Motivation and Emotion Flashcards Preview

AP Psychology > Motivation and Emotion > Flashcards

Flashcards in Motivation and Emotion Deck (51)
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1

motivations

feelings or ideas that cause us to act toward a goal

2

Drive Reduction Theory

behavior is motivated by biological needs

3

need

one of our requirements for survival

4

drive

an impulse to act in a way that satisfies this need

5

homeostasis

a balanced internal state

6

primary drives

biological needs

7

secondary drives

learned drives

8

arousal theory

motivated by the need for an optimum level of excitement or arousal

9

Yerkes-Dodson law

relationship between performance and arousal that states that performance increases with physiological or mental arousal, but only up to a point

10

Incentive Theory

behavior is not pushed by a need, but by a desire (incentive)

11

incentive

stimuli that we are drawn to due to learning

12

Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs

basic needs are fulfilled before other needs

13

hunger motivation

stomach feels full --> we feel full (balloon experiment)

14

lateral hypothalamus

causes animal to eat when stimulated

15

ventromedial hypothalamus

causes animal to feel full when stimulated

16

set-point theory

the hypothalamus wants to maintain a certain optimum body weight

17

metabolic rate

how quickly body uses energy

18

externals

people whoa re motivated to eat by external food cues, such as attractiveness or availability

19

internals

people who are ore motivated to eat by internal hunger cues (empty stomach)

20

Garcia effect

taste aversion, when nausea and a food are paired, the food will be averted in the future

21

bulimia

has two phases: binging and purging

22

binging

eating large amounts of food in a short amount of time

23

purging

getting rid of food through vomiting, excessive exercise, or laxative use.

24

anorexia nervosa

starving yourself to below 85% of normal body weight: vast majority are women

25

obesity

severely overweight, unhealthy eating habits, some are genetically predisposed

26

William Masters and Virginia Johnson

Sexual Response Cycle

27

Sexual Response Cycle

created by William Masters and Virginia Johnson

28

initial excitement (Sexual Response Cycle)

genital areas become engorged with blood, penis becomes erect, clitoris swells, respiration and heart rate increase

29

plateau phase (Sexual Response Cycle)

respiration and heart rate continue at an elevated level, genitals secrete fluids in preparation for coitus

30

orgasm (Sexual Response Cycle)

rhythmic genital contractions that may help conception, respiration and heart rate increase further, males ejaculate, often accompanied by a pleasurable euphoria