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Flashcards in Developmental Psychology Deck (65)
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1

developmental psychology

the study of how behaviors and thoughts change over our entire lives

2

cross-sectional research

participants of different ages to compare how certain variables may change over life span

3

longitudinal research

study of one group of participants over time

4

teratogens

certain chemicals or agents that can cause harm if ingested/contracted by the mother

5

fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS)

displayed by children of mothers who drink heavily during pregnancy, small, malformed skulls and mental retardation are symptoms

6

fetal alcohol effect

less severe version of FAS, learning disabilities or behavioral problems

7

reflex

specific, inborn, automatic responses to certain specific stimuli

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rooting reflex

when touched on cheek, will turn head to put object in mouth

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sucking reflex

object in mouth will suck

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grasping reflex

object in hand or foot will grasp

11

Moro reflex

startled, fling limbs out, quickly retract them, make himself as small as possible

12

Babinski reflex

foot stroked, spread toes

13

attachment

the reciprocal relationship between parent and child

14

Henry Harlow

study on monkeys with two wire frame monkey mothers, one with milk, one that was soft

15

Mary Ainsworth

conducted study on what infants would do if their parents left them alone, then came back

16

secure attachments (66%)

Mary Ainsworth's baby experiment

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avoidant attachments (21%)

Mary Ainsworth's baby experiment

18

nxious/ambivalent attachments (12%)

Mary Ainsworth's baby experiment

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authoritarian parenting style

strict standards for their children's behavior and apply punishments for violations of these rules

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effects of authoritarian parenting style

#NAME?

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permissive parenting style

unclear guidelines for their children; rules are constantly changed or aren't enforced consistently

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effects of permissive parenting style

emotional control problems are are more dependent

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authoritative parenting style

set, consistent standards that are reasonable and explained

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effects of authoritative parenting style

children are more socially capable and perform better academically

25

continuity

developing steadily from birth to death

26

discontinuity

developing with some stages of rapid growth and some of relatively little change

27

psychosexual stages

theorized by Sigmund Freud

28

oral (psychosexual stages)

first stage, pleasure through mouth

29

anal (psychosexual stages)

second stage, toilet training

30

phallic (psychosexual stages)

third stage, babies realize gender