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AP Psychology > States of Consciousness > Flashcards

Flashcards in States of Consciousness Deck (67)
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1

dualism

the universe, including humans, is made up of thought and matter (matter- everything that has substance)

2

monism

everything is part of the same substance

3

consciousness

level of awareness

4

mere-exposure effect

old stimuli are preferred over new stimuli, because on some level the old stimuli are remembered and known

5

priming

exposure to a stimulus influences a response to a later stimulus

6

blind sight

some blind people can respond to visual stimuli because on some level of consciousness is able to "see"

7

conscious

the information about yourself and your environment you are currently aware of

8

nonconscious

body processes controlled by your mind that we are not usually aware of

9

preconscious

information abut yourself or your environment that you are not currently thinking about, but could be

10

subconscious

information that we are not consciously aware of but we know must exist due to behavior like priming and mere-exposure

11

unconscious

psychoanalyst idea-- some unacceptable events and feelings are repressed from conscious mind to unconscious

12

circadian rhythm

a daily cycle of activity observed in many living organisms

13

sleep onset

the stage between wakefulness and sleep

14

alpha waves

relatively high-frequency, low amplitude waves produced while awake and in stages 1 and 2

15

sleep spindles

short bursts of rapid brain waves that start to appear in stage 2 sleep

16

delta sleep/slow-wave sleep

stages 3 and 4's other names due to the delta waves that exist during these stages

17

rapid eye movement (REM) (paradoxical sleep)

period of intense brain activity, eyes dart back and forth, many muscles twitch repeatedly, dreams

18

REM rebound

individuals deprived of REM sleep will experience more and longer periods of REM sleep the next time they are allowed to sleep normally

19

insomnia

problems getting to sleep/staying asleep at night

20

treatment of insomnia

treated with changes of behavior:

21

narcolepsy

periods of intense sleepiness and falling asleep at unpredictable and inappropriate times

22

treatment of narcolepsy

treated with medication and changing sleep patterns (naps at certain times of the day)

23

sleep apnea

when a person stops breathing for short periods of time during the night

24

night terrors

feelings of terror or dread usually affecting children

25

somnambulism

sleep walking usually occurring in children

26

manifest content

literal content of dreams

27

latent content

the unconscious meaning of the manifest content

28

protected sleep

ego protects us from unconscious by representing everything in symbols

29

activation-synthesis theory

dreams are interpretations of physiological things and have no meaning

30

information-processing theory

more stress causes more dreams about your stress