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Flashcards in Abnormal Psychology Deck (67):
1

abnormal psychology

the study of people who suffer from psychological disorders

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abnormality

1. maladaptive and/or disturbing to the individual

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insane

a legal term used to describe people who, because of a psychological disorder, cannot be held fully responsible for their crimes

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Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders

a book used by psychologists to determine if someone has a psychological disorder

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intern's syndrome

the tendency to see in oneself the characteristics of disorders about which one is learning

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phobia

anxiety disorder

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generalized anxiety disorder (GAD)

anxiety disorder

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panic disorder

anxiety disorder

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obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD)

anxiety disorder

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post-traumatic stress disorder

anxiety disorder

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somatoform disorders

when a person manifests a psychological problem through a physiological problem

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hypochondriasis

somatoform disorder

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conversion disorder

somatoform disorder

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dissociative disorders

disruptions in conscious processes

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psychogenic amnesia

dissociative disorder

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organic amnesia

when a person cannot remember things and there is a biological reason

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fugue

dissociative disorder

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dissociative identity disorder

dissociative disorder

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major (unipolar) depression

mood or affective disorder

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seasonal affective disorder (SAD)

dissociative disorder

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bipolar disorder (manic depression)

dissociative disorder

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Aaron Beck

cognitive theorist who believes that the cognitive triad causes depression

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cognitive triad

theorized by Aaron Beck

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schizophrenia

disordered, distorted thinking often demonstrated through delusions and/or hallucinations

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delusions

beliefs that have no basis in reality

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hallucination

perception without sensory stimulation

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disorganized schizophrenics

use language oddly with neologisms and/or clang associations

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neologisms

a characteristic of disorganized schizophrenics

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clang associations

a characteristic of disorganized schizophrenics

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inappropriate affect

a characteristic of disorganized schizophrenics

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flat affect

a characteristic of disorganized schizophrenics

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paranoid schizophrenia

schizophrenia characterized by delusions of persecution

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catatonic schizophrenia

engage in odd movements such as remaining motionless in strange postures for hours at a time, move jerkily and quickly for no apparent reason or alternate between the two

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waxy flexibility

characteristic of catatonic schizophrenics

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undifferentiated schizophrenia

exhibit disordered thinking, but none of the other symptoms

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positive symptoms

excesses in behavior, thought, or mood

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negative symptoms

deficits in behavior, thought, or mood

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dopamine hypothesis

high levels of dopamine are associated with schizophrenia

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tardive dyskinesia

muscle tremors and stiffness caused by extensive use of anti psychotic drugs

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double binds

cognitive-behavioral cause for schizophrenia

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paraphilia

the sexual attraction to an object, person, or activity not usually seen as sexual

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fetishism

paraphilia

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pedophilia

paraphilia

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zoophilia

paraphilia

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voyeur

paraphilia

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masochist

paraphilia

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sadist

paraphilia

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antisocial personality disorder

little regard for other people's feelings

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dependent personality disorder

rely too much on the attention and help of others

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paranoid personality disorder

feel persecuted

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narcissistic personality disorder

seeing oneself as the center of the universe

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histronic personality disorder

overly dramatic behavior

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obsessive-compulsive personality disorder

overly concerned with certain thoughts and performing certain behaviors, but not to the point of obsessive compulsive disorder

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anorexia nervosa

eating disorder

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bulimia

eating disorder

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substance use disorder

regular and negative use of alcohol or other drugs that alter behavior

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substance dependence

addiction

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autism

developmental disorder

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attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)

developmental disorder

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Rosenhan Study

study in which healthy individuals were admitted into mental hospitals after saying they were hearing voices. Once in, they acted normally and still were not labeled as impostors.

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preconventional

reasoning limited to how things affect themselves

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conventional

choice based on how others will view them

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postconventional

examines rights and values involved in choice

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Criticisms of Lawrence Kohlberg

Carol Gilligan noted that his research was based on boys, her research showed that boys and girls had different moral attitudes, but was later disproved

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biopsychological (neuropsychological) theory of gender development

studies demonstrate that biological differences do exist between the sexes

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psychodynamic theory of gender development

gender development is a competition for your opposite sex parent, when you realize you can't win, you imitate your same-sex parent

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social-cognitive theory of gender development

effects of society and thoughs about gender on role development