, common, average

A

Norm

473
Q

A relatively deep indentation, usually between two projections

A

Notch

474
Q

Slanting or inclined, neither perpendicular nor horizontal

A

Oblique

475
Q

The shallow, curving groove below the medial corner of the eyelids

A

Oblique palpebral sulcus

476
Q

A frontal head form in which the head is long and narrow throughout

A

Oblong

477
Q

Lowest part of the back and base of the cranium, forming a cradle for the brain

A

Occipital bone

478
Q

The prominence at the center of the external surface of the occipital bone

A

Occipital protuberance

479
Q

Draws the scalp posteriorly and anteriorly and raises the eyebrows

A
  • Occipitofrontalis muscle

* Epicranius

480
Q

A coloring medium in which the pigments are combined with a petroleum product

A

Oil-based cosmetic

481
Q

A yellow-tan of medium value with a greenish tinge

A

Olive

482
Q

The state of being opaque

A

Opacity

483
Q

Not transparent or translucent

A

Opaque

484
Q

Not allowing light to pass through a concealing cosmetic

A

Opaque

485
Q

The furrows radiating from the lateral corner of the eye

A
  • Optic facial sulci

* Crow’s feet

486
Q

The orifice containing the teeth and tongue

A
  • Oral cavity

* Mouth

487
Q

The hue obtained from the mixture of red and yellow

A

Orange

488
Q

A secondary color of pigments

A

Orange

489
Q

Closes the eyelid

A

Orbicularis oculi muscle

490
Q

Compresses the lacrimal sac

A

Orbicularis oculi muscle

491
Q

Closes the lips

A

Orbicularis oris muscle

492
Q

The eyesocket

A

Orbit

493
Q

The orbital cavity

A

Orbit

494
Q

Bags under the eyes, the fullness between the inferior palpebrae and the oblique palpebral sulcus

A

Orbital pouch

495
Q

The entrance or outlet of any body cavity

A

Orifice

496
Q

An opening

A

Orifice

497
Q

The attachment of a muscle which moves least when the muscle contracts

A

Origin

498
Q

The beginning

A

Origin

499
Q

An adornment or embellishment

A

Ornamental

500
Q

A cosmetic material manufactured for street wear

A

Ornamental

501
Q

The technique of cosmetic application to beautify the face of a female

A

Ornamental

502
Q

Egg-shaped

A

Oval

503
Q

A coloring modified by an overlying color

A

Overtone

504
Q

A color which visibly predominates more than general coloring

A

Overtone

505
Q

A wash

A

Overtone

506
Q

The bone which forms part of the hard palate of the mouth, part of the nasal cavity, and part of the orbital cavities

A

Palatine bone

507
Q

The eyelid

A

Palpebra

508
Q

A face powder cosmetic pressed into a flat cake

A

Pancake

509
Q

Superior portion of the sides and back of the cranium, as well as the posterior two-thirds of the roof of the cranium

A

Parietal bones

510
Q

The marked convexity on the outer surface of the parietal bones

A

Parietal eminence

511
Q

A soft, moist, opaque cosmetic with the consistency of dough and bound together with the aid of gum, starch, and water

A

Paste

512
Q

If oils and fats are present, water is absent

A

Paste

513
Q

A group of hairs of uniform length applied simultaneously as a method of hair replacement

A

Patch of hair

514
Q

Diseased

A

Pathological condition

515
Q

Due to a disease

A

Pathological condition

516
Q

Superior portion of the bony nasal septum

A

Perpendicular plate of the ethmoid bone

517
Q

A semi-solid, yellow mixture of hydrocarbons

A

Petroleum jelly

518
Q

An antiseptic / disinfectant employed to dry moist tissues and to bleach discolored tissues

A
  • Phenol

* Carbolic acid

519
Q

The vertical groove located medially on the superior lip

A

Philtrum

520
Q

The study of the structures and surface markings of the face and features

A

Physiognomy

521
Q

A coloring matter that can be applied to an object when combined with some type of vehicle

A

Pigment

522
Q

Usually composed of dry, pulverized coloring agents and talcum

A

Pigment powder

523
Q

Employed to impart color to the skin

A

Pigment powder

524
Q

The Prang system

A

Pigment theory

525
Q

The auricle or projected part of the exterior ear

A

Pinna

526
Q

A surface having very little curve (convexity)

A

Plane

527
Q

A level

A

Plane

528
Q

A white powdery substance, which, with water, forms a quick-setting paste

A

Plaster of Paris

529
Q

A classification given to a nose which is short and broad and has the minimum of projection

A

Platyrrhine

530
Q

Wrinkles the skin of the neck and chest, depresses the mandible and inferior lip

A

Platysma muscle

531
Q

The transverse, dipping furrow of the neck

A

Platysmal sulci

532
Q

A small ball, cylinder, or tuft, as of cotton

A

Pledget

533
Q

Any device, as cotton, cloth, wood, etc, used to fill or close an opening

A

Plug

534
Q

A place (usually invisible) at which access to inner positions may be had

A

Point of entry

535
Q

A place at which a hypodermic needle may be inserted to pass into the same or another area

A

Point of entry

536
Q

Minute depressions in the surface of the skin, as the openings of the sweat glands

A

Pores

537
Q

Treatments of a restorative nature performed after the embalming operation

A

Post-embalming

538
Q

The image made from the negative mold

A

Positive cast

539
Q

Toward the rear or caudal end

A

Posterior

540
Q

Toward the back

A

Posterior

541
Q

Dorsal

A

Posterior

542
Q

After death

A

Postmortem

543
Q

Any solid substance in the state of fine, loose particles as produced by crushing or grinding

A

Powder

544
Q

A device to blow powder onto a surface

A

Powder atomizer

545
Q

A device of hairs or bristles set in a handle

A

Powder brush

546
Q

Used to apply and remove powder

A

Powder brush

547
Q

A soft, circular pad for applying powder

A

Powder puff

548
Q

Treatments of a restorative nature performed before the embalming operation

A

Pre-embalming

549
Q

One of the three hues that can be combined to make all other hues

A

Primary hue

550
Q

Primary hues:

A
  • Red
  • Yellow
  • Blue
551
Q

Draws the skin of the forehead inferiorly

A

Procerus muscle

552
Q

A photograph or painting in which the subject has been posed and lighted in a flattering way by a professional photographer or artist

A

Professional portrait

553
Q

An outline of the side view of an object, specifically the human head

A

Profile

554
Q

Projection of the jaw or jaws

A

Prognathism

555
Q

The act of throwing forward

A

Projection

556
Q

A part extending beyond the level of surroundings

A

Projection

557
Q

The relationship of the size of one feature as compared with another feature or with the width or length of the face

A

Proportion

558
Q

An artificial device used to replace a limb, appendage, or other body part