Important Psychologists Flashcards Preview

AP Psychology > Important Psychologists > Flashcards

Flashcards in Important Psychologists Deck (69):
1

Mary Ainsworth

Developmental Psychology

2

Solomon Asch

Social Psychology

3

Albert Bandura

Learning and Personality

4

Alfred Binet

Developmental Psychology, and Testing and Individual Differences

5

Noam Chomsky

Cognition

6

Erik Erikson

Developmental Psychology

7

Sigmund Freud

Personality and States of Consciousness

8

Carol Gilligan

Developmental Psychology

9

Henry Harlow

Developmental Psychology

10

David Hubel and Torsten Wiesel

Sensation and Perception

11

William James

Methods, Approaches, and History

12

Lawrence Kohlberg

Developmental Psychology

13

Elizabeth Loftus

Cognition

14

Abraham Maslow

Motivation and Emotion, and Treatment of Psychological Disorders

15

Stanley Milgram

Social Psychology

16

Ivan Pavlov

Learning

17

Jean Piaget

Developmental Psychology

18

Robert Rescorla

Learning

19

Carl Rogers

Treatment of Psychological Disorders and Personality

20

Stanley Schacter

Motivation and Emotion

21

B.F. Skinner

Learning

22

John Watson

Learning

23

Benjamin Whorf

Cognition

24

Wilhelm Wundt

set up the first psychological laboratory in an apartment near the university at Leipzig, Germany

25

Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy (REBT or RET)

Cognitive behavioral therapy developed by Albert Ellis. Therapists look to expose and confront the dysfunctional thoughts of their clients.

26

cognitive therapy

developed by Aaron Beck, usually used in treatment of depression, involves trying to get clients to engage in pursuits that will bring them success

27

cognitive triad

theorized by Aaron Beck

28

family therapy

a type of group therapy used to treat families

29

self-help groups

a type of group therapy that does not involve a therapist

30

psychopharmacology/chemotherapy

the use of drugs to treat psychological problems

31

antipsychotic drugs (neuroleptics)

block the receptor sites for dopamine, used to treat schizophrenia, may result in tardive dyskinesia

32

tardive dyskinesia

Parkinsonian-like, chronic muscle tremors

33

drugs used to treat unipolar depression

tricyclic antidepressants, monoamine oxidase (MAO) inhibitors, and serotonin-reuptake-inhibitor drugs (Prozac) which all tend to increase the activity of serotonin

34

lithium

a metal used to trea the manic phase of bipolar disorder

35

drugs used to treat anxiety disorders

barbiturates (Miltown) and benzodiazepines (Xanax and Valium)

36

electroconvulsive therapy (ECT)

when an electric current is passed through one (unilateral ECT) or both (bilateral ECT) hemispheres of the brain

37

psychosurgery

the purposeful destruction of part of the brain to alter a person's behavior

38

prefrontal lobotomy

a type of psychosurgery

39

psychiatrists

medical doctors and are the only therapists permitted to prescribe medication

40

clinical psychologists

psychologists with a Ph. D. and specialize in research, assessment, and therapy

41

counseling psychologists

psychologists with a graduate degree in psychology and treat less severe problems than clinical psychologists do

42

psychoanalysts

people trained specifically in Freudian methods who may or may not hold medical degrees

43

paraphilia

the sexual attraction to an object, person, or activity not usually seen as sexual

44

fetishism

paraphilia

45

pedophilia

paraphilia

46

zoophilia

paraphilia

47

voyeur

paraphilia

48

masochist

paraphilia

49

sadist

paraphilia

50

antisocial personality disorder

little regard for other people's feelings

51

dependent personality disorder

rely too much on the attention and help of others

52

paranoid personality disorder

feel persecuted

53

narcissistic personality disorder

seeing oneself as the center of the universe

54

histronic personality disorder

overly dramatic behavior

55

obsessive-compulsive personality disorder

overly concerned with certain thoughts and performing certain behaviors, but not to the point of obsessive compulsive disorder

56

anorexia nervosa

eating disorder

57

bulimia

eating disorder

58

substance use disorder

regular and negative use of alcohol or other drugs that alter behavior

59

substance dependence

addiction

60

autism

developmental disorder

61

attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)

developmental disorder

62

Rosenhan Study

study in which healthy individuals were admitted into mental hospitals after saying they were hearing voices. Once in, they acted normally and still were not labeled as impostors.

63

preconventional

reasoning limited to how things affect themselves

64

conventional

choice based on how others will view them

65

postconventional

examines rights and values involved in choice

66

Criticisms of Lawrence Kohlberg

Carol Gilligan noted that his research was based on boys, her research showed that boys and girls had different moral attitudes, but was later disproved

67

biopsychological (neuropsychological) theory of gender development

studies demonstrate that biological differences do exist between the sexes

68

psychodynamic theory of gender development

gender development is a competition for your opposite sex parent, when you realize you can't win, you imitate your same-sex parent

69

social-cognitive theory of gender development

effects of society and thoughs about gender on role development