Preparation for Disposition: Glossary Flashcards Preview

MOR 260: National Board Exam Review > Preparation for Disposition: Glossary > Flashcards

Flashcards in Preparation for Disposition: Glossary Deck (181):
1

Antemortem injuries resulting from friction of the skin against a firm object resulting in the removal of the epidermis

Abrasion

2

To bluntly adjoin another structure

Abut

3

Example: the line of eye closure

Abut

4

Decrease in body temperature immediately before death

Agonal algor

5

The physical possession of the dead human body

Actual custody of the body

6

In reference to blood, a change from a fluid into a thickened mass

* Agonal coagulation
* Congealing

7

Loss of moisture from the living body during the agonal state

Agonal dehydration

8

Escape of blood serum from an intravascular to an extravascular location immediately before death

Agonal edema

9

Increase in body temperature immediately before death

Agonal fever

10

Period immediately before somatic death

Agonal period

11

An agonal or postmortem redistribution of host microflora on a hostwide basis

* Agonal translocation
* Translocation

12

A transfer container consisting of a wooden tray with a cardboard covering for the casket

Air tray

13

Postmortem cooling of the body to the surrounding temperature

Algor mortis

14

An unfinished wood box or other non-metal receptacle or enclosure, without ornamentation or a fixed interior lining, which is designed for the encasement of human remains and which is made of fiberboard, pressed-wood, composition materials (with or without an outside covering) or like materials

Alternative container

15

Generalized massive edema in subcutaneous tissue

Anasarca

16

Distension of the tissues beneath the skin by gas or air

Antemortem subcutaneous emphysema

17

An antemortem condition brought about by a surgical procedure, trauma, or by a puncture or tear in the pleural sac or the lung tissue

Antemortem subcutaneous emphysema

18

The meeting between the funeral director and the client family during which the funeral arrangements are discussed

Arrangements conference

19

Hebrew word meaning container

Aron

20

A casket made entirely of wood, containing no metal parts

Aron

21

Accumulation of serous fluids in the peritoneal cavity

Ascites

22

Abdominal cavity

Peritoneal

23

Withdrawal of gas, fluids, and semi-solids from body cavities and hollow viscera by means of suction with an aspirator and a trocar

Aspiration

24

Self-destruction of cells

Autolysis

25

Decomposition of all tissues by enzymes of their own formation without microbial assistance

Autolysis

26

The body's own digestive enzymes that are capable of destroying body celles

Autolytic enzyme

27

Body's capability of destroying body cells

Autolytic decomposition

28

Agent that destroys bacteria

Bactericidal agent

29

Agent that has the ability to inhibit or retard bacterial growth

Bacteriostatic agent

30

No destruction of viability of the microorganism is implied

Bacteriostatic agent

31

A person who receives personal property from another as a bailment

Bailee

32

A delivery of personal property by one person to another who holds the property for a certain purpose under an express or implied-in-fact contract

Bailment

33

A person who delivers personal property to another as a bailment

Bailor

34

The portion of the casket upon which the deceased human remains are placed

Bed

35

Biological agent or condition that constitutes a hazard to humans

Biohazard

36

Bloodborne pathogens, blood or body fluids exposure, any potentially infective, contaminated waste associated with the preparation of human remains that constitutes a hazard to humans in the workplace

* Biohazardous waste
* Infectious waste

37

A chemical that lightens a skin discoloration

Bleaching agent

38

Pathogenic microorganisms that are present in human blood and can cause disease in humans

Bloodborne pathogens

39

Examples: hepatitis B virus, human immunodeficiency virus

Bloodborne pathogens

40

OSHA regulation 29CFR 1910-1030 regulating the employee's exposure to blood and other body fluids

Bloodborne pathogen rule

41

Discolorations resulting from changes in blood composition, content, or location, either intravascularly or extravascularly

Blood discoloration

42

A legal document, issued by a governmental agency, authorizing transportation and / or disposition of a dead human body

* Burial-transit permit
* Disposition permit

43

A rigid container which is designed for the encasement of human remains and which is usually constructed of wood, metal, or like material and ornamented and lined with fabric

Casket

44

A case or receptacle in which human remains are placed for protection, practical utility, and a suitable memory picture

Casket

45

Any box or container of one or more parts in which a dead human body is placed prior to interment, entombment, or cremation which may or may not be permanently interred, entombed, or cremated with the dead human remains

Casket

46

Change in the body's chemical composition that occurs after death

Chemical postmortem change

47

Example: release of heme leading to postmortem staining

Chemical postmortem change

48

Hebrew phrase meaning "Holy Society"

Chevrah Kadisha

49

A group of men or women from the synagogue who care for the dead

Chevrah Kadisha

50

May be referred to by laymen as the "washers"

Chevrah Kadisha

51

In the past, took care of all funeral arrangements and preparation for Jewish funerals

Chevrah Kadisha

52

A case or receptacle for dead human remains which is anthropoidal in shape

Coffin

53

A transfer container consisting of a particle board box with a cardboard tray and cover to satisfy air shipping regulations

Combination case

54

Where a party has a right to acquire actual custody / possession of the dead body although another party has actual physical possession

* Constructive custody
* Constructive possession

55

The presence or the reasonably anticipated presence of blood or other potentially infectious materials on an item or surface

Contaminated

56

Laundry that has been soiled with blood or other potentially infectious materials or may contain sharps

Contaminated laundry

57

A container used to hold a dead human body which is constructed out of a type of cardboard, which is made with aseries of alternate folds and ridges

Corrugated container

58

Plastic garment designed to cover the body from the chest down to the upper thigh

Coverall

59

A funeral director becomes the legal protector of a dead human body from the time of removal until final disposition

Custodian

60

Decomposition of proteins by enzymes of aerobic bacteria

Decay

61

Separation of compounds into simpler substances by the action of microbial and / or autolytic enzymes

Decomposition

62

Loss of moisture from body tissue which may occur antemortem or postmortem the removal of water from a substance

Dehydration

63

Set of artificial teeth

Denture

64

Sloughing off of the epidermis, wherein there is a separation of the epidermis from the underlying dermis as a result of putrefaction

* Desquamation
* Skin-slip

65

Any abnormal color in or upon the human body

Discoloration

66

An agent, usually chemical, applied to inanimate objects / surfaces to destroy disease causing microbial agents, but usually not bacterial spores

Disinfectant

67

Destruction and / or inhibition of most pathogenic organisms and their products in or on the body

Disinfection

68

Disposition of human remains by cremation, without formal viewing, visitation or ceremony with the body present

Direct cremation

69

Any method of disposition of the human remains without formal viewing, visitation or ceremony with the body present

Direct disposition

70

Discoloration of the skin caused by the escape of blood within the tissues

* Ecchymosis
* Bruise

71

Generally accompanied by swelling

* Ecchymosis
* Bruise

72

Abnormal accumulation of fluids in tissues or body cavities

Edema

73

Electrically heated blade which may be used to dry moist tissue, reduce swollen tissue, and restore contour to normal form

Electric spatula

74

Discoloration of the body outside the blood vascular system

Extravascular blood discoloration

75

Examples: ecchymosis, petechial, hematoma, and postmortem stain

Extravascular blood discoloration

76

Removal of the eye for tissue transplantation, research and education

Eye enucleation

77

Extravasation of blood as a result of eye enucleation

Eye enucleation discoloration

78

A thin, dome-like shell made of hardened cloth, metal, or plastic placed beneath eyelids to restore natural curvature and to maintain the position of posed eyelids

Eyecap

79

The microbial (enzymatic) decomposition of carbohydrates under anaerobic conditions

Fermentation

80

Lesions of the mucous membrane of the lip or mouth usually caused by Herpes Simplex Type I or II virus or by dehydration of the mucous membrane in a febrile disease

Fever blisters

81

The conclusive performance of serices with respect to the dead human body

Final disposition

82

Water blessed by a priest

Holy water

83

Piece of equipment used to maintain the head in the proper position during the embalming process

Headrest

84

A swelling or mass of clotted blood confined to an organ or space caused by a ruptured blood vessel

Hematoma

85

Tumor like swelling of blood

Hematoma

86

Destruction of red blood cells that liberates hemoglobin

Hematoma

87

Destruction of red blood cells that liberates hemoglobin

Hemolysis

88

Severe infectious bloodborne virus

Hepatitis B Virus (HBV)

89

Inflammatory skin disease marked by small vesicles in clusters

Herpes

90

Retrovirus that causes acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS)

Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)

91

Body of a deceased person, including cremated remains

Human remains

92

Abnormal accumulation of fluids in a saclike structure in any sacculated cavity in the body, especially the scrotal sac

Hydrocele

93

Abnormal accumulation of cerebrospinal fluids in the ventricles of the brain

Hydrocephalus

94

Reaction in which water is one of the reactants and compounds are often broken down

Hydrolysis

95

The addition of water accompanied by action of enzymes results in the breakdown of protein into amino acids

Hydrolysis of proteins

96

Abnormal accumulation of fluid within the pericardial sac

Hydropericardium

97

Abnormal accumulation of fluid in the thoracic cavity

Hydrothorax

98

Disposition of human remains by burial, without formal viewing, visitation or ceremony with the body present, except for a graveside service

Immediate burial

99

Immediate stiffening of the muscles of a dead human body

Instantaneous rigor mortis

100

Discoloration of the body within the blood vascular system

Intravascular blood discoloration

101

Examples: hypostasis, carbon monoxide, and capillary congestion

Intravascular blood discoloration

102

Conditions characterized by excessive concentrations of bilirubin in the skin and tissues and deposition of excessive bile pigment in the skin, cornea, body fluids, and mucous membranes with the resulting yellow appearance of the patient

* Jaundice
* Icterus

103

Wound characterized by irregular tearing of tissue

Laceration

104

Decomposition of fats

Lipolysis

105

Postmortem intravascular red-blue discoloration resulting from hypostasis of blood

* Livor mortis
* Cadaveric lividity

106

Specific antibody acting destructively upon cells and tissues

Lysin

107

Organelle that exists within a cell, but separate from the cell

Lysosome

108

Contains hydrolytic enzymes that break down proteins and certain carbohydrates

Lysosome

109

A stitch used to hold the mouth closed

Mandibular suture

110

Placed behind the lips, one part is passed through around the inferior jaw at the median plane, while the other part extends through the nasal septum or the superior frenulum

Mandibular suture

111

Minute one-celled form of life not distinguishable as being of vegetable or animal nature

* Microorganisms
* Microbe

112

The enzymes of microorganisms

Microbial enzyme

113

A source of the enzymes that contribute to decomposition

Microbial enzyme

114

Agents which will prohibit the growth of mold

* Mold preventative
* Mold-preventive agents

115

A place where dead human bodies are kept until identified and / or released for final disposition

Morgue

116

Device used in the mouth to shape the contour of the lips

Mouth former

117

Method of mouth closure in which a suture is passed through the septum of the nose and through the mentalis muscle of the chin

musculature suture

118

Any altering or change made to a dead human body from the time of death, other than by natural causes

Mutilation

119

Pathological death of a tissue still a part of the living organism

Necrosis

120

Mechanical device used to impel specially designed metal pins into bone

Needle pinjector

121

Antemortem discoloration that occurs during the course of certain diseases

Pathological discoloration

122

Gangrene and jaundice

Pathological discoloration

123

Substance able to destroy lice

Pediculicide

124

Chemicals found in embalming arterial formulations having the capability of displacing an unpleasant odor or of altering an unpleasant odor so that it is converted to a more pleasant one

* Perfuming agents
* Masking agents

125

Those items of protection worn to minimize exposure to hazards

Personal protective equipment (PPE)

126

Those items worn by the embalmer to avoid contact with blood and other body fluids

Personal protective equipment (PPE)

127

Antemortem, pinpoint, extravascular blood discoloration visible as purplish hemorrhages of the skin

Petechia

128

condition in which interstitial spaces contain such excessive amounts of fluid that the skin remains depressed after palpation

Pitting edema

129

Preparation room equipment for properly positioning bodies prior to, during, and after vascular embalming

Positioning devices

130

Rise in body temperature after death due to continued cellular metabolism

Postmortem caloricity

131

Change in the form or state of matter without any change in chemical composition

Postmortem physical changes

132

Extravascular color change that occurs when heme, released by hemolysis of red blood cells, seeps through the vessel walls and into the body tissues

Postmortem stain

133

That facility in a funeral home especially designed and equipped for embalming and preparation of dead human bodies

Preparation room

134

Disinfection carried out prior to the embalming process

Primary disinfection

135

The recovery of organs or tissues from a cadaver for transplantation

Procurement

136

Projection of the jaw or jaws that may cause problems with mouth closure and alignment of the teeth

Prognathism

137

Anything that may be owned

Property

138

An artificial device used to replace a limb, appendage, or other body part

Prosthetic device

139

Postmortem evacuation of any substance from an external orifice of the body as a result of pressure

Purge

140

Liquid product of inflammation containing various proteins and leukocytes

Pus

141

Characteristic pus-filled structure of a disease

Pustular lesion

142

Examples: smallpox, syphilis, acne

Pustular lesion

143

Decomposition of proteins by the action of enzymes from anaerobic bacteria

Putrefaction

144

A darkened, air-dried area on the skin resulting from removal of the epidermis while shaving

* Razor burn
* Razor abrasion

145

Repeated aspiration of a cavity

Re-aspiration

146

One of the categories required to be itemized on the GPL (if the funeral provider offers the service)

Receiving remains

147

This involves services of the funeral provider after initial services have been provided by another firm at the locale of death

Receiving remains

148

Funeral Rule requires package pricing of this service with a description of the components included

Receiving remains

149

A structure so designed for the temporary storage of bodies that are not to be immediately interred

Receiving vault

150

A casket which is used as a temporary receptacle for the dead human remains for the purpose of visitation and funeral, with the intention that the remains will be placed in some other suitable container for permanent disposition, while the casket is intended to be reused for the same purpose

Rental casket

151

Treatment of the deceased in the attempt to recreate natural form and color

Restoration

152

Postmortem stiffening of the body muscles by natural body processes

Rigor mortis

153

Decomposition of sugars

Saccharolysis

154

Process to promote and establish conditions which minimize or eliminate biohazards

Sanitation

155

Bacteria that derive their nutrition from dead organic matter

Saprophytic bacteria

156

Material used to provide a barrier or seal against any type of leakage of fluid or blood

* Sealing agents
* Sealers

157

In the Buddhist faith, a service performed as a part of casketing the body

Service of encasketing

158

In the Jewish faith, a watcher

Shomer

159

One who sits with the body until burial

Shomer

160

A cloth or garment in which a dead person is wrapped or dressed for burial

Shroud

161

An appliance as of wood, metal, etc, used to keep in place or protect a displaced or movable part

Splint

162

Discoloration due to the deposit of matter on the skin surface

Surface discoloration

163

May occur antemortem, during, or after embalming of the body

Surface discoloration

164

Examples: adhesive tape, ink, iodine, paint, tobacco stains

Surface discoloration

165

Absorbent material, compress, saturated with an embalming chemical and placed in direct contact with the tissue

Surface pack

166

A hand-sewn white linen shroud in which the deceased members of the Jewish faith are dressed

Tachrichim

167

In the Jewish faith, the ceremony of washing the deceased before the burial

Taharah

168

Serves as a ritual purification or cleansing of the body and should be performed by the Chevra Kaddisha

Taharah

169

Minute petechial hemorrhages caused by the rupture of minute vessels as blood settles into the dependent areas of organs and tissues

Tardieu spots

170

Accompanied by livor mortis

Tardieu spots

171

A postmortem, extravascular blood discoloration

Tardieu spots

172

Most common in asphyxia or slow deaths

Tardieu spots

173

In the Jewish faith, prayers said before the funeral by a group of friends and the shomer

Tehillim

174

These prayers come from the book of Psalms

Tehillim

175

Ceremonial instructions of the Mormon Church, given only within a Temple to worthy members of the sect

Temple ordinances

176

Postmortem accumulation of gas in tissues or cavities brought about by an anaerobic gas forming bacillus

Tissue gas

177

Tissue gas

Clostridium perfringens

178

The yellowing / browning of the finger nails and fingers from excessive use of cigarettes

Tobacco tars

179

A surface discoloration

Tobacco tars

180

Disinfection of the surface of the body or an object

Topical disinfection

181

Plastic garment designed to cover the entire body from the chest down to and including the feet

Unionall

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